Environmental Systems Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/40068

List of Papers (Total 126)

Impacts of integrated soil and water conservation programs on vegetation regeneration and productivity as indicator of ecosystem health in Guna-Tana watershed: evidences from satellite imagery

Background Northern Ethiopian Highlands, including Guna-Tana watershed, have experienced profound natural resources degradation which are resulted from coupled natural and anthropogenic factors. To mitigate this problem, Ethiopian government has launched various soil and water conservation programs at different watersheds. Overall objective of this study was to analyze impacts of ...

Engine drive and environmental characteristics when fuel mixed with waste cooking oil is used for a small diesel engine

Background This study aims to measure the output torque and analyze the exhaust elements of a small diesel engine that use the diesel fuel mixed with waste cooking oil to validate the driving and environmental characteristics of this fuel. Methods The fuel used was diesel fuel mixed with 15% of waste cooking oil, a small quantity of additives and was produced with no complicated ...

Effects of soil and water conservation on vegetation cover: a remote sensing based study in the Middle Suluh River Basin, northern Ethiopia

Background Soil and water conservation (SWC) has been implemented in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia since 1985. Besides this, the agricultural development strategy of the region which was derived from the national agricultural development led industrialization strategy formulated in 1993 was focused on natural resources rehabilitation and conservations. Accordingly, each year a ...

Exploring impacts and livelihood vulnerability of riverbank erosion hazard among rural household along the river Padma of Bangladesh

Background Riverbank erosion has both direct and indirect effects on human life and socio-economy of Bangladesh. The present study investigated the riverbank erosion hazard in study area, its impacts on local people and livelihood vulnerability due to land loss. Methods To evaluate the riverbank erosion hazard in the study area, data have been collected from relevant scientific ...

Assessment of soil quality for agricultural purposes around the Barapukuria coal mining industrial area, Bangladesh: insights from chemical and multivariate statistical analysis

Background Barapukuria coal mine which has been operating from 2002 is situated in such a location that is dependent on agriculture. Pollution from Coal mining poses a huge risk to the ecosystem and surrounding soil. So, there could be some impact of the Barapukuria coal mine on the surrounding soil. The main aim of this study is to identify the soil quality of the study area and ...

Development of environmental friendly bioinoculate for peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) production in Eastern Ethiopia

Background Bacterial bioinoculate is one of environmentally friendly input for crop production. Several works revealed that effectiveness of Rhizobium bioinoculant have been affected by the native rhizobia population. Hence, this study was initiated to evaluate the effect of selected Bradyrhizobium in nodulating peanut in the major growing areas of Ethiopia. Methods The effect of ...

Soil characteristics in the floodplains of Munawar Tawi in Rajouri, Western Himalayas, India

Background In Himalayas, particularly Jammu and Kashmir, where 85% of people depend on agriculture and allied sectors, 70% of agriculture is rain-fed. While the Himalayas, highly seismic, contribute highest in sediment transported to the world oceans, surface soil is under threat due to erosion, and Rajouri district in western Himalayas is no exception. Various factors, especially ...

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in soil and selected food crops cultivated in Kogi State, north central Nigeria

Background Heavy metal contamination in Nigeria soils is well documented. However, there is dearth of information on the intake of toxic heavy metals by some food crops cultivated in Nigeria soil. Accumulation of toxic heavy metals in edible food crops is a potential threat to human and animal health. Hence, a study on soil to food crop relation in terms of heavy metals ...

Characteristics of Nitisol profiles as affected by land use type and slope class in some Ethiopian highlands

Background The success of soil management depends on understanding of how soils respond to agricultural land use practices over time. Nitisols are among the most extensive agricultural soils in the Ethiopian highlands but soil degradation threatens their productive capacity. In this study, the effects of two land use systems, intensive cereal and agroforestry systems, and slope ...

Assessment of regional changes for enhancing water availability

Background The land use plays a crucial role for a particular watershed along with many other identified and accepted factors. Momentarily, land cover practices are unorganised in most river basins of Nepal. The study aims at land cover classification, mapping of the changes over the last 25 years, an assessment of the accuracy for land cover classification, consolidation of the ...

Evaluation and prediction of land use/land cover changes in the Andassa watershed, Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia

Background Land use/land cover (LU/LC) change is the challenging and continuous drivers of environment change. Understanding the rate and process of change is, therefore, basic for managing the environment. This study was intended to analyze the LU/LC changes from 1985 to 2015 periods, and predict the situation to 2030 and 2045 in the Andassa watershed of Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia. ...

Human health and environmental assessments of small-scale and artisanal mining activities in the Gold City of Ijeshaland, Southwestern Nigeria

Background This study assessed the health and environmental impacts of artisanal gold mining in Ijesha-land, Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria. Fifty-four environmental samples were collected between 2011 and 2012 and analyzed for major, trace and rare earth elements using standard procedures. Samples were collected from surface water (rivers and streams), groundwater, bottom ...

