Shock and Vibration

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/sv/

List of Papers (Total 159)

Significance of Operating Environment in Condition Monitoring of Large Civil Structures

Success of remote long-term condition monitoring of large civil structures and developing calibrated analytical models for damage detection, depend significantly on establishing accurate baseline signatures and their sensitivity. Most studies reported in the literature concentrated on the effect of structural damage on modal parameters without emphasis on reliability of modal...

Orthogonality of Modes of Structures When Using the Exact Transcendental Stiffness Matrix Method

This paper presents theory, physical insight and results for mode orthogonality of piecewise continuous structures, including both coincident and non-coincident natural frequencies. The structures are ones for which exact member equations have been obtained by solving the governing differential equations, e.g. as can be done for members of plane frames or prismatic plate...

A Study of Axial Impact of Composite Rods Using SPH Approach

A computational simulation of axial impact between composite rods is presented in this paper. The smoothed particle hydrodynamic (SPH) method is coded and implemented for this study, in which the property and strength for different materials are included. The SPH formulation for impact between rods as well as its computatinal procedure is also expounded. The present approach is...

New Separation Techniques for Output-Only Modal Analysis

The paper is devoted to the problem of discriminating between operational and natural modes of structures excited by generic inputs. This case often occurs when the system under analysis holds rotating parts and is contemporary excited by ambient noise; in this case the output-only techniques may fail being easily trapped in a misinterpretation of the system eigenvalues. A survey...

Dynamic Model Updating Using Virtual Antiresonances

This paper considers an extension of the model updating method that minimizes the antiresonance error, besides the natural frequency error. By defining virtual antiresonances, this extension allows the use of previously identified modal data. Virtual antiresonances can be evaluated from a truncated modal expansion, and do not correspond to any physical system. The method is...

Diagnosis and Model Based Identification of a Coupling Misalignment

This paper is focused on the application of two different diagnostic techniques aimed to identify the most important faults in rotating machinery as well as on the simulation and prediction of the frequency response of rotating machines. The application of the two diagnostics techniques, the orbit shape analysis and the model based identification in the frequency domain, is...

Hydraulic Power Plant Machine Dynamic Diagnosis

A method how to perform an entire structural and hydraulic diagnosis of prototype Francis power machines is presented and discussed in this report. Machine diagnosis of Francis units consists on a proper evaluation of acquired mechanical, thermal and hydraulic data obtained in different operating conditions of several rotary and non rotary machine components. Many different...

Shock Analysis Method for Systematic Performance Evaluation of Component Embedded in Handheld Electronic Devices

It is important to identify the robustness of product (or embedded component inside the product) against shock due to free drop. With the increasing mobile and fast-paced lifestyle of the average consumer, much is required of the products; such as consumers expect mobile products to continue to operate after drop impact. Since free drop test is commonly used to evaluate the...

Modifications to the Method of Modal Strain Energy for Improved Estimates of Loss Factors for Damped Structures

The method of Modal Strain Energy (MSE) enables predictions of modal loss factors for vibrating systems from finite element analyses without evaluation of a complex-valued frequency response or a complex-valued frequency. While the method is simple, some error results; especially if the dissipative material has the high loss factor characteristic of materials added to increase...

Far-Field Power Transmissions in Orthotropic Plates: A New Approach

The structural intensity (SI) technique is an essential tool for locating and ranking vibration sources and sinks on structures. It can quantify vibration fields by plotting a vector map of energy transmission on the structures. In this paper, a different strategy, changing coordinate systems of plate equations, is used to develop an intensity equation from shear force components...

Structural Damage Detection Using Energy Flow Models

The presence of a crack in a structure modifies the energy dissipation pattern. As a consequence, damaged structures can present high localized damping. Experimental tests have revealed that crack nucleation and growth increase structural damping which makes this phenomenon useful as a damage locator. This paper examines the energy flow patterns caused by localized damping in...

New Approach for the Analysis of Damped Vibrations of Fractional Oscillators

The dynamic behavior of linear and nonlinear mechanical oscillators with constitutive equations involving fractional derivatives defined as a fractional power of the operator of conventional time-derivative is considered. Such a definition of the fractional derivative enables one to analyse approximately vibratory regimes of the oscillator without considering the drift of its...

Hybrid Secondary Suspension Systems

Passive fluid mounts are used in the fixed wing applications as engine mounts. The passive fluid mount is placed in between the engine and the fuselage to reduce the cabin's structure- borne noise and vibration generated by the engine.

