Shock and Vibration

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/sv/

List of Papers (Total 1,258)

Blast Demolition Study of Guyed Masts

Demolition of guyed masts is usually carried out by cutting down some of the supporting guy cables using an explosive in such a way that the mast can fall into the desired direction. Without the cable supports, guyed tubular masts are very slender structures which are susceptible to local buckling based on the internal force distribution. If this local buckling occurs at the...

Seismic Response Reduction of Megaframe with Vibration Control Substructure

Megaframe with vibration control substructure (MFVCS) is a tuned mass damper system, which converts the substructures into the tuned mass. In this study, a kind of MFVCS using both lead-rubber bearings and viscous dampers to connect the vibration control substructure with the megaframe was proposed. Then, based on a validated finite element model, a parametric analysis was...

Particle Swarm Optimization for Active Structural Control of Highway Bridges Subjected to Impact Loading

The application of active structural control technology to highway bridge structures subjected to high-impact loadings is investigated. The effects of high-impact loads on infrastructure, like heavy vehicle collisions with bridge piers, have not been studied as much as seismic load effects on structures. Due to this lack of research regarding impact loads and structural control...

Sensor Placement Strategies for the Seismic Monitoring of Complex Vaulted Structures of the Modern Architectural Heritage

Effective diagnostic and monitoring systems are highly needed in the building and infrastructure sector, to provide a comprehensive assessment of the structural health state and improve the maintenance and restoration planning. Vibration-based techniques, and especially ambient vibration testing, have proved to be particularly suitable for both periodic and continuous monitoring...

Dynamic Characteristics Analysis of Vehicle Incorporating Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension System with Dual Accumulators

A novel roll-resistant hydraulically interconnected suspension with dual accumulators on each fluid circuit (DHIS) is proposed and dynamic characteristics of vehicle incorporating DHIS subsystem are studied in this paper. A 10-degrees-of-freedom (DOFs) vehicle model coupled with DHIS subsystem is established and validated. Four physical parameters of DHIS subsystems which are...

Modeling Accuracy in FEA of Vibrations of a Drumhead

The study of the problem of predicting values of Rayleigh’s quotient for a square drumhead provides a basis for assessing the relation between grid size, accuracy of analysis results, and efficiency of data processing in finite element analysis. The analysis data indicate that unacceptable grid sampling can occur even for the fine grids, that strictly monotonic convergence is...

Spectral Techniques for Nonlinear System Analysis and Identification

This article reviews some recent and current research work with emphasis on new recommended spectral techniques that can analyze and identify the optimum linear and nonlinear system properties in a large class of single-input/single-output nonlinear models by using experimentally measured input/output random data. This is done by showing how to replace these nonlinear models with...

Specification of Modal Participation Factors in Acoustic Scattering Problems

Using the wet modes of a submerged structure as expansion functions, it is shown how the scattered far-field pressures induced by an incident harmonic wave may be modified in a prescribed manner. This is done by applying forces directly to the structural surface, which superposes a radiated pressure field on the scattered one. By appropriate choice of the applied nodal forces...

Derivation of Equations for Flexible Multibody Systems in Terms of Quasi-Coordinates from the Extended Hamilton’s Principle

Early derivations of the equations of motion for single rigid bodies, single flexible bodies, and flexible multibody systems in terms of quasi-coordinates have been carried out in two stages. The first consists of the use of the extended Hamilton’s principle to derive standard Lagrange’s equations in terms of generalized coordinates and the second represents a transformation of...

Sensitivity of Eigenvalues to Nonsymmetrical, Dissipative Control Matrices

Dissipation of energy in vibrating structures can be accomplished with a combination of passive damping and active, constant gain, closed loop control forces. The matrix equations are Mz¨

Finite Dynamic Elements and Modal Analysis

A general modal analysis scheme is derived for forced response that makes use of high accuracy modes computed by the dynamic element method. The new procedure differs from the usual modal analysis in that the modes are obtained from a power series expansion for the dynamic stiffness matrix that includes an extra dynamic correction term in addition to the static stiffness matrix...

