Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 4,982)

Generating and Manipulating High Quality Factors of Fano Resonance in Nanoring Resonator by Stacking a Half Nanoring

We demonstrate the existence of Fano resonance spectral response in a system of nanoscale plasmonic resonant ring stacked by means of a half nanoring. Our proposed scheme exploits the stacked method under normal incidence to excite the subradiant mode. The nanostructure, which utilizes the combination of Fano resonance and polarization-resolved, has a new rotation mode and high ...

Effect of Different Binders on the Electrochemical Performance of Metal Oxide Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries

When testing the electrochemical performance of metal oxide anode for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), binder played important role on the electrochemical performance. Which binder was more suitable for preparing transition metal oxides anodes of LIBs has not been systematically researched. Herein, five different binders such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) HSV900, PVDF 301F, PVDF ...

Synthesis of Spherical Silver-coated Li4Ti5O12 Anode Material by a Sol-Gel-assisted Hydrothermal Method

ᅟ Ag-coated spherical Li4Ti5O12 composite was successfully synthesized via a sol-gel-assisted hydrothermal method using an ethylene glycol and silver nitrate mixture as the precursor, and the influence of the Ag coating contents on the electrochemical properties of its was extensively investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis indicated that the Ag coating does not change the ...

UV Treatment of Flexible Copper Nanowire Mesh Films for Transparent Conductor Applications

Copper nanowires have the potential to reach and even exceed the indium tin oxide performances as flexible transparent conductive electrodes. However, for a large-scale production, they need to be fabricated in a high-speed, low-cost way, without degrading the flexible substrate. One of the major bottlenecks resides in the post-treatment used to remove organic residues from the ...

Conduction Mechanism and Improved Endurance in HfO2-Based RRAM with Nitridation Treatment

A nitridation treatment technology with a urea/ammonia complex nitrogen source improved resistive switching property in HfO2-based resistive random access memory (RRAM). The nitridation treatment produced a high performance and reliable device which results in superior endurance (more than 109 cycles) and a self-compliance effect. Thus, the current conduction mechanism changed due ...

Anti-tumor Study of Chondroitin Sulfate-Methotrexate Nanogels

Self-assembly nanogels (NGs) were formed by bioconjugating methotrexate (MTX) with chondroitin sulfate (CS). MTX-CS NGs can greatly enhance the solubility and improve the delivery efficacy of MTX due to the CD44 binding property of CS. Vivo experiments revealed that MTX-CS NGs showed less toxicity than MTX. MTX-CS NGs can improve the anti-tumor effect while reducing the side ...

Bone Morphogenic Protein-2 (rhBMP2)-Loaded Silk Fibroin Scaffolds to Enhance the Osteoinductivity in Bone Tissue Engineering

There is an increasing demand for formulations of silk fibroin (SF) scaffolds in biomedical applications. SF was crosslinked via glutaraldehyde with osteoinductive recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP2) of different ratios viz. (i) 3% SF with no rhBMP2 (SF), (ii) 3% SF with equal amount of rhBMP2 (SF+BMP2), and (iii) 12% SF with 3% of rhBMP2 (4SF+BMP2), and these ...

Synthesis and In Vitro Performance of Polypyrrole-Coated Iron–Platinum Nanoparticles for Photothermal Therapy and Photoacoustic Imaging

Multifunctional nano-platform for the combination of photo-based therapy and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) for cancer treatment has recently attracted much attention to nanotechnology development. In this study, we developed iron–platinum nanoparticles (FePt NPs) with the polypyrrole (PPy) coating as novel agents for combined photothermal therapy (PTT) and PAI. The obtained ...

Highly Enhanced H2 Sensing Performance of Few-Layer MoS2/SiO2/Si Heterojunctions by Surface Decoration of Pd Nanoparticles

A novel few-layer MoS2/SiO2/Si heterojunction is fabricated via DC magnetron sputtering technique, and Pd nanoparticles are further synthesized on the device surface. The results demonstrate that the fabricated sensor exhibits highly enhanced responses to H2 at room temperature due to the decoration of Pd nanoparticles. For example, the Pd-decorated MoS2/SiO2/Si heterojunction ...

Solid-State Heating Synthesis of Poly (3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene)/Gold/Graphene Composite and Its Application for Amperometric Determination of Nitrite and Iodate

A ternary composite of poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/gold/graphene (PEDOT/Au/GO) for promising electrochemical sensor was synthesized by solid-state heating method. The interaction between the PEDOT, Au, and GO explored for detection of nitrite and iodate. It was found that the PEDOT/Au/GO composite had shale-like morphology with a uniform distribution of gold nanoparticles. ...

Biosafety and Antibacterial Ability of Graphene and Graphene Oxide In Vitro and In Vivo

In recent years, graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles have begun to be applied in surgical implant surface modification. However, biosafety and antibacterial ability of G and GO are still unclear. In this study, the biosafety of G and GO in vitro was evaluated by co-culture with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and biosafety in vivo was observed by ...

Novel Biocompatible Au Nanostars@PEG Nanoparticles for In Vivo CT Imaging and Renal Clearance Properties

Nanoprobes are rapidly becoming potentially transformative tools on disease diagnostics for a wide range of in vivo computed tomography (CT) imaging. Compared with conventional molecular-scale contrast agents, nanoparticles (NPs) promise improved abilities for in vivo detection. In this study, novel polyethylene glycol (PEG)-functionalized Au nanoparticles with star shape ...

