Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis

http://link.springer.com/journal/11239

List of Papers (Total 145)

Guidance for the use of thrombolytic therapy for the treatment of venous thromboembolism

Patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) are prone to the development of both short-term and long-term complications that can substantially affect their functional capacity and quality of life. Patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) often develop recurrent VTE or the post-thrombotic syndrome, whereas patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) can develop long-term symptoms and ...

The role of mononuclear cell tissue factor and inflammatory cytokines in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

Thrombosis and inflammation are two major factors underlying chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Tissue factor (TF), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) may play critical roles in the process of CTEPH thrombosis and pulmonary vascular remodeling. Ten patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CTEPH, ...

Close concordance between pulmonary angiography and pathology in a canine model with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism and pathological mechanisms after lung ischemia reperfusion injury

To investigate the pulmonary angiography and pathology in a canine model with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). The cylindrical blood clots were selectively introduced into the left (n = 10) or right (n = 20) lower pulmonary arteries of dogs. Pulmonary arteriography (PA) was performed before or after embolization. The values after embolization and baseline of mean pulmonary ...

Influence of chronic kidney disease on anticoagulation levels and bleeding after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients treated with unfractionated heparin

Unfractionated heparin (UFH) plasma protein binding and elimination might be impaired in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD—defined as creatinine clearance <60 ml/min). It is currently unknown at which UFH bolus dose persistent prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) occurs in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with CKD. We ...

Impact of regular physical activity on weekly warfarin dose requirement

Warfarin is an oral anticoagulant agent with a narrow therapeutic index. There is a marked inter- and intra-patient variability in warfarin dose requirement. All factors influencing warfarin response are not known and this study aims to evaluate if regular physical activity (RPA) is a determining factor. RPA level was collected with the Stanford Brief Activity Survey in 1064 ...

Long-term outcomes in high-risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Greater use of evidence-based therapies has improved outcomes for patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in recent decades. Consequently, more ACS patients are surviving beyond 12 months; however, limited data exist to guide treatment in these patients. Long-term outcomes have not improved in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients at the same rate ...

Thrombolytic efficacy and enzymatic activity of rt-PA-loaded echogenic liposomes

Echogenic liposomes (ELIP), that can encapsulate both recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and microbubbles, are under development to improve the treatment of thrombo-occlusive disease. However, the enzymatic activity, thrombolytic efficacy, and stable cavitation activity generated by this agent has yet to be evaluated and compared to another established ...

Inflammatory response and pneumocyte apoptosis during lung ischemia–reperfusion injury in an experimental pulmonary thromboembolism model

Lung ischemia–reperfusion injury (LIRI) may occur in the region of the affected lung after reperfusion therapy. The inflammatory response mechanisms related to LIRI in pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), especially in chronic PTE, need to be studied further. In a PTE model, inflammatory response and apoptosis may occur during LIRI and nitric oxide (NO) inhalation may alleviate the ...

Association between micro particle-tissue factor activity, factor VIII activity and recurrent VTE in patients with acute pulmonary embolism

Studies on the association between microparticle expressing tissue factor (MP-TF) activity, FVIII activity (FVIII:C) and recurrent VTE yielded inconclusive results. We studied these associations in patients diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism. Plasma levels of MP-TF and FVIII activity were measured in 277 patients with a first and 72 patients with a recurrent VTE. All patients ...

Association of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores with left atrial enlargement: a prospective cohort study of unselected atrial fibrillation patients

Assessment of thromboembolic risk is crucial for proper management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Currently used risk score base only on scarce clinical data and do not take into consideration parameters including echocardiographic findings. The aim of this study was to evaluate if left atrium (LA) enlargement is associated with higher thromboembolic risk assessed by CHADS2 ...

Evaluation of medical costs avoided when new oral anticoagulants are used for extended treatment of venous thromboembolism based on clinical trial results

This study evaluated avoidances in medical costs associated with clinical endpoints from randomized clinical trials that evaluated the efficacy and safety of the new oral anticoagulants (NOACs), dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban for extended treatment of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Event rates of efficacy and safety endpoints from the clinical trials (RE-SONATE, ...

Comparison of costs and discharge outcomes for patients hospitalized for ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke with or without atrial fibrillation in the United States

This retrospective analysis investigated the impact of baseline clinical characteristics, including atrial fibrillation (AF), on hospital discharge status (to home or continuing care), mortality, length of hospital stay, and treatment costs in patients hospitalized for stroke. The analysis included adult patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic ...

The effect of rosuvastatin on thromboinflammation in the setting of acute coronary syndrome

In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), early therapy with high-dose statins may reduce short-term adverse clinical outcomes. The mechanisms responsible are not known but could involve anti-inflammatory or anti-thrombotic effects. Compelling evidence from experimental models and clinical studies suggests that the interplay between inflammatory and thrombotic systems, ...

A randomised trial of the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic effects of ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel in Hispanic patients with stable coronary artery disease

The objective was to compare the pharmacodynamic (PD) and pharmacokinetic (PK) effects of ticagrelor with clopidogrel among subjects of Hispanic ethnicity, as the PD and PK effects of antiplatelet agents among Hispanics are not specifically known. This was a randomised, open-label, crossover PD/PK study of 40 Hispanic subjects with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Subjects ...