Journal of Modern Transportation

http://link.springer.com/journal/40534

List of Papers (Total 234)

Speed prediction models for car and sports utility vehicle at locations along four-lane median divided horizontal curves

Sites with varying geometric features were analyzed to develop the 85th percentile speed prediction models for car and sports utility vehicle (SUV) at 50 m prior to the point of curvature (PC), PC, midpoint of a curve (MC), point of tangent (PT) and 50 m beyond PT on four-lane median divided rural highways. The car and SUV speed data were combined in the analysis as they were...

The VILMA intelligent vehicle: an architectural design for cooperative control between driver and automated system

Intelligent autonomous vehicles have received a great degree of attention in recent years. Although the technology required for these vehicles is relatively advanced, the challenge is firstly to ensure that drivers can understand the capabilities and limitations of such systems and secondly to design a system that can handle the interaction between the driver and the automated...

Feasibility in assessing the dipped rail joint defects through dynamic response of heavy haul locomotive

The feasibility of monitoring the dipped rail joint defects has been theoretically investigated by simulating a locomotive-mounted acceleration system negotiating several types of dipped rail defects. Initially, a comprehensive locomotive-track model was developed using the multi-body dynamics approach. In this model, the locomotive car-body, bogie frames, wheelsets and driving...

A methodology for calculating the passenger comfort benefits of railway travel

A comfortable environment in railway passenger coaches can be regarded as a resource for social consumption during the transport process. Railway passenger comfort benefits (RPCBs) can be regarded as a special generalized cost. In this paper, we select a series of objective and subjective indexes to formulate a quantitative method of calculating the RPCB with considering ticket...

Re-adhesion control strategy based on the optimal slip velocity seeking method

In the railway industry, re-adhesion control plays an important role in attenuating the slip occurrence due to the low adhesion condition in the wheel–rail interaction. Braking and traction forces depend on the normal force and adhesion coefficient at the wheel–rail contact area. Due to the restrictions on controlling normal force, the only way to increase the tractive or braking...

Modeling the effects of rainfall on vehicular traffic

Traffic management and drainage system are two vital issues for any metropolitan city. Like other big cities, Karachi is also facing problems due to lack of traffic management and poor drainage system. The main objective of the study is to model the interdisciplinary issues of storm water and its effect on the traffic of Karachi. The specific objectives are: (1) to calibrate and...

Vibration and sound radiation of a rotating train wheel subject to a vertical harmonic wheel–rail force

The rapid development of high-speed railway networks requires advanced methods for analysing vibration and sound radiation characteristics of a fast rotating train wheel subject to a vertical harmonic wheel–rail force. In order to consider the rotation of the wheel and at the same time increase the computational efficiency, a procedure is adapted in this paper taking advantage of...

Microscopic and macroscopic diagnosis of the effect of winter weather conditions on distribution pattern of truck types in regional commuter road

It has been reported in the past literature that total traffic volume and passenger car volume are affected by snowfall and cold temperature, but trucks are not significantly affected. This paper aims to confirm that the distribution of truck types is not affected by winter weather conditions through combined statistical analysis in the framework of microscopic and macroscopic...

Gap acceptance behavior of drivers at uncontrolled T-intersections under mixed traffic conditions

Explicit traffic control measures are absent in uncontrolled intersections which make them susceptible to frequent conflicts and resulting collisions between vehicles. In developing countries like India, drivers at such intersections do not yield to higher priority movements which cause more crashes between vehicles. The objective of this study is to analyze and model the gap...

A novel handover scheme using torch nodes and adaptive measurement aggregation mechanism to improve QoS in high-speed railway communication

Technological advancement in the field of transportation and communication is happening at a faster pace in the past few decades. As the demand for high-speed transportation increases, the need for an improved seamless communication system to handle higher data traffic in a highly mobile environment becomes imperative. This paper proposes a novel scheme to enhance the quality of...

Exploring critical attributes during air traffic congestion with a fuzzy DEMATEL–ANP technique: a case study in Ninoy Aquino International Airport

The constant growth of air travel in the Philippines has brought about significant consequences to air traffic congestion. Given limited resources, major airports seek to address this issue while considering various attributes generally affecting air transportation. This paper adopts fuzzy decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory–analytic network process (DEMATEL–ANP) to...

Experimental study on the applicability of Westergaard’s formula for calculating earthquake-induced hydrodynamic pressure in small lake

Moraine-dammed lake outbursts usually threaten highways, railways, and key facilities in alpine regions. The varying amplitudes and distribution of hydrodynamic pressures significantly affect the stability of the dam. We utilize a shaking table to investigate the development of hydrodynamic pressure caused by different sinusoidal waves and seismic Wolong wave. A series of shaking...

