One of the more difficult optimal design tasks occurs when the data describing the system to be optimized is either highly nonlinear or noisy or both. This situation arises when trying to design restraint systems for automotive crashworthiness using the traditional lumped parameter analysis methods. The nonlinearities in the response can come from either abrupt changes in the...

This article deals with the interaction between wave effects in mounts and resonances of foundations inflexible vibration isolation systems. A new model is proposed that is represented as a rigid mass supported by two linear unidirectional isolators on a flexible foundation beam, whose closed-form solutions for transmissibility and response ratio are then obtained, with which the...

The article applies group representation theory to the vibration analysis of structures with Cnv symmetry, and presents a new structural vibration analysis method. The eigenvalue problem of the whole structure is divided into much smaller subproblems by forming the mass and stiffness matrices of one substructure and than modifying them to form mass and stiffness matrices in each...

This is the second part of a two part review of shock and vibration isolation. It covers three distinct categories of shock excitation—pulselike shock, velocity shock, and complex shock—and discusses the means that are available in each case to measure the effectiveness of shock mitigation by the imposition of flexible connections between the isolated system and its base.

Gun blast data from a large variety of weapons are scaled and presented for both the instantaneous energy release and the constant energy deposition rate models. For both ideal explosion models, similar amounts of data scatter occur for the peak overpressure but the instantaneous energy release model correlated the impulse data significantly better, particularly for the region in...

The nonlinear planar response of cantilever metallic beams to combination parametric and external subcombination resonances is investigated, taking into account the effects of cubic geometric and inertia nonlinearities. The beams considered here are assumed to have large length-to-width aspect ratios and thin rectangular cross sections. Hence, the effects of shear deformations...

The applicability of the various hydrocode methodologies (Lagrangian, Eulerian, Coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian, and Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian) for structural response to underwater explosions is reviewed. Only codes employing “structural elements” are realistically applicable to the analysis of thin-walled structural response to underwater explosions.

Success of remote long-term condition monitoring of large civil structures and developing calibrated analytical models for damage detection, depend significantly on establishing accurate baseline signatures and their sensitivity. Most studies reported in the literature concentrated on the effect of structural damage on modal parameters without emphasis on reliability of modal...

This paper presents theory, physical insight and results for mode orthogonality of piecewise continuous structures, including both coincident and non-coincident natural frequencies. The structures are ones for which exact member equations have been obtained by solving the governing differential equations, e.g. as can be done for members of plane frames or prismatic plate...

The superposition method is employed to obtain an accurate analytical type solution for the free vibration frequencies and mode shapes of multi-span bridge decks. Free edge conditions are imposed on the long edges running in the direction of the deck. Inter-span support is of the simple (knife-edge) type. The analysis is valid regardless of the number of spans or their individual...

A computational simulation of axial impact between composite rods is presented in this paper. The smoothed particle hydrodynamic (SPH) method is coded and implemented for this study, in which the property and strength for different materials are included. The SPH formulation for impact between rods as well as its computatinal procedure is also expounded. The present approach is...

This paper describes the application of a Tracking Laser Doppler Vibrometer (TLDV) to the measurement of vibration of some typical automotive component.

The paper is devoted to the problem of discriminating between operational and natural modes of structures excited by generic inputs. This case often occurs when the system under analysis holds rotating parts and is contemporary excited by ambient noise; in this case the output-only techniques may fail being easily trapped in a misinterpretation of the system eigenvalues. A survey...

This paper considers an extension of the model updating method that minimizes the antiresonance error, besides the natural frequency error. By defining virtual antiresonances, this extension allows the use of previously identified modal data. Virtual antiresonances can be evaluated from a truncated modal expansion, and do not correspond to any physical system. The method is...

Flutter testing is an integral part of aircraft gas turbine engine development. In typical flutter testing blade mounted sensors in the form of strain gages and casing mounted sensors in the form of light probes (NSMS) are used. Casing mounted sensors have the advantage of being non-intrusive and can detect the vibratory response of each rotating blade. Other types of casing...

This paper is focused on the application of two different diagnostic techniques aimed to identify the most important faults in rotating machinery as well as on the simulation and prediction of the frequency response of rotating machines. The application of the two diagnostics techniques, the orbit shape analysis and the model based identification in the frequency domain, is...

A conventional passive tuned vibration absorber (TVA) is effective when it is precisely tuned to the frequency of a vibration mode; otherwise, it may amplify the vibrations of the primary system. In many applications, the frequency often changes over time. For example, adding or subtracting external mass on the existing primary system results in changes in the system’s natural...

This paper presents a validation methodology of the dynamic behavior of an active viscous damper. The damper has two flexible metallic bellows connected to a rigid reservoir filled with fluid. When one of the bellows is connected to a vibrating structure a periodic flow passes through a variable internal orifice and the damping effect is produced. The size of the orifice is...

A method how to perform an entire structural and hydraulic diagnosis of prototype Francis power machines is presented and discussed in this report. Machine diagnosis of Francis units consists on a proper evaluation of acquired mechanical, thermal and hydraulic data obtained in different operating conditions of several rotary and non rotary machine components. Many different...

It is important to identify the robustness of product (or embedded component inside the product) against shock due to free drop. With the increasing mobile and fast-paced lifestyle of the average consumer, much is required of the products; such as consumers expect mobile products to continue to operate after drop impact. Since free drop test is commonly used to evaluate the...

The method of Modal Strain Energy (MSE) enables predictions of modal loss factors for vibrating systems from finite element analyses without evaluation of a complex-valued frequency response or a complex-valued frequency. While the method is simple, some error results; especially if the dissipative material has the high loss factor characteristic of materials added to increase...