Direct measurements of Hubble parameters H(z) are very useful for cosmological model parameters inference. Based on them, Sahni, Shafieloo and Starobinski introduced a two-point diagnostic \(Omh^2(z_i, z_j)\) as an interesting tool for testing the validity of the \(\Lambda \hbox {CDM}\) model. Applying this test they found a tension between observations and predictions of the...

We discuss the leptonic flavor structure generated by a brane shifted extra dimensional seesaw model with a single right handed neutrino in the bulk. In contrast to previous works, no unitarity approximation for the \(3 \times 3\) submatrix has been employed. This allows to study phenomenological signatures such as lepton flavor violating decays. A strong prediction of the model...

In this paper, we give the general expressions for a special series of tree amplitudes of the Yang–Mills theory. This series of amplitudes have two adjacent massless spin-1 particles with extra-dimensional momenta and any number of positive helicity gluons. With special helicity choices, we use the spinor helicity formalism to express these n-point amplitudes in compact forms...

A global analysis of ATLAS and CMS measurements reveals that, at mid-rapidity, the directly-produced \(\chi _{c1}\), \(\chi _{c2}\) and J/\(\psi \) mesons have differential cross sections of seemingly identical shapes, when presented as a function of the mass-rescaled transverse momentum, \(p_\mathrm{T}/M\). This identity of kinematic behaviours among S- and P-wave quarkonia is...

We point out that, given the current experimental status of radiative kaon decays, a subclass of the \(\mathcal{O} (p^4)\) counterterms of the weak chiral lagrangian can be determined in closed form. This involves in a decisive way the decay \(K^\pm \rightarrow \pi ^\pm \pi ^0 l^+ l^-\), currently being measured at CERN by the NA48/2 and NA62 collaborations. We show that...

By means of the Lie algebra expansion method, the centrally extended conformal algebra in two dimensions and the \(\mathfrak {bms}_{3}\) algebra are obtained from the Virasoro algebra. We extend this result to construct new families of expanded Virasoro algebras that turn out to be infinite-dimensional lifts of the so-called \(\mathfrak {B}_{k}\), \(\mathfrak {C}_{k}\) and...

The \(\eta \,\rightarrow \,3\pi \) decays are a valuable source of information on low energy QCD. Yet they were not used for an extraction of the three flavor chiral symmetry breaking order parameters until now. We use a Bayesian approach in the framework of resummed chiral perturbation theory to obtain constraints on the quark condensate and pseudoscalar decay constant in the...

An invariant differential cross section measurement of inclusive \(\pi ^{0}\) and \(\eta \) meson production at mid-rapidity in pp collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=8\) TeV was carried out by the ALICE experiment at the LHC. The spectra of \(\pi ^{0}\) and \(\eta \) mesons were measured in transverse momentum ranges of \(0.3<p_{ \text{ T }} <35\) \(\text{ GeV/c }\) and \(0.5<p_{ \text{ T...

In this study, we investigate the impact of the magnetic field on the evolution of the transverse flow of QGP matter in the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) framework. We assume that the magnetic field is perpendicular to the reaction plane and then we solve the coupled Maxwell and conservation equations in (1+1D) transverse flow, within the Bjorken scenario. We consider a QGP with...

Strong gravitational lenses provide source/lens distance ratios \({\mathcal {D}}_{\mathrm{obs}}\) useful in cosmological tests. Previously, a catalog of 69 such systems was used in a one-on-one comparison between the standard model, \(\varLambda \)CDM, and the \(R_{\mathrm{h}}=ct\) universe, which has thus far been favored by the application of model selection tools to many other...

We use MasterCode to perform a frequentist analysis of the constraints on a phenomenological MSSM model with 11 parameters, the pMSSM11, including constraints from \(\sim 36\)/fb of LHC data at 13 TeV and PICO, XENON1T and PandaX-II searches for dark matter scattering, as well as previous accelerator and astrophysical measurements, presenting fits both with and without the \((g-2...

We study the motion of current carrying charged string loops in the Reissner–Nordström black hole background combining the gravitational and electromagnetic field. Introducing new electromagnetic interaction between central charge and charged string loop makes the string loop equations of motion to be non-integrable even in the flat spacetime limit, but it can be governed by an...

The current acceleration of the Universe is one of the most puzzling issues in theoretical physics nowadays. We are far from giving an answer in this letter to the question of its nature. Yet, with the observations we have at hand, we analyse the different patterns that the gravitational potential can show in the future. Surprisingly, gravity not only can get weaker in the near...

We give good approximate analytic solutions for spherical charged boson stars in the large scalar-self-coupling limit in general relativity. We show that if the charge e and mass m of the scalar field nearly satisfy the critical relation \(e^2\approx Gm^2\) (where G is the Newton constant), our analytic expressions for stable solutions agree well with the numerical solutions.

We study the width of a two-body resonance in a coupled-channel system. We demonstrate how the width does not come only determined by the available phase space for its decay to the detection channel, but it greatly depends on the relative position of the mass of the resonance with respect to the masses of the coupled-channels generating the state. Our results are consistent with...

We report the first observation of the \(\Xi _{c}(2930)^0\) charmed-strange baryon with a significance greater than 5\(\sigma \). The \(\Xi _{c}(2930)^0\) is found in its decay to \(K^- \Lambda _{c}^+\) in \(B^{-} \rightarrow K^{-} \Lambda _{c}^{+} \bar{\Lambda }_{c}^{-}\) decays. The measured mass and width are \([2928.9 \pm 3.0(\mathrm stat.)^{+0.9}_{-12.0}(\mathrm syst...

We derive upper and lower limits for the mass–radius ratio of spin-fluid spheres in Einstein–Cartan theory, with matter satisfying a linear barotropic equation of state, and in the presence of a cosmological constant. Adopting a spherically symmetric interior geometry, we obtain the generalized continuity and Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff equations for a Weyssenhoff spin fluid in...

In the present work we study the scale-dependence of polytropic non-charged black holes in (3+1)-dimensional space-times assuming a cosmological constant. We allow for scale-dependence of the gravitational and cosmological couplings, and we solve the corresponding generalized field equations imposing the null energy condition. Besides, some properties, such as horizon structure...

Alternative theories of gravity not only modify the polarization contents of the gravitational wave, but also affect the motions of the stars and the energy radiated away via the gravitational radiation. These aspects leave imprints in the observational data, which enables the test of general relativity and its alternatives. In this work, the Nordtvedt effect and the Shapiro time...

A search for massive coloured resonances which are pair-produced and decay into two jets is presented. The analysis uses 36.7 fb\(^{-1}\) of \(\sqrt{s}\) = 13 TeV pp collision data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC in 2015 and 2016. No significant deviation from the background prediction is observed. Results are interpreted in a SUSY simplified model where the lightest...

We investigate the impact of the high precision ATLAS and CMS 7 TeV measurements of inclusive jet production on the MMHT global PDF analysis at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). This is made possible by the recent completion of the long-term project to calculate the NNLO corrections to the hard cross section. We find that a good description of the ATLAS data is not possible...

In the framework of polynomial Palatini cosmology, we investigate a simple cosmological homogeneous and isotropic model with matter in the Einstein frame. We show that in this model during cosmic evolution, early inflation appears and the accelerating phase of the expansion for the late times. In this frame we obtain the Friedmann equation with matter and dark energy in the form...

We present a detailed version of our recent work on the RG approach to multicritical scalar theories with higher derivative kinetic term \(\phi (-\Box )^k\phi \) and upper critical dimension \(d_c = 2nk/(n-1)\). Depending on whether the numbers k and n have a common divisor two classes of theories have been distinguished. For coprime k and \(n-1\) the theory admits a Wilson...

We analyze a quantized toy model of a universe undergoing eternal inflation using a quantum-field-theoretical formulation of the Wheeler–DeWitt equation. This so-called third quantization method leads to the picture that the eternally inflating universe is converted to a multiverse in which sub-universes are created and exhibit a distinctive phase in their evolution before...

The reconstruction of a warm inflationary universe model from the scalar spectral index \(n_S(N)\) and the tensor to scalar ratio r(N) as a function of the number of e-folds N is studied. Under a general formalism we find the effective potential and the dissipative coefficient in terms of the cosmological parameters \(n_S\) and r considering the weak and strong dissipative stages...