Pediatric Radiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/247

List of Papers (Total 638)

Real-time ultrasound-guided pigtail catheter chest drain for complicated parapneumonic effusion and empyema in children – 16-year, single-centre experience of radiologically placed drains

BackgroundChest tube drainage with fibrinolytics is a cost-effective treatment option for parapneumonic effusion and empyema in children. Although the additional use of ultrasound (US) guidance is recommended, this is rarely performed in real time to direct drain insertion.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effectiveness and safety of real-time US-guided, radiologically placed chest drains...

Feasibility of quantitative ultrasonography for the detection of metabolic bone disease in preterm infants — systematic review

Metabolic bone disease of prematurity is characterised by disordered bone mineralisation and is therefore an increased fracture risk. Preterm infants are especially at risk due to incomplete in utero bone accretion during the last trimester. Currently, diagnosing metabolic bone disease mainly relies on biochemistry and radiographs. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and...

A novel radiographic scoring system for growth abnormalities and structural change in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis of the hip

BackgroundApproximately 20–50% of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have hip involvement within 6 years of diagnosis. Scoring systems for hip-related radiographic changes are lacking.ObjectiveTo examine precision of potential radiographic variables and to suggest a scoring system.Materials and methodsWe reviewed a set of 75 pelvic radiographs from 75 children with...

Testicular torsion with preserved flow: key sonographic features and value-added approach to diagnosis

Testicular sonography has contributed greatly to the preoperative diagnosis of testicular torsion in the pediatric patient and is the mainstay for evaluation of acute scrotal pain. Despite its high sensitivity and specificity, both false-negative and false-positive findings occur. Presence of documented Doppler flow within the testis might be a dissuading factor for surgical...

Imaging in juvenile idiopathic arthritis — international initiatives and ongoing work

Imaging is increasingly being integrated into clinical practice to improve diagnosis, disease control and outcome in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Over the last decades several international groups have been launched to standardize and validate different imaging techniques. To enhance transparency and facilitate collaboration, we present an overview of ongoing...

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: magnetic resonance imaging of the clinically unaffected knee

Background Synovial thickening detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is present in a significant number of children with clinically inactive juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Objective To evaluate patient characteristics and disease activity parameters in a cohort of children with clinically inactive JIA, both with and without synovial thickening, in order to clarify...

Correction to: Chest computed tomography angiography in children on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

The published version of this article incorrectly lists the authors’ affiliations. The correct affiliations are given below. The Publisher regrets this mistake.

Bowel ultrasound for predicting surgical management of necrotizing enterocolitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract that represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Imaging of the abdomen is valuable for timely diagnosis and close monitoring of disease progression in NEC. Bowel ultrasound (US) is increasingly being recognized as an important imaging tool...

Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging for detection of skeletal metastases in children and young people with primary solid tumors - systematic review

Background Many solid neoplasms have a propensity for osteomedullary metastases of which detection is important for staging and subsequent treatment. Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) has been shown to accurately detect osteomedullary metastases in adults, but these findings cannot be unconditionally extrapolated to staging of children with malignant solid tumors...

Standardization of pediatric uroradiological terms: a multidisciplinary European glossary

To promote the standardization of nephro-uroradiological terms used in children, the European Society of Paediatric Radiology uroradiology taskforce wrote a detailed glossary. This work has been subsequently submitted to European experts in pediatric urology and nephrology for discussion and acceptance to improve the quality of radiological reports and communication between...

Temporomandibular joint atlas for detection and grading of juvenile idiopathic arthritis involvement by magnetic resonance imaging

Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the diagnostic standard for identifying involvement of the temporomandibular joint by juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Early or active arthritis is shown as bone marrow oedema, joint effusion, synovial thickening and increased joint enhancement. Subsequent joint damage includes characteristic deformity of the...