Archives of Microbiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/203

List of Papers (Total 115)

The Ax21 protein influences virulence and biofilm formation in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative pathogen, which is associated with hospital-acquired infection. The genome encodes a protein highly related to the Ax21 protein of Xanthomonas oryzae that is implicated in interactions of this plant pathogen with rice. Here, we report on the pleiotropic nature of ax21 mutation in S. maltophilia and the effects of ...

Improved multiplex PCR primers for rapid identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are opportunistic pathogens that are currently emerging as causative agents of human disease. Though CNS are widespread in the clinic and food, their precise identification at species level is important. Here, using 16S rRNA sequencing, 55 staphylococcal isolates were identified as S. capitis, S. caprae, S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus, S. ...

Detection of Verticillium species in Swedish soils using real-time PCR

Verticillium species are soilborne plant pathogens, responsible for big yield losses worldwide. Here, we report improved procedures to generate DNA from Verticillium species imbedded in farm soils. Using new genomic sequence information, primers for V. dahliae, V. albo-atrum, V. tricorpus, and V. longisporum were designed. In a survey of 429 samples from intensively farmed soil of ...

Modulation of rotavirus severe gastroenteritis by the combination of probiotics and prebiotics

Annual mortality rates due to infectious diarrhea are about 2.2 million; children are the most vulnerable age group to severe gastroenteritis, representing group A rotaviruses as the main cause of disease. One of the main factors of rotavirus pathogenesis is the NSP4 protein, which has been characterized as a viral toxin involved in triggering several cellular responses leading to ...

Identification of proteins differentially expressed by Chlamydia trachomatis treated with chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 during intracellular growth

Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases. Our research pertains to the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of the chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis. In this research, the capsid protein VP1 of the guinea-pig conjunctivitis chlamydiaphage phiCPG1 was expressed, purified and identified, and ...

Electrophoretic profiles of lipopolysaccharides from Rhizobium strains nodulating Pisum sativum do not reflect phylogenetic relationships between these strains

Rhizobia that nodulate peas comprise a heterogeneous group of bacteria. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between phylogeny and electrophoretic and hydroxy fatty acid lipopolysaccharide (LPS) profiles of pea microsymbionts. Based on amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting data, the pea microsymbionts were grouped into two clusters ...

Green fluorescent protein as a reporter for the spatial and temporal expression of actIII in Streptomyces coelicolor

Polyketides constitute a large group of structurally diverse natural products with useful biological activities. Insights into their biosynthetic mechanisms are crucial for developing new structures. One of the most studied model polyketide is the blue-pigmented antibiotic actinorhodin, produced by Streptomyces coelicolor. This aromatic polyketide is synthesized by minimal type II ...

Metabolic determinants in Listeria monocytogenes anaerobic listeriolysin O production

Listeria monocytogenes is a human pathogen and a facultative anaerobe. To better understand how anaerobic growth affects L. monocytogenes pathogenesis, we first showed that anaerobic growth led to decreased growth and changes in surface morphology. Moreover, compared to aerobically grown bacteria, anaerobically grown L. monocytogenes established higher level of invasion but ...

Genetic and genomic diversity of NheABC locus from Bacillus strains

Non-hemolytic enterotoxin (NHE), a tri-partite, proteinaceous toxin encoded by contiguous nheA, nheB and nheC genes of Bacillus cereus sensu lato (B. cereus s.l.), is considered to be associated with the foodborne diarrheic syndrome. However, B. cereus s.l. includes a number of closely related strains, and the occurrence of NHE among them, and other members of Bacillus is unclear. ...

Design and characterisation of synthetic operons for biohydrogen technology

Biohydrogen is produced by a number of microbial systems and the commonly used host bacterium Escherichia coli naturally produces hydrogen under fermentation conditions. One approach to engineering additional hydrogen production pathways is to introduce non-native hydrogenases into E. coli. An attractive candidate is the soluble [NiFe]-hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha, which has ...

Characterization of in vitro phenotypes of Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei strains potentially associated with persistent infection in mice

Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) and Burkholderia mallei (Bm), the agents of melioidosis and glanders, respectively, are Tier 1 biothreats. They infect humans and animals, causing disease ranging from acute and fatal to protracted and chronic. Chronic infections are especially challenging to treat, and the identification of in vitro phenotypic markers which signal progression from ...

