Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine

http://link.springer.com/journal/12199

List of Papers (Total 107)

Leisure-time physical activity in youth as a predictor of adult leisure physical activity among Japanese workers: a cross-sectional study

Background Workers in Japan are not sufficiently active; however, it remains unclear how their leisure-time physical activity habits may be developed. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship of age- and intensity-specific leisure-time physical activity in youth to adulthood leisure-time physical activity habits among Japanese workers. Methods In 2012, 968 workers ...

Circular RNA profiles in mouse lung tissue induced by radon

Background Radon is a known human lung carcinogen, whose underlying carcinogenic mechanism remains unclear. Recently, circular RNA (circRNA), a class of endogenous non-protein coding RNAs that contain a circular loop, was found to exhibit multiple biological effects. In this study, circRNA profiles in mouse lung tissues between control and radon exposure were analyzed. Methods Six ...

The relation between cigarette taxes and older adult smoking in Zhejiang and Gansu: what happened following the 2009 Chinese Tax adjustments?

Background In May 2009, the Chinese government raised cigarette excise tax rates and adjusted standards for Grade A cigarettes and Grade B cigarettes. The present study aimed to examine the effects of the tax adjustments in 2009 on smoking behaviors and health outcomes among smokers aged above 45. Methods Data from the 2008 and 2012 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study of ...

Age at first birth and long-term mortality for mothers: the Ohsaki cohort study

Background Although maternal age at first birth has been rising in many developed countries, its long-term effects on the health of the mothers themselves are unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between maternal age at first birth and long-term mortality. Methods We conducted a cohort study of 20,624 parous Japanese women aged between 40 and 79 years in 1994 ...

Potential predictors of susceptibility to occupational stress in Japanese novice nurses - a pilot study

Background Occupational stress is a known factor behind employee resignations; thus, early identification of individuals prone to such stress is important. Accordingly, in this pilot study we evaluated potential predictors of susceptibility to occupational stress in Japanese novice nurses. Methods Forty-two female novice nurses at Kagoshima University Hospital were recruited for ...

Prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension and prehypertension in a working population at high altitude in China: a cross-sectional study

Background Little information is available on the epidemiology of hypertension and prehypertension at high altitude in China, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, prehypertension and their risk factors among Chinese working population at high altitude regions. Methods A cross-sectional survey was performed in an occupational sample of 4198 ...

Association of Asian Dust with daily medical consultations for pollinosis in Fukuoka City, Japan

Background The objective is to examine the association between AD and the daily number of medical consultations for pollinosis in Fukuoka City. Methods We analyzed 65,488 daily medical consultations for pollinosis from 4 clinics in Fukuoka City from February to April, 1989–2012. Time-series analyses were performed to estimate the clinic-specific relative risk (RR) of clinical ...

Determinants of polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in erythrocytes of pregnant Japanese women from a birth cohort study: study protocol and baseline findings of an adjunct study of the Japan environment & Children’s study

Background N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may have multiple beneficial effects on the outcome of pregnancy, maternal health and child development. The present study introduced the protocol of a birth cohort study to examine the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFA status in pregnant Japanese women as an adjunct study of the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS). ...

A behavioral strategy to minimize air pollution exposure in pregnant women: a randomized controlled trial

Background Pregnant women and their fetus belong to a sensitive group in response to air pollution hazards. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a theory-based educational program to change pollution exposure behavior in pregnant women. Methods In this randomized controlled trial, pregnant women attending a prenatal clinic in Tehran, Iran were selected and ...

Effects of gaps in priorities between ideal and real lives on psychological burnout among academic faculty members at a medical university in Japan: a cross-sectional study

Background Accumulating evidence from medical workforce research indicates that poor work/life balance and increased work/home conflict induce psychological distress. In this study we aim to examine the existence of a priority gap between ideal and real lives, and its association with psychological burnout among academic professionals. Methods This cross-sectional survey, conducted ...

Associations between the duration of active commuting to school and academic achievement in rural Chilean adolescents

Background Habitual active commuting to school may be positively associated with academic achievement. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between duration of walking or otherwise actively commuting to school and academic achievement. Methods This cross-sectional study included 389 adolescents from seven rural schools (12–13 years). Mode and duration of active ...

Comparative study on three different methods for arm-span measurement: the Japan environment and Children’s study pilot

Background Arm span is an important measure for the assessment of growth and hormone deficiency diseases. In an epidemiological survey, with a large number of subjects’ indicators, it is especially valuable to establish methods which can measure both quickly and accurately. However, there are various methods, and the length of arm span may vary according to the medical institution. ...

