New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science

http://link.springer.com/journal/40490

List of Papers (Total 116)

Validation of ultrasonic velocity estimates of wood properties in discs of radiata pine

Background Measurement of microfibril angle (MFA) in the S2 layer of the cell walls of wood using speed of sound in wood has become a common way to estimate wood stiffness and stability. Measurements across the radius of a disc can be critical, but sonic testing needs to be validated against direct measurements of MFA. Methods A robotic machine that uses two transducers to detect ...

Comparative studies of the response of larch and birch seedlings from two origins to water deficit

Background Early developmental stages of plants are expected to be a major bottleneck to recruitment. Information on the response of seedling to anticipated water availability is urgently needed in regions where tree seedlings may experience more frequent water deficits. In this paper, we focused on the influence of water deficit on different species (larch vs. birch) and origins ...

Mating system and gene flow of Nothofagus alpina (Poepp. & Endl.) Oerst. in a clonal seed orchard

Background Understanding pathways of genetic information transfer from one generation to another is particularly important when open-pollinated seeds are collected for reforestation or for enrichment of native forests. Nothofagus alpina (Poepp. & Endl.) Oerst. is native to temperate forests of southern Chile and Argentina. However, lack of knowledge of its reproductive biology has ...

Field performance of various Pinus radiata breeding families established on a drought-prone site in central Chile

Background Pinus radiata D.Don is in its third generation of selective breeding on contrasting site types in central Chile, creating interest in its responses to selection and any differential adaptation to site types. We studied the phenotypic variability of growth traits, survival and six ecophysiological traits in 30 open- and control-pollinated families, representing two ...

Developing a framework for growth modelling in a managed southern black beech forest

Background A model of individual tree growth using simple predictors in a managed black beech (Fuscospora solandri (Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen) forest could provide a useful tool for predicting future stand characteristics. Methods Data from permanent sample plots were used to develop a framework for modelling individual tree growth in Woodside forest, a managed black beech forest ...

Variability in seed germination and seedling growth at the intra- and inter-provenance levels of Nothofagus glauca (Lophozonia glauca), an endemic species of Central Chile

Background Patterns of seed germination and subsequent seedling growth of the endemic species Nothofagus glauca (Phil.) Krasser (Lophozonia glauca) (Hualo) were studied in two provenances from Mediterranean Central Chile (pre-Andean mountain range provenance and coastal range provenance). The main aim of the study was to determine differences in seed germination and seedling growth ...

Adaptation of Norway spruce populations in Europe: a case study from northern Poland§

Background The productive potential of European species of forest tree assumes particular importance in the context of populations adapting to accelerating climatic change. Genotype-environment interaction (G × E) was studied to determine Picea abies (L.) H.Karst. (Norway spruce) inter-population variation, characterising their adaptability to the growing conditions in ...

Comparison between meteorological data from the New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) and data from independent meteorological stations

Background Hybrid eco-physiological/mensurational models of forest production generally require monthly meteorological estimates at local points in the landscape as inputs. Where to obtain these estimates and how best to localise them are important questions for modellers. Data collected from nine independent meteorological stations were compared with estimates from the nearest ...

Genotype × site × silviculture interactions in radiata pine: knowledge, working hypotheses and pointers for research§

Background Favourable interactions between genotype, site and silviculture are desired for growing radiata pine, site and silviculture being two components of environment. Our challenge is to characterise the interactions so as to exploit them to advantage. Four classes of interaction are involved: three first-order interactions between pairs of factors; and one second-order ...

Heritability of growth strain in Eucalyptus bosistoana: a Bayesian approach with left-censored data§

Background Narrow-sense heritabilities of the wood properties of 2-year-old Eucalyptus bosistoana F.Muell. were estimated from 623 stems. Findings Heritability estimates were calculated for the following: growth strain (0.63), density (0.54), diameter (0.76), volumetric shrinkage (0.29), acoustic velocity (0.97) and stiffness (0.82). A modified version of the splitting test for ...

A method to maximise forest profitability through optimal rotation period selection under various economic, site and silvicultural conditions

Background Maximising forest profitability is important from both economic and ecological perspectives. Managers of forest areas gain utility by optimising profits, and maximising the efficiency of a forest stand is also beneficial to the natural environment. This study presents a method to estimate and visualise forestry profitability based on variables defined in previous ...

Herbicide options for managing competitive vegetation during the establishment of Pinus radiata and Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii in Southland, New Zealand

Background Control of weeds is important for survival, growth and uniformity of planted conifers, such as Pinus radiata D.Don and Pseudotsuga mensiesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco. Despite pressure to find environmentally benign herbicides for these species, little research has identified non-residual herbicides that are cost-effective and result in minimal growth loss compared ...

