Scientific Reports

http://www.nature.com/srep

List of Papers (Total 19,231)

Formation of massive iron deposits linked to explosive volcanic eruptions

The genetic link between magmas and ore deposit formation is well documented by studies of fossil hydrothermal systems associated with magmatic intrusions at depth. However, the role of explosive volcanic processes as active agents of mineralization remains unexplored owing to the fact that metals and volatiles are released into the atmosphere during the eruption of arc volcanoes...

Large-scale 3-D interconnected Ni nanotube networks with controlled structural and magnetic properties

Large-scale, electrically interconnected three-dimensional (3-D) Ni crossed nanotube networks have been fabricated using an electrochemical dealloying method within the crossed nanopores of polymer host membranes. This method paves the way for the easy and cost-effective fabrication of 3-D magnetic NT networks with precise spatial arrangement and diameter and wall thickness of 10...

Flexible Learning-Free Segmentation and Reconstruction of Neural Volumes

Imaging is a dominant strategy for data collection in neuroscience, yielding stacks of images that often scale to gigabytes of data for a single experiment. Machine learning algorithms from computer vision can serve as a pair of virtual eyes that tirelessly processes these images, automatically detecting and identifying microstructures. Unlike learning methods, our Flexible...

Validation of the Sleep Regularity Index in Older Adults and Associations with Cardiometabolic Risk

Sleep disturbances, including insufficient sleep duration and circadian misalignment, confer risk for cardiometabolic disease. Less is known about the association between the regularity of sleep/wake schedules and cardiometabolic risk. This study evaluated the external validity of a new metric, the Sleep Regularity Index (SRI), among older adults (n = 1978; mean age 68.7 ± 9.2...

Reproducibility study on myocardial strain assessment using fast-SENC cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

Myocardial strain is a well validated parameter for estimating left ventricular (LV) performance. The aim of our study was to evaluate the inter-study as well as intra- and interobserver reproducibility of fast-SENC derived myocardial strain. Eighteen subjects (11 healthy individuals and 7 patients with heart failure) underwent a cardiac MRI examination including fast-SENC...

A novel mechanism of plasminogen activation in epithelial and mesenchymal cells

Cancer dissemination is initiated by the movement of cells into the vasculature which has been reported to be triggered by EMT (epithelial to mesenchymal transition). Cellular dissemination also requires proteases that remodel the extracellular matrix. The protease, plasmin is a prominent player in matrix remodeling and invasion. Despite the contribution of both EMT and the...

Dietary niches of terrestrial cercopithecines from the Plio-Pleistocene Shungura Formation, Ethiopia: evidence from Dental Microwear Texture Analysis

This study aims to explore the feeding ecology of two terrestrial papionins, Papio and Theropithecus from the Shungura Formation in Ethiopia, the most complete stratigraphic and paleontological record of the African Plio-Pleistocene. Two aspects were evaluated using Dental Microwear Texture Analysis: differences in diet between the extinct genera and their extant relatives, and...

Detection of Novel duck reovirus (NDRV) using visual reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP)

Here we present a visual reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for detecting the gene encoding the σB major outer-capsid protein of novel duck reovirus (NDRV). A set of primers, composed of two outer primers, two inner primers and two loop primers, was designed based on the gene of interest. The LAMP reaction was conducted in a traditional...

Aqueous mounting media increasing tissue translucence improve image quality in Structured Illumination Microscopy of thick biological specimen

Structured Illumination Microscopy (SIM) is a super-resolution microscopy method that has significantly advanced studies of cellular structures. It relies on projection of illumination patterns onto a fluorescently labelled biological sample. The information derived from the sample is then shifted to a detectable band, and in the process of image calculation in Fourier space the...

Analysis of Racial/Ethnic Representation in Select Basic and Applied Cancer Research Studies

Over the past decades, consistent studies have shown that race/ethnicity have a great impact on cancer incidence, survival, drug response, molecular pathways and epigenetics. Despite the influence of race/ethnicity in cancer outcomes and its impact in health care quality, a comprehensive understanding of racial/ethnic inclusion in oncological research has never been addressed. We...

Serum miR-331-3p predicts tumor recurrence in esophageal adenocarcinoma

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to the initiation and progression of cancer. The role of circulating miRNAs as predictors of recurrence in esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has not been extensively explored. Here we measured the expressions of 167 miRNAs in serum samples from a discovery cohort of 72 EAC patients (32 patients with recurrence and 40 patients without). A rank sum...

Synthesis, oligonucleotide incorporation and fluorescence properties in DNA of a bicyclic thymine analogue

Fluorescent base analogues (FBAs) have emerged as a powerful class of molecular reporters of location and environment for nucleic acids. In our overall mission to develop bright and useful FBAs for all natural nucleobases, herein we describe the synthesis and thorough characterization of bicyclic thymidine (bT), both as a monomer and when incorporated into DNA. We have developed...