Attitude and practice of physical activity and social problem-solving ability among university students

Background Effective social problem-solving abilities can contribute to decreased risk of poor mental health. In addition, physical activity has a favorable effect on mental health. These previous studies suggest that physical activity and social problem-solving ability can interact by helping to sustain mental health. The present study aimed to determine the association between ...

Classification of indoor-outdoor location using combined global positioning system (GPS) and temperature data for personal exposure assessment

Objectives The objectives of this study was to determine the accuracy of indoor-outdoor classification based on GPS and temperature data in three different seasons. Methods In the present study, a global positioning system (GPS) was used alongside temperature data collected in the field by a technician who visited 53 different indoor locations during summer, autumn and winter. The ...

Acute effects of air pollutants on pulmonary function among students: a panel study in an isolated island

Background Many epidemiological studies on the health effects of air pollutants have been carried out in regions with major sources such as factories and automobiles. However, the health effects of air pollutants in regions without major sources remain unclear. This study investigated the acute effects of ambient air pollution on pulmonary function among healthy students in an ...

Psychosocial factors and colleagues’ perceptions of return-to-work opportunities for workers with a psychiatric disorder: a Japanese population-based study

Background This study examined associations between psychosocial factors and the perception that adequate employment opportunities might not be provided for people with limited work capacity due to psychiatric disorders. Methods We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey of 3,710 employed individuals aged 20 to 69 years in Japan. Our survey included the Brief Job Stress ...

Anorexia nervosa, depression and suicidal thoughts among Chinese adolescents: a national school-based cross-sectional study

Background Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between anorexia nervosa and depression. Methods This is a cross-sectional study, in the study, a ...

The effect of exercise intensity on brain derived neurotrophic factor and memory in adolescents

Background Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) seems to serve as an important regulatory mechanism in the growth and development of neurons in many areas of the brain.Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is related to neurogenesis and regulation of the BDNF gene and is involved in the growth and differentiation of neurons.Cortisol is released in response to stimuli such as ...

High prevalence of dental fluorosis among adolescents is a growing concern: a school based cross-sectional study from Southern India

Background Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excessive amount of fluoride through food or water, is a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to quantify the dental fluorosis burden among school going adolescents and to find factors associated with dental fluorosis in Kolar taluka, Karnataka, India. Methods A total of 1026 high school adolescents (12–17 ...

Decreased blood pressure associated with in-vehicle exposure to carbon monoxide in Korean volunteers

Background Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the primary components of emissions from light-duty vehicles, and reportedly comprises 77% of all pollutants emitted in terms of concentration. Exposure to CO aggravates cardiovascular disease and causes other health disorders. The study was aimed to assess the negative effects by injecting different amounts of CO concentration directly to ...

Radio-protective effect and mechanism of 4-Acetamido-2,2,6,6- tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl in HUVEC cells

Objectives To search for more effective radiation protectors with minimal toxicity, a water-soluble nitroxides Acetamido-Tempol (AA-Tempol) was evaluated for potential radioprotective properties in HUVEC cells (Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial cell line). Methods To study the anti-radiation effect of AA-Tempol in cell culture, the viability of irradiated HUVEC cells using a ...

Changes in the numbers of patients with acute gastroenteritis after voluntary introduction of the rotavirus vaccine in a Japanese children’s primary emergency medical center

Background Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a major reason for presentation to pediatric primary emergency medical centers. Because rotavirus vaccines were introduced in November 2011 for voluntary vaccination in Japan, we analyzed the changes in the numbers of AGE patients. Methods The number and proportion of patients visiting Kobe children’s primary emergency medical center from ...

Description of the healthy eating indices-based diet quality in Turkish adults: a cross-sectional study

Objectives This study aims to describe the dietary status of Turkish adults using two different versions of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Methods In this cross sectional study, 494 healthy participants (311 females) with randomly selected and living in Ankara were included between September 2013 and March 2014. A questionnaire was completed and anthropometric measurements (weight ...

Comorbidities according to airflow limitation severity: data from comprehensive health examination in Japan

Objectives The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between airflow limitation (AL) severity and comorbidities in comprehensive health examination. Methods This cross-sectional study included 6661 men and 6044 women aged 40–89 who underwent a lung function test during medical checkups. AL was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity of < 0.7. ...