Environmental Systems Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/40068

List of Papers (Total 108)

Household level tree planting and its implication for environmental conservation in the Beressa Watershed of Ethiopia

Background Elsewhere in other developing countries, and 85% of the Ethiopian population is living in rural part of the country and more than 90% of domestic energy source is dependent of traditional biofuel. Increase in population is causing more demand for human use and more pressure on natural resources. This adversely affect the increase of multi-purpose and indigenous tree ...

Data sharing practices, information exchange behaviors, and knowledge discovery dynamics: a study of natural resources and environmental scientists

Background This paper presents a deep-dive examination of the cross-boundary data practices of natural resources and environmental scientists in the context of Virginia Tech’s institutional visioning and strategic development efforts. The goal is to understand scientists’ actual data information behaviors, their communication and exchange dynamics, and their knowledge discovery ...

Agroforestry and farm income diversification: synergy or trade-off? The case of Ethiopia

Background This study analysed the relationship between agroforestry and non-farm income diversification activities. A survey was conducted on 136 farm households by employing both structured and semi-structured questionnaires in four farm villages of Northwest Ethiopia. The bivariate probit model was employed to estimate the simultaneous adoption of agroforestry and non-farm ...

Land use/land cover changes and their environmental implications in the Gelana sub-watershed of Northern highlands of Ethiopia

Background Soil erosion in the Ethiopian highlands is considered to be one of the major problems threatening agricultural development and food security in the country. However, knowledge about the forces driving the long-term dynamics in land use is limited. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to analyse the spatial and temporal land use/land cover (LULC) changes and their ...

Habitat suitability analysis for hippopotamus (H. amphibious) using GIS and remote sensing in Lake Tana and its environs, Ethiopia

This research was carried out from October 2013 to May 2014. Hippopotamus amphibious is a mammalian species distributed in different lakes and rivers where ecological requirements are fulfilled for its survival. Lake Tana and its environs are home to Hippopotamus amphibious. The species is identified as vulnerable worldwide due to habitat loss and poaching. However, despite its ...

Comparative effectiveness of different composting methods on the stabilization, maturation and sanitization of municipal organic solid wastes and dried faecal sludge mixtures

Background Composting is one of the integrated waste management strategies used for the recycling of organic wastes into a useful product. Composting methods vary in duration of decomposition and potency of stability, maturity and sanitation. This study was aimed to investigate the comparative effectiveness of four different methods of composting viz. windrow composting (WC), ...

Land use/cover dynamics and its drivers in Gelda catchment, Lake Tana watershed, Ethiopia

Background The demand for meeting local food production has caused farmlands to expand at the cost of natural forests and grasslands in the Ethiopian highlands. However, empirical evidences on rate and patterns of LULC dynamics, and major driving forces in highlands of Ethiopia at catchment level were rare to contribute to design effective land management options. This study was to ...

Effect of biochar derived from faecal matter on yield and nutrient content of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) in two contrasting soils

Background Faecal matter biochar offers an interesting value proposition where the pyrolysis process guaranties a 100% pathogen elimination, as well as significant reduction in transport and storage weight and volume. Therefore, to evaluate the effect of (1) biochar produced from dried faecal matter from household based septic tanks, and (2) N fertilizer, as well as their ...

Short-term dewatering of treated oil sand fine tailings

Background The appropriate management of oil sand tailings requires a reduced environmental footprint of the waste containment facilities. This study models the short-term dewatering behavior of a 10 m deep deposit. Results Results indicated that inherent material properties along with hydraulic boundary conditions govern the rate and amount of consolidation. Conclusions The ...

Erosion risk assessment for prioritization of conservation measures in Geleda watershed, Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia

Background Soil erosion is among the most challenging and continuous environmental problems in the highlands of Ethiopia. This study was conducted in the Geleda watershed of the Blue Nile basin in the northwestern highlands of Ethiopia to measure erosion rates and map out erosion risks for prioritization of conservation measures. The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation model, ...

Ethiopian summer temperature from the global circulation model output data and its outlooks

Background Agriculture is the most susceptible sector to climate change related hazards in Ethiopia. Any minor change in temperature from the normal conditions imposes a severe challenge on the agricultural dependent people of Ethiopia. This research work, entitled ‘Ethiopian Summer Temperature from the Global Circulation Model Output Data and its Outlooks’ has been conducted to ...

A vigorous simple most extreme force point tracker for pv battery charger

Background This paper proposes the dynamic way of utilizing the maximum power from solar for battery charger by means of maximum power point tracker with the new controlling parameter for improving the stability in power system network. The most efficient controller for PV related voltage converters is designed by the most efficient way of calculating the controlling parameter for ...

Physiographic characteristics of agricultural lands and farmers’ soil fertility management practices in Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia

Background Understanding the landscape features of agricultural lands and soil management practices is pertinent to verify the potential and limitations of the soil resources; and devise relevant land management strategies. However, information is lacking in Wolaita, Southern Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed at investigating the physiographic characteristics of agricultural lands, ...

