Journal of Hematology & Oncology

http://www.jhoonline.org/

List of Papers (Total 790)

A three-gene expression-based risk score can refine the European LeukemiaNet AML classification

Background Risk stratification based on cytogenetics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains imprecise. The introduction of novel genetic and epigenetic markers has helped to close this gap and increased the specificity of risk stratification, although most studies have been conducted in specific AML subpopulations. In order to overcome this limitation, we used a genome-wide...

Immune phenotypes predict survival in patients with glioblastoma multiforme

Background Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a common primary malignant brain tumor, rarely disseminates beyond the central nervous system and has a very bad prognosis. The current study aimed at the analysis of immunological control in individual patients with GBM. Methods Immune phenotypes and plasma biomarkers of GBM patients were determined at the time of diagnosis using flow...

A new mechanism of trastuzumab resistance in gastric cancer: MACC1 promotes the Warburg effect via activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway

Background Trastuzumab, a humanized antibody targeting HER2, exhibits remarkable therapeutic efficacy against HER2-positive gastric cancer. However, recurrent therapeutic resistance presents revolutionary claims. Warburg effect and AKT signaling pathway was involved in the resistance to trastuzumab. Our previous studies have demonstrated that overexpression of metastasis...

Erythropoietin (EPO)-receptor signaling induces cell death of primary myeloma cells in vitro

Background Multiple myeloma is an incurable complex disease characterized by clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells in a hypoxic bone marrow environment. Hypoxia-dependent erythropoietin (EPO)-receptor (EPOR) signaling is central in various cancers, but the relevance of EPOR signaling in multiple myeloma cells has not yet been thoroughly investigated. Methods Myeloma cell...

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal plasticity of cancer stem cells: therapeutic targets in hepatocellular carcinoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the most common and lethal malignancies worldwide despite the development of various therapeutic strategies. A better understanding of the mechanisms responsible for HCC initiation and progression is essential for the development of more effective therapies. The cancer stem cell (CSC) model has provided new insights into the...

Treatment of acquired drug resistance in multiple myeloma by combination therapy with XPO1 and topoisomerase II inhibitors

Background Acquired drug resistance is the greatest obstacle to the successful treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Despite recent advanced treatment options such as liposomal formulations, proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, myeloma-targeted antibodies, and histone deacetylase inhibitors, MM is still considered an incurable disease. Methods We investigated whether the...

Synergistic effect of oridonin and a PI3K/mTOR inhibitor on the non-germinal center B cell-like subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma

We demonstrate the synergistic antitumor effect of oridonin and the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 on the non-germinal center B cell-like subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (non-GCB DLBCL) both in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism may be multifunctional, involving apoptosis, AKT/mTOR and NF-kB inactivation, and ROS-mediated DNA damage response. Our findings pave...

Plerixafor (a CXCR4 antagonist) following myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation enhances hematopoietic recovery

Background The binding of CXCR4 with its ligand (stromal-derived factor-1) maintains hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) in a quiescent state. We hypothesized that blocking CXCR4/SDF-1 interaction after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) promotes hematopoiesis by inducing HSC proliferation. Methods We conducted a phase I/II trial of plerixafor on hematopoietic...

Predominant cerebral cytokine release syndrome in CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cell therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor-modified (CAR) T cells targeting CD19 (CART19) have shown therapeutical activities in CD19+ malignancies. However, the etiological nature of neurologic complications remains a conundrum. In our study, the evidence of blood-brain barrier (BBB)-penetrating CAR T cells as a culprit was revealed. A patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia developed sustained...

MiR-124-3p/B4GALT1 axis plays an important role in SOCS3-regulated growth and chemo-sensitivity of CML

Background Abnormal expression of SOCS3 has been implicated in myeloproliferative neoplasms, but the role of SOCS3 in the pathogenesis of leukemia remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the function of SOCS3 in the growth and chemo-sensitivity of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and explored the involved mechanisms. Methods Expression levels of SOCS3 in several leukemia cell...

Phase II trial of utidelone as monotherapy or in combination with capecitabine in heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer patients

Background The treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) remains a great clinical challenge as drug resistance frequently develops. Alternative agents that can overcome drug resistance would offer new therapeutic options. The primary aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of utidelone as a monotherapy or in combination with capecitabine in metastatic...

The impact of HLA-matching on reduced intensity conditioning regimen unrelated donor allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia in patients above 50 years—a report from the EBMT acute leukemia working party

Background Data comparing fully matched and mismatched-unrelated-donor (M- and mM-URD) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT) following reduced intensity conditioning regimens for acute myeloid leukemia are limited. Methods We retrospectively compared the outcome of 3398 patients above the age of 50 years who underwent 10/10 M-URD (n = 2567), 9/10 (n = 723), or...

