Journal of the European Optical Society-Rapid Publications

http://link.springer.com/journal/41476

List of Papers (Total 60)

Quantitative coating thickness determination using a coefficient-independent hyperspectral scattering model

Background Hyperspectral imaging is a technique that enables the mapping of spectral signatures across a surface. It is most commonly used for surface chemical mapping in fields as diverse as satellite remote sensing, biomedical imaging and heritage science. Existing models, such as the Kubelka-Munk theory and the Lambert-Beer law also relate layer thickness with absorption, and in ...

Focal plane model for flat refractive geometry

Background Flow visualization techniques such as uPIV and droplet imaging determine the measurement volume by the focal plane. Thus, an understanding of how the focal plane moves in reference to the camera is necessary when planar interfaces are present between the camera and the focal plane. Methods Using geometric optics, a focus model for a camera imaging through multiple ...

Experimental identification of unique angular dependent scattering behavior of nanoparticles

Background Nanoparticles exhibit unique light scattering properties and are applied in many research fields. Methods In this work, we perform angular resolved scattering measurements to study the scattering behaviour of random and periodic silver (Ag), and periodic polystyrene (PS) nanoparticles. Results The random Ag nanoparticles, with a wide particle size distribution, are able ...

Modal properties of a strip-loaded horizontal slot waveguide

Background Channel waveguides have been developed for years to comply with the need for smaller footprint and better integration in photonics circuits. However, they are still suffering from fabrication complexity and optical losses. These two limitations can be addressed by combining two types of channel waveguides, namely strip-loaded and slot waveguide. Methods We present a ...

Dimensionality of random light fields

Background The spectral polarization state and dimensionality of random light are important concepts in modern optical physics and photonics. Methods By use of space-frequency domain coherence theory, we establish a rigorous classification for the electricfield vector to oscillate in one, two, or three spatial dimensions. Results We also introduce a new measure, the polarimetric ...

Design of fiber-integrated tunable thermo-optic C-band filter based on coated silicon slab

Background Optical filters are required to have narrow band-pass filtering in the spectral C-band for applications such as signal tracking, sub-band filtering or noise suppression. These requirements lead to a variety of filters that offer thermo-optic effect for optical switching, however, some of which without proper thermal and optical efficiency. Methods In this paper we ...

Carrier generation using a dual-frequency distributed feedback waveguide laser for phased array antenna (PAA)

Background Carrier generation based on optical heterodyning techniques where a beat signal is generated from the mixing of two light sources can be interesting solution due to ease on tunability. The free running heterodyning scheme benefits with a very wide tuning capability and the generated carrier can be freely adjusted. However, the drawbacks come in the form of frequency ...

Characteristics of diamond turned NiP smoothed with ion beam planarization technique

Background Diamond turning is widely used in machining metals and semiconductors but the turning marks are incurred on machined components due to the mechanics of the technology. The marks are generally harmful to the systems comprising of the machined components. Therefore, the capability of ion beam planarization (IBP) to reduce turning marks of diamond turned metal surfaces was ...

Mechanical behavior study of laminate composite by three-color digital holography

A method for real time 3D measurements based on three-color digital holographic interferometry is presented and applied to the investigation of fracture mechanisms in laminate composite submitted to a three point flexural loading. A convolution algorithm allows the three monochrome images to be superposed to provide simultaneous full-field 3D measurements. Experimental results are ...

Research on edge-control methods in CNC polishing

Background We have developed edge-control for the Precessions TM process suitable for fast fabrication of large mirror segments, and other applications sensitive to edge mis-figure. This has been applied to processing of European extremely large telescope (E-ELT) prototype mirror-segments, meeting the specification on maximum edge mis-figure. However we have observed residuals that ...

Wide-viewing integral imaging system using polarizers and light barriers array

Background Integral imaging is considered one of the most promising three-dimensional display technologies, while the limited viewing angle is regarded as a primary disadvantage of integral imaging display to reach a commercial level. This paper proposes a viewing angle enhancement method for both liquid crystal display (LCD) and the projection-type three-dimensional integral ...

Exclusive and efficient excitation of plasmonic breathing modes of a metallic nanodisc with the radially polarized optical beams

Background The plasmonic breathing modes of a metallic nanodisc are dark plasmonic modes and thus also have the advantage of much smaller radiation loss. These modes emerged previously in electron energy loss spectroscopy experiments and were then pursued with optical excitation methods. Results In this paper, through the finite element method type numerical simulations, we show ...

Development of multi-pitch tool path in computer-controlled optical surfacing processes

Background Tool path in computer-controlled optical surfacing (CCOS) processes has a great effect on middle spatial frequency error in terms of residual ripples. Raster tool path of uniform path pitch is one of the mostly adopted paths, in which smaller path pitch is always desired for restraining residual ripple errors. However, too dense paths cause excessive material removal in ...

