Journal of Immunology Research

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jir/

List of Papers (Total 1,634)

Early Steps of a Thymic Tumor in SV40 Transgenic Mice: Hyperplasia of Medullary Epithelial Cells and Increased Mature Thymocyte Numbers Disturb Thymic Export

Bone marrow progenitors migrate to the thymus, where they proliferate and differentiate into immunologically competent T cells. In this report we show that mice transgenic for SV40 T and t antigens under the control of the L-pyruvate kinase promoter develop, in a first step, thymic hyperplasia of both thymocytes and epithelial cells. Morphological studies (histology...

Immunoglobulin λ Gene Rearrangement Can Precede κ Gene Rearrangement

Immunoglobulin genes are generated during differentiation of B lymphocytes by joining gene segments. A mouse pre-B cell contains a functional immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene, but no light-chain gene. Although there is only one heavy-chain locus, there are two lightchain loci: κ and λ.It has been reported that κ loci in the germ-line configuration are never (in man) or very rarely...

Differential Effects of IL-2 and IL-6 on the Development of Three Distinct Precursor T-Cell Populations in the Thymus

Three distinct T-cell precursors: bone marrow cells that express low levels of the Thy-1 antigen but no lineage markers (Thy-1-lo/BM); CD4-, CD8-, and CD3- thymocytes that express low levels of the Thy-1 antigen (Thy-1-lo/Thym); and CD4-, CD8-, and CD3- thymocytes that express high levels of the Thy-1 antigen and the IL-2 R α chain (Thy-1

Comparison of Mouse Ly5a and Ly5b Leucocyte Common Antigen Alleles

The family of leucocyte common antigen (LCA) transmembrane glycoproteins is expressed in most hematopoietic cells. Molecular isoforms of the LCA molecule are generated by alternative splicing of a single gene encoded on the murine chromosome 1. Three LCA alleles with different antigenic reactivities have been identified in inbred mouse strains. To investigate the divergence...

Thymus Ontogeny in Frogs: T-Cell Renewal at Metamorphosis

Metamorphosis in amphibians presents a unique problem for the developing immune system. Because tadpoles are free-living, they need an immune system to protect against potential pathogens. However, at metamorphosis, they acquire a variety of new adultspecific molecules to which the tadpole immune system must become tolerant. We hypothesized that Xenopus laevis tadpoles may avoid...

The Accessory Molecule Lgp55 Plays a Role Early in Murine Fetal Thymocyte Differentiation

A rat IgM monoclonal antibody, PA3-795, inhibits the antigen-specific responses of mouse T-cell hybridomas. It recognizes a heavily glycosylated cell-surface protein, designated Lgp55, that is detectable after activation on mature T cells. During fetal life, Lgp55 is found at high levels on newly immigrant thymic T-cell precursors prior to surface expression of other T-lineage...

Human Germinal Center CD4

We have isolated two subtypes of helper T cells from human tonsils: CD4

Response of Leucocyte Populations in the Ileal Peyer's Patch of Fetal Lambs Treated with Ferritin Per Os

A combination of immunohistochemical techniques, a panel of monoclonal antibodies, and computer-assisted morphometric analysis was used to examine the response of the ileal Peyerr's patch of fetal lambs 7 days after treatment with ferritin per os. Consistent with previous studies in fetal lambs that have reported the ileal Peyer's patch to be indifferent to antigen, the present...

Cross-Linking the TCR Complex Induces Apoptosis in CD4

Although it is generally agreed that TCR ligation is a minimal requirement for negative selection in the CD

Spontaneous Expression of Interleukin-2 In Vivo in Specific Tissues of Young Mice

In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to determine the spectrum of tissues in which interleukin-2 (IL-2) mRNA and protein are found in healthy, normal young mice. In neonatal animals, IL-2 is expressed specifically by distinct, isolated cells at three major sites: the thymus, skin, and gut. Based on morphology and distribution, the IL-2-expressing cells...

Appearance and Maturation of T-Cell Subsets During Rat Thymus Ontogeny

In previous papers, we have described the ontogenetical development of thymic stromal-cell components (epithelium, macrophages, dendritic cells) of Wistar rats. Here, we correlate those results with the maturation of rat T-cell precursors along the fetal and postnatal life. First T-cell precursors, which colonize the thymus anlage around days 13-14 of gestation, largely express...