Epidermal growth factor receptor is expressed and active in a subset of acute myeloid leukemia

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor erlotinib has been shown to induce complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in two patients with concurrent lung cancer and raised attention for a role of EGFR in AML whereas a recent phase II clinical study with gefitinib in AML demonstrated a negative result on the outcome. However, from several studies, EGFR...

Telomere length shortening is associated with treatment-free remission in chronic myeloid leukemia patients

We studied telomere length in 32 CML patients who discontinued imatinib after achieving complete molecular remission and 32 age-sex-matched controls. The relative telomere length (RTL) was determined by q-PCR as the telomere to single copy gene (36B4) ratio normalized to a reference sample (K-562 DNA). Age-corrected RTL (acRTL) was also obtained. The 36-month probability of...

Short telomere length and its correlation with gene mutations in myelodysplastic syndrome

Background Telomere erosion can lead to genomic instability and cancer progression. It has been suggested that the shortest telomere, not the average telomere length (TL), is critical for cell viability. Some studies have shown shorter TL in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients but the critically short telomeres, the variability of TL within individual patient has not been...

Immunoprofiling of leukemic stem cells CD34+/CD38−/CD123+ delineate FLT3/ITD-positive clones

Background Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous clonal disorder presenting with accumulation of proliferating undifferentiated blasts. Xenograft transplantation studies have demonstrated a rare population of leukemia-initiating cells called leukemic stem cells (LSCs) capable of propagating leukemia that are enriched in the CD34+/CD38− fraction. LSCs are quiescent...

Risk of venous thromboembolism in hospitalised cancer patients in England—a cohort study

Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a well-recognised and life-threatening complication in patients with cancer. However, the precise risk of VTE in hospitalised cancer patients in England has not been previously reported. Methods We conducted a cohort study using linked Hospital Episodes Statistics and Office for National Statistics mortality data. We determined the risk...

Chasing the precursor of functional hematopoietic stem cells at the single cell levels in mouse embryos

Background Adult hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), the ideal system for regenerative research, were isolated at single cell levels decades ago, whereas studies on embryonic HSCs are much more difficult. Methods Zhou et al identified a new pre-HSC cell surface marker, CD201, by which they isolated pre-HSCs at single cell levels for further analyses. Results The novel expression...

EGFR C797S mutation mediates resistance to third-generation inhibitors in T790M-positive non-small cell lung cancer

T790M mutation is the most common mechanism for resistance to first- and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Several third-generation EGFR mutant selective TKIs are being explored to conquer this resistance. AZD9291 (osimertinib, tagrisso) has been approved for treatment of the metastatic EGFR T790M mutation-positive non...

Decreased expression of the long noncoding RNA LINC00261 indicate poor prognosis in gastric cancer and suppress gastric cancer metastasis by affecting the epithelial–mesenchymal transition

Background Recent evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in the regulation of cellular processes and are found to be dysregulated in a variety of cancers. LINC00261 is an lncRNA that is aberrantly expressed in gastric cancer (GC). The clinical role of LINC00261 in GC and molecular mechanisms remains to be found. Methods Real-time polymerase chain...

Effective adoptive immunotherapy of triple-negative breast cancer by folate receptor-alpha redirected CAR T cells is influenced by surface antigen expression level

Background The poor prognosis and the limited efficacy of targeted therapy in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) have raised the need for alternative therapies. Recent studies have demonstrated that folate receptor-alpha (FRα) may represent an ideal tumor-associated marker for immunotherapy for TNBC. Methods The aim of the present study was to apply a chimeric...

Elotuzumab for the treatment of multiple myeloma

Elotuzumab is one of the first two monoclonal antibodies that gained FDA approval for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). It targets SLAMF7, which is highly expressed in normal plasma and MM cells as well as natural killer (NK) cells. Elotuzumab demonstrated significant anti-myeloma activity in preclinical studies, and its mechanisms of action include mediating antibody...

Pooled analysis of the reports of carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combinations in patients with refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma

Purpose The purpose of this study was to better understand the efficacy and safety of carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combinations in patients with refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma(R/RMM). Methods We retrieved and reviewed published reports including carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combination regimens for patients with R/RMM. Results We identified 20...

Azacytidine mitigates experimental sclerodermic chronic graft-versus-host disease

Background Previous studies have demonstrated that regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a protective role in the pathogenesis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). Tregs constitutively express the gene of the transcription factor Foxp3 whose CNS2 region is heavily methylated in conventional CD4 + T cells (CD4 + Tconvs) but demethylated in Tregs. Methods Here, we assessed the...

Daratumumab: a first-in-class CD38 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of multiple myeloma

Daratumumab is a human monoclonal antibody that targets CD38, a cell surface protein that is overexpressed on multiple myeloma (MM) cells. Preclinical studies have shown that daratumumab induces MM cell death through several mechanisms, including complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis...