Advances in Manufacturing

http://link.springer.com/journal/40436

List of Papers (Total 106)

Determination of optimal geometrical parameters of peripheral mills to achieve good process stability

This paper focuses on optimization of the geometrical parameters of peripheral milling tools by taking into account the dynamic effect. A substructure synthesis technique is used to calculate the frequency response function of the tool point, which is adopted to determine the stability lobe diagram. Based on the Taguchi design method, simulations are first conducted for varying...

State of the art of bioimplants manufacturing: part II

The manufacturing of bioimplants not only involves selecting proper biomaterials with satisfactory bulk physicochemical properties, but also requires special treatments on surface chemistry or topography to direct a desired host response. The lifespan of a bioimplant is also critically restricted by its surface properties. Therefore, developing proper surface treatment...

Review on thermochromic vanadium dioxide based smart coatings: from lab to commercial application

With an urgent demand of energy efficient coatings for building fenestrations, vanadium dioxide (VO2)-based thermochromic smart coatings have been widely investigated due to the reversible phase transition of VO2 at a critical transition temperature of 68 °C, which is accompanied by the modulation of solar irradiation, especially in the near-infrared region. As for commercial...

State of the art of bioimplants manufacturing: part I

Bioimplants are becoming increasingly important in the modern society due to the fact of an aging population and associated issues of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. The manufacturing of bioimplants involves an understanding of both mechanical engineering and biomedical science to produce biocompatible products with adequate lifespans. A suitable selection of materials is the...

Thinking process rules extraction for manufacturing process design

To realize the reuse of process design knowledge and improve the efficiency and quality of process design, a method for extracting thinking process rules for process design is proposed. An instance representation model of the process planning reflecting the thinking process of technicians is established to achieve an effective representation of the process documents. The related...

Deep digital maintenance

With the emergence of Industry 4.0, maintenance is considered to be a specific area of action that is needed to successfully sustain a competitive advantage. For instance, predictive maintenance will be central for asset utilization, service, and after-sales in realizing Industry 4.0. Moreover, artificial intelligence (AI) is also central for Industry 4.0, and offers data-driven...

Surface texture formation in precision machining of direct laser deposited tungsten carbide

This paper focuses on an analysis of the surface texture formed during precision machining of tungsten carbide. The work material was fabricated using direct laser deposition (DLD) technology. The experiment included precision milling of tungsten carbide samples with a monolithic torus cubic boron nitride tool and grinding with diamond and alumina cup wheels. An optical surface...

Haptic and visual augmented reality interface for programming welding robots

It is a challenging task for operators to program a remote robot for welding manipulation depending only on the visual information from the remote site. This paper proposes an intuitive user interface for programming welding robots remotely using augmented reality (AR) with haptic feedback. The proposed system uses a depth camera to reconstruct the surfaces of workpieces. A...

Deformation, failure and removal mechanisms of thin film structures in abrasive machining

Thin film structures are becoming increasingly more important for industrial applications such as the making of solar panels, microelectronic devices and micro systems. However, the challenges encountered in the machining of thin film structures have been a bottleneck that impedes further wide spread uses of such structures. The development of material removal processes that are...

Metallurgical concepts for optimized processing and properties of carburizing steel

Carburized steel grades are widely used in applications where high surface near hardness is required in combination with good core toughness as well as high strength and fatigue resistance. The process of carburizing lower to medium carbon containing steel can generally provide this combination of properties and has been practiced for several decades. Such steel is essential in...

Separation and recovery of critical metal ions using ionic liquids

Separation and purification of critical metal ions such as rare-earth elements (REEs), scandium and niobium from their minerals is difficult and often determines if extraction is economically and environmentally feasible. Solvent extraction is a commonly used metal-ion separation process, usually favored because of its simplicity, speed and wide scope, which is why it is often...

Innovative manufacturing technology enabling light weighting with steel in commercial vehicles

Improved manufacturing technology is often needed when working with high strength steel. In this respect manufacturing technology has to adapt to the altered (and typically reduced) formability and weldability of modern high strength steel. However, this is a rather passive approach from a manufacturing point of view. An indeed much more powerful approach is to generate synergies...

