Journal of Medical Case Reports

http://www.jmedicalcasereports.com/

List of Papers (Total 3,824)

Fungal periprosthetic joint infection following total elbow arthroplasty: a case report and review of the literature

Background With improving surgical techniques for total elbow arthroplasty clinical outcomes have improved and its utilization continues to increase. Despite these advances, complication rates remain as high as 24%. Of these complications periprosthetic joint infection is one of the most common and morbid. The rheumatoid elbow remains a leading indication for total elbow ...

Combination therapy in a patient with chronic neuronopathic Gaucher disease: a case report

Background The variants of neuronopathic Gaucher disease may be viewed as a clinical phenotypic continuum divided into acute and chronic forms. The chronic neuronopathic form of Gaucher disease is characterized by a later onset of neurological symptoms and protracted neurological and visceral involvement. The first-choice treatment for nonneuronopathic Gaucher disease is enzyme ...

Upper lip metastasis of sarcomatoid carcinoma of the lung – an unusual site of disease: a case report

Background Lip metastases are rare clinical events that are frequently mistaken for other diagnoses. For sarcomatoid lung carcinoma, a rare histologic variant of non-small cell lung cancer, the incidence and pattern of cutaneous spread is poorly understood. Case presentation We present a case of a 79-year-old African American man with a rapidly progressive upper lip cutaneous ...

Papillary fibroelastoma of the aortic valve presenting with chronic angina and acute stroke: a case report

Background Papillary fibroelastomas are rare, benign cardiac tumors that are often found on cardiac valvular surfaces. Most are incidental discoveries during surgery or autopsy. The clinical presentation of fibroelastoma varies widely, ranging from clinically asymptomatic to severe thromboembolic events. Case presentation We report a case of 65-year-old white man diagnosed with ...

Clonidine is effective for the treatment of primary idiopathic hyperhidrosis and hot flushes: a case report

Background While primary hyperhidrosis can be seen in men, accompanying hot flushes is rarely seen in men. Primary hyperhidrosis is thought to be related to overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system while hot flushes are believed to be related to altered peripheral vascular reactivity and a narrowed thermoregulatory zone. Case presentation I report the case of a 29-year-old ...

Direct bladder hernia after indirect hernia repair in extremely low birth weight babies: two case reports and a review of the literature

Background Inguinal hernia repair is the most common surgical procedure in babies. Despite a meticulous technique, relapses may occur. The occurrence of a direct bladder wall hernia in relapses has never before been reported in the literature. Case presentation Here, we report two cases of direct bladder herniation: a white baby boy born after 25 weeks of gestation and a white baby ...

Use of an intraoperative navigation system for retrieving a broken dental instrument in the mandible: a case report

Background A fracture of root canal instruments, with a fractured piece protruding beyond the apex, is a troublesome incident during an endodontic treatment. Locating and retrieving them represents a challenge to maxillofacial surgeons because it is difficult to access due to the proximity between the foreign body and vital structures. Although safe and accurate for surgery, ...

Complete deltoid resection in early childhood without muscle transfer results in normal shoulder function at long-term follow-up: a case report

Background Musculoskeletal tumors involving the deltoid muscle and necessitating its complete resection are rare. The function after complete deltoid resection is reported to be limited, and several authors consider muscle transfer to improve shoulder motion. However, it still remains unclear whether such transfer adds function. To the best of our knowledge, all reports on complete ...

Malignant transformation of a long-standing submental dermoid cyst to a carcinosarcoma: a case report

Background Submental dermoid cysts are uncommon midline cysts which occur due to entrapment of ectoderm between the second and third branchial arches during embryogenesis. Most dermoid cysts of the head and neck are benign, but rarely malignant transformation may occur. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a carcinosarcoma arising in a submental dermoid cyst. ...

Successful management of synchronous recurrent breast carcinoma with chronic myelogenous leukemia: a case report

Background Survival is increasing after early breast cancer revealing frequent relapses and possibility of developing secondary malignancies. The concomitant occurrence of these two events is exceptionally disastrous and lethal. We report a case of a Moroccan woman who was successfully managed for synchronous recurrent breast carcinoma and chronic myelogenous leukemia. Case ...

Thyrotropin-producing pituitary adenoma simultaneously existing with Graves’ disease: a case report

Background Thyrotropin-producing pituitary tumor is relatively rare. In particular, concurrent cases associated with Graves’ disease are extremely rare and only nine cases have been reported so far. We describe a case of a thyrotropin-producing pituitary adenoma concomitant with Graves’ disease, which was successfully treated. Case presentation A 40-year-old Japanese woman ...

Double localization of a non-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm after an axillofemoral bypass: a case report and review of the literature

Background A traumatic non-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of an axillofemoral bypass graft. Fewer than 20 cases have been reported in the literature. Our case is unusual in that we report a double localization of this complication. Case presentation We report the case of a 60-year-old Arabic male patient who was diagnosed with two hematomas in the trajectory of ...