Development and Maintenance of the Gut-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (Galt): the Roles of Enteric Bacteria and Viruses

GALT can be subdivided into several compartments: (a) Peyer's patches (PP); (b) lamina propria (LP); and (c) intraepithelial leukocyte (IEL) spaces. The B-cell follicles of PP are quiescent in neonatal and germ-free (GF) adult mice. Germinal centers (GC), including sIgA

Studies on the Tissue-Related Phenotypic Heterogeneity of Murine B Cells

The development of B cells is accompanied by their ability to specifically enter the peripheral lymphoid tissues. Recently, we described a novel rat monoclonal antibody (IBL-2; IgG2b/k reacting with a 26/29-kD heterodimeric structure of the cell surface. This mAb has been found to recognize differentially the peripheral B cells of mice depending on their tissue origin. The...

Adrenergic/Cholinergic Immunomodulation in the Rat Model—In Vivo Veritas?

For several years, our group has been studying the in vivo role of adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms in the immune-neuroendocrine dialogue in the rat model. The main results of these studies can be summarized as follows: (1) exogenous or endogenous catecholamines suppress PBL functions through alpha-2-receptor-mediated mechanisms, lymphocytes of the spleen are resistant to...

Tonsil Stromal-Cell Lines Expressing FDC-Like Properties: Isolation, Characterization, and Interaction with B Lymphocytes

The microenvironment of secondary lymphoid organs consists of two major populations of cells, the lymphoid cells and a population of stromal cells that contribute to both tissue architecture and function. Interactions of both populations are essential for the development and control of humoral immune responses. In this study, stromal-cell preparations were obtained by a...

A Developmental Bias in Reading Frame Usage by Human Fetal Thymic TCRBDJ Transcripts is not Present in Genomic TCRBDJ Rearrangements

We have previously reported that reading-frame usage and functional diversification is developmentally regulated, with virtually all TCRB DJ mRNA transcripts using a single reading frame at 8 weeks of gestational age, tapering to 50% by adult life. We used the polymerase chain reaction to create genomic libraries of DJ rearrangements in the TCRB locus from thymuses at 7.7, 10...

The Effect of Antigen Stimulation on the Migration of Mature T Cells from the Peripheral Lymphoid Tissues to the Thymus

Although the maturation and export of T cells from the thymus has been extensively studied, the movement of cells in the opposite direction has been less well documented. In particular, the question of whether T cells which have been activated by antigen in the periphery are more likely to return to the thymus had been raised but not clearly answered. We examined this issue by...

Development of Dendritic Cells from GM-CSF-/- Mice invitro: GM-CSF Enhances Production and Survival of Cells

The production of dendritic cells (DC) from haemopoietic progenitors maintained in long term stroma-dependent cultures (LTC) of spleen or bone marrow (BM) occurs independently of added granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The possibility that cultures depend on endogenous GM-CSF produced in low levels was tested by attempting to generate LTC from spleen and...

Development of lntraepithelial Cells in the Porcine Small Intestine

The number, phenotype, localisation and development of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) from duodenum (Du) and ileum (Il) were studied by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and light and electron microscopy in unweaned (0–7 weeks old) and six months-old pigs. Developmental changes at birth showed that 38% of the total lymphocytes in the villi were IEL, mainly of the CD2

Evidence for Distinct Mechanisms in the Shaping of the CD4 T Cell Repertoire in Histologically Distinct Myasthenia Gravis – Associated Thymomas

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II is involved both in thymocyte maturation and peptide presentation and might thus play a key role in the pathogenesis of paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis (MG) in thymomas. To further investigate this issue, we analyzed and scored the expression of epithelial class II expression in 35 thymomas (medullary, MDT; mixed, MXT; cortical...

Altered Affinity Maturation in Primary Response to (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl) Acetyl (NP) after Autologous Reconstitution of Irradiated C57BL/6 Mice

Immune responses developing in irradiated environment are profoundly altered. The memory anti-arsonate response of A/J mice is dominated by a major clonotype encoded by a single gene segment combination called CRIA. In irradiated and autoreconstituted A/J mice, the level of anti-ARS antibodies upon secondary immunization is normal but devoid of CRIA antibodies. The affinity...