BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 5,059)

Correlation between knowledge on transmission and prevention of HIV/STI and proficiency in condom use among male migrants from Africa and Middle East evaluated by a Condom Use Skills score using a wooden penile model

Background Migrants in Italy are prevalently young adults, with a higher risk of sexual transmitted infections (STI) and HIV infection. Promoting consistent as well as correct use of condoms could reduce failure rate due to their improper use. The aim of our study was to evaluate Condom Use Skills among a migrant population recently landed in Italy, hosted in a government center ...

Feasibility of a physical activity intervention during and shortly after chemotherapy for testicular cancer

Background Given the risk of developing acute and long-term adverse effects in patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for testicular cancer (TC), risk-reducing interventions, such as physical activity (PA), may be relevant. Limited knowledge is available on the challenges met when conducting PA intervention trials in patients with TC during and shortly after chemotherapy. ...

Very-late-onset cytomegalovirus disease: a case-report and review of the literature

Background Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection remains one of the most common and feared complications of transplantation, justifying prophylaxis or preemptive strategies guided by donor and recipient CMV serostatus. In case of seronegative donor and recipient (D−/R−), no prophylaxis is recommended. Late-onset CMV disease is usually defined as occurring after prophylaxis ...

Characterisation of Roseomonas mucosa isolated from the root canal of an infected tooth

Objective The genus Roseomonas comprises a group of pink-pigmented, slow-growing, aerobic, non-fermentative Gram-negative bacteria, which have been isolated from environmental sources such as water and soil, but are also associated with human infections. In the study presented here, Roseomonas mucosa was identified for the first time as part of the endodontic microbiota of an ...

Anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in patients with beta-hemoglobinopathies: the first report in the Americas

Background In Brazil, there have been no previous studies of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sickle cell anemia patients and carriers of severe forms of beta-thalassemia. This study evaluated T. gondii infection in patients with beta-hemoglobinopathies. Methods A total of 158 samples, 77 (48.7%) men and 81 (51.3%) women, were evaluated. Three groups were formed: G1 (85 patients with ...

Assessment of short and long-term outcomes of diabetes patient education using the health education impact questionnaire (HeiQ)

Background Type 2 diabetes is a progressive chronic illness that will affect more than 500 million people worldwide by 2030. It is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Finding the right care management for diabetes patients is necessary to effectively address the growing population of affected individuals and escalating costs. Patient education is one option for ...

A loss of Pdxk model of Parkinson disease in Drosophila can be suppressed by Buffy

Background The identification of a DNA variant in pyridoxal kinase (Pdxk) associated with increased risk to Parkinson disease (PD) gene led us to study the inhibition of this gene in the Dopa decarboxylase (Ddc)-expressing neurons of the well-studied model organism Drosophila melanogaster. The multitude of biological functions attributable to the vitamers catalysed by this kinase ...

Predictors of glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: results of a cross-sectional study in Cameroon

Background In sub-Saharan Africa the prognosis of children with type 1 diabetes is poor. Many are not diagnosed and those diagnosed have a dramatically reduced life expectancy (less than one year). The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods This hospital based cross-sectional study involved ...

Latrine coverage and its utilisation in a rural village of Eastern Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional study

Background A little more than 1/3rd of the rural households in Nepal have improved latrine facility. The government of Nepal is working towards making an open defecation free area all over Nepal. There is no data found in literature searches regarding the status of latrines and its utilisation in Nepal. This study aims to estimate the coverage and utilisation of latrine and its ...

Expression of mRNA IL-17F and sIL-17F in atopic asthma patients

Background Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airway that involves many cells and elements. Chronic inflammation caused by increase Airway hyperresponsiveness that cause recurrent episodic symptoms of breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing, especially at night or early morning. Interleukin 17F is a cytokine that plays an important role in the ...

Tuberculosis caseload in children with severe acute malnutrition related with high hospital based mortality in Lusaka, Zambia

Background Tuberculosis and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children pose a major treatment and care challenge in high HIV burden countries in Africa. We investigated the prevalence of Tuberculosis notifications among hospitalised under-five children with severe acute malnutrition. A retrospective review of medical records for all children aged 0–59 months admitted to the ...

rdml: A Mathematica package for parsing and importing Real-Time qPCR data

Objective The purpose and objective of the research presented is to provide a package for easy importing of Real-Time PCR data markup language (RDML) data to Mathematica. Results Real-Time qPCR is the most widely used experimental method for the accurate quantification of gene expression. To enable the straightforward archiving and sharing of qPCR data and its associated ...

