BMC Research Notes

http://link.springer.com/journal/13104

List of Papers (Total 5,467)

Antibody responses to P. falciparum blood stage antigens and incidence of clinical malaria in children living in endemic area in Burkina Faso

Background High parasite-specific antibody levels are generally associated with low susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. This has been supported by several studies in which clinical malaria cases of P. falciparum malaria were reported to be associated with low antibody avidities. This study was conducted to evaluate the role of age, malaria transmission intensity and ...

Is it a supplementary benefit to use anti-inflammatory agents in the treatment of type 2 diabetes?

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate an independent correlation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) on one side and between hs-CRP and arterial pressure in well glucose controlled type 2 diabetics on the other side. Results The mean of HbA1c was 6.37% in this study and 70.10% of participants had an HbA1c less than 7%. ...

Correlation of cord blood telomere length with birth weight

Background Intrauterine growth restriction affects 3% of newborns; and the lightest 10% of whom are classified as small for gestational age (SGA). These low-birth weight newborns are at increased risk of neonatal morbidity such as hypoxia and hypoglycaemia. In later life, they are at higher risk of several age-related diseases such as cardiovascular and metabolic disorders and ...

Effects of bacitracin methylene disalicylate and diet change on gastrointestinal integrity and endotoxin permeability in the duodenum of broiler chicken

Objective To determine the effect of bacitracin methylene disalicylate (BMD) and feed changes on gastrointestinal integrity, endotoxin permeability, and morphometric parameters in the duodenum of broilers. Results Birds were raised on a starter diet without growth promoting antibiotics for 31 days then switched to a grower diet. Four of the pens including 50 g/ton of BMD while 4 ...

Evaluation of Xpert MTB/RIF testing for rapid diagnosis of childhood pulmonary tuberculosis in children by Xpert MTB/RIF testing of stool samples in a low resource setting

Objective Children with tuberculosis (TB) remain underdiagnosed due to difficulty in testing for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection. We evaluated the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for respiratory and stool testing in children for pulmonary TB through a cross-sectional study at tertiary care facilities in Karachi, Pakistan. Fifty children aged 0–15 years screened by a modified ...

Prevalence of antibodies to Brucella species in commercial raw bovine milk in Southwestern Uganda

Objectives The purpose and objective of this research was to explore the prevalence of antibodies against Brucella species in raw milk samples collected in Southwestern Uganda, one of the biggest milk producing regions in the Country. We hypothesized that there is a high level of antibodies in milk samples from this region. This builds more evidence to other studies in the region ...

Intestinal helminthic infection and anemia among pregnant women attending ante-natal care (ANC) in East Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia

Background Ethiopia is a developing country where intestinal helminthic infections are major public health problems. The burden of intestinal parasites, particularly the soil-transmitted helminths (STHs), is often very high in school children and pregnant women. Anemia, associated with STH, is a major factor in women’s health, especially during pregnancy; it is an important ...

Human fascioliasis by Fasciola hepatica: the first case report in Nepal

Background Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Fasciola species. Patient may be asymptomatic or presents with jaundice and biliary colic or right hypochondriac pain due to bile duct obstruction with gastrointestinal symptoms. Case presentation We report a case of human fascioliasis in a 45 years old female presented to Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH), ...

Determinants of psychoactive substances use among Woldia University students in Northeastern Ethiopia

Background Psychoactive substance use has become a major public health problem among students in Ethiopian universities. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the magnitude and determinants of psychoactive substances use (khat chewing, alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking) among undergraduate students of Woldia University, Ethiopia. Methods Institution based quantitative ...

Effect of exercise type on smoking cessation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Background Exercise is one choice of additional treatment for smoking cessation by relieving nicotine withdrawal symptoms and smoking craving. The possible mechanism of the effect of exercise on relieving nicotine withdrawal symptoms and smoking craving is including affect, biological, and cognitive hypotheses. Evidence suggests that different types of exercise have different ...

A comparative study of the impacts of unbalanced sample sizes on the four synthesized methods of meta-analytic structural equation modeling

Background In the first stage of meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM), researchers synthesized studies using univariate meta-analysis (UM) and multivariate meta-analysis (MM) approaches. The MM approaches are known to be of better performance than the UM approaches in the meta-analysis with equal sized studies. However in real situations, where the studies might be of ...

Report on the development of putative functional SSR and SNP markers in passion fruits

Background Passionflowers Passiflora edulis and Passiflora alata are diploid, outcrossing and understudied fruit bearing species. In Brazil, passion fruit cultivation began relatively recently and has earned the country an outstanding position as the world’s top producer of passion fruit. The fruit’s main economic value lies in the production of juice, an essential exotic ...

Insecticide use pattern and phenotypic susceptibility of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato to commonly used insecticides in Lower Moshi, northern Tanzania

Background Evidence of insecticide resistance has been documented in different malaria endemic areas. Surveillance studies to allow prompt investigation of associated factors to enable effective insecticide resistance management are needed. The objective of this study was to assess insecticide use pattern and phenotypic susceptibility level of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato to ...