Public priorities and consumer preferences for selected attributes of automated vehicles

Public opinion and consumer preferences are among the various constraints on the rollout of automated cars, as they will affect the decision-making of both automotive industry actors and public-sector regulators. This study contributes to the growing body of the literature regarding this issue, through a moderate-scale survey (n = 370) that incorporated both prioritization...

Advances of research on high-speed railway catenary

The interaction between the catenary and pantograph is one of the most crucial factors that determine the train operation in high-speed railway. The bad state of catenary is able to directly influence the power supply safety of traction power system. In this paper, four aspects on the catenary research of high-speed railway are reviewed in detail, namely the solution methods for...

A multifunctional battery module design for electric vehicle

Reducing the overall vehicle weight is an efficient, system-level approach to increase the drive range of electric vehicle, for which structural parts in auto-frame may be replaced by battery modules. Such battery modules must be structurally functional, e.g., energy absorbing, while the battery cells are not necessarily loading–carrying. We designed and tested a butterfly-shaped...

Optimal energy saving in DC railway system with on-board energy storage system by using peak demand cutting strategy

A problem of peak power in DC-electrified railway systems is mainly caused by train power demand during acceleration. If this power is reduced, substation peak power will be significantly decreased. This paper presents a study on optimal energy saving in DC-electrified railway with on-board energy storage system (OBESS) by using peak demand cutting strategy under different trip...

The role of microstructure and its stability in performance of wheels in heavy haul service

Thermal or thermo-mechanical loading is one of the major causes of wheel surface damage in Australian heavy haul operations. In addition, multi-wear wheels appear to be particularly sensitive to thermo-mechanical damage during their first service life. Such damage can incur heavy machining penalties or even premature scrapping of wheels. The combination of high contact stresses...

Stress concentration coefficients of optimized cope-hole welded detail

The fatigue performance of optimized welded detail has been investigated by fatigue experiments of three welded specimens under different loadings. In addition, local finite element models of this welded detail were established using finite element software ANSYS. The influences of different factors such as plate thickness, plate gap and initial geometric imperfections on the...

Longitudinal train dynamics of electric multiple units under rescue

Once operating trains are disabled on the railway lines, an efficient manner is to utilize the train for train rescue. Owning to the different train and coupler types, it is difficult to formulate uniform regulations for train to train rescue. In this paper, the longitudinal train dynamics of electric multiple units under rescue were analyzed by field and laboratory tests. The...

A select link analysis method based on logit–weibit hybrid model

Select link analysis provides information of where traffic comes from and goes to at selected links. This disaggregate information has wide applications in practice. The state-of-the-art planning software packages often adopt the user equilibrium (UE) model for select link analysis. However, empirical studies have repeatedly revealed that the stochastic user equilibrium model...

Risk assessment: method and case study for traffic projects

A comprehensive project evaluation and decision-making method considering multiple objectives, stakeholders, and attributes of proposed traffic treatments is inherently complicated. Although individual techniques in evaluating operations, safety, economic, and stakeholder objectives are available, a practical method that integrates all these risk factors and their uncertainties...

Comparative analysis of cast-in-place post-tensioned and steel–concrete composite bridge bent caps

The complexity of the IH-635 Managed Lanes Project, located in Dallas County, Texas, posed several technical and constructive challenges, leading to the adoption of solutions different from the traditional. Two alternative solutions for the pier cap on one of the bridge crossings over IH-35E in the IH-635 project were analyzed in this case study, a cast-in-place post-tensioned...

Rail fatigue crack propagation in high-speed wheel/rail rolling contact

To study the wheel/rail rolling contact fatigue of high-speed trains, we obtain the distribution of contact forces between wheel and rail by introducing the strain-rate effect. Based on the finite element simulation, a two-dimensional finite element model is established, and the process of a wheel rolling over a crack is analyzed to predict the crack propagation direction. The...

Impact of viscosity modifier on asphalt properties used for bus rapid transit lane in Chengdu

In order to find the effect of different viscosity modifier dosages on asphalt binder’s performance in bus rapid transit lanes in the city of Chengdu, three different viscosity modifiers were analyzed: TAFPACK-super (TPS), high-viscosity additive (HVA) and road-science-technology (RST), and four different asphalt binders were investigated through laboratory experiments. The...

Travelers’ attitudes toward carpooling in Lahore: motives and constraints

Traffic congestion has become a critical issue in developing countries, as it tends to increase social costs in terms of travel cost and time, energy consumption and environmental degradation. With limited resources, reducing travel demand by influencing individuals’ travel behavior can be a better long-term solution. To achieve this objective, alternate travel options need to be...