BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 5,998)

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a 17 year experience from a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

ObjectiveGranulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) is an autoimmune, multi-system, small and medium vessel vasculitis with granulomatous inflammation. Aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological presentations of patients with GPA amongst the Pakistani population. It is a single centre retrospective single observation study.ResultsStudy was conducted at the Aga Khan...

Predictors of back disorder among Almeda textile factory workers, North Ethiopia

ObjectivesTo guide the development of targeted interventions for the prevention of work-related back pain, this manuscript estimates the prevalence of back pain and its association with a variety of risk factors among Almeda textile factory production works from March to April 2015. An institutional—based cross-sectional study was carried out in Almeda textile factory, North...

Traumatic brain injury in Uganda: exploring the use of a hospital based registry for measuring burden and outcomes

ObjectiveLack of data on traumatic brain injuries (TBI) hinders the appreciation of the true magnitude of the TBI burden. This paper describes a scientific approach for hospital based systematic data collection in a low-income country. The registry is based on the evaluation framework for injury surveillance systems which comprises a four-step approach: (1) identifying...

Bacteriological profile of neonatal sepsis and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of isolates admitted at Kanti Children’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

ObjectiveNeonatal sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of newborns (< 1 month of age). Septicemia and drug resistance is a predominant issue for neonatal death in Nepal. This study is intended to find bacteriological profile of neonatal sepsis and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates from neonates at Kanti Children’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal...

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among janitors of Mekelle University, North Ethiopia

ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among janitors working at Mekelle University, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.ResultThe overall prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA in the present study were 17.97% (69/384) and 6.25% (24/384) respectively. Although not statistically...

Level of insulin adherence among diabetes mellitus patients in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017: a cross-sectional study

ObjectivesThe objective of this study was to know the level of insulin adherence and to identify factors affecting insulin adherence among diabetes mellitus patients in Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia.ResultsPrevalence of insulin adherence was 59.2%. Patients who are married [AOR = 0.3 (0.14–0.7)], have regular health care visit [AOR = 3.3 (1.5–7.5...

Misdiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and associated factors in peripheral laboratories: a retrospective study, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

ObjectiveSputum smear microscopy reading errors are likely to result in failure to detect persons with infectious TB. This study was intended to review misdiagnosis of pulmonary TB and associated factors in peripheral laboratories.ResultsDuring the study period 1033 (10.5%) sputum smear positive and 8783 (89.5%) smear negative slides were reported by peripheral laboratories. The...

Androgen receptor expression in endometrial carcinoma and its correlation with clinicopathologic features

ObjectivesRecent evidence suggests a role of androgen receptor expression as a prognostic and therapeutic biomarker in endometrial carcinoma, therefore in the present study we aimed to evaluate the frequency of androgen expression in different subtypes of endometrial carcinoma and its association with clinic-pathologic features.Results18/89 (20.2%) cases of endometrial carcinoma...

Characterization of the first complete genome sequence of an Impatiens necrotic spot orthotospovirus isolate from the United States and worldwide phylogenetic analyses of INSV isolates

ObjectiveImpatiens necrotic spot orthotospovirus (INSV) can impact economically important ornamental plants and vegetables worldwide. Characterization studies on INSV are limited. For most INSV isolates, there are no complete genome sequences available. This lack of genomic information has a negative impact on the understanding of the INSV genetic diversity and evolution. Here we...

Preeclampsia and gestational weight gain in the Norwegian Fit for Delivery trial

ObjectiveExcessive gestational weight gain is linked to risk of preeclampsia, but it is not clear whether the association is causal. The purpose of this paper was to examine gestational weight gain in the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study among women who developed preeclampsia compared to those who did not, and to further explore associations between weight gain and preeclampsia...

Associations between endothelial progenitor cells, clinical characteristics and coronary restenosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary artery intervention

ObjectiveEndothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are produced in the bone marrow and mobilized to the peripheral blood playing a key role in endothelial repair. The objective of this study was to evaluate circulating EPC before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation and their associations with coronary restenosis and adverse cardiovascular events...

