Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 4,895)

Hierarchical Heterostructure of ZnO@TiO2 Hollow Spheres for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

The rational design and preparation of hierarchical nanoarchitectures are critical for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, well-integrated hollow ZnO@TiO2 heterojunctions were obtained by a simple hydrothermal method. This unique hierarchical heterostructure not only caused multiple reflections which enhances the light absorption but also improved the ...

Successive Release of Tissue Inhibitors of Metalloproteinase-1 Through Graphene Oxide-Based Delivery System Can Promote Skin Regeneration

The purpose of this study was to testify the hypothesis that graphene oxide (GO) could act as an appropriate vehicle for the release of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) protein in the context of skin repair. GO characteristics were observed by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis. After TIMP-1 absorbing GO, the ...

Controlling Growth High Uniformity Indium Selenide (In2Se3) Nanowires via the Rapid Thermal Annealing Process at Low Temperature

High uniformity Au-catalyzed indium selenide (In2Se3) nanowires are grown with the rapid thermal annealing (RTA) treatment via the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism. The diameters of Au-catalyzed In2Se3 nanowires could be controlled with varied thicknesses of Au films, and the uniformity of nanowires is improved via a fast pre-annealing rate, 100 °C/s. Comparing with the slower ...

An Artificial Biomimetic Catalysis Converting CO2 to Green Fuels

Researchers devote to design catalytic systems with higher activity, selectivity, and stability ideally based on cheap and earth-abundant elements to reduce CO2 to value-added hydrocarbon fuels under mild conditions driven by visible light. This may offer profound inspirations on that. A bi-functional molecular iron catalyst designed could not only catalyze two-electron reduction ...

Synthesis of ZnO Nanocrystals and Application in Inverted Polymer Solar Cells

Controllable synthesis of various ZnO nanocrystals was achieved via a simple and cost-effective hydrothermal process. The morphology evolution of the ZnO nanostructures was well monitored by tuning hydrothermal growth parameters, such as solution concentration, reaction temperature, and surfactant. As-obtained ZnO nanocrystals with different morphologies, e.g., ZnO nanorods, ...

Evaluation of Novel 64Cu-Labeled Theranostic Gadolinium-Based Nanoprobes in HepG2 Tumor-Bearing Nude Mice

Radiation therapy of liver cancer is limited by low tolerance of the liver to radiation. Radiosensitizers can effectively reduce the required radiation dose. AGuIX nanoparticles are small, multifunctional gadolinium-based nanoparticles that can carry radioisotopes or fluorescent markers for single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET), ...

Visible Light-Driven Photocatalytic Performance of N-Doped ZnO/g-C3N4 Nanocomposites

N-doped ZnO/g-C3N4 composites have been successfully prepared via a facile and cost-effective sol-gel method. The nanocomposites were systematically characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, HRTEM, FT-IR, XPS, and UV-vis DRS. The results indicated that compared with the pure N-doped ZnO, the absorption edge of binary N-doped ZnO/g-C3N4 shifted to a lower energy with increasing the ...

The Programming Optimization of Capacitorless 1T DRAM Based on the Dual-Gate TFET

The larger volume of capacitor and higher leakage current of transistor have become the inherent disadvantages for the traditional one transistor (1T)-one capacitor (1C) dynamic random access memory (DRAM). Recently, the tunneling FET (TFET) is applied in DRAM cell due to the low off-state current and high switching ratio. The dual-gate TFET (DG-TFET) DRAM cell with the ...

Modified Hyperbranched Polyglycerol as Dispersant for Size Control and Stabilization of Gold Nanoparticles in Hydrocarbons

Hyperbranched polyglycerol (HPG) is modified with dodecanethiol (DS) via the “thiol−ene” click reaction to obtain an amphiphilic product DSHPG. The molecular structures of DSHPG samples are characterized by NMR, FTIR, and GPC, and the thermal behaviors are characterized by DSC and TGA. Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) are prepared with DSHPG as the stabilizer and surface-modification ...

RGO and Three-Dimensional Graphene Networks Co-modified TIMs with High Performances

With the development of microelectronic devices, the insufficient heat dissipation ability becomes one of the major bottlenecks for further miniaturization. Although graphene-assisted epoxy resin (ER) display promising potential to enhance the thermal performances, some limitations of the reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanosheets and three-dimensional graphene networks (3DGNs) hinder ...

Magnetic Carbon Microspheres as a Reusable Adsorbent for Sulfonamide Removal from Water

Novel reusable magnetic carbon microspheres (MCMs) were prepared by hydrothermal method with glucose as carbon source and Fe3O4 nanoparticles as magnetic raw materials. And adsorption performance of MCMs for sulfonamide removal from water was investigated in detail. The results indicated that the calcination temperature and calcination time had significant effects on the surface ...

Optical and Electronic Properties of Femtosecond Laser-Induced Sulfur-Hyperdoped Silicon N+/P Photodiodes

Impurity-mediated near-infrared (NIR) photoresponse in silicon is of great interest for photovoltaics and photodetectors. In this paper, we have fabricated a series of n+/p photodetectors with hyperdoped silicon prepared by ion-implantation and femtosecond pulsed laser. These devices showed a remarkable enhancement on absorption and photoresponse at NIR wavelengths. The device ...

