BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 5,703)

Determinants of stillbirth in Bonga General and Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospitals southwestern Ethiopia, 2016: a case–control study

Objective This study aimed to identify determinants of still birth in selected hospitals of Southwestern Ethiopia. Result A total 540 charts registered for maternal health services utilization were included in the analysis with proportion of case to control ratio of one to three (135 cases, 405 control). Women who attended antenatal care were 40% less risk for stillbirth compared ...

Use of the Hippocratic or other professional oaths in UK medical schools in 2017: practice, perception of benefit and principlism

Objective This paper concerns the continued use of the Hippocratic Oath in United Kingdom (UK) medical schools. A survey of all UK medical schools looked at which schools use the Oath, which variants they use, and what they perceive to be the benefits of using the Oath. 27 schools participated in the study. Results Although some authors have deemed the Oath as out of date for the ...

Morphometric diagnosis of Glossina palpalis (Diptera: Glossinidae) population structure in Ghana

Objective This study aimed to identify isolated population(s) of Glossina palpalis in Ghana using geometric morphometrics to evaluate variations in wing-shape and size between populations of the fly from three regions. Results Wing shape of G. palpalis tsetse flies from the Northern, Western and Eastern Regions varied significantly between each other. Populations from the Northern ...

In vitro biomechanical testing of the 3.5 mm LCP in torsion: a comparison of unicortical locking to bicortical nonlocking screws placed nearest the fracture gap

Objective This biomechanical study compared the torsional strength and stiffness of a locking compression plate with all locking versus nonlocking screws and examined the effect of placing a locking unicortical or nonlocking bicortical screw nearest the fracture gap in a synthetic bone model. Results Synthetic bone models simulating a diaphyseal fracture without anatomic reduction ...

Sickness absence among municipal workers in a Brazilian municipality: a secondary data analysis

Background Sickness absence, work disability associated with illness or injury, is a major public health problem worldwide. Some studies have investigated determinants of sickness absence among workers with shorter job tenure, but have only focused on certain diagnostic groups. Although it is well established that job tenure has an inverse relationship with work injury rate, less ...

Cross-cultural survey development: The Colon Cancer Screening Behaviors Survey for South Asian populations

Objective The objective of this work was to develop a survey that considered cultural relevance and diversity of South Asian populations, with the aim of describing or predicting factors that influence colorectal cancer screening intention and adherence. The scientifically rigorous approach for survey development informed the final phase of an exploratory mixed method study. This ...

Spina bifida cystica and severe congenital bilateral talipes equinovarus in one twin of a monoamniotic pair: a case report

Background Spina bifida and congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) are common congenital malformations which may occur together and increase morbidity. Monozygous twins are particularly at risk of these malformations and discordance in one type of malformation is typical. The occurrence of both spina bifida and CTEV in one twin of a monozygotic pair is rare. Case presentation A 22 ...

Can testing clinical significance reduce false positive rates in randomized controlled trials? A snap review

Objective The use of minimum clinically important difference in the hypothesis formulation for superiority trials is similar in principle to the concept of non-inferiority or equivalence trial. However, most clinical trials are analysed testing zero clinical difference. Since the minimum clinically important difference is pre-defined for power calculation, it is important to ...

Ankle ligament reconstruction after wide resection of the osteosarcoma of the distal fibula: a case report

Background Restoration of the lateral ankle after distal fibulectomy is a difficult reconstructive procedure. Many surgical techniques have been proposed. This report shows another fibular reconstructive option with promising outcome. Case presentation We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who presented with a solitary mass located in the lateral aspect of the ankle. The mass ...

Using incentives to recruit physicians into behavioral trials: lessons learned from four studies

Objective To describe lessons learned from the use of different strategies for recruiting physicians responsible for trauma triage, we summarize recruitment data from four behavioral trials run in the United States between 2010 and 2016. Results We ran a series of behavioral trials with the primary objective of understanding the influence of heuristics on physician decision making ...

Improving prevention, monitoring and management of diabetes among ethnic minorities: contextualizing the six G’s approach

Objective People from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are known to have an increased risk of developing diabetes and face greater barriers to accessing healthcare resources compared to their ‘white British’ counterparts. The extent of these barriers varies by demographics and different socioeconomic circumstances that people find themselves in. The purpose of this ...

Lack of CT scanner in a rural emergency department increases inter-facility transfers: a pilot study

Objective Rural emergency departments (EDs) are an important gateway to care for the 20% of Canadians who reside in rural areas. Less than 15% of Canadian rural EDs have access to a computed tomography (CT) scanner. We hypothesized that a significant proportion of inter-facility transfers from rural hospitals without CT scanners are for CT imaging. Our objective was to assess ...

Reduction of the contaminant fraction of DNA obtained from an ancient giant panda bone

Objective A key challenge in ancient DNA research is massive microbial DNA contamination from the deposition site which accumulates post mortem in the study organism’s remains. Two simple and cost-effective methods to enrich the relative endogenous fraction of DNA in ancient samples involve treatment of sample powder with either bleach or Proteinase K pre-digestion prior to DNA ...