Undergraduate medical research in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: a descriptive study of the students’ perspective

ObjectiveThere is a lack of research-oriented physicians in several Arab countries and especially in Gulf region countries. In this context, it is important to explore medical students’ perceptions and motivations towards research. The aim of the present study was to investigate research attitude, practices, and motivations among medical students from GCC countries.ResultsThere...

HIV-1 Tat alters neuronal intrinsic excitability

ObjectiveIn HIV+ individuals, the virus enters the central nervous system and invades innate immune cells, producing important changes that result in neurological deficits. We aimed to determine whether HIV plays a direct role in neuronal excitability. Of the HIV peptides, Tat is secreted and acts in other cells. In order to examine whether the HIV Tat can modify neuronal...

Validity and reliability of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student Version in Sri Lanka

ObjectiveThe present study was aimed at assessing the validity and the reliability of the Sinhala version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student Version (UWES-S) among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka.ResultsThe 17-item UWES-S was translated to Sinhala and the judgmental validity was assessed by a multi-disciplinary panel of experts. Construct validity of the UWES-S...

The perception of hidden curriculum among undergraduate medical students: a qualitative study

ObjectivesThe effect of hidden curriculum on student learning has not been sufficiently recognized in most of the revised curriculums. This study is a qualitative study that measures the students’ perception of hidden curriculum through semi-structured interviews. All of the interviews were recorded and then converted into scripts. These scripts were divided to sentences and...

Concurrent interactome and metabolome analysis reveals role of AKT1 in central carbon metabolism

ObjectiveSignal transduction not only initiates entry into the cell cycle, but also reprograms the cell’s metabolism. To control abnormalities in cell proliferation, both the aspects should be taken care of, thus pleiotropic signaling molecules are considered as crucial modulators. Considering this, we investigated the role of AKT1 in central carbon metabolism. The role of AKT1...

Chiluria in a lymphatic filariasis endemic area

ObjectiveTo establish clinical and laboratory data of individuals presenting chyluria in endemic areas.Results75 individuals were studied. The majority were females with an average age of 45 years residing in the Metropolitan Region of Recife. The mean time between the beginning of the presentation of chyluria and the first care service in the Serviço de Referencia Nacional em...

The reporting of a Bacillus anthracis B-clade strain in South Africa after more than 20 years

ObjectivesAnthrax is a disease with an age old history in Africa caused by the Gram-positive endospore forming soil bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Epizootics of wild ungulates occur annually in the enzootic region of Pafuri, Kruger National Park (KNP) in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. Rigorous routine surveillance and diagnostics in KNP, has not revealed these rare isolates...

Quality of observational studies in prestigious journals of occupational medicine and health based on Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: a cross-sectional study

ObjectiveThe present study applied the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement to observational studies published in prestigious occupational medicine and health journals.ResultsA total of 60 articles was evaluated. All sub-items were reported in 63.74% (95% confidence interval [CI], 56.24–71.24%), not reported in 29.70% (95% CI, 20...

Assessment of temperatures in the vaccine cold chain in two provinces in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: a cross-sectional pilot study

ObjectiveAll childhood vaccines, except the oral polio vaccine, should be kept at 2–8 °C, since the vaccine potency can be damaged by heat or freezing temperature. A temperature monitoring study conducted in 2008–2009 reported challenges in cold chain management from the provincial level downwards. The present cross-sectional pilot study aimed to assess the current status of the...

Combined CatWalk Index: an improved method to measure mouse motor function using the automated gait analysis system

ObjectiveMeasuring motor function in mice is important for studying models of spinal cord injury (SCI) or other diseases. Several methods exist based on visual observation of mice moving in an open field. Though these methods require very little equipment, observers must be trained, and the possibility of human error or subjectivity cannot be eliminated. The Noldus CatWalk XT...