Transient Response of Partially-Bonded Sandwich Plates Subject to Underwater Explosions

This paper investigated the influence of interfacial bonding on the transient response of sandwich plates subject to underwater explosions. It was found that un-bonded sandwich plates receive lower impact energy, and are able to dissipate more energy through plastic deformation of the foam core, than perfectly bonded plates. Consequently, interfacial de-bonding leads to lower net...

Analytical Stationary Acoustic Wave in a Liquid over Which a Moving Pressure Runs

This paper presents an analytical study of the stationary response of a liquid loaded on its free surface by an ideal pressure step moving in a constant direction at a constant velocity. The acoustic pressure in the liquid is found, in four different examples, by means of the Fourier Transform. Two loading regimes are considered; subsonic and supersonic. Two configurations of...

Dynamical Response of a Multi-Laminated Periodic Bar: Analytical, Numerical and Experimental Study

This article presents a study on the use of the dynamical response of multi-laminated periodic bars to create resonance band gaps within useful frequency ranges. The objective is to control, in a passive form, the longitudinal vibration transmissibility in specific and wide enough frequency ranges of interest. This is achieved by the separation of two adjacent eigenfrequencies. A...

Free Vibration Analysis of Composite Plates via Refined Theories Accounting for Uncertainties

The free vibration analysis of composite thin and relatively thick plates accounting for uncertainty is addressed in this work. Classical and refined two-dimensional models derived via Carrera's Unified Formulation (CUF) are considered. Material properties and geometrical parameters are supposed to be random. The fundamental frequency related to the first bending eigenmode is...

Free Vibration and Stability of Axially Functionally Graded Tapered Euler-Bernoulli Beams

Structural analysis of axially functionally graded tapered Euler-Bernoulli beams is studied using finite element method. A beam element is proposed which takes advantage of the shape functions of homogeneous uniform beam elements. The effects of varying cross-sectional dimensions and mechanical properties of the functionally graded material are included in the evaluation of...

Identification of Flap Motion Parameters for Vibration Reduction in Helicopter Rotors with Multiple Active Trailing Edge Flaps

An active control method utilizing the multiple trailing edge flap configuration for rotorcraft vibration suppression and blade loads control is presented. A comprehensive model for rotor blade with active trailing edge flaps is used to calculate the vibration characteristics, natural frequencies and mode shapes of any complex composite helicopter rotor blade. A computer program...

Dynamic Stress and Displacement in an Elastic Half-Space with a Cylindrical Cavity

The dynamic response of an elastic half-space with a cylindrical cavity in a circular cross-section is analyzed. The cavity is assumed to be infinitely long, lying parallel to the plane-free surface of the medium at a finite depth and subjected to a uniformly distributed harmonic pressure at the inner surface. The problem considered is one of plain strain, in which it is assumed...

Fault Diagnosis in Industrial Systems Based on Blind Source Separation Techniques Using One Single Vibration Sensor

In the field of structural health monitoring or machine condition monitoring, most vibration based methods reported in the literature require to measure responses at several locations on the structure. In machine condition monitoring, the number of available vibration sensors is often small and it is not unusual that only one single sensor is used to monitor a machine. The aim of...

Study on Dynamic Characteristics of Aerostatic Bearing with Elastic Equalizing Pressure Groove

Microvibration has an important influence on the dynamic performance of aerostatic bearings. Dynamic stiffness and equivalent damping coefficient are the main indexes to evaluate the dynamic characteristics of the aerostatic bearing. In order to study the dynamic characteristics of a new type of aerostatic bearing with the elastic equalizing pressure groove (EEPG), the dynamic...

Global Sensitivity Analysis of the Vibration Reduction System with Seated Human Body

The paper deals with the global sensitivity analysis for the purpose of shaping the vibroisolation properties of suspension systems under strictly defined operating conditions. The variance-based method is used to evaluate an influence of nonlinear force characteristics on the system dynamics. The proposed sensitivity indices provide the basis for determining the effect of key...

Investigation of Energy Mechanism and Acoustic Emission Characteristics of Mudstone with Different Moisture Contents

Characteristics of energy accumulation, evolution, and dissipation in conventional triaxial compression of mudstones with different moisture contents were explored. Stress-strain relations and acoustic emission (AE) characteristics of the deformation and failure of rock specimens were analyzed. The densities and rates of stored energy, elastic energy, and dissipated energy under...