Oscillations of Cerium Oxidation State Driven by Oxygen Diffusion in Colloidal Nanoceria (CeO2 − x )

The redox performance of CeO2 − x nanocrystals (nanoceria) is always accompanied by the switching of cerium oxidation state between Ce3+ and Ce4+. We monitored Ce3+ → Ce4+ oxidation of nanoceria stimulated by oxidant in aqueous colloidal solutions controlling the luminescence of Ce3+ ions located at different distances from nanoceria surface. The observed Ce3+ luminescence changes ...

Raman Spectra and Bulk Modulus of Nanodiamond in a Size Interval of 2–5 nm

Nanodiamond in a 2–5-nm size interval (which is typical for an appearance of quantum confinement effect) show Raman spectra composed of 3 bands at 1325, 1600, and 1500 cm−1 (at the 458-nm laser excitation) which shifts to 1630 cm−1 at the 257-nm laser excitation. Contrary to sp2-bonded carbon, relative intensities of the bands do not depend on the 458- and 257-nm excitation ...

Large Lateral Photovoltaic Effect in MoS2/GaAs Heterojunction

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoscaled films are deposited on GaAs substrates via magnetron sputtering technique, and MoS2/GaAs heterojunctions are fabricated. The lateral photovoltaic effect (LPE) of the fabricated MoS2/GaAs heterojunctions is investigated. The results show that a large LPE can be obtained in the MoS2/n-GaAs heterojunction. The LPE exhibits a linear dependence on ...

Effects of Bilayer Thickness on the Morphological, Optical, and Electrical Properties of Al2O3/ZnO Nanolaminates

This report mainly focuses on the investigation of morphological, optical, and electrical properties of Al2O3/ZnO nanolaminates regulated by varying bilayer thicknesses. The growth mechanism of nanolaminates based on atomic layer deposition and Al penetration into ZnO layer are proposed. The surface roughness of Al2O3/ZnO nanolaminates can be controlled due to the smooth effect of ...

Photocatalytic Activities Enhanced by Au-Plasmonic Nanoparticles on TiO2 Nanotube Photoelectrode Coated with MoO3

Although TiO2 was formerly a common material for photocatalysis reactions, its wide band gap (3.2 eV) results in absorbing only ultraviolet light, which accounts for merely 4% of total sunlight. Modifying TiO2 has become a focus of photocatalysis reaction research, and combining two metal oxide semiconductors is the most common method in the photocatalytic enhancement process. When ...

Large-Area WS2 Film with Big Single Domains Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition

High-quality WS2 film with the single domain size up to 400 μm was grown on Si/SiO2 wafer by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition. The effects of some important fabrication parameters on the controlled growth of WS2 film have been investigated in detail, including the choice of precursors, tube pressure, growing temperature, holding time, the amount of sulfur powder, and ...

Enhanced Biocompatibility in Anodic TaO x Nanotube Arrays

This study first investigates the biocompatibility of self-organized TaO x nanotube arrays with different nanotube diameters fabricated by electrochemical anodization. All as-anodized TaO x nanotubes were identified to be an amorphous phase. The transition in surface wettability with TaO x nanotube diameters can be explained based on Wenzel’s model in terms of geometric roughness. ...

Few-Layered MoS2/Acetylene Black Composite as an Efficient Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Novel MoS2/acetylene black (AB) composite was developed using a single-step hydrothermal method. A systematic characterization revealed a few-layered, ultrathin MoS2 grown on the surface of AB. The inclusion of AB was found to increase the capacity of the composite and achieve discharging capacity of 1813 mAhg−1.

Bipolar Effects in Photovoltage of Metamorphic InAs/InGaAs/GaAs Quantum Dot Heterostructures: Characterization and Design Solutions for Light-Sensitive Devices

The bipolar effect of GaAs substrate and nearby layers on photovoltage of vertical metamorphic InAs/InGaAs in comparison with pseudomorphic (conventional) InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) structures were studied. Both metamorphic and pseudomorphic structures were grown by molecular beam epitaxy, using bottom contacts at either the grown n +-buffers or the GaAs substrate. The features ...

Morphological Evolution of Pit-Patterned Si(001) Substrates Driven by Surface-Energy Reduction

Lateral ordering of heteroepitaxial islands can be conveniently achieved by suitable pit-patterning of the substrate prior to deposition. Controlling shape, orientation, and size of the pits is not trivial as, being metastable, they can significantly evolve during deposition/annealing. In this paper, we exploit a continuum model to explore the typical metastable pit morphologies ...

Silica Nanoparticles for Intracellular Protein Delivery: a Novel Synthesis Approach Using Green Fluorescent Protein

In this study, a novel approach for preparation of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-doped silica nanoparticles with a narrow size distribution is presented. GFP was chosen as a model protein due to its autofluorescence. Protein-doped nanoparticles have a high application potential in the field of intracellular protein delivery. In addition, fluorescently labelled particles can be ...

Silica Aerogel-supported Hydrozincite and Carbonate-intercalated Hydrotalcite for High-efficiency Removal of Pb(II) Ions by Precipitation Transformation Reactions

In this work, hydrozincite and Zn/Al-CO3 2− hydrotalcite supported on silica aerogel were prepared via a simple and economical process and used as adsorbents for Pb(II) removal. The supported hydrozincite and Zn/Al-CO3 2− hydrotalcite possess ultra-thin thickness, high surface area, and weak crystallinity. In the batch Pb(II) adsorption experiments, the adsorbents with higher ...

UV-Cured Inkjet-Printed Silver Gate Electrode with Low Electrical Resistivity

Inkjet-printed silver gate electrode with low electrical resistivity was fabricated by UV curing method. By adjusting the UV curing time and the distance between the samples and UV lamp, the effects of UV curing conditions on the electrical resistivity of the silver films were studied, and the lowest electrical resistivity of 6.69 × 10−8 Ω·m was obtained. Besides, the UV-cured ...