PN-PAM scheme for short range optical transmission over SI-POF — an alternative to Discrete Multi-Tone (DMT) scheme

Background How to deal with the time-dispersive channel is the main challenge faced by the short-range optical communication systems. In this work a novel pseudo-noise sequence (PN) assisted pulse-amplitude modulated (PN-PAM) transmission scheme for short-range optical communication systems is proposed in this work. With the help of the PN based channel estimation, minimum-phase ...

Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) Properties of a laser dye (LD-473) in solid state

The spectral characteristics of 1,2,3,8-tetrahydro-1,2,3,3,8-pentamethyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-7H–pyrrolo[3,2-g]quinolin-7-one (LD-473) were demonstrated in liquid and solid states. For the liquid state, the absorption and fluorescence spectra of the LD-473 in Methyl Methacrylate showed bands at 385 and 420 nm, respectively. LD-473 in the solid state showed one absorption band at 530 ...

Controlling the optical properties of a laser pulse at λ = 1.55μm in InGaAs\InP double coupled quantum well nanostructure

Background The transient and steady-state behaviour of the absorption and the dispersion of a probe field propagating at λ = 1.55μm through an InGaAs\InP double coupled quantum well are studied. The effect of terahertz signal excitation, electron tunnelling and incoherent pumping on the optical properties of the probe field is discussed. Methods The linear dynamical properties of ...

Gloss measurement in detection of surface quality of pharmaceutical tablets: a case study of screening of genuine and counterfeit antimalaria tablets

Background The surface quality of pharmaceutical tablets plays an important role, especially in the drug release of a tablet and hence affects the bioavailability of the drug. Furthermore, important tablet’s properties such as coating uniformity and mechanical integrity that can be predicted based on the known surface properties manifest the inevitable link between a tablet’s ...

Sparse kronecker pascal measurement matrices for compressive imaging

Background The construction of measurement matrix becomes a focus in compressed sensing (CS) theory. Although random matrices have been theoretically and practically shown to reconstruct signals, it is still necessary to study the more promising deterministic measurement matrix. Methods In this paper, a new method to construct a simple and efficient deterministic measurement ...

Focusing characteristics of a 4 πparabolic mirror light-matter interface

Background Focusing with a 4 π parabolic mirror allows for concentrating light from nearly the complete solid angle, whereas focusing with a single microscope objective limits the angle cone used for focusing to half solid angle at maximum. Increasing the solid angle by using deep parabolic mirrors comes at the cost of adding more complexity to the mirror’s fabrication process and ...

Focusing of THz waves with a microsize parabolic reflector made of graphene in the free space

Background The scattering of H- and E-polarized plane waves by a two-dimensional (2-D) parabolic reflector made of graphene and placed in the free space is studied numerically. Methods To obtain accurate results we use the Method of Analytical Regularization. Results The total scattering cross-section and the absorption cross-section are computed, together with the field magnitude ...

Nonlinear optical response of Mg/MgO structures prepared by laser ablation method

Background Investigation of new materials plays an important role in advancing the field of optoelectronics. Methods In this work, Mg/MgO microstructures were prepared by Nd-YAG laser (λ= 1064 nm) ablation of magnesium target in acetone. For the first time, the nonlinear optical properties of square Mg/MgO microstructures were investigated by using the Z-scan technique with ...

Plasmonic behavior of III-V semiconductors in far-infrared and terahertz range

Background In this article, III-V semiconductors are proposed as materials for far-infrared and terahertz plasmonic applications. We suggest criteria to estimate appropriate spectral range for each material including tuning by fine doping and magnetic field. Methods Several single-crystal wafer samples (n,p-doped GaAs, n-doped InP, and n,p-doped and undoped InSb) are characterized ...

Robust and precise algorithm for aspheric surfaces characterization by the conic section

Background A new algorithm for precise characterisation of rotationally symmetric aspheric surfaces by the conic section and polynomial according to the ISO 10110 standard is described. Methods The algorithm uses only the iterative linear least squares. It uses fitting the surface form in a combination with terms containing its spatial derivatives that represent infinitesimal ...

Numerical analysis of temperature-controlled terahertz power splitter

Background As a significant terahertz functional device, terahertz beam splitters with high performance are highly required to meet the need for terahertz communication, terahertz image, and terahertz sensor systems. Results The proposed 1×6 power splitter becomes 1×4 power splitter with the aid of the localized temperature change at the frequency of 1.0THz. The total output power ...

Phase functions as solutions of integral equations

A phase function is an important characteristic of a scattering medium. A method to derive new analytic phase functions is proposed. The relation between a phase function and an angle-averaged single-scattering intensity, derived earlier [M. L. Shendeleva, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 2169 (2013)], is considered as an integral equation for a phase function. This equation is classified as ...