BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 5,662)

Hiss and snort call types of wild-living giraffes Giraffa camelopardalis: acoustic structure and context

Objectives Vocalization as part of vigilance behaviour is widespread across animal taxa, including ruminants. Calls of wild-living giraffes have never been recorded and spectrographically investigated. This study reports the acoustic structure of vigilance-related hiss and snort calls of wild-living giraffes Giraffa camelopardalis. Results The hiss and snort calls were emitted ...

Intrarater reliability of the Humac NORM isokinetic dynamometer for strength measurements of the knee and shoulder muscles

Objective To determine the intrarater reliability of the Humac NORM isokinetic dynamometer for concentric and eccentric strength tests of knee and shoulder muscles. Results 54 participants (50% female, average age 20.9 ± 3.1 years) performed concentric and eccentric strength measures of the knee extensors and flexors, and the shoulder internal and external rotators on two different ...

Cross sectional study to assess the accuracy of electronic health record data to identify patients in need of lung cancer screening

Objective Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States [Siegel et al. in CA Cancer J Clin 66:7–30, 1]. However, evidence from clinical trials indicates that annual low-dose computed tomography screening reduces lung cancer mortality [Humphrey et al. in Ann Intern Med 159:411–420, 2]. The objective of this study is to report results of a study designed to ...

The PHARMS (Patient Held Active Record of Medication Status) feasibility study: a research proposal

Objective Medication errors are a major source of preventable morbidity, mortality and cost and many occur at the times of hospital admission and discharge. Novel interventions (such as new methods of recording medication information and conducting medication reconciliation) are required to facilitate accurate transfer of medication information. With existing evidence supporting ...

Fast and accurate identification of cryptic and sympatric mayfly species of the Baetis rhodani group

Objective Species of the Baetis rhodani group are among the most widespread mayflies of the Palearctic region. However, frequent occurrence of morphologically cryptic species complicates the identification of sympatric species. Here, we proposed and tested a method for the fast, accurate, and cost-effective assignment of a large number of individuals to their putative species, ...

Development of AhMITE1 markers through genome-wide analysis in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Objective In peanut, the DNA polymorphism is very low despite enormous phenotypic variations. This limits the use of genomics-assisted breeding to enhance peanut productivity. This study aimed to develop and validate new AhMITE1 and cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences (CAPS) markers. Results In total, 2957 new AhMITE1 markers were developed in addition to identifying 465 ...

The utility of DNA extracted from saliva for genome-wide molecular research platforms

Objective The study aimed to investigate the suitability of DNA extracted from saliva for high throughput molecular genotyping and DNA methylation platforms by comparing its performance with that of DNA extracted from blood. The genome-wide methylation profile, using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 Beadchip array® (Illumina, San Diego, CA), was measured for 20 DNA samples. Common ...

Methods for detecting Gemmata spp. bacteremia in the microbiology laboratory

Objective Gemmata bacteria are fastidious, Gram-negative and aerobic. The only representatives are Gemmata obscuriglobus and Gemmata massiliana. These Planctomycetes appear to be a part of human digestive tract microbiome, and G. massiliana has been isolated from water. Further specific detection in the blood of two patients with febrile neutropenia suggests that Gemmata bacteremia ...

Planning a sports training program using Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization with emphasis on physiological constraints

Objective An effective training plan is an important factor in sports training to enhance athletic performance. A poorly considered training plan may result in injury to the athlete, and overtraining. Good training plans normally require expert input, which may have a cost too great for many athletes, particularly amateur athletes. The objectives of this research were to create a ...

Antimicrobial resistance patterns and virulence factors of enterococci isolates in hospitalized burn patients

Objective The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of the antimicrobial resistance and genes encoding virulence factors of enterococci isolated in hospitalized burn patients in a major burn center in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. A total of 340 bacterial isolates were collected from the burn center from February 2014 to February 2015. The antimicrobial susceptibility ...

The impact of salinity on mycorrhizal colonization of a rare legume, Galactia smallii, in South Florida pine rocklands

Objectives The success of restoration plantings depends on the capacity of transplanted individuals or seeds to establish and reproduce. It is increasingly recognized that restoration success depends quite heavily upon biotic interactions and belowground processes. Under stressful abiotic conditions, such as soils salinized by storm surge and sea level rise, symbiotic interactions ...

Spontaneous rhythms in a harbor seal pup calls

Objectives Timing and rhythm (i.e. temporal structure) are crucial, though historically neglected, dimensions of animal communication. When investigating these in non-human animals, it is often difficult to balance experimental control and ecological validity. Here I present the first step of an attempt to balance the two, focusing on the timing of vocal rhythms in a harbor seal ...