The characterisation of microsatellite markers reveals tetraploidy in the Greater Water Parsnip, Sium latifolium (Apiaceae)

Background The Greater Water Parsnip, Sium latifolium (Apiaceae), is a marginal aquatic perennial currently endangered in England and consequently the focus of a number of conservation translocation projects. Microsatellite markers were developed for S. latifolium to facilitate comparison of genetic diversity and composition between natural and introduced populations. Results We ...

Poncet’s disease in human immunodeficiency virus: a case report

Background Poncet’s disease is a rare reactive polyarthritis associated with active tuberculosis and no evidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the affected joint. Case presentation We report a case of a 35 year old Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive Kenyan male of Kikuyu ethnicity from Kiambu County who presented to hospital with a 6 day history of bilateral knee pain and ...

Is there a difference in prevalence of helminths between households using ecological sanitation and those using traditional pit latrines? A latrine based cross sectional comparative study in Malawi

Background Studies have shown that households using sludge from human excreta for agriculture are at an increased risk of soil transmitted helminths. However, while use of ecological sanitation (EcoSan) latrines is increasing in most African countries including Malawi, few studies have been done to check whether use of such sludge could potentially increase the prevalence of ...

Dry-heat inactivation of “Mycobacterium canettii”

Objective “Mycobacterium canettii” is responsible for non-transmissible lymph node and pulmonary tuberculosis in persons exposed in the Horn of Africa. In the absence of direct human transmission, contaminated water and foodstuffs could be sources of contamination. We investigated the dry-heat inactivation of “M. canettii” alone and mixed into mock-infected foodstuffs by ...

Designing persuasive health materials using processing fluency: a literature review

Background Health materials to promote health behaviors should be readable and generate favorable evaluations of the message. Processing fluency (the subjective experience of ease with which people process information) has been increasingly studied over the past decade. In this review, we explore effects and instantiations of processing fluency and discuss the implications for ...

Prevalence and risk factors of poor immune recovery among adult HIV patients attending care and treatment centre in northwestern Tanzania following the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy: a retrospective study

Background Highly Active Antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reverses the effect of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) by durably suppressing viral replication. This allows CD4 gain to levels that are adequate enough to restore the body’s capability to fight against opportunistic infections (OIs). Patients with poor immune recovery have been ...

Specialty preferences among medical students in Botswana

Background With the establishment of a new medical college in Botswana to train generalist-doctors and specialists, we set out to explore the career preferences of medical students, factors that influence their choices and attitude to local postgraduate training. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among medical students in their third to ...

Shortcomings in snake bite management in rural Cameroon: a case report

Background Snake bites are an important public health problem in developing countries with most bites occurring in rural areas. Severe envenomation often occurs in children and following bites to the face. Prompt administration of potent anti-venom remains the mainstay of management. However in Cameroon, the use of anti-venoms is limited by non-availability, high cost (where ...

Dog rabies data reported to multinational organizations from Southern and Eastern African countries

Objective Rabies is one of the viral diseases with the highest case fatality rate in humans. The main transmission route to humans is through bites, especially of infected dogs. Decisions on the allocation of resources to control and reduce the socio-economic impacts of rabies require reliable data. Several national, regional and international organizations have been gathering ...

Factors associated with mothers’ knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation in slum areas of Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia: cross sectional study

Background Malnutrition is a public health concern in Ethiopia. This might be correlated with inappropriate infant and young child feeding practice. This in turn is affected by Mothers’ knowledge on feeding practice. However, information on mothers’ knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation was scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was designed to assess ...

Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Shigella spp. isolated from children under 5 years of age attending tertiary care hospitals, Nepal along with first finding of ESBL-production

Background Shigella is an important cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in resource-poor countries. The treatment of shigellosis mostly requires antibiotics. However, the increase of multidrug resistance along with emergence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase and ciprofloxacin resistance among Shigella spp. has challenged the situation. This study was conducted to determine the ...

Pathohistological investigation of osteochondral tissue obtained during total knee arthroplasty after osteochondral autologous transfer: a case report

Background Osteochondral autologous transfer is one of the repair techniques for cartilage defects of knee with promising knee function recovery. There are no reports including histopathological images concerning human osteochondral tissue after osteochondral autologous transfer. This is the first report to present pathohistological findings of transplanted plugs and host tissues ...

Insidious intraoperative ureteral injury as a complication in oblique lumbar interbody fusion surgery: a case report

Background Oblique lumbar interbody fusion surgery is a recently introduced minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion surgery for degenerative lumbar disease. There have been no reports of associated ureteral injury. Case presentation A 77-year-old Japanese woman underwent oblique lumbar interbody fusion surgery for lumbar spondylolisthesis with refractory low back pain and pain ...