Evaluation of Eigenvalue Routines for Large Scale Applications

The NASA structural analysis (NASTRAN∗) program is one of the most extensively used engineering applications software in the world. It contains a wealth of matrix operations and numerical solution techniques, and they were used to construct efficient eigenvalue routines. The purpose of this article is to examine the current eigenvalue routines in NASTRAN and to make efficiency...

Normal Form Analysis of Hopf Bifurcation Exemplified by Duffing’s Equation

A method is proposed for calculating the normal form coefficients of the degenerate Hopf bifurcation system and the steady periodic solutions of a nonlinear vibration system. The results obtained by this method are the same as those obtained by the classical one. The present method is much simpler and can easily be implemented: that is, given the coefficients of the governing...

Plastic Deformation and Rupture of Ring-Stiffened Cylinders under Localized Pressure Pulse Loading

An analytical solution for the dynamic plastic deformation of a ring-stiffened cylindrical shell subject to high intensity pressure pulse loading is presented. By using an analogy between a cylindrical shell that undergoes large plastic deformation and a rigid-plastic string resting on a rigid-plastic foundation, one derives closed-form solutions for the transient and final...

Vibration Isolation: A Review, I. Sinusoidal and Random Excitations

This article reviews the engineering theory and technology associated with the use of dicrete Isolators to protect Vibration-sensitive equipment or machinery against sinusoidal or random excitation. Special attention is given to protection against low frequency (<5 Hz) and high-frequency (>100 Hz) excitation. Both passive and active isolators systems are discussed.

Exact and Direct Modeling Technique for Rotor-Bearing Systems with Arbitrary Selected Degrees-of-Freedom

An exact and direct modeling technique is proposed for modeling of rotor-bearing systems with arbitrary selected degrees-of-freedom. This technique is based on the combination of the transfer and dynamic stiffness matrices. The technique differs from the usual combination methods in that the global dynamic stiffness matrix for the system or the subsystem is obtained directly by...

Performance Characteristics of Active Constrained Layer Damping

Theoretical and experimental performance characteristics of the new class of actively controlled constrained layer damping (ACLD) are presented. The ACLD consists of a viscoelastic damping layer sandwiched between two layers of piezoelectric sensor and actuator. The composite ACLD when bonded to a vibrating structure acts as a “smart” treatment whose shear deformation can be...

An Analytical Study of Self-Compensating Dynamic Balancer with Damping Fluid and Ball

The self-compensating dynamic balancer (SCDB) is composed of a circular disk with a groove containing ball and a low viscosity damping fluid. The equations of motion of the rotating system with SCDB were derived by the Lagrangian method. To consider dynamic stability of the motion, perturbation equations were investigated. Based on the results of stability investigation, ball...

Periodic and Near-Periodic Structures

Extensive work has been done on the vibration characteristics of perfectly periodic structures. This article reviews the different methods of analysis from several fields of study, for example solid-state physics and civil, mechanical, and aerospace engineering, used to determine the effects of disorder in one-dimensional (1-D) and 2-D periodic structures. In the work examined...

An Algorithm for Higher Order Hopf Normal Forms

Normal form theory is important for studying the qualitative behavior of nonlinear oscillators. In some cases, higher order normal forms are required to understand the dynamic behavior near an equilibrium or a periodic orbit. However, the computation of high-order normal forms is usually quite complicated. This article provides an explicit formula for the normalization of...

Dynamic Analysis of Shells

Shell structures are indispensable in virtually every industry. However, in the design, analysis, fabrication, and maintenance of such structures, there are many pitfalls leading to various forms of disaster. The experience gained by engineers over some 200 years of disasters and brushes with disaster is expressed in the extensive archival literature, national codes, and...

Positive Real Zeros in Flexible Beams

Feedback control of flexible structures naturally involves actuators and sensors that often cannot be placed at the same point in the structure. It has been widely recognized that this noncollocation can lead to difficult control problems and, in particular, difficulty in achieving high robustness to variation in the dynamic properties of the structure. This problem has...

Automotive Occupant Dynamics Optimization

One of the more difficult optimal design tasks occurs when the data describing the system to be optimized is either highly nonlinear or noisy or both. This situation arises when trying to design restraint systems for automotive crashworthiness using the traditional lumped parameter analysis methods. The nonlinearities in the response can come from either abrupt changes in the...