ROBOMECH Journal

http://www.robomechjournal.com/

List of Papers (Total 74)

Motion-blur-free video shooting system based on frame-by-frame intermittent tracking

In this paper, a concept of frame-by-frame intermittent tracking to achieve motion-blur-free and high-brightness images when video shooting fast moving scenes is proposed. In our tracking concept, two control methods are applied alternately at hundreds of hertz, according to the open or closed shutter state of the camera. When the shutter is open, the target’s speed in images is ...

Motion-blur-free video shooting system based on frame-by-frame intermittent tracking

In this paper, a concept of frame-by-frame intermittent tracking to achieve motion-blur-free and high-brightness images when video shooting fast moving scenes is proposed. In our tracking concept, two control methods are applied alternately at hundreds of hertz, according to the open or closed shutter state of the camera. When the shutter is open, the target’s speed in images is ...

Remote radioactive seed-loading device for permanent brachytherapy of oral cancer with Au-198 grains

This paper presents a remote radioactive seed-loading device for permanent brachytherapy of oral cancer with Au-198 grains to reduce the exposure dose to the doctors. Permanent brachytherapy is a treatment which involve implanting of radioactive Au-198 grains, and requires neither long-term needle insertion nor diet-restriction. This is its advantage over temporary brachytherapy. ...

Methods for quantitative studies of seafloor hydrothermal systems using 3D visual reconstructions

3D visual mapping of the seafloor has found applications ranging from environment monitoring and survey of marine minerals to underwater archaeology and inspection of modern artificial structures. However, the attenuation of light is significantly more pronounced in water than in air or in space, and so in order to obtain underwater images in colour, it is typically necessary to be ...

Wearable finger pad deformation sensor for tactile textures in frequency domain by using accelerometer on finger side

In this study, we set out to develop a method for estimating the fine and fast shear deformation of a finger pad, that is, the palm side of a fingertip, as it scans the surface of a material. Using a miniature accelerometer, we measured the acceleration at the radial skin, the deformation of which is accompanied by the shear deformation of the finger pad. Using a transfer function, ...

Human-based framework for the assembly of elastic objects by a dual-arm robot

This paper proposes a new framework for planning assembly tasks involving elastic parts. As an example of these kind of assembly tasks, we deal with the insertion of ring-shaped objects into a cylinder by a dual-arm robot. The proposed framework is a combination of human movements to determine the overall assembly strategy and an optimization-based motion planner to generate the ...

Modeling and control of electroadhesion force in DC voltage

In this paper, a new model for electroadhesion between two surface-insulated plates under DC electric field is presented and control of dynamic responses of electroadhesion force is discussed. Under DC electric field, even if the voltage difference between the plates is constant, electroadhesion force increases or decreases over time depending on the insulating materials. The ...

Force sensor utilizing stiffness change of shape-memory polymer based on temperature

In this study, we propose a force sensor using a shape-memory polymer (SMP) whose stiffness varies according to the temperature. An SMP can be deformed above its glass transition temperature (T g) by applying a small load. A deformed SMP maintains its shape when cooled below T g and returns to its predefined shape when subsequently heated above T g. The reversible change in the ...

Jam-free gear–clutch mechanism for load-sensitive step transmission in robotic joint

This paper introduces a novel gear–clutch mechanism that takes advantage of the difference between the directions in the reaction forces that occur during meshing and jamming to ensure jam-free engagement of the gears. The proposed mechanism is a more compact advancement of the previously developed linear rack-tilting clutch used to provide a step change in the reduction ratio. ...

Development of a rotational meshing actuator for in-home life support systems

For elderly and physically disabled people, support systems that assist their active daily life are as important as appropriate rehabilitation. We have designed a rotational meshing actuator for a life support system based on a mobile robot. The present paper explains the basic concept of the actuator and its design details. The actuator comprises a motor-controlled active ...

Position and inclination control of a passive disk based on cyclic motion generation

We propose a position and inclination controlling method for a passive object using an active plate. Previously, we proposed a novel manipulation scheme that can control a passive object’s orientation using an active plate. In the work, stable plate cyclic motion is designed and inclination control of the object is realized. However, the object’s position is not considered, so ...

Motion-tracking skill assist and power assist for sinusoidal motions with a semi-active assist mechanism using energy control

This paper describes a skill assist method for sinusoidal motions using a semi-active assist mechanism through an energy control method. In a previous study, we had developed and verified the effectiveness of a power assist device with a semi-active assist mechanism and a control method for reducing loads during periodic motion. Here, we have developed a skill assist method as an ...