Colchicine triggered severe rhabdomyolysis after long-term low-dose simvastatin therapy: a case report

Background Rhabdomyolysis is a widely recognized yet rare complication in statin use. Rhabdomyolysis might be triggered by the prescription of high doses of statins or by statin accumulation due to interactions with concomitant medication. Muscle cell destruction as evidenced by myoglobin elevation can induce potentially life-threatening acute renal failure. Case presentation We ...

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for a refractory skin ulcer after radical mastectomy and radiation therapy: a case report

Background Radiation therapy is performed as an adjuvant therapy when indicated following surgical resection of malignant tumors. However, radiation exposure induces acute or chronic dermatitis, depending on the radiation dose, interval, tissue volume, or irradiated area of the body. Radiation-induced skin ulcers and osteomyelitis of the underlying bone are intractable late-stage ...

Osteochondritis dissecans located on the medial tibial plateau: a case report

Background Osteochondritis dissecans are typically located mainly on the femoral condyle, with reported but less common cases of patella involvement. In this case report, we reported a rare case of osteochondritis dissecans located on the medial tibial plateau. Case presentation A 26-year-old Han Chinese woman presented with a lesion on her left medial tibial plateau. She was ...

Complete necrosis of hepatocellular carcinoma after preoperative portal vein embolization: a case report

Background Hepatocellular carcinoma has a poor prognosis; few patients can undergo surgical curative treatment according to Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer guidelines. Progress in surgical techniques has led to operations for more patients outside these guidelines. Our case shows a patient with intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma presenting a good outcome after curative ...

Prepancreatic postduodenal portal vein: a case report and review of the literature

Background Prepancreatic postduodenal portal vein is extremely rare, with only 13 cases reported in the literature. Case presentation A 55-year-old white woman presented to our emergency department with abdominal pain. She underwent a computed tomography of her abdomen, which showed a portal vein coursing anterolaterally to her pancreas and posteriorly to the first portion of her ...

Surgical intervention for vertebral metastases may benefit lung cancer patients no less than other patients: a retrospective study

Background Spinal metastasis is considered to have a worse prognosis in lung cancer than in other cancers, but recent clinical studies report improved overall survival of lung cancer. We compared the postoperative prognoses of vertebral metastatic tumors from lung with other types of cancer. Methods From 2011 to 2015, 31 Japanese patients (mean age 73 years, range 55–88 years; 19 ...

A stab wound to the axilla illustrating the importance of brachial plexus anatomy in an emergency context: a case report

Background Although open injuries involving the brachial plexus are relatively uncommon, they can lead to permanent disability and even be life threatening if accompanied by vascular damage. We present a case report of a brachial plexus injury in which the urgency of the situation precluded the use of any ancillary diagnostic examinations and forced a rapid clinical assessment. ...

Pyomyositis is not only a tropical pathology: a case series

Background Pyomyositis is an acute bacterial infection of skeletal muscle that results in localized abscess formation. This infection was thought to be endemic to tropical countries, and is also known as “tropical pyomyositis”. However, pyomyositis is increasingly recognized in temperate climates and is frequently associated with an immunosuppressive condition, such as human ...

Worsening cholestasis and possible cefuroxime-induced liver injury following “successful” therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for a distal common bile duct stone: a case report

Background Cefuroxime very rarely causes drug-induced liver injury. We present a case of a patient with paradoxical worsening of jaundice caused by cefuroxime-induced cholestasis following therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for a distal common bile duct stone. Case presentation A 51-year-old, previously healthy Sri Lankan man presented to our hospital with ...

Prostatic urethra malformation associated with retrograde ejaculation: a case report

Background Retrograde ejaculation can have anatomical, neurogenic, or pharmacological causes. Among these factors, malformation of the prostatic urethra is an uncommon cause. Case presentation We describe a 29-year-old Han Chinese man with absence of his verumontanum combined with ejaculatory duct cysts, and no other cause for ejaculatory dysfunction. His verumontanum was replaced ...

Vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome in co-occurrence: two case reports and a review of the literature

Background The vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect association and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome are rare conditions. We aimed to present two cases with the vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect ...

Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the perineum in an adult: a case report

Background We report the case of an adult patient with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the perineum admitted to our practice at Joliot Curie Institute in Dakar. It is a rare tumor at this age and has a bad prognosis at this localization. Case presentation We describe the case of a 22-year-old African man admitted for a perineal mass that had evolved over 6 months. He complained of ...

Is increased positive end-expiratory pressure the culprit? Autoresuscitation in a 44-year-old man after prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a case report

Background The phenomenon of autoresuscitation is rare, yet it is known to most emergency physicians. However, the pathophysiology of the delayed return of spontaneous circulation remains enigmatic. Among other causes hyperinflation of the lungs and excessively high positive end-expiratory pressure have been suggested, but reports including cardiopulmonary monitoring during ...