The European Physical Journal C

http://link.springer.com/journal/10052

List of Papers (Total 3,037)

Studying the intervention of an unusual term in f(T) gravity via the Noether symmetry approach

As has been done before, we study an unknown coupling function, i.e. \(F(\varphi )\), together with a function of torsion and also curvature, i.e. f(T) and f(R), generally depending upon a scalar field. In the f(R) case, it comes from quantum correlations and other sources. Now, what if beside this term in f(T) gravity context, we enhance the action through another term which ...

Axial gravity, massless fermions and trace anomalies

This article deals with two main topics. One is odd parity trace anomalies in Weyl fermion theories in a 4d curved background, the second is the introduction of axial gravity. The motivation for reconsidering the former is to clarify the theoretical background underlying the approach and complete the calculation of the anomaly. The reference is in particular to the difference ...

Quark matter and quark stars at finite temperature in Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model

We extend the SU(3) Nambu–Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model to include two types of vector interaction. Using these two types of vector interaction in NJL model, we study the quark symmetry free energy in asymmetric quark matter, the constituent quark mass, the quark fraction, the equation of state (EOS) for \(\beta \)-equilibrium quark matter, the maximum mass of QSs at finite temperature, ...

The Maxwell–Chern–Simons gravity, and its cosmological implications

We consider the cosmological implications of a gravitational theory containing two vector fields coupled via a generalized Chern–Simons term. One of the vector fields is the usual Maxwell field, while the other is a constrained vector field with constant norm included in the action via a Lagrange multiplier. The theory admits a de Sitter type solution, with healthy cosmological ...

LHC phenomenology of composite 2-Higgs doublet models

We investigate the phenomenology of Composite 2-Higgs doublet models (C2HDMs) of various Yukawa types based on the global symmetry breaking \(SO(6)\rightarrow SO(4)\times SO(2)\). The kinetic part and the Yukawa Lagrangian are constructed in terms of the pseudo Nambu–Goldstone Boson (pNGB) matrix and a 6-plet of fermions under SO(6). The scalar potential is assumed to be the same ...

Accreting fluids onto regular black holes via Hamiltonian approach

We investigate the accretion of test fluids onto regular black holes such as Kehagias–Sfetsos black holes and regular black holes with Dagum distribution function. We analyze the accretion process when different test fluids are falling onto these regular black holes. The accreting fluid is being classified through the equation of state according to the features of regular black ...

The \(\nu \) -cleus experiment: a gram-scale fiducial-volume cryogenic detector for the first detection of coherent neutrino–nucleus scattering

We discuss a small-scale experiment, called \(\nu \)-cleus, for the first detection of coherent neutrino–nucleus scattering by probing nuclear-recoil energies down to the 10 eV regime. The detector consists of low-threshold CaWO\(_4\) and Al\(_2\)O\(_3\) calorimeter arrays with a total mass of about 10 g and several cryogenic veto detectors operated at millikelvin temperatures. ...

Extended chiral Khuri–Treiman formalism for \(\eta \rightarrow 3\pi \) and the role of the \(a_0(980)\) , \(f_0(980)\) resonances

Recent experiments on \(\eta \rightarrow 3\pi \) decays have provided an extremely precise knowledge of the amplitudes across the Dalitz region which represent stringent constraints on theoretical descriptions. We reconsider an approach in which the low-energy chiral expansion is assumed to be optimally convergent in an unphysical region surrounding the Adler zero, and the ...

Late-time cosmological evolution of a general class of \(f(\mathsf{R},\mathsf{T})\) gravity with minimal curvature-matter coupling

In this work, we study the late-time cosmological solutions of \(f(\mathsf{R},\mathsf{T})=g(\mathsf{R})+h(-\mathsf{T})\) models assuming that the conservation of the energy-momentum tensor (EMT) is violated. We perform our analysis through constructing an autonomous dynamical system for the equations of motion. We study the stability properties of solutions via considering linear ...

Production of doubly charmed baryons nearly at rest

We investigate the production cross sections, momentum distributions and rapidity distributions for doubly charmed baryons which according to the intrinsic heavy quark mechanism are produced nearly at rest. These events should be measurable at fixed-target experiments like STAR@RHIC and AFTER@LHC.

Path-integral derivation of black-hole radiance inside the de-Rham–Gabadadze–Tolley formulation of massive gravity

If we apply the path-integral formulation in order to analyze the particle creation process of black holes inside the non-linear formulation of massive gravity, it is possible to demonstrate that the effect of the extra degrees of freedom is to deform the periodicity of the poles of the propagator in the complex t-plane. This might create the effect of extra particle creation ...

New observational constraints on f(T) cosmology from radio quasars

Using a new recently compiled milliarcsecond compact radio data set of 120 intermediate-luminosity quasars in the redshift range \(0.46< z <2.76\), whose statistical linear sizes show negligible dependence on redshifts and intrinsic luminosity and thus represent standard rulers in cosmology, we constrain three viable and most popular f(T) gravity models, where T is the torsion ...

Dark matter phenomenology of high-speed galaxy cluster collisions

We perform a general computational analysis of possible post-collision mass distributions in high-speed galaxy cluster collisions in the presence of self-interacting dark matter. Using this analysis, we show that astrophysically weakly self-interacting dark matter can impart subtle yet measurable features in the mass distributions of colliding galaxy clusters even without ...

Cosmological dynamics of spatially flat Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet models in various dimensions: high-dimensional \(\Lambda \) -term case

In this paper we perform a systematic study of spatially flat \([(3+D)+1]\)-dimensional Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet cosmological models with \(\Lambda \)-term. We consider models that topologically are the product of two flat isotropic subspaces with different scale factors. One of these subspaces is three-dimensional and represents our space and the other is D-dimensional and