Environmental taxation based integrated modeling towards sustainable environmental conservation approach

Background Globalization and rapid industrialization was inevitable during late nineteenth century considering the demand–supply deficit and requirements of evolving societies. However, at later stage these factors were mapped to be major reasons for the environmental pollution. Further, at the cost of environment degradation, development and economic growth cannot be achieved. The ...

The effect of phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers on grain yield, nutrient uptake and use efficiency of two maize (Zea mays L.) varieties under rain fed condition on Haplic Lixisol in the forest-savannah transition zone of Ghana

Background Low soil fertility is recognized as the major constraint to food production and food security in Ghana. An important practice that restores some level of fertility is long fallow, however this is no longer practiced due to increased pressure on land for other purposes. This has resulted in decline in crop yields in areas (forest-savannah transition zone or Sub-humid ...

Prevention of stack corrosion under wet flue gas desulfurization conditions in a coal-fired power plant: performance analysis and comparative study

Background This study investigated the prevention of stack corrosion under wet flue gas desulfurization conditions in a coal-fired power plant. The performance analysis and comparative studies of six materials for the prevention of stack corrosion were investigated. Results The ion chromatography analysis showed the acid condensation contained fluoride, chloride, nitrate, sulphate, ...

Heuristic assessment of bridge scour sensitivity using differential evolution: case study for linking floodplain encroachment and bridge scour

Background Stakeholders are often required to make judgments and decisions about the tradeoffs between multiple competing objectives inherent in any engineering design. Design optimization can provide decision support for such situations, but often prescribes that only a single design solution be selected for a given set of preferences. The purpose of this study is to frame an ...

Monitoring and modeling the dispersion of produced water on the Scotian Shelf

Background Produced water from offshore oil and gas platforms is often disposed of directly into the sea, and there has been concern that this discharge might have deleterious effects on the marine environment. To help understand the patterns of dispersion and dilution of produced water discharges, and their potential effects, a combined modeling and monitoring study was conducted. ...

Assessment of soil fertility status of Vertisols under selected three land uses in Girar Jarso District of North Shoa Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

Background Land use changes from forests to farmland and grazing land and subsequent changes in soil physical and chemical properties that results in soil fertility decline are widespread activities in Ethiopia. Particularly, this is the most practiced activities in highland areas of the country. The objective of this study was to assess the soil fertility status of Vertisols under ...

Pesticides exposure and the use of personal protective equipment by cocoa farmers in Ghana

Background The hazards of pesticide exposure have been a growing concern globally. The increase of susceptibility of farmers to pesticide intoxication is due to lack of knowledge regarding safe and proper pesticide handling. The aim of this study was to evaluate cocoa farmers’ pesticide exposure by assessing the ways in which they store pesticides, operational habits exhibited ...

The outlook of Ethiopian long rain season from the global circulation model

Background The primary reason to study summer monsoon (long rain season) all over Ethiopia was due to the atmospheric circulation displays a spectacular annual cycle of rainfall in which more than 80 % of the annual rain comes during the summer season comprised of the months June–September. Any minor change in rainfall intensity from the normal conditions imposes a severe challenge ...

Rural households’ agricultural land vulnerability to climate change in Dembia woreda, Northwest Ethiopia

Background Climate change is one of the greatest environmental threats facing our world in recent decades. As Ethiopia is dependent on rain–fed agriculture, it becomes one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. Therefore, this study analyzed farmers’ agricultural land vulnerability to climate change in four randomly selected kebeles of Dembia woreda (District). The 372 ...

Factors affecting farmers’ coping and adaptation strategies to perceived trends of declining rainfall and crop productivity in the central Rift valley of Ethiopia

Background Farmers apply several and often different farmer-specific strategies to cope with and adapt to the perceived trend of declining rainfall and crop productivity. A better understanding of the factors affecting farmers’ coping and adaptation strategies to counteract both trends is crucial for policies and programs that aim at promoting successful rainfed agriculture in ...

Rural women’s access to and control over land in East Gojjam during the Derg and EPRDF

Background The main purpose of this paper was to identify the status of rural women to access and control over land in East Gojjam since 1974. Despite measures taken to ensure gender equality in land ownership since 1974, women in Ethiopia in general and in East Gojjam in particular experienced more challenges related with access to and control over land. Results In Gojjam, the ...

Water accessibility impact on girl and women’s participation in education and other development activities: the case of Wuchale and Jidda Woreda, Ethiopia

Background Ethiopia has huge water resource potential. However, it contributed little to access to clean and safe drinking water supply and socio-economic development. The objective of this study was to assess water accessibility, its source and impact on females participation in education and other development activities at Wuchale and Jidda Woreda. Methods To achieve this, ...