Gradient (elevation) vs. disturbance (agriculture) effects on primary cloud forest in Ecuador: floristics and physical structure

Background Cloud forests are common in the Neotropics and an important part of its hydrological cycle. An investigation on how elevation and recovery from agriculture affects cloud forest floristics and physical structure in Ecuador was undertaken. Methods Species and diameter at a specified height (dsh) of trees were sampled in large plots in Maquipucuna and Yanacocha cloud ...

Microcomputer tomography (microCT) as a tool in Pinus tree breeding: pilot studies

Background Pinus breeding programmes yield high numbers of seeds, but a non-destructive method to determine seed viability is still lacking. With the long reproductive cycle (up to 28 months) of Pinus species, determining when fertilisation occurs can assist when applying tissue culture methods like somatic embryogenesis (SE). For SE, pre-cotyledonary zygotic embryos are ideal for ...

Above- and below-ground biomass distribution and morphological characteristics respond to nitrogen addition in Pinus tabuliformis

Background With the continuing deposition of atmospheric nitrogen (N), N has become a major factor affecting ecosystem carbon (C) balance and N cycles. However, it is still unclear how increasing N deposition alters above- and below-ground biomass allocation, especially among different order roots. Pinus tabuliformis Carrière is an important native species in the Loess Plateau of ...

Root development and whole-tree allometry of juvenile trees of five seed lots of Pinus radiata D.Don: implications for forest establishment on erosion-prone terrain, East Coast region, North Island, New Zealand

Background Establishment of exotic forest on erosion-prone pastoral hill country in the East Coast region of New Zealand escalated following a major cyclonic storm in 1988. Pinus radiata D.Don is the predominant species used for erosion control. It has been suggested that planting densities could be reduced if faster growing P. radiata seedlings and cuttings from genetically ...

Biomass productivity of selected poplar (Populus spp.) cultivars in short rotations in northern Poland§

Background Renewable energy sources such as biomass are an important aspect of the energy policy of the European Union. As the use of ‘full-value wood’ for energy purposes has been restricted, short-rotation forestry may be an alternative source of woody biomass. In Poland, the most promising genus is poplar (Populus spp.). Methods Ten poplar cultivars from the Aigeiros or ...

Molecular tools for differentiating Cyclaneusma minus morphotypes and assessing their distribution in Pinus radiata forests in New Zealand

Background Cyclaneusma needle cast (CNC) is a pine disease caused by the ascomycetous fungus Cyclaneusma minus (Butin) DiCosmo, Peredo and Minter. The pathogen occurs worldwide but is of particular significance in New Zealand where it infects Pinus radiata D. Don plantations. There are two morphological types of C. minus, termed C. minus ‘simile’ and C. minus ‘verum’, recently ...

Spring and autumn phenology of hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L. × P. tremuloides Michx.) genotypes of different geographic origin in hemiboreal Estonia§

Background Increasing demand for renewable energy resources and the need to mitigate climate change have raised interest in short-rotation forestry with fast-growing deciduous trees like hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L. × P. tremuloides Michx.) in northern Europe. Given that climate warming has already considerably extended the growing season in this region, northward transfer of ...

Elastic constants of green Pinus radiata wood

Background Mathematical modelling is often used to investigate phenomena difficult or impossible to measure experimentally. Findings This paper presents the constants needed to mathematically model green Pinus radiata D.Don core- and outerwood. The constants include all three elastic and shear moduli along with the six Poisson ratios needed for describing orthotropic materials in ...

European gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar dispar L.) completes development and defoliates exotic radiata pine plantations in Spain

Background Like most pines, radiata pine (Pinus radiata D.Don) is conventionally considered resistant to defoliation by European gypsy moth, i.e. it is only consumed by late larval stages, or when susceptible species are not available or are scarce. The ability of this moth to complete development on this host in field conditions has never been reported. Findings A gypsy moth ...

Herbicide concentrations in waterways following aerial application in a steepland planted forest in New Zealand

Background The use of herbicides to control competing vegetation in planted forests is an important component of forest management. The increasing public aversion to herbicide use includes the possible contamination of receiving aquatic environments. The risk of surface run-off, leaching and erosion processes transporting herbicide residues to waterways, is potentially higher in ...

Environmental fate of terbuthylazine and hexazinone in a planted forest steepland Recent Soil, New Zealand

Background The use of herbicides for weed control in New Zealand planted forestry is important for primary production. The objective of this study was to assess the environmental fate of terbuthylazine and hexazinone in a Recent Soil following an aerial post-plant herbicide application in a New Zealand planted forest. Methods Soil and forest litter were collected from four plots ...

Simple random sampling of individual items in the absence of a sampling frame that lists the individuals

Background A ‘sampling frame’ identifies the sampling units in a population and their locations. It may consist of a listing of sampling units, or it may be based on a map of the population area within which sampling units can be observed. For inventory of large forests or other populations, it is common for no list of individual plants to exist, but it is common to have available ...