The value of one versus three sputum smear examinations for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Asella hospital, South-East Ethiopia

Objective The aim of the study is to compare the value of a single with three sputum smear examinations in the detection of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. Results There were a total of 7012 patients studied out of which 3599 (51.3%) were males and the rest females. In 637 (9.1%) of the patients, two or more smears were positive for AFB. 616 (96.7%) of the sputum smear ...

Pancreas herniation into the mediastinum: a case report

Background Pancreatic tissue found in the mediastinum (both true ectopic and herniated pancreas) is rare. It becomes even more challenging when there are complications associated with this entity. Case presentation We report an unusual case of pancreatic herniation into the mediastinum in a 90-year-old Caucasian female. This patient initially presented with nausea and vomiting ...

Ten years analysis of stillbirth in a tertiary hospital in sub-Sahara Africa: a case control study

Objective Stillbirth measures provide means to assess adequacy of maternal and perinatal care in a given population. The aim of this study was to describe the determinants of stillbirth in Douala general hospital, Cameroon. Results Determinants of stillbirth in this hospital are: maternal age ≥35 years (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.26–2.54, p = 0.001), pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (OR 2.97, 95% CI ...

Association between suspected Zika virus disease during pregnancy and giving birth to a newborn with congenital microcephaly: a matched case–control study

Objective In early 2015, an outbreak of an acute exanthematous illness with dengue-like symptoms occurred in northeastern Brazil. By the end of the same year, an unexpected increase in the number of cases of microcephaly was observed in the region. The microcephaly outbreak cause was unknown and rumors pointing to various potential causes arose. Since we were unaware at the time if ...

Successful medical management of a case of Austrian syndrome—an uncommon entity in the modern antibiotic era: a case report

Background Austrian syndrome—the combination of meningitis, pneumonia and infective endocarditis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae infection, is a rare entity. In literature only a few hundreds of cases are reported but surprisingly we did not find any report on Austrian syndrome in or from Bangladesh. Case presentation We report the case history of a middle aged Bangladeshi diabetic ...

A comparative assessment of the glucose monitor (SD Codefree) and auto analyzer (BT-3000) in measuring blood glucose concentration among diabetic patients

Objective The aim of this study was to determine how well the measurements from a glucometer (SD Codefree) correlated with those from a standard auto analyser (BT-3000) using blood samples from diabetic and non-diabetic patients at the Bolgatanga Regional Hospital in Ghana. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 150 randomly selected patients; 100 diabetic patients ...

Urethral calculi with a urethral fistula: a case report and review of the literature

Background To explore and summarize the reasons why urethral calculi cause a urethral fistula. Case presentation We retrospectively studied 1 patient in Xiangya hospital and all relevant literature published in English between 1989 and 2015. The patients (including those reported in the literature) were characterized by age, origin, location of calculus, size of calculus, fistulous ...

Phenotypic prevalence of extended spectrum beta-lactamases among enterobacteriaceae isolated at Mulago National Referral Hospital: Uganda

Objective Enterobacteriaceae, common causes of health care associated and community acquired infections are mainly treated with beta-lactam agents. Our study objective was to determine the prevalence and common enterobacteriaceae pathogen producing extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBLs). The isolates were recovered from various clinical specimens. This was cross sectional study ...

Uric acid, an important screening tool to detect inborn errors of metabolism: a case series

Background Uric acid is the metabolic end product of purine metabolism in humans. Altered serum and urine uric acid level (both above and below the reference ranges) is an indispensable marker in detecting rare inborn errors of metabolism. We describe different case scenarios of 4 Sri Lankan patients related to abnormal uric acid levels in blood and urine. Case 1 A ...

Inguinal canal angioleiomyoma: case report of a rare disease entity within inguinal canal

Background Angioleiomyoma is an uncommon benign soft tissue tumor and originates from the vascular smooth muscle. It often causes pain and is rarely found in inguinal region. We present a rare case of inguinal canal angioleiomyoma of a female patient who suffered from right groin pain for 4 years and mimicking inguinal hernia clinically. Presentation of case A 53-year-old Chinese ...

SBMLPkgSpec: a LaTeX style file for SBML package specification documents

Objective The Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) is a popular open format for storing and exchanging computational models in biology. The definition of SBML is captured in formal specification documents. SBMLPkgSpec is a LaTeX document style intended to fill the need for a standard format for writing such specification documents. Results Specification documents for SBML Level 3 ...

Larvicidal effect of Endod (Phytolacca dodecandra) seed products against Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ethiopia

Objective The purpose of the present study was to determine the larvicidal effect of ‘Endod’ (Phytolacca dodecandra) seed products on Anopheles arabiensis, in Ethiopia. Results Experimental study was conducted using a total of 2400 third instars larvae of A. arabiensis. The seed products P. dodecandra showed larvicidal activity against 3rd-stage larvae of both the laboratory and ...