CdS Nanoparticle-Modified α-Fe2O3/TiO2 Nanorod Array Photoanode for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation

In this work, we demonstrate a facile successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction process accompanied by hydrothermal method to synthesize CdS nanoparticle-modified α-Fe2O3/TiO2 nanorod array for efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation. By integrating CdS/α-Fe2O3/TiO2 ternary system, light absorption ability of the photoanode can be effectively improved with an ...

Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of Hollow Structure LiNb3O8 Photocatalysts

Hollow structure LiNb3O8 photocatalysts were prepared by a hydrothermal method assisting sintering process. The particles’ aggregation to form hollow structures with obvious cavities can be attributed to the Li element volatilization during calcination process. All the LiNb3O8 powders show high photocatalytic efficiency of degradation of methylene blue (MB), especially for the ...

Experimental Study on the Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of TiO2-Water Nanofluids in a Spirally Fluted Tube

The flow and heat transfer characteristics of TiO2-water nanofluids with different nanoparticle mass fractions in a spirally fluted tube and a smooth tube are experimentally investigated at different Reynolds numbers. The effects of pH values and doses of dispersant agent on the stability of TiO2-water nanofluids are discussed. The effects of nanoparticle mass fractions and ...

Low Power Consumption Substrate-Emitting DFB Quantum Cascade Lasers

In the present work, an ultra-low power consumption substrate-emitting distributed feedback (DFB) quantum cascade laser (QCL) was developed. The continuous-wave (CW) threshold power dissipation is reduced to 0.43 W at 25 °C by shortening the cavity length to 0.5 mm and depositing high-reflectivity (HR) coating on both facets. As far as we know, this is the recorded threshold power ...

Preparation of PPy-Coated MnO2 Hybrid Micromaterials and Their Improved Cyclic Performance as Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries

MnO2@PPy core-shell micromaterials are prepared by chemical polymerization of pyrrole on the MnO2 surface. The polypyrrole (PPy) is formed as a homogeneous organic shell on the MnO2 surface. The thickness of PPy shell can be adjusted by the usage of pyrrole. The analysis of SEM, FT-IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), and XRD are used to ...

One-Pot Synthesis of Hierarchical Flower-Like Pd-Cu Alloy Support on Graphene Towards Ethanol Oxidation

The synergetic effect of alloy and morphology of nanocatalysts play critical roles towards ethanol electrooxidation. In this work, we developed a novel electrocatalyst fabricated by one-pot synthesis of hierarchical flower-like palladium (Pd)-copper (Cu) alloy nanocatalysts supported on reduced graphene oxide (Pd-Cu(F)/RGO) for direct ethanol fuel cells. The structures of the ...

Method for Measurement of Multi-Degrees-of-Freedom Motion Parameters Based on Polydimethylsiloxane Cross-Coupling Diffraction Gratings

This work presents a multi-degrees-of-freedom motion parameter measurement method based on the use of cross-coupling diffraction gratings that were prepared on the two sides of a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate using oxygen plasma processing technology. The laser beam that travels pass the cross-coupling optical grating would be diffracted into a two-dimensional spot array. ...

Effect of Confinement on Photophysical Properties of P3HT Chains in PMMA Matrix

The influence of arrangement of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) chains embedded into poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix on photophysical properties, such as electronic absorption spectrum, band gap, and photoluminescence quantum yield, of the formed P3HT aggregates have been studied. It has been found that variation of P3HT fraction in PMMA matrix from 25 to 2 wt% is accompanied ...

Folate Receptor-targeted Bioflavonoid Genistein-loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles for Enhanced Anticancer Effect in Cervical Cancers

In this study, novel folic acid-conjugated chitosan nanoparticle was formulated for specific delivery of bioflavonoid, Genistein (GEN), to the cervical cancer cells. The prepared GEN-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (GCN) and folic acid-conjugated GCN (FGCN) showed smaller size with a controlled drug release profile. FGCN exhibited enhanced internalization potential in HeLa cells than ...

Effect of Gold Nanoparticle Distribution in TiO2 on the Optical and Electrical Characteristics of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Photoanodes comprising Au nanoparticles (GNPs) and thin TiO2 layers with a stacked structure were fabricated by repeating the application of TiO2 paste and GNP solutions on conductive glass to vary the distribution of GNPs in the TiO2 layer. The plasmon-enhanced characteristics of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with such photoanodes were investigated. Both the absorption of the ...

First-Principles Study on the Stability and STM Image of Borophene

Very recently, borophene (atomic-thin two-dimensional boron sheet) has been successfully synthesized on the Ag(111) surface by deposition. Two kinds of structures were found. However, the identification of the monolayer boron sheets grown on the metal substrate, as well as the stability of different 2D boron sheets, is controversial. By performing the first-principles calculations, ...

Selective introduction of Cu impurity into fine-dispersed ZnS obtained during the process of one-stage synthesis

Fine ZnS:Cu, obtained by method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis was investigated. As flux in the mixture NaCl was used, Zn and S were taken in stoichiometric ratio; Cu concentration in charge consisted ~1.5 wt.%. Using SEM data, it was established that obtained ZnS:Cu consists from two fractions—first with particles sizes ~10 μm and more, and other with sizes 50–500 ...

High-Order Dielectric Metasurfaces for High-Efficiency Polarization Beam Splitters and Optical Vortex Generators

In this paper, a high-order dielectric metasurface based on silicon nanobrick array is proposed and investigated. By controlling the length and width of the nanobricks, the metasurfaces could supply two different incremental transmission phases for the X-linear-polarized (XLP) and Y-linear-polarized (YLP) light with extremely high efficiency over 88%. Based on the designed ...