Assessing the effectiveness of land resource management practices on erosion and vegetative cover using GIS and remote sensing techniques in Melaka watershed, Ethiopia

Background Land resource management measures, such as soil bund, trench, check dams and plantation had been practiced in Melaka watershed, Ethiopia since 2010. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of above measures on soil loss rate, vegetative cover and livelihood of the population. Results The land cover spatial data sets were created from Landsat satellite images ...

A Soil Health Card (SHC) for soil quality monitoring of agricultural lands in south-eastern coastal region of Bangladesh

Background The present study introduces an alternate tool of laboratory analysis named Soil Health Card (SHC) for soil quality monitoring and routine field observations by farmers. Results Different physicochemical and nutrient contents of soil, i.e. pH, electric conductivity, soil organic matter, organic carbon, total nitrogen, phosphorous, sulfur and boron were assessed by ...

Effect of genotypes-Rhizobium-environment interaction on nodulation and productivity of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in eastern Ethiopia

Background Effectiveness of Rhizobium inoculation is determined by common bean genotypes. Environmental factors also affect common bean genotypes-Rhizobium-symbiosis. The effect of common bean genotypes-Rhizobium strains-environment interaction on nodulation and common bean production is not well studied. Three genotypes (Dursitu, Gofta, and Kufanzik) and eight selected isolates of ...

An application of Water Quality Index (WQI) and multivariate statistics to evaluate the water quality around Maddhapara Granite Mining Industrial Area, Dinajpur, Bangladesh

Background Pure water is an absolutely necessary component of the earth not only for life but also for sustainable socio-economic development of today’s civilization. The aim of this study was to analysis the quality of water resources and to investigate the influences of mining activities on water quality around the Maddhapara Granite Mining area, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Result 31 ...

Assessment of the quality of drinking water in storage tanks and its implication on the safety of urban water supply in developing countries

Background Water quality problems are one of the manifestations of poverty and most developing countries including Ethiopia suffering a lot of health problems associated with consumption of contaminated water. Although communities living in urban areas of Ethiopia have access to piped water supply, cross-contamination in the distribution system and unsafe storage are the major ...

Economic value of water harvesting for climate-smart adaptation in semi-arid Ijara Garissa, Kenya

Background The semi-arid Ijara experienced erratic and declining rainfall whereas temperature increased, triggering extreme weather events shocks. Given the shocks that outwitted traditional coping mechanisms, pastoralists spontaneously took to water harvesting pans as adaptation strategy. The spontaneity translated into unclear costs benefits which the study clarified by isolating ...

Household level tree planting and its implication for environmental conservation in the Beressa Watershed of Ethiopia

Background Elsewhere in other developing countries, and 85% of the Ethiopian population is living in rural part of the country and more than 90% of domestic energy source is dependent of traditional biofuel. Increase in population is causing more demand for human use and more pressure on natural resources. This adversely affect the increase of multi-purpose and indigenous tree ...

Data sharing practices, information exchange behaviors, and knowledge discovery dynamics: a study of natural resources and environmental scientists

Background This paper presents a deep-dive examination of the cross-boundary data practices of natural resources and environmental scientists in the context of Virginia Tech’s institutional visioning and strategic development efforts. The goal is to understand scientists’ actual data information behaviors, their communication and exchange dynamics, and their knowledge discovery ...

Agroforestry and farm income diversification: synergy or trade-off? The case of Ethiopia

Background This study analysed the relationship between agroforestry and non-farm income diversification activities. A survey was conducted on 136 farm households by employing both structured and semi-structured questionnaires in four farm villages of Northwest Ethiopia. The bivariate probit model was employed to estimate the simultaneous adoption of agroforestry and non-farm ...

Land use/land cover changes and their environmental implications in the Gelana sub-watershed of Northern highlands of Ethiopia

Background Soil erosion in the Ethiopian highlands is considered to be one of the major problems threatening agricultural development and food security in the country. However, knowledge about the forces driving the long-term dynamics in land use is limited. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to analyse the spatial and temporal land use/land cover (LULC) changes and their ...

Habitat suitability analysis for hippopotamus (H. amphibious) using GIS and remote sensing in Lake Tana and its environs, Ethiopia

This research was carried out from October 2013 to May 2014. Hippopotamus amphibious is a mammalian species distributed in different lakes and rivers where ecological requirements are fulfilled for its survival. Lake Tana and its environs are home to Hippopotamus amphibious. The species is identified as vulnerable worldwide due to habitat loss and poaching. However, despite its ...

Comparative effectiveness of different composting methods on the stabilization, maturation and sanitization of municipal organic solid wastes and dried faecal sludge mixtures

Background Composting is one of the integrated waste management strategies used for the recycling of organic wastes into a useful product. Composting methods vary in duration of decomposition and potency of stability, maturity and sanitation. This study was aimed to investigate the comparative effectiveness of four different methods of composting viz. windrow composting (WC), ...

Land use/cover dynamics and its drivers in Gelda catchment, Lake Tana watershed, Ethiopia

Background The demand for meeting local food production has caused farmlands to expand at the cost of natural forests and grasslands in the Ethiopian highlands. However, empirical evidences on rate and patterns of LULC dynamics, and major driving forces in highlands of Ethiopia at catchment level were rare to contribute to design effective land management options. This study was to ...