Trends in Demographic and Health Survey data quality: an analysis of age heaping over time in 34 countries in Sub Saharan Africa between 1987 and 2015

Objective This paper evaluates one aspect of data quality within DHS surveys, the accuracy of age reporting as measured by age heaping. Other literature has explored this phenomenon, and this analysis build on previous work, expanding the analysis of the extent of age heaping across multiple countries, and across time. Results This paper makes a comparison of the magnitude of ...

Spectrum and antibiogram of bacteria isolated from patients presenting with infected wounds in a Tertiary Hospital, northern Tanzania

Objective This study aimed to determine the spectrum and antibiogram of the isolated bacteria from patients presenting with infected wounds at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in northern Tanzania. Results Bacterial growth was observed in the vast majority of wound swabs (91.4%). Most of the bacteria isolated (62.3%) were Gram-negative rods. Staphylococcus aureus was the most ...

Effects of a naturally occurring amino acid substitution in bovine PrP: a model for inherited prion disease in a natural host species

Objective The most common hereditary prion disease is human Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), associated with a mutation in the prion gene resulting in a glutamic acid to lysine substitution at position 200 (E200K) in the prion protein. Models of E200K CJD in transgenic mice have proven interesting but have limitations including inconsistencies in disease presentation, requirement ...

Health-related quality of life for First Nations and Caucasian women in the First Nations Bone Health Study

Objective Studies about the health of Indigenous (i.e., original inhabitants) populations often focus on chronic diseases and risk behaviors, emphasizing physical aspects of health. Our objective was to test for differences in self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL), which provides a multidimensional and holistic perspective on health, between First Nations (one group ...

Comparison of three DNA extraction methods for the detection and quantification of GMO in Ecuadorian manufactured food

Objectives In Ecuador, food products need to be labeled if exceeded 0.9% of transgenic content in whole products. For the detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), three DNA extraction methods were tested in 35 food products commercialized in Ecuador. Samples with positive amplification of endogenous genes were screened for the presence of the Cauliflower mosaic virus ...

A multiplex marker set for microsatellite typing and sexing of sooty terns Onychoprion fuscatus

Objectives Seabirds have suffered dramatic population declines in recent decades with one such species being the sooty tern Onychoprion fuscatus. An urgent call to re-assess their conservation status has been made given that some populations, such as the one on Ascension Island, South Atlantic, have declined by over 80% in three generations. Little is known about their population ...

Prevalence of bovine subclinical mastitis and isolation of its major causes in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia

Objective A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to March 2016 to estimate the prevalence, to assess the risk factors and to isolate the major etiological agent of subclinical mastitis in Bishoftu town. The study was conducted on 262 cross breed lactating cows selected from 12 intensively managed dairy farms. California mastitis test (CMT) and bacteriological ...

External quality assessment of malaria microscopy diagnosis among public health facilities in West Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Objective To evaluate the importance of external quality assessment program on malaria microscopic diagnosis. Results A total of 3148 slides were collected in 4 consecutive external quality assessment rounds and blindly rechecked at Amhara Public Health Institute. The average agreement between health facility and APHI slide readers was 96.6%. The percent agreement for parasite ...

Impact of I/D polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on myocardial infarction susceptibility among young Moroccan patients

Objective Our case–control study aimed to access the potential association of insertion/deletion (I/D) ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) gene polymorphism with myocardial infarction (MI) risk of occurrence among a sample of Moroccan patients, especially young ones. Results Distribution of I/D ACE gene variant among cases vs controls, showed that healthy controls carried out ...

Does being a retired or employed caregiver affect the association between behaviours in Alzheimer’s disease and caregivers’ health-related quality-of-life?

Objective We examined whether caregivers’ employment status (i.e., retired or employed) might modify the association between the behaviours of persons with Alzheimer’s disease (PwAD) and caregivers’ health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL). Data came from a cross-sectional study of the primary informal caregivers of 200 persons with mild or moderate Alzheimer’s disease. Caregivers ...

Phytochemical and pharmacological investigation of Spiraea chamaedryfolia: a contribution to the chemotaxonomy of Spiraea genus

Objective Diterpene alkaloids are secondary plant metabolites and chemotaxonomical markers with a strong biological activity. These compounds are characteristic for the Ranunculaceae family, while their occurrence in other taxa is rare. Several species of the Spiraea genus (Rosaceae) are examples of this rarity. Screening Spiraea species for alkaloid content is a chemotaxonomical ...

Risk factors for bone loss in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs

Objective Osteoporosis is a complication of rheumatoid arthritis. We examined the risk factors for bone loss in rheumatoid arthritis patients receiving biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density was measured at two time points in 153 patients with rheumatoid arthritis managed with biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic ...