Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 4,845)

Modulation of Electronic and Optical Anisotropy Properties of ML-GaS by Vertical Electric Field

We investigate the electric-field-dependent optical properties and electronic behaviors of GaS monolayer by using the first-principles calculations. A reversal of the dipole transition from E//c to E⊥c anisotropy is found with a critical external electric field of about 5 V/nm. Decomposed projected band contributions exhibit asymmetric electronic structures in GaS interlayers under ...

A Short Progress Report on High-Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells

Faced with the increasingly serious energy and environmental crisis in the world nowadays, the development of renewable energy has attracted increasingly more attention of all countries. Solar energy as an abundant and cheap energy is one of the most promising renewable energy sources. While high-performance solar cells have been well developed in the last couple of decades, the ...

NiCo2S4@NiMoO4 Core-Shell Heterostructure Nanotube Arrays Grown on Ni Foam as a Binder-Free Electrode Displayed High Electrochemical Performance with High Capacity

Core-shell-structured system has been proved as one of the best architecture for clean energy products owing to its inherited superiorities from both the core and the shell part, which can provide better conductivity and high surface area. Herein, a hierarchical core-shell NiCo2S4@NiMoO4 heterostructure nanotube array on Ni foam (NF) (NiCo2S4@NiMoO4/NF) has been successfully ...

S, N Co-Doped Graphene Quantum Dot/TiO2 Composites for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation

S, N co-doped graphene quantum dots (S,N-GQDs) coupled with P25 (TiO2) (S,N-GQD/P25) have been prepared via simply hydrothermal method. The as-prepared S,N-GQD/P25 composites exhibited excellent photocatalytic hydrogen generation activities, with a significantly extended light absorption range and superior durability without loading any noble metal cocatalyst. The photocatalytic ...

Tm3+ Modified Optical Temperature Behavior of Transparent Er3+-Doped Hexagonal NaGdF4 Glass Ceramics

Er3+-doped and Er3+-Tm3+-co-doped transparent hexagonal NaGdF4 glass ceramics are fabricated via melt-quenching method. The emissions of Er3+-doped NaGdF4 glass ceramics are adjusted from the green to red by varying the concentration of Tm3+ ion under the excitation of 980 nm. The spectrum, thermal quenching ratio, fluorescence intensity ratios, and optical temperature sensitivity ...

Sliding Speed-Dependent Tribochemical Wear of Oxide-Free Silicon

Fundamental understanding of tribochemical wear mechanism of oxide-free single crystalline silicon (without native oxide layer) is essential to optimize the process of ultra-precision surface manufacturing. Here, we report sliding speed-dependent nanowear of oxide-free silicon against SiO2 microspheres in air and in deionized water. When contact pressure is too low to induce Si ...

Nanoparticle Delivery of Artesunate Enhances the Anti-tumor Efficiency by Activating Mitochondria-Mediated Cell Apoptosis

Artemisinin and its derivatives were considered to exert a broad spectrum of anti-cancer activities, and they induced significant anti-cancer effects in tumor cells. Artemisinin and its derivatives could be absorbed quickly, and they were widely distributed, selectively killing tumor cells. Since low concentrations of artesunate primarily depended on oncosis to induce cell death in ...

Facile Synthesis and Optical Properties of Small Selenium Nanocrystals and Nanorods

Selenium is an important element for human’s health, small size is very helpful for Se nanoparticles to be absorbed by human's body. Here, we present a facile approach to fabrication of small selenium nanoparticles (Nano-Se) as well as nanorods by dissolving sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) in glycerin and using glucose as the reduction agent. The as-prepared selenium nanoparticles have ...

Promotion on Acetone Sensing of Single SnO2 Nanobelt by Eu Doping

SnO2 nanobelts (NBs) have unique structural and functional properties which attract great attention in gas detecting. In this work, Eu doping is adopted to improve the gas sensitivity of pure SnO2, especially to enhance the response to one single gas. The Eu-doped SnO2 NBs, pure-SnO2 NBs, and their single NB devices are fabricated by simple techniques. The sensing properties of the ...

High-Efficient Excitation-Independent Blue Luminescent Carbon Dots

Blue luminescent carbon dots (CDs) were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. Blue-shifts of the maximum emission wavelength from 480 to 443 nm were observed when the concentration of CD solution decreased. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of CDs at low concentration showed an excitation-independent behaviour, which is very different from the previous reports. Two different ...

Photocatalytically Enhanced Cationic Dye Removal with Zn-Al Layered Double Hydroxides

Calcined and organo-modified Zn-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) were studied as adsorbents and photocatalysts for removal of cationic dye, as namely methylene blue (MB). Zn-Al LDHs with a cationic ratio of 2:4 were obtained by the coprecipitation method. As-synthesized samples were calcined at different temperatures and the phase transformations were investigated by XRD, ...

Infrared Reflectance Analysis of Epitaxial n-Type Doped GaN Layers Grown on Sapphire

Infrared (IR) reflectance spectroscopy is applied to study Si-doped multilayer n+/n0/n+-GaN structure grown on GaN buffer with GaN-template/sapphire substrate. Analysis of the investigated structure by photo-etching, SEM, and SIMS methods showed the existence of the additional layer with the drastic difference in Si and O doping levels and located between the epitaxial GaN buffer ...