Sustainable development of China’s commercial vehicles

Automobiles are the major contributor to fuel consumption and emission of pollutants. The growth of the vehicle fleet has also placed enormous pressure on China’s energy supply and environment. Thus sustainable development of the Chinese automotive industry must pay significant attention to fuel-saving and emission-reduction of vehicles. Although commercial vehicles make up only...

Light weighting opportunities and material choice for commercial vehicle frame structures from a design point of view

This paper focuses on an estimation of light weighting opportunities for the frame structure of commercial road vehicles. This estimation is based on simplified static load cases which play a predominant role for the dimensioning of a frame structure and therefore these simplifications are not putting the general validity of the conclusions into question. A comparison of...

Application potential of high performance steels for weight reduction and efficiency increase in commercial vehicles

The fast-growing economy and the gradually established highway system have boosted the road transportation for both passenger and cargo over the last decade in China. From 2000 to 2010 Chinese GDP increased by around 10.15% annually and the sales of medium and heavy trucks by around 18.87% (sales increased from 0.2 million in 2000 to 1.3 million in 2010) according to the National...

Kinematic analysis and simulation of a new-type robot with special structure

Common methods, such as Denavit-Hartenberg (D-H) method, cannot be simply used in kinematic analysis of special robots with hybrid hinge as it is difficult to obtain the main parameters of this method. Hence, a homogeneous transformation theory is presented to solve this problem. Firstly, the kinematics characteristic of this special structure is analyzed on the basis of the...

Integrated color defect detection method for polysilicon wafers using machine vision

For the typical color defects of polysilicon wafers, i.e., edge discoloration, color inaccuracy and color non-uniformity, a new integrated machine vision detection method is proposed based on an HSV color model. By transforming RGB image into three-channel HSV images, the HSV model can efficiently reduce the disturbances of complex wafer textures. A fuzzy color clustering method...

Modeling and simulation of percussive impact for robotic riveting system

Riveting is one of the major joining methods used in assembly, and the robotic riveting has been gradually introduced into aircraft industry. In this paper, a method is presented for modeling and simulation of percussive robotic riveting. In percussive riveting, vibration always exists. When an impact force is employed, a forced vibration will be induced. If it resonates with a...

Crystal structure and formation mechanism of the secondary phase in Heusler Ni-Mn-Sn-Co materials

In the present work, crystal structure and formation mechanism of the secondary phase in Heusler Ni-Mn-Sn-Co materials were investigated using X-ray diffraction, scanning/transmission electron microscopy and selected-area electron diffraction techniques. Experimental results showed that the secondary phase presented in both Ni44.1Mn35.1Sn10.8Co10 as-cast bulk alloy and melt-spun...

Fabrication method of ultra-small gradient-index fiber probe

Fabrication method and device of ultra-small gradient-index (GRIN) fiber probe were investigated in order to explore the development of ultra-small probes for optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. The beam-expanding effect of no-core fiber (NCF) and the focusing properties of the GRIN fiber lens were analyzed based on the model of GRIN fiber probe consisting of single-mode...

A synchronized strategy to minimize vehicle dispatching time: a real example of steel industry

Time compression in supply chains is a crucial aspect involved in the integration of warehousing and transport operations in the manufacturing industries. Supply chain flows could be interrupted due to many sources of delays that lead to additional time in dispatching process and reduction in customer service level. The problem considered in this paper consists of long waiting...

Effects of roller burnishing process parameters on surface roughness of A356/5%SiC composite using response surface methodology

In this study, a simple roller burnishing tool was made to operate burnishing processes on A356/5%SiC metal matrix composite fabricated by electromagnetic stir casting under different parameters. The effects of burnishing speed, burnishing force and number of burnishing passes on the surface roughness and tribological properties were measured. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM...

Review of the first principles calculations and the design of cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

Cathode materials are the most critical challenge for the large scale application of Li-ion batteries in electric vehicles and for the storages of electricity. The first principles calculations play an important role in development and optimization of novel cathode materials. In this paper, we overview the first principles calculations of energy, volume change, band-gap, phase...

Virtual engineering in design and manufacturing

Manufacturing systems of the future highly demand that the product data are built into the product model, and smooth data transfer to other computer-aided technologies are enabled. Depending on the type of the manufacturing system, it is envisaged that virtual engineering (VE) technologies play a significant role in integrating the computer-based technologies involved in the...