Determinants of stillbirth in Bonga General and Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospitals southwestern Ethiopia, 2016: a case–control study

Objective This study aimed to identify determinants of still birth in selected hospitals of Southwestern Ethiopia. Result A total 540 charts registered for maternal health services utilization were included in the analysis with proportion of case to control ratio of one to three (135 cases, 405 control). Women who attended antenatal care were 40% less risk for stillbirth compared ...

Use of the Hippocratic or other professional oaths in UK medical schools in 2017: practice, perception of benefit and principlism

Objective This paper concerns the continued use of the Hippocratic Oath in United Kingdom (UK) medical schools. A survey of all UK medical schools looked at which schools use the Oath, which variants they use, and what they perceive to be the benefits of using the Oath. 27 schools participated in the study. Results Although some authors have deemed the Oath as out of date for the ...

Morphometric diagnosis of Glossina palpalis (Diptera: Glossinidae) population structure in Ghana

Objective This study aimed to identify isolated population(s) of Glossina palpalis in Ghana using geometric morphometrics to evaluate variations in wing-shape and size between populations of the fly from three regions. Results Wing shape of G. palpalis tsetse flies from the Northern, Western and Eastern Regions varied significantly between each other. Populations from the Northern ...

In vitro biomechanical testing of the 3.5 mm LCP in torsion: a comparison of unicortical locking to bicortical nonlocking screws placed nearest the fracture gap

Objective This biomechanical study compared the torsional strength and stiffness of a locking compression plate with all locking versus nonlocking screws and examined the effect of placing a locking unicortical or nonlocking bicortical screw nearest the fracture gap in a synthetic bone model. Results Synthetic bone models simulating a diaphyseal fracture without anatomic reduction ...

Sickness absence among municipal workers in a Brazilian municipality: a secondary data analysis

Background Sickness absence, work disability associated with illness or injury, is a major public health problem worldwide. Some studies have investigated determinants of sickness absence among workers with shorter job tenure, but have only focused on certain diagnostic groups. Although it is well established that job tenure has an inverse relationship with work injury rate, less ...

Cross-cultural survey development: The Colon Cancer Screening Behaviors Survey for South Asian populations

Objective The objective of this work was to develop a survey that considered cultural relevance and diversity of South Asian populations, with the aim of describing or predicting factors that influence colorectal cancer screening intention and adherence. The scientifically rigorous approach for survey development informed the final phase of an exploratory mixed method study. This ...

Spina bifida cystica and severe congenital bilateral talipes equinovarus in one twin of a monoamniotic pair: a case report

Background Spina bifida and congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) are common congenital malformations which may occur together and increase morbidity. Monozygous twins are particularly at risk of these malformations and discordance in one type of malformation is typical. The occurrence of both spina bifida and CTEV in one twin of a monozygotic pair is rare. Case presentation A 22 ...

Can testing clinical significance reduce false positive rates in randomized controlled trials? A snap review

Objective The use of minimum clinically important difference in the hypothesis formulation for superiority trials is similar in principle to the concept of non-inferiority or equivalence trial. However, most clinical trials are analysed testing zero clinical difference. Since the minimum clinically important difference is pre-defined for power calculation, it is important to ...

Ankle ligament reconstruction after wide resection of the osteosarcoma of the distal fibula: a case report

Background Restoration of the lateral ankle after distal fibulectomy is a difficult reconstructive procedure. Many surgical techniques have been proposed. This report shows another fibular reconstructive option with promising outcome. Case presentation We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who presented with a solitary mass located in the lateral aspect of the ankle. The mass ...

Using incentives to recruit physicians into behavioral trials: lessons learned from four studies

Objective To describe lessons learned from the use of different strategies for recruiting physicians responsible for trauma triage, we summarize recruitment data from four behavioral trials run in the United States between 2010 and 2016. Results We ran a series of behavioral trials with the primary objective of understanding the influence of heuristics on physician decision making ...

Improving prevention, monitoring and management of diabetes among ethnic minorities: contextualizing the six G’s approach

Objective People from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are known to have an increased risk of developing diabetes and face greater barriers to accessing healthcare resources compared to their ‘white British’ counterparts. The extent of these barriers varies by demographics and different socioeconomic circumstances that people find themselves in. The purpose of this ...

Lack of CT scanner in a rural emergency department increases inter-facility transfers: a pilot study

Objective Rural emergency departments (EDs) are an important gateway to care for the 20% of Canadians who reside in rural areas. Less than 15% of Canadian rural EDs have access to a computed tomography (CT) scanner. We hypothesized that a significant proportion of inter-facility transfers from rural hospitals without CT scanners are for CT imaging. Our objective was to assess ...

Reduction of the contaminant fraction of DNA obtained from an ancient giant panda bone

Objective A key challenge in ancient DNA research is massive microbial DNA contamination from the deposition site which accumulates post mortem in the study organism’s remains. Two simple and cost-effective methods to enrich the relative endogenous fraction of DNA in ancient samples involve treatment of sample powder with either bleach or Proteinase K pre-digestion prior to DNA ...