Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 4,917)

Examining the Roles of Emulsion Droplet Size and Surfactant in the Interfacial Instability-Based Fabrication Process of Micellar Nanocrystals

The interfacial instability process is an emerging general method to fabricate nanocrystal-encapsulated micelles (also called micellar nanocrystals) for biological detection, imaging, and therapy. The present work utilized fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots or QDs) as the model nanocrystals to investigate the interfacial instability-based fabrication process of ...

Electronic States of Nanocrystal Doped with Oxygen and Visible Emission on Black Silicon Prepared by ns-Laser

We fabricated the black silicon (BS) structures by using nanosecond pulsed laser (ns-laser) in vacuum or in oxygen environment. It is interesting that the enhanced visible emission occurs in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra measured at room temperature and at lower temperature on the BS surface after annealing, in which lasing near 600 nm is observed on the BS surface with ...

Corrosion Resistance of Nanopowders of Borides and Carbides of IV–VIB Group Metals in the Nickeling Electrolytes

The corrosion resistance of nanopowders of borides and carbides of metals of IV–VIB groups, as well as of silicon carbide, was studied in the standard nickeling electrolytes. As objects of study, nanopowders with the content of the main phase 91.8–97.6% and with the average particle size 32–78 nm were used. Their corrosion resistance was evaluated depending on the acidity of the ...

Nanoparticles as Efflux Pump and Biofilm Inhibitor to Rejuvenate Bactericidal Effect of Conventional Antibiotics

The universal problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotic reflects a serious threat for physicians to control infections. Evolution in bacteria results in the development of various complex resistance mechanisms to neutralize the bactericidal effect of antibiotics, like drug amelioration, target modification, membrane permeability reduction, and drug extrusion through efflux ...

Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers Decorated with Noble Metal Nanoparticles for Chemical Sensing

The integration of different noble metal nanostructures, which exhibit desirable plasmonic and/or electrocatalytic properties, with electrospun polymer nanofibers, which display unique mechanical and thermodynamic properties, yields novel hybrid nanoscale systems of synergistic properties and functions. This review summarizes recent advances on how to incorporate noble metal ...

Detecting Spatially Localized Exciton in Self-Organized InAs/InGaAs Quantum Dot Superlattices: a Way to Improve the Photovoltaic Efficiency

This paper reports on experimental and theoretical investigations of atypical temperature-dependent photoluminescence properties of multi-stacked InAs quantum dots in close proximity to InGaAs strain-relief underlying quantum well. The InAs/InGaAs/GaAs QD heterostructure was grown by solid-source molecular beam epitaxy (SS-MBE) and investigated via photoluminescence (PL), ...

Toward TiO2 Nanofluids—Part 2: Applications and Challenges

The research about nanofluids has been explosively increasing due to their fascinating properties in heat or mass transportation, fluidity, and dispersion stability for energy system applications (e.g., solar collectors, refrigeration, heat pipes, and energy storage). This second part of the review summarizes recent research on application of TiO2 nanofluids and identifies the ...

Enhanced Nonlinear Optical Effect in Hybrid Liquid Crystal Cells Based on Photonic Crystal

Nonlinear-optical response of photorefractive hybrid liquid crystal (LC) cells has been studied by means of dynamic holographic technique in two-wave mixing arrangement. The LC cells include nonuniform silicon substrates comprising a micrometer-range photonic crystal. A thin LC layer is set between silicon substrate and a flat glass substrate covered by a transparent (ITO) ...

Miniaturized Stretchable and High-Rate Linear Supercapacitors

Linear stretchable supercapacitors have attracted much attention because they are well suited to applications in the rapidly expanding field of wearable electronics. However, poor conductivity of the electrode material, which limits the transfer of electrons in the axial direction of the linear supercapacitors, leads to a serious loss of capacity at high rates. To solve this ...

Carbon Nanodots as Dual-Mode Nanosensors for Selective Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an important product of oxidase-based enzymatic reactions, such as glucose/glucose oxidase (GOD) reaction. Therefore, the probing of generated H2O2 for achieving the detection of various carbohydrates and their oxidases is very significative. Herein, we report one kind of dual-emission carbon nanodots (CDs) that can serve as novel dual-mode nanosensors ...

Investigations of Vacancy Structures Related to Their Growth in h-BN Sheet

The atomic, electronic, and magnetic properties of vacancy structures with triangular shape related to their growth in single hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) sheet are investigated using density functional theory calculations. We find that the optimized structures of triangular vacancies depend on the vacancy sizes with N-terminated zigzag edge. Then, vacancy structures obtained ...

Composition-Tunable Optical Properties of Zn x Cd(1 − x)S Quantum Dot–Carboxymethylcellulose Conjugates: Towards One-Pot Green Synthesis of Multifunctional Nanoplatforms for Biomedical and Environmental Applications

Quantum dots (QDs) are colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals with unique properties that can be engineered by controlling the nanoparticle size and chemical composition by doping and alloying strategies. However, due to their potential toxicity, augmenting their biocompatibility is yet a challenge for expanding to several biomedical and environmentally friendly applications. Thus, ...

Titanate Nanotubes Decorated Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites: Preparation, Flame Retardancy, and Photodegradation

Most polymers exhibit high flammability and poor degradability, which restrict their applications and causes serious environmental problem like “white pollution.” Thus, titanate nanotubes (TNTs) were adopted to decorate graphene oxide (GO) by a facile solution method to afford TNTs/GO nanocomposites with potential in improving the flame retardancy and photodegradability of flexible ...

Anomalous Thermal Expansion of HoCo0.5Cr0.5O3 Probed by X-ray Synchrotron Powder Diffraction

Mixed holmium cobaltite-chromite HoCo0.5Cr0.5O3 with orthorhombic perovskite structure (structure type GdFeO3, space group Pbnm) was obtained by solid state reaction of corresponding oxides in air at 1373 K. Room- and high-temperature structural parameters were derived from high-resolution X-ray synchrotron powder diffraction data collected in situ in the temperature range of ...

Change in Surface Conductivity of Elastically Deformed p-Si Crystals Irradiated by X-Rays

Changes in conductivity of irradiated and non-irradiated p-Si mono-crystals under the influence of elastic uniaxial mechanical stress were investigated in this paper. An analytical expression was suggested to describe the dependence of surface conductivity as a function of mechanical stress and X-ray irradiation dose. It was shown that 4-angular nano-particles on the surface of ...

Au-Capped GaAs Nanopillar Arrays Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching

GaAs nanopillar arrays were successfully fabricated by metal-assisted chemical etching using Au nanodot arrays. The nanodot arrays were formed on substrates by vacuum deposition through a porous alumina mask with an ordered array of openings. By using an etchant with a high acid concentration and low oxidant concentration at a relatively low temperature, the area surrounding the ...

Synthesis of Electrical Conductive Silica Nanofiber/Gold Nanoparticle Composite by Laser Pulses and Sputtering Technique

Biocompatible-sensing materials hold an important role in biomedical applications where there is a need to translate biological responses into electrical signals. Increasing the biocompatibility of these sensing devices generally causes a reduction in the overall conductivity due to the processing techniques. Silicon is becoming a more feasible and available option for use in these ...

Investigations of Heavy Metal Ion Sorption Using Nanocomposites of Iron-Modified Biochar

Magnetic biochar nanocomposites were obtained by modification of biochar by zero-valent iron. The article provides information on the impact of contact time, initial Cd(II), Co(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) ion concentrations, dose of the sorbents, solution pH and temperature on the adsorption capacity. On the basis of experiments, it was found that the optimum parameters for the ...

Resveratrol-Loaded Albumin Nanoparticles with Prolonged Blood Circulation and Improved Biocompatibility for Highly Effective Targeted Pancreatic Tumor Therapy

Human serum albumin (HSA) is an intrinsic protein and important carrier that transports endogenous as well as exogenous substances across cell membranes. Herein, we have designed and prepared resveratrol (RV)-loaded HSA nanoparticles conjugating RGD (arginine–glycine–aspartate) via a polyethylene glycol (PEG) “bridge” (HRP–RGD NPs) for highly effective targeted pancreatic tumor ...

Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Dependence on Misaligned Truncated Ag Nanoprism Dimer

Misaligned edge-to-edge dimers are the common products during the preparation of Ag nanoprism dimers using self-assembly method. However, in the self-assembly method, Ag nanoprisms are easily truncated because they are easy to oxidize in an acidic environment. In this work, modeling a truncated Ag nanoprism on a misaligned edge-to-edge dimer provides a better understanding of the ...

The Study of a Novel Nanoparticle-Enhanced Wormlike Micellar System

In this work, a novel nanoparticle-enhanced wormlike micellar system (NEWMS) was proposed based on the typical wormlike micelles composed of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium salicylate (NaSal). In order to strengthen the structure of wormlike micelles, silica nanoparticles are used to design the novel nanoparticle-enhanced wormlike micelle. The stability and ...

Composite Membranes Containing Nanoparticles of Inorganic Ion Exchangers for Electrodialytic Desalination of Glycerol

Composite membranes were obtained by modification of heterogeneous polymer cation and anion-exchange membranes with nanoparticles of zirconium hydrophosphate and hydrated zirconium dioxide, respectively. The ion-exchange materials were investigated with the methods of electron microscopy, potentiometry, voltammetry, and impedance spectroscopy. Single nanoparticles, which were ...

Bismuth Quantum Dots in Annealed GaAsBi/AlAs Quantum Wells

Formation of bismuth nanocrystals in GaAsBi layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy at 330 °C substrate temperature and post-growth annealed at 750 °C is reported. Superlattices containing alternating 10 nm-thick GaAsBi and AlAs layers were grown on semi-insulating GaAs substrate. AlAs layers have served as diffusion barriers for Bi atoms, and the size of the nanoclusters which ...

One-Pot Green Synthesis of Ag-Decorated SnO2 Microsphere: an Efficient and Reusable Catalyst for Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol

In this paper, hierarchical Ag-decorated SnO2 microspheres were synthesized by a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The resulting composites were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, XPS, BET, and FTIR analysis. The catalytic performances of the samples were evaluated with the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol by potassium borohydride (KBH4) as a model reaction. ...