A leading-edge suction parameter (LESP) that is derived from potential flow theory as a measure of suction at the airfoil leading edge is used to study initiation of leading-edge vortex (LEV) formation in this article. The LESP hypothesis is presented, which states that LEV formation in unsteady flows for specified airfoil shape and Reynolds number occurs at a critical constant ...

The linearized pressure Poisson equation (LPPE) is used in two and three spatial dimensions in the respective matrix-forming solution of the BiGlobal and TriGlobal eigenvalue problem in primitive variables on collocated grids. It provides a disturbance pressure boundary condition which is compatible with the recovery of perturbation velocity components that satisfy exactly the ...

The motion of a heavy finite-size tracer is numerically calculated in a two-dimensional shear-driven cavity. The particle motion is computed using a discontinuous Galerkin-finite-element method combined with a smoothed profile method resolving all scales, including the flow in the lubrication gap between the particle and the boundary. The centrifugation of heavy particles in the ...

The pressure drag of blunt bluff bodies is highly relevant in many practical applications, including to the aerodynamic drag of road vehicles. This paper presents theory revealing that a mean drag reduction can be achieved by manipulating wake flow fluctuations. A linear feedback control strategy then exploits this idea, targeting attenuation of the spatially integrated base (back ...

We present a low-dimensional Galerkin model with state-dependent modes capturing linear and nonlinear dynamics. Departure point is a direct numerical simulation of the three-dimensional incompressible flow around a sphere at Reynolds numbers 400. This solution starts near the unstable steady Navier–Stokes solution and converges to a periodic limit cycle. The investigated Galerkin ...

Numerical simulations were conducted to investigate the linear global stability behaviour of the Bödewadt, Ekman, von Kármán (BEK) family of flows, for cases where a disc rotates beneath an incompressible fluid that is also rotating. This extends the work reported in recent studies that only considered the rotating-disc boundary layer with a von Kármán configuration, where the ...

A mini-symposium on computational modeling of fluid–structure interactions and other multiphysics in physiological flows was held at the 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics in July 2014 in Barcelona, Spain. This special issue of Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics contains papers from among the participants of the mini-symposium. The present paper provides an ...

Inexact hardware can reduce computational cost, due to a reduced energy demand and an increase in performance, and can therefore allow higher-resolution simulations of the atmosphere within the same budget for computation. We investigate the use of emulated inexact hardware for a model of the randomly forced 1D Burgers equation with stochastic sub-grid-scale parametrisation. ...

Large-eddy simulation (LES) has been extensively used as a tool to understand how various processes contribute to the dynamics of the stratocumulus layer. These studies are complicated by the fact that many processes are tied to the dynamics of the stably stratified interface that caps the stratocumulus layer, and which is inadequately resolved by LES. Recent direct numerical ...

A linear stability analysis was performed in order to study the onset of thermal convection in the presence of a strong viscosity variation, with a special emphasis on the condition for the stagnant-lid (ST) convection where a convection takes place only in a sublayer beneath a highly viscous lid of cold fluid. We consider the temporal evolution (growth or decay) of an ...

In this paper, we report on the development of a methodology for stochastic parameterization of convective transport by shallow cumulus convection in weather and climate models. We construct a parameterization based on Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) data. These simulations resolve the turbulent fluxes of heat and moisture and are based on a typical case of non-precipitating shallow ...

In this work, we calculate the self-similar longitudinal velocity correlation function and the statistics of the velocity difference, using the results of the Lyapunov analysis of the fully developed isotropic homogeneous turbulence just presented by the author in a previous work (de Divitiis, Theor Comput Fluid Dyn, doi:10.1007/s00162-010-0211-9). There, a closure of the von ...

The present work studies the isotropic and homogeneous turbulence for incompressible fluids through a specific Lyapunov analysis. The analysis consists in the calculation of the velocity fluctuation through the Lyapunov theory applied to the local deformation using the Navier-Stokes equations, and in the study of the mechanism of energy cascade through the finite scale Lyapunov ...

Recently, numerical studies revealed two different scaling regimes of the peak enstrophy Z and palinstrophy P during the collision of a dipole with a no-slip wall [Clercx and van Heijst, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066305, 2002]: \({Z\propto{\rm Re}^{0.8}}\) and \({P\propto {\rm Re}^{2.25}}\) for 5 × 102 ≤ Re ≤ 2 × 104 and \({Z\propto{\rm Re}^{0.5}}\) and \({P\propto{\rm Re}^{1.5}}\) for Re ≥ ...

A mixture fraction formulation to perform direct numerical simulations of a disperse and dilute two-phase system consisting of water liquid and vapor in air in local thermodynamic equilibrium using a two-fluid model is derived and discussed. The goal is to understand the assumptions intrinsic to this simplified but commonly employed approach for the study of two-layer buoyancy ...

This article employs LES to simulate temporal mixing layers with Mach numbers ranging from M c = 0.3 to M c = 1.2. A form of approximate deconvolution together with a dynamic Smagorinsky subgrid model are employed as subgrid models. A large computational domain is used along with relatively good resolution. The LES results regarding growth rate, turbulence levels, turbulence ...

An IUTAM symposium with the title of this paper was held on October 12–16, 2008, in Lyngby and Copenhagen, Denmark, to mark the sesquicentennial of publication of Helmholtz’s seminal paper on vortex dynamics. This volume contains the proceedings of the Symposium. The present paper provides an introduction to the volume.