Bipolar Resistive Switching Characteristics of HfO2/TiO2/HfO2 Trilayer-Structure RRAM Devices on Pt and TiN-Coated Substrates Fabricated by Atomic Layer Deposition

The HfO2/TiO2/HfO2 trilayer-structure resistive random access memory (RRAM) devices have been fabricated on Pt- and TiN-coated Si substrates with Pt top electrodes by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The effect of the bottom electrodes of Pt and TiN on the resistive switching properties of trilayer-structure units has been investigated. Both Pt/HfO2/TiO2/HfO2/Pt and ...

Dual nonlinearity Controlling of Mode and Dispersion Properties in Graphene-Dielectric Plasmonic Waveguide

We study the mode and dispersion properties of graphene-dielectric nonlinear plasmonic waveguide considering the dual nonlinearity of dielectric and graphene. For TM polarization, the mode distribution, the permittivity distribution, and dispersion relation were obtained by numerically solving the Maxwell equations. Compared with the case considering only the nonlinearity of ...

Experimental Research on Stability and Natural Convection of TiO2-Water Nanofluid in Enclosures with Different Rotation Angles

The stability and natural convection heat transfer characteristics of TiO2-water nanofluid in enclosures with different rotation angles (α = −45°, α = 0°, α = 45°, and α = 90°) are experimentally investigated. The effects of different pH values and doses (m) of dispersant agent on the stability of TiO2-water nanofluid are investigated. It is found that TiO2-water nanofluid with m = ...

Preparation of Alumina Nanorods from Chromium-Containing Alumina Sludge

Alumina nanorods were prepared from chromium-containing alumina sludge, and the effects of doping elements, such as Cr, Fe, and Mg, were researched. The results show that the crystal transformation of alumina is restricted by the doped Cr and facilitated by the doped Fe and Mg, which is transformed from θ-Al2O3 to α-Al2O3 in the calcination process. Meanwhile, the crystal ...

The Effect of a Small Amount SiO2 on Sintering Kinetics of Tetragonal Zirconia Nanopowders

In the present paper the sintering behavior of 3 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) with and without small amount (0.2 wt %) of SiO2 additive was investigated. It has been studied the silica impact which was added in two ways (co-precipitation and mechanical mixing) on sintering kinetics of 3Y-TZP nanopowders at the initial sintering stage. It was found the silica additive ...

Flexible Supercapacitors Based on Polyaniline Arrays Coated Graphene Aerogel Electrodes

Flexible supercapacitors(SCs) made by reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-based aerogel usually suffer from the low energy density, short cycle life and bad flexibility. In this study, a new, synthetic strategy was developed for enhancing the electrochemical performances of rGO aerogel-based supercapacitor via electrodeposition polyaniline arrays on the prepared ultralight rGO aerogel. ...

Small-Angle Scattering from Nanoscale Fat Fractals

Small-angle scattering (of neutrons, x-ray, or light; SAS) is considered to describe the structural characteristics of deterministic nanoscale fat fractals. We show that in the case of a polydisperse fractal system, with equal probability for any orientation, one obtains the fractal dimensions and scaling factors at each structural level. This is in agreement with general results ...

Dip-Coating Process Engineering and Performance Optimization for Three-State Electrochromic Devices

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles were modified onto fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) via dip-coating technique with different nanoparticle sizes, lifting speeds, precursor concentrations, and dipping numbers. Electrodeposition-based electrochromic device with reversible three-state optical transformation (transparent, mirror, and black) was fabricated subsequently by sandwiching ...

Unraveling the Morphological Evolution and Etching Kinetics of Porous Silicon Nanowires During Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching

Many potential applications of porous silicon nanowires (SiNWs) fabricated with metal-assisted chemical etching are highly dependent on the precise control of morphology for device optimization. However, the effects of key etching parameters, such as the amount of deposited metal catalyst, HF–oxidant molar ratio (χ), and solvent concentration, on the morphology and etching kinetics ...

Graphene and Polymer Composites for Supercapacitor Applications: a Review

Supercapacitors, as one of the energy storage devices, exhibit ultrahigh capacitance, high power density, and long cycle. High specific surface area, mechanical and chemical stability, and low cost are often required for supercapacitor materials. Graphene, as a new emerging carbon material, has attracted a lot of attention in energy storage field due to its intrinsic properties. ...

Influence of Conditions of Pd/SnO2 Nanomaterial Formation on Properties of Hydrogen Sensors

Metal oxide sensors were created using nanosized tin dioxide obtained by a sol-gel method. Gas-sensitive layers of the sensors were impregnated with PdCl2 solutions of different concentrations to increase sensitivities of the proposed sensors. Influence of different temperature conditions of the sensor formation on the sensor properties was studied. It was found that decreasing ...

Polarization-Dependent Quasi-Far-Field Superfocusing Strategy of Nanoring-Based Plasmonic Lenses

The two-dimensional superfocusing of nanoring-based plasmonic lenses (NRPLs) beyond the diffraction limit in the far-field region remains a great challenge at optical wavelengths. In this paper, in addition to the modulation of structural parameters, we investigated the polarization-dependent focusing performance of a NRPL employing the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. ...

Synthesis of Reabsorption-Suppressed Type-II/Type-I ZnSe/CdS/ZnS Core/Shell Quantum Dots and Their Application for Immunosorbent Assay

We report a phosphine-free one-pot method to synthesize ZnSe/CdS/ZnS core-shell quantum dots (QDs) with composite type-II/type-I structures and consequent reabsorption suppression properties. The as-synthesized QDs possess high efficient red emission (with quantum yield of 82%) and high optical stability. Compared to type-I QDs, the ZnSe/CdS/ZnS QDs show larger Stokes shift and ...