Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

http://link.springer.com/journal/12199

List of Papers (Total 59)

Author's reply

Developmental origins of obesity and type 2 diabetes: molecular aspects and role of chemicals

Obesity is a leading risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although the cause of the obesity epidemic is multi-factorial and not entirely clear, the recent acceleration in incidence is too rapid to be accounted for only by genetics, the wide availability of calorie-rich foods, and increasingly sedentary lifestyles. Accumulating data suggest that the ...

Steady state trials: another valid substitution of counterfactual ideal to measure causal effects

Objectives Many traditionally established medical interventions are not examined with randomized trials especially in emergency medicine. We researched what is the scientific basis of the measurement of the causal effect in these interventions and proposed another trial to measure causal effects. Methods We deduced steady state trials from the counterfactual model and used Bayesian ...

The effects of socio-economic status and physical health on the long-term care needs of Japanese urban elderly: a chronological study

Objectives The aim of this chronological study was to elucidate the effects of socio-economic status (SES) and physical health on the long-term care (LTC) needs of a Japanese elderly population and to explore their causal relationships. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all residents aged 65 years and older of Tama City, Tokyo, in September 2001. A total ...

Hearing impairments caused by genetic and environmental factors

Impairments of hearing and balance are major problems in the field of occupational and environmental health. Such impairments have previously been reported to be caused by genetic and environmental factors. However, their mechanisms have not been fully clarified. On the other hand, the inner ear contains spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) in the organ of Corti, which serve as the ...

Preliminary assessment of ecological exposure of adult residents in Fukushima Prefecture to radioactive cesium through ingestion and inhalation

Objective This study aims to estimate the ecological exposure of adult residents of Fukushima Prefecture to 134cesium (Cs) and 137Cs through ingestion and inhalation between July 2 and July 8, 2011. Methods Fifty-five sets of meals with tap water, each representing one person’s daily intake, were purchased in local towns in Fukushima Prefecture. Locally produced cow’s milk (21 ...