Astrophysics and Space Science

http://link.springer.com/journal/10509

List of Papers (Total 155)

Ultraviolet imaging of planetary nebulae with $\mathit{}$

Over four hundred Galactic Planetary Nebulae (PNe) have been imaged by \(\mathit{GALEX}\) in two ultraviolet (UV) bands, far-UV (FUV, 1344–1786 Å, \(\lambda _{eff}= 1528~{\mathring{\mathrm{A}}}\)) and near-NUV (NUV, 1771–2831 Å, \(\lambda _{eff} = 2271~{\mathring{\mathrm{A}}}\)). We present examples of extended PNe, for which UV spectroscopy is also available, to illustrate the...

New UV-source catalogs, UV spectral database, UV variables and science tools from the GALEX surveys

We present a new, expanded and improved catalog of Ultraviolet (UV) sources from the GALEX All-Sky Imaging survey: GUVcat_AIS (Bianchi et al. in Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 230:24, 2017). The catalog includes 83 million unique sources (duplicate measurements and rim artifacts are removed) measured in far-UV and near-UV. With respect to previous versions (Bianchi et al. in Mon. Not...

History of globulettes in the Milky Way

Globulettes are small (radii \({<} 10\) kAU) dark dust clouds, seen against the background of bright nebulae. A majority of the objects have planetary mass. These objects may be a source of brown dwarfs and free floating planetary mass objects in the galaxy. In this paper we investigate how many globulettes could have formed in the Milky Way and how they could contribute to the...

Structure of the solar photosphere studied from the radiation hydrodynamics code ANTARES

The ANTARES radiation hydrodynamics code is capable of simulating the solar granulation in detail unequaled by direct observation. We introduce a state-of-the-art numerical tool to the solar physics community and demonstrate its applicability to model the solar granulation. The code is based on the weighted essentially non-oscillatory finite volume method and by its...

Galaxy rotations from quantised inertia and visible matter only

It is shown here that a model for inertial mass, called quantised inertia, or MiHsC (Modified inertia by a Hubble-scale Casimir effect) predicts the rotational acceleration of the 153 good quality galaxies in the SPARC dataset (2016 AJ 152 157), with a large range of scales and mass, from just their visible baryonic matter, the speed of light and the co-moving diameter of the...

On the interplay between cosmological shock waves and their environment

Cosmological shock waves are tracers of the thermal history of the structures in the Universe. They play a crucial role in redistributing the energy within the cosmic structures and are also amongst the main ingredients of galaxy and galaxy cluster formation. Understanding this important function requires a proper description of the interplay between shocks and the different...

A possible influence on standard model of quasars and active galactic nuclei in strong magnetic field

Recent observational evidence indicates that the center of our Milky Way galaxy harbors a super-massive object with ultra-strong radial magnetic field (Eatough et al. in Nature 591:391, 2013). Here we demonstrate that the radiations observed in the vicinity of the Galactic Center (GC) (Falcke and Marko in arXiv:​1311.​1841v1, 2013) cannot be emitted by the gas of the accretion...

Developing ecospheres on transiently habitable planets: the genesis project

It is often presumed, that life evolves relatively fast on planets with clement conditions, at least in its basic forms, and that extended periods of habitability are subsequently needed for the evolution of higher life forms. Many planets are however expected to be only transiently habitable. On a large set of otherwise suitable planets life will therefore just not have the time...

Extension of Earth-Moon libration point orbits with solar sail propulsion

This paper presents families of libration point orbits in the Earth-Moon system that originate from complementing the classical circular restricted three-body problem with a solar sail. Through the use of a differential correction scheme in combination with a continuation on the solar sail induced acceleration, families of Lyapunov, halo, vertical Lyapunov, Earth-centred, and...

Impact of galactic and intergalactic dust on the stellar EBL

Current theories assume that the low intensity of the stellar extragalactic background light (stellar EBL) is caused by finite age of the Universe because the finite-age factor limits the number of photons that have been pumped into the space by galaxies and thus the sky is dark in the night. We oppose this opinion and show that two main factors are responsible for the extremely...

Analysis of the observed and intrinsic durations of gamma-ray bursts with known redshift

The duration distribution of 408 GRBs with measured both duration \(T_{90}\) and redshift \(z\) is examined. Mixtures of a number of distributions (standard normal, skew-normal, sinh-arcsinh, and alpha-skew-normal) are fitted to the observed and intrinsic durations using the maximum log-likelihood method. The best fit is chosen via the Akaike information criterion. The aim of...

The effects of solar wind on galactic cosmic ray flux at Earth

The amount of solar wind produced continuously by the sun is not constant due to changes in solar activity. This unsteady nature of the solar wind seems to be responsible for galactic cosmic ray flux modulation, hence the flux of incoming galactic cosmic rays observed at the top of the Earth’s atmosphere varies with the solar wind reflecting the solar activity. The aforementioned...

Influence of the electric induction drag on the orbit of a charged satellite moving in the ionosphere (solution by the method of the average value)

The secular effects of the electric induction drag on the orbit of a charged satellite moving in the ionosphere are examined by the method of average values. The first solutions are obtained under the assumption of non-rotation of the Earth; the second solutions are obtained assuming rotation of the Earth. In the first case the semi-major axis exhibits secular variation, but the...

Ionospheric scintillation modeling for high- and mid-latitude using B-spline technique

Ionospheric scintillation is a significant component of space-weather studies and serves as an estimate for the level of perturbation in the satellite radio wave signal caused due to small-scale ionospheric irregularities. B-spline functions are used on the GPS ground based data collected during the year 2007–2012 for modeling high- and mid-latitude ionospheric scintillation...

On the limit between short and long GRBs

Two classes of GRBs have been identified thus far without doubt and are prescribed to different physical scenarios—NS-NS or NS-BH mergers, and collapse of massive stars, for short and long GRBs, respectively. The existence of two distinct populations was inferred through a bimodal distribution of the observed durations \(T_{90}\), and the commonly applied \(2~\mbox{s}\) limit...

Data processing pipeline for pointing observations of Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope

We describe the data processing pipeline developed to reduce the pointing observation data of Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope (LUT), which belongs to the Chang’e-3 mission of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program. The pointing observation program of LUT is dedicated to monitor variable objects in a near-ultraviolet (245–345 nm) band. LUT works in lunar daytime for sufficient...

Nonlinear gravito-electrostatic waves in self-gravitating complex plasma in presence of ion-drag effects

We present theoretical model analysis to study fully nonlinear behavior of gravito-electrostatic fluctuations in unmagnetized self-gravitating collisional dust cloud in presence of the ion-drag forces methodologically on the Jeans scales of space and time. The ion-drag effect as a result of streaming plasma ions arises here due to the ion orbital motion (scattering effect by dust...