Development of friction free controller for electro-hydrostatic actuator using feedback modulator and disturbance observer

Hydraulic actuators have high power-to-weight ratios, making them suitable for high-power robotic applications such as in walking robots and construction machines. However, large frictional forces in hydraulic actuators, rotary hydraulic actuators in particular, degrade the control performance. To suppress frictional forces and increase robustness against modeling errors, this ...

A signal hardware-in-the-loop model for electric vehicles

Recently, researches on electric vehicle are focused on motion control and state estimation. These works require a model that imitate a real vehicle as close as possible. We propose in this paper a signal hardware-in-the-loop model of electric vehicles that includes driving system and vehicle model running in real-time in dSPACE-DS1103 control card. All the required states of the ...

A mechanical approach to realize reflexive omnidirectional bending motion for pneumatic continuum robots

A mechanism that allows a robotic arm to quickly grip various forms of objects at disaster sites will enhance the mobility of rescue robots by keeping their bodies stable and maintaining manipulability for target objects, such as debris. Such a mechanism requires the ability to quickly and omnidirectionally change arm postures toward the target and hold it in a stable manner. ...

Approach function study for concierge-type robot by model-based development with user model for human-centred design

Service robots are common sights in everyday life. The service robots are expected to provide useful services with a high degree of usability, and a high degree of user experience (UX) to users and other persons around the service robots. In addition, the human-centred design (HCD) is being used in various industries, and HCD can be used also in the service robot industry for ...

Configuration of redundant drive wire mechanism using double actuator modules

A new wire mechanism called “redundant drive wire mechanism” (RDWM), driven by double actuator modules (DAMs) is introduced. When RDWM is used for producing multi-directional motions using DAMs, the number of wires increases and the wire matrix would become complicated. This makes finding and checking the candidates difficult. Therefore, we introduce an easier and simpler approach ...

B-PaDY: robot co-worker in a bumper assembly line

In an automobile assembly line, many processes require control and human intervention. A human’s dexterity and ability to react to unpredictable changes in production volume and product specifications are necessary for these processes. Thus, it remains difficult to rely on robots or other automated systems. Conversely, some tasks, such as moving to a tool rack and delivering parts, ...

Assessment of a tracked vehicle’s ability to traverse stairs

In some surveillance missions in the aftermath of disasters, the use of a teleoperated tracked vehicle contributes to the safety of rescue crews. However, because of its insufficient traversal capability, the vehicle can become trapped upon encountering rough terrain. This may lead to mission failure and, in the worst case, loss of the vehicle. To improve the success rate of such ...

Robot development project with human- and eco-friendly smart materials

The social need for robotic technology is rapidly increasing to prepare for the aging society in Japan. Many political action plans concerning Japan’s robot strategy have been proposed and carried out nationwide. This project focused on the social implementation of life support robots and developing corresponding robotic technology. The project’s participants were mainly selected ...

Retinal vessel model fabricated on a curved surface structure for a simulation of microcannulation

A remarkable number of vitreoretinal surgeries are performed each year despite their difficulty. As a result, a high demand exists for a mock-up simulator of retinal vessels to simulate these surgeries. Thus, we propose an artificial retinal vessel model for simulating microcannulation surgery. Using laser lithography, polydimethylsiloxane molding, and hydraulic transfer ...

Musculoskeletal lower-limb robot driven by multifilament muscles

This paper presents a redundant musculoskeletal robot using thin McKibben muscles that is based on human anatomy. The purpose of this robot is to achieve motions and characteristics that are very similar to a human body. We use a thin McKibben muscle, which is compliant and flexible, as the actuator of a musculoskeletal robot. Using a bundle of thin McKibben muscles, we develop a ...

Service robot planning via solving constraint satisfaction problem

The problem of demographic shifts towards the elderly is deteriorating, as the relative number of caregivers is insufficient to provide the support required for their wellbeing, which is further aggravated by the increasingly hectic lifestyle. Service robot is getting more prominent as a possible solution. Robot manipulation and mobility is an important field, but they also require ...

Precise assembly of ring part with optimized hollowed finger

We deal with a technical issue of assembling a ring part into a shaft part with the clearance of several micrometers by using a robotic manipulator. This issue is difficult because of deformation of a ring part compared with peg-in-hole assembly. We propose a precise assembly method of a ring part with finger shape to solve this issue. We also propose a method to decide design ...

Vision and force/torque integration for realtime estimation of fast-moving object under intermittent contacts

This paper considers the fast and accurate estimation of motion variables of a rigid body object whose movement occurs from intermittent contacts with coordinating manipulators in nonprehensile manipulation tasks. The estimator operates under multiple sensory data including visual, joint torque, joint position and/or tactile measurements which are combined at the lower level to ...