Low-Frequency Oscillatory Correlates of Auditory Predictive Processing in Cortical-Subcortical Networks: A MEG-Study

Emerging evidence supports the role of neural oscillations as a mechanism for predictive information processing across large-scale networks. However, the oscillatory signatures underlying auditory mismatch detection and information flow between brain regions remain unclear. To address this issue, we examined the contribution of oscillatory activity at theta/alpha-bands (4–8/8–13...

Development of a novel Hsp90 inhibitor NCT-50 as a potential anticancer agent for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer

Despite the development of advanced therapeutic regimens such as molecular targeted therapy and immunotherapy, the 5-year survival of patients with lung cancer is still less than 20%, suggesting the need to develop additional treatment strategies. The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) plays important roles in the maturation of oncogenic proteins and thus has been...

Attentional Guidance from Multiple Working Memory Representations: Evidence from Eye Movements

Recent studies have shown that the representation of an item in visual working memory (VWM) can bias the deployment of attention to stimuli in the visual scene possessing the same features. When multiple item representations are simultaneously held in VWM, whether these representations, especially those held in a non-prioritized or accessory status, are able to bias attention, is...

Multilayer homogeneous dielectric filler for electromagnetic invisibility

In recent years, invisibility has become a research area of increasing interest due to the advances in material engineering. It may be possible to achieve invisibility through cloaking devices by coating the body using one or more layers of materials with the proper electromagnetic properties. By using techniques associated to plasmonic cloaking it is maybe possible to obtain...

Accurate Risk Assessment of Patients with Pathologic T3aN0M0 Renal Cell Carcinoma

To develop a more precise risk-stratification system by investigating the prognostic impact of tumor growth within fatty tissues surrounding the kidney and/or renal vein. We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of 211 patients with a pathologic diagnosis of T3aN0M0RCC among 4,483 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients from February 1988 to December 2015 according...

Optimization of cell-laden bioinks for 3D bioprinting and efficient infection with influenza A virus

Bioprinting is a new technology, which arranges cells with high spatial resolution, but its potential to create models for viral infection studies has not yet been fully realized. The present study describes the optimization of a bioink composition for extrusion printing. The bioinks were biophysically characterized by rheological and electron micrographic measurements. Hydrogels...

Regional Differences in mRNA and lncRNA Expression Profiles in Non-Failing Human Atria and Ventricles

The four chambers of the human heart play distinct roles in the maintenance of normal cardiac function, and are differentially affected by inherited/acquired cardiovascular disease. To probe the molecular determinants of these functional differences, we examined mRNA and lncRNA expression profiles in the left (LA) and right (RA) atria, the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles, and...

Summertime Primary and Secondary Contributions to Southern Ocean Cloud Condensation Nuclei

Atmospheric aerosols in clean remote oceanic regions contribute significantly to the global albedo through the formation of haze and cloud layers; however, the relative importance of ‘primary’ wind-produced sea-spray over secondary (gas-to-particle conversion) sulphate in forming marine clouds remains unclear. Here we report on marine aerosols (PM1) over the Southern Ocean around...

Peanut-Shell Biochar and Biogas Slurry Improve Soil Properties in the North China Plain: A Four-Year Field Study

Biochar and biogas slurry have been proved to improve the quality of some soil types, but the long-term effects on fluvo-aquic soil are not fully understood. This study aimed to compare the continuity effects of peanut-shell biochar and biogas slurry on the physicochemical properties, microbial population size, and enzyme activities of fluvo-aquic soil. We conducted a four-year...

Birth weight and catch up growth are associated with childhood impulsivity in two independent cohorts

Individuals born after intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are more impulsive towards palatable foods, but it is not clear 1) if IUGR-related impulsivity is specific for foods and solely based on response inhibition and 2) if the development of impulsivity is due to being born IUGR per se or to growing up fast in the first few years of life (catch up growth). Children were...

Complexity, rate, and scale in sliding friction dynamics between a finger and textured surface

Sliding friction between the skin and a touched surface is highly complex, but lies at the heart of our ability to discriminate surface texture through touch. Prior research has elucidated neural mechanisms of tactile texture perception, but our understanding of the nonlinear dynamics of frictional sliding between the finger and textured surfaces, with which the neural signals...

Macrofungal species distributions depend on habitat partitioning of topography, light, and vegetation in a temperate mountain forest

The habitat partitioning hypothesis provides a conceptual framework for explaining the maintenance of plant and animal diversity. Its central tenet assumes environmental conditions are spatially structured, and that this structure is reflected in species distributions through associations with different habitats. Studies confirming habitat partitioning effects have focused...

Routine use of HbA1c amongst inpatients hospitalised with decompensated heart failure and the association of dysglycaemia with outcomes

Diabetes is an independent risk factor for development of heart failure and has been associated with poor outcomes in these patients. The prevalence of diabetes continues to rise. Using routine HbA1c measurements on inpatients at a tertiary hospital, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes amongst patients hospitalised with decompensated heart failure and the...