Genome-based insights into the resistome and mobilome of multidrug-resistant Aeromonas sp. ARM81 isolated from wastewater

The draft genome of multidrug-resistant Aeromonas sp. ARM81 isolated from a wastewater treatment plant in Warsaw (Poland) was obtained. Sequence analysis revealed multiple genes conferring resistance to aminoglycosides, β-lactams or tetracycline. Three different β-lactamase genes were identified, including an extended-spectrum β-lactamase gene bla PER-1. The antibiotic ...

Zika virus as a causative agent for primary microencephaly: the evidence so far

Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been associated with congenital microcephaly and peripheral neuropathy. The ongoing epidemic has triggered swift responses in the scientific community, and a number of recent reports have now confirmed a causal relationship between ZIKV infection and birth defect. In particular, ZIKV has been shown to be capable of compromising and crossing the ...

Acidobacteria strains from subdivision 1 act as plant growth-promoting bacteria

Acidobacteria is one of the most abundant phyla in soils and has been detected in rhizosphere mainly based on cultivation-independent approaches such as 16S rRNA gene survey. Although putative interaction of Acidobacteria with plants was suggested, so far no plant–bacterial interactions were shown. Therefore, we performed several in vitro tests to evaluate Acidobacteria–plant ...

Relationships between rDNA, Nop1 and Sir complex in biotechnologically relevant distillery yeasts

Distillery yeasts are poorly characterized physiological group among the Saccharomyces sensu stricto complex. As industrial yeasts are under constant environmental stress during fermentation processes and the nucleolus is a stress sensor, in the present study, nucleolus-related parameters were evaluated in 22 commercially available distillery yeast strains. Distillery yeasts were ...

The role of Proteus mirabilis cell wall features in biofilm formation

Biofilms formed by Proteus mirabilis strains are a serious medical problem, especially in the case of urinary tract infections. Early stages of biofilm formation, such as reversible and irreversible adhesion, are essential for bacteria to form biofilm and avoid eradication by antibiotic therapy. Adhesion to solid surfaces is a complex process where numerous factors play a role, ...

A set of isogenic auxotrophic strains for constructing multiple gene deletion mutants and parasexual crossings in Aspergillus niger

To construct a set of isogenic auxotrophic strains in Aspergillus niger suited for creating multiple gene deletion mutants and executing parasexual crossings, we have combined mutations in genes involved in colour pigmentation (fwnA and olvA) with well-selectable auxotrophic markers (pyrG, nicB, argB, and adeA). All markers, except for the pyrG marker, were introduced by targeted ...

Properties of Astragalus sp. microsymbionts and their putative role in plant growth promotion

The plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria have developed many different (indirect and direct) mechanisms that have a positive effect on plant growth and development. Strains isolated from Astragalus cicer and Astragalus glycyphyllos root nodules were investigated for their plant growth-promoting properties such as production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and siderophores, phosphate ...

Aerobic and anaerobic cellulase production by Cellulomonas uda

Cellulomonas uda (DSM 20108/ATCC 21399) is one of the few described cellulolytic facultative anaerobes. Based on these characteristics, we initiated a physiological study of C. uda with the aim to exploit it for cellulase production in simple bioreactors with no or sporadic aeration. Growth, cellulase activity and fermentation product formation were evaluated in different media ...

Antagonistic potential of Pseudomonas graminis 49M against Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight

In a previous study (Mikiciński et al. in Eur J Plant Pathol, doi:10.​1007/​s10658-015-0837-y, 2015), we described the characterization of novel strain 49M of Pseudomonas graminis, isolated from the phyllosphere of apple trees in Poland showing a good protective activity against fire blight on different organs of host plants. We now report investigations to clarify the basis for ...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa outcompetes other bacteria in the manifestation and maintenance of a biofilm in polyvinylchloride tubing as used in dental devices

In a PVC tube as a model system for dental devices, Pseudomonas aeruginosa outcompetes Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae for the biofilm formation. P. aeruginosa has advantage over the other strains due to higher tolerance for low-nutrient situations or direct killing by the production of soluble factors like pyocyanin.