European Radiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/330

List of Papers (Total 692)

Feasibility study of computed tomography colonography using limited bowel preparation at normal and low-dose levels study

The purpose was to evaluate low-dose CT colonography without cathartic cleansing in terms of image quality, polyp visualization and patient acceptance. Sixty-one patients scheduled for colonoscopy started a low-fiber diet, lactulose and amidotrizoic-acid for fecal tagging 2 days prior to the CT scan (standard dose, 5.8–8.2 mSv). The original raw data of 51 patients were modified ...

Bone marrow edema-like lesions change in volume in the majority of patients with osteoarthritis; associations with clinical features

It has been suggested that bone marrow edema-like (BME) lesions in the knee are associated with progression of osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of our study in patients with OA was to evaluate prospectively changes of BME lesions over 2 years and their relationship with clinical features. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of the knee were obtained from 182 patients (20% male; aged ...

Flat-detector computed tomography (FD-CT)

Flat-panel detectors or, synonymously, flat detectors (FDs) have been developed for use in radiography and fluoroscopy with the defined goal to replace standard X-ray film, film-screen combinations and image intensifiers by an advanced sensor system. FD technology in comparison to X-ray film and image intensifiers offers higher dynamic range, dose reduction, fast digital readout ...

MRI of the kidney—state of the art

Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) are modalities of first choice in renal imaging. Until now, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has mainly been used as a problem-solving technique. MRI has the advantage of superior soft-tissue contrast, which provides a powerful tool in the detection and characterization of renal lesions. The MRI features of common and less common renal ...

Current techniques for assessment of upper extremity vasculature prior to hemodialysis vascular access creation

Vascular access problems lead to increased patient morbidity and mortality and place a large burden on care facilities, manpower and costs. Autogenous arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are preferred over arteriovenous grafts (AVG) because of a lower incidence of vascular access related complications. An aggressive increase in the utilization of AVF, however, results in an increased ...

Coronary fly-through or virtual angioscopy using dual-source MDCT data

Coronary fly-through or virtual angioscopy (VA) has been studied ever since its invention in 2000. However, application was limited because it requires an optimal computed tomography (CT) scan and time-consuming post-processing. Recent advances in post-processing software facilitate easy construction of VA, but until now image quality was insufficient in most patients. The ...

Imaging readouts as biomarkers or surrogate parameters for the assessment of therapeutic interventions

Surrogate markers and biomarkers based on imaging readouts providing predictive information on clinical outcome are of increasing importance in the preclinical and clinical evaluation of novel therapies. They are primarily used in studies designed to establish evidence that the therapeutic principle is valid in a representative patient population or in an individual. A critical ...

Value of MRI in patients with a clinical suspicion of acute myocarditis

The diagnosis of myocarditis is difficult and is generally one of exclusion. Moreover, endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is not a sensitive technique. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), however, has shown promising results in diagnosing myocarditis. We evaluated 20 patients with a clinical suspicion of acute myocarditis. Troponin I levels were elevated in 17/20 patients. Cardiac ...

Digital mammography: what do we and what don’t we know?

High-quality full-field digital mammography has been available now for several years and is increasingly used for both diagnostic and screening mammography. A number of different detector technologies exist, which all have their specific advantages and disadvantages. Diagnostic accuracy of digital mammography has been shown to be at least equivalent to film-screen mammography in a ...

Proton MR spectroscopy of the brain at 3 T: an update

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) provides specific metabolic information not otherwise observable by any other imaging method. 1H-MRS of the brain at 3 T is a new tool in the modern neuroradiological armamentarium whose main advantages, with respect to the well-established and technologically advanced 1.5-T 1H-MRS, include a higher signal-to-noise ratio, with a ...

A new approach to the assessment of lumen visibility of coronary artery stent at various heart rates using 64-slice MDCT

Coronary artery stent lumen visibility was assessed as a function of cardiac movement and temporal resolution with an automated objective method using an anthropomorphic moving heart phantom. Nine different coronary stents filled with contrast fluid and surrounded by fat were scanned using 64-slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) at 50–100 beats/min with the moving heart ...

Influence of convolution filtering on coronary plaque attenuation values: observations in an ex vivo model of multislice computed tomography coronary angiography

Attenuation variability (measured in Hounsfield Units, HU) of human coronary plaques using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) was evaluated in an ex vivo model with increasing convolution kernels. MSCT was performed in seven ex vivo left coronary arteries sunk into oil followingthe instillation of saline (1/∞) and a 1/50 solution of contrast material (400 mgI/ml iomeprol). Scan ...

Low-dose intranasal versus oral midazolam for routine body MRI of claustrophobic patients

The purpose of this study was to assess prospectively the potential of low-dose intranasal midazolam compared to oral midazolam in claustrophobic patients undergoing routine body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Seventy-two adult claustrophobic patients referred for body MRI were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (TG1 and TG2). The 36 patients of TG1 received 7.5 mg ...

Imaging hemidiaphragmatic injury

The supine chest radiograph is the initial and most commonly performed imaging study to evaluate the thorax after trauma. Whenever the chest radiograph is equivocal or suspicious for acute diaphragmatic injury (DI), computed tomography (CT) is usually the next study of choice since it is both generally available and often used to examine other body regions in the patient after ...

Cartilage imaging: motivation, techniques, current and future significance

Cartilage repair techniques and pharmacological therapies are currently areas of major clinical interest and research, in particular to prevent and treat osteoarthritis. MR imaging-based techniques to visualize cartilage are prerequisites to guide and monitor these therapies. In this review article, standard MR imaging sequences are described, including proton density-weighted fast ...

Imaging oxygenation of human tumours

Tumour hypoxia represents a significant challenge to the curability of human tumours leading to treatment resistance and enhanced tumour progression. Tumour hypoxia can be detected by non-invasive and invasive techniques but the inter-relationships between these remains largely undefined. 18F-MISO and Cu-ATSM-PET, and BOLD-MRI are the lead contenders for human application based on ...

MR imaging of therapy-induced changes of bone marrow

MR imaging of bone marrow infiltration by hematologic malignancies provides non-invasive assays of bone marrow cellularity and vascularity to supplement the information provided by bone marrow biopsies. This article will review the MR imaging findings of bone marrow infiltration by hematologic malignancies with special focus on treatment effects. MR imaging findings of the bone ...

Local staging of rectal cancer: the current role of MRI

With the advent of powerful gradient coil systems and high-resolution surface coils, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently extended its role in the staging of rectal cancer. MRI is superior to endorectal ultrasound, the most widely used staging modality in patients with rectal tumors, in that it visualizes not only the intestinal wall but also the surrounding pelvic ...

MR imaging of osteochondral grafts and autologous chondrocyte implantation

Surgical articular cartilage repair therapies for cartilage defects such as osteochondral autograft transfer, autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or matrix associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) are becoming more common. MRI has become the method of choice for non-invasive follow-up of patients after cartilage repair surgery. It should be performed with ...

Value of tissue harmonic imaging (THI) and contrast harmonic imaging (CHI) in detection and characterisation of breast tumours

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which tissue harmonic imaging (THI), speckle reduction imaging (SRI), spatial compounding (SC) and contrast can improve detection and differentiation of breast tumours. We examined 38 patients (14 benign, 24 malignant tumours) with different combinations of THI, SRI and SC. The effect on delineation, margin, tissue ...