Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 4,899)

Effect of Gold Nanoparticle Distribution in TiO2 on the Optical and Electrical Characteristics of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Photoanodes comprising Au nanoparticles (GNPs) and thin TiO2 layers with a stacked structure were fabricated by repeating the application of TiO2 paste and GNP solutions on conductive glass to vary the distribution of GNPs in the TiO2 layer. The plasmon-enhanced characteristics of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with such photoanodes were investigated. Both the absorption of the ...

First-Principles Study on the Stability and STM Image of Borophene

Very recently, borophene (atomic-thin two-dimensional boron sheet) has been successfully synthesized on the Ag(111) surface by deposition. Two kinds of structures were found. However, the identification of the monolayer boron sheets grown on the metal substrate, as well as the stability of different 2D boron sheets, is controversial. By performing the first-principles calculations, ...

Selective introduction of Cu impurity into fine-dispersed ZnS obtained during the process of one-stage synthesis

Fine ZnS:Cu, obtained by method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis was investigated. As flux in the mixture NaCl was used, Zn and S were taken in stoichiometric ratio; Cu concentration in charge consisted ~1.5 wt.%. Using SEM data, it was established that obtained ZnS:Cu consists from two fractions—first with particles sizes ~10 μm and more, and other with sizes 50–500 ...

High-Order Dielectric Metasurfaces for High-Efficiency Polarization Beam Splitters and Optical Vortex Generators

In this paper, a high-order dielectric metasurface based on silicon nanobrick array is proposed and investigated. By controlling the length and width of the nanobricks, the metasurfaces could supply two different incremental transmission phases for the X-linear-polarized (XLP) and Y-linear-polarized (YLP) light with extremely high efficiency over 88%. Based on the designed ...

(La0.97RE0.01Yb0.02)2O2S Nanophosphors Converted from Layered Hydroxyl Sulfate and Investigation of Upconversion Photoluminescence (RE=Ho, Er)

Phase-pure (La0.97RE0.01Yb0.02)2O2S upconversion (UC) nanophosphors (average crystallite size ~ 45 nm; RE=Ho, Er) were annealed from their hydrothermally crystallized layered hydroxyl sulfate precursors in flowing hydrogen at 1200 °C for 1 h, with water vapor as the only exhaust. Under 978-nm laser excitation (up to 2.0 W), the Ho3+-doped phosphor exhibited green (medium), red ...

Facile Synthesis of Colored and Conducting CuSCN Composite Coated with CuS Nanoparticles

Conductivity-tunable, different colored CuS nanoparticle-coated CuSCN composites were synthesized in a single pot using a mixture of copper sulfate and sodium thiosulfate in the presence of triethyl amine hydrothiocyanate (THT) at the ambient condition. When these reagents are mixed in 1:1:1 molar ratio, white-gray-colored CuSCN was produced. In the absence of THT, microsized dark ...

Effects of Micro-environmental pH of Liposome on Chemical Stability of Loaded Drug

Liposome is a promising carrier system for delivering bioactive molecules. However, the successful delivery of pH-sensitive molecules is still limited by the intrinsic instability of payloads in physiological environment. Herein, we developed a special liposome system that possesses an acidic micro-environment in the internal aqueous chamber to improve the chemical stability of ...

The Effect of Contact Non-equilibrium Plasma on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Mn Х Fe3 − X О4 Spinels

Nano-sized manganese ferrites Mn х Fe3 − х О4 (х = 0–1.3) were prepared using contact non-equilibrium plasma (CNP) in two different pH (11.5 and 12.5). The influence of synthesis conditions (e.g., cation ratio and initial pH) on phase composition, crystallite size, and magnetic properties were investigated employing X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), ...

Effect of In Situ Annealing Treatment on the Mobility and Morphology of TIPS-Pentacene-Based Organic Field-Effect Transistors

In this work, organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) with a bottom gate top contact structure were fabricated by using a spray-coating method, and the influence of in situ annealing treatment on the OFET performance was investigated. Compared to the conventional post-annealing method, the field-effect mobility of OFET with 60 °C in situ annealing treatment was enhanced nearly ...

Highly Conductive PEDOT:PSS Transparent Hole Transporting Layer with Solvent Treatment for High Performance Silicon/Organic Hybrid Solar Cells

Efficient Si/organic hybrid solar cells were fabricated with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and surfactant-doped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): polystyrene (PEDOT:PSS). A post-treatment on PEDOT:PSS films with polar solvent was performed to increase the device performance. We found that the performance of hybrid solar cells increase with the polarity of solvent. A high conductivity ...

New nanocomposites of polystyrene with polyaniline doped with lauryl sulfuric acid

This work is concentrated on synthesis and investigation of new core-shell nanocomposites of polystyrene (PS) with doped polyaniline (PANI). The latex containing PS nanoparticles with sizes of 15–30 nm was prepared by microemulsion polymerization of styrene in water media. The PS/PANI nanocomposites were synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline in the PS latex ...

The Effects of Li/Nb Ratio on the Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of Li-Nb-O Compounds

The effects of Li/Nb ratio on the preparation of Li-Nb-O compounds by a hydrothermal method were studied deeply. Li/Nb ratio has a great impact on the formation of LiNbO3; the ratio smaller than 3:1 is beneficial to the formation of LiNbO3, while larger than 3:1, forms no LiNbO3 at all and the morphology and chemical bond of Nb2O5 raw material are totally modified by Li ions. The ...

Temperature dependence of band gap in MoSe2 grown by molecular beam epitaxy

We report on a temperature-dependent band gap property of epitaxial MoSe2 ultrathin films. We prepare uniform MoSe2 films epitaxially grown on graphenized SiC substrates with controlled thicknesses by molecular beam epitaxy. Spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements upon heating sample in ultra-high vacuum showed temperature-dependent optical spectra between room temperature to 850 ...

Fabrication of Ordered Nanopattern by using ABC Triblock Copolymer with Salt in Toluene

Ordered nanopatterns of triblock copolymer polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block- poly (ethylene oxide)(PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO) have been achieved by the addition of lithium chloride (LiCl). The morphological and structural evolution of PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO/LiCl thin films were systematically investigated by varying different experimental parameters, including the treatment for polymer ...

DNA Tetrahedron Delivery Enhances Doxorubicin-Induced Apoptosis of HT-29 Colon Cancer Cells

As a nano-sized drug carrier with the advantage of modifiability and proper biocompatibility, DNA tetrahedron (DNA tetra) delivery is hopeful to enhance the inhibitory efficiency of nontargeted anticancer drugs. In this investigation, doxorubicin (Dox) was assembled to a folic acid-modified DNA tetra via click chemistry to prepare a targeted antitumor agent. Cellular uptake ...

In Vitro Study of Influence of Au Nanoparticles on HT29 and SPEV Cell Lines

Cell culture models are excellent tools for potential toxicity of nanoparticles and fundamental investigations in cancer research. Thus, information about AuNP potential toxicity and effects on human health is necessary for the use of nanomaterials in clinical settings. The aim of our research is to examine the effects of AuNPs on the epithelial origin cell lines: continuous and ...

Photocatalytic Properties of Co3O4-Coated TiO2 Powders Prepared by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition

Co3O4-coated commercial TiO2 powders (P25) p-n junction photocatalysts were prepared by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) technique. The structure, morphology, bandgap, and photocatalytic properties under ultraviolet light were investigated systematically. Although the deposition of Co3O4 does not change the anatase structure and crystallite size of P25 powders, the ...

Electrodeposition of SnO2 on FTO and its Application in Planar Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells as an Electron Transport Layer

We report the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with an electron transport layer (ETL) consisting of a SnO2 thin film obtained by electrochemical deposition. The surface morphology and thickness of the electrodeposited SnO2 films were closely related to electrochemical process conditions, i.e., the applied voltage, bath temperature, and deposition time. We investigated ...

Nanotechnology: from In Vivo Imaging System to Controlled Drug Delivery

Science and technology have always been the vitals of human’s struggle, utilized exclusively for the development of novel tools and products, ranging from micro- to nanosize. Nanotechnology has gained significant attention due to its extensive applications in biomedicine, particularly related to bio imaging and drug delivery. Various nanodevices and nanomaterials have been ...

Investigation on Surface Polarization of Al2O3-capped GaN/AlGaN/GaN Heterostructure by Angle-Resolved X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

The surface polarization of Ga-face gallium nitride (GaN) (2 nm)/AlGaN (22 nm)/GaN channel (150 nm)/buffer/Si with Al2O3 capping layer is investigated by angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ARXPS). It is found that the energy band varies from upward bending to downward bending in the interface region, which is believed to be corresponding to the polarization variation. ...

Effect of Polyethylene Glycol on the NiO Photocathode

In this study, a uniform nanoporous NiO film, with a thickness of up to 2.6 μm, was prepared using polyethylene glycol (PEG). The addition of PEG significantly decreased the cracks in the NiO film and prevented the peeling of the NiO film from a fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate. The NiO cathode was prepared using CdSeS quantum dots (QDs) as the sensitizer, with an optimized ...

Interaction Effects in Assembly of Magnetic Nanoparticles

A specific absorption rate of a dilute assembly of various random clusters of iron oxide nanoparticles in alternating magnetic field has been calculated using Landau–Lifshitz stochastic equation. This approach simultaneously takes into account both the presence of thermal fluctuations of the nanoparticle magnetic moments and magneto-dipole interaction between the nanoparticles of ...

A New Smart Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Sensor Based on pH-Responsive Polyacryloyl Hydrazine Capped Ag Nanoparticles

A novel pH-responsive Ag@polyacryloyl hydrazide (Ag@PAH) nanoparticle for the first time as a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate was prepared without reducing agent and end-capping reagent. Ag@PAH nanoparticles exhibited an excellent tunable detecting performance in the range from pH = 4 to pH = 9. This is explained that the swelling-shrinking behavior of responsive ...

A Highly Sensitive Electrochemical DNA Biosensor from Acrylic-Gold Nano-composite for the Determination of Arowana Fish Gender

The present research describes a simple method for the identification of the gender of arowana fish (Scleropages formosus). The DNA biosensor was able to detect specific DNA sequence at extremely low level down to atto M regimes. An electrochemical DNA biosensor based on acrylic microsphere-gold nanoparticle (AcMP-AuNP) hybrid composite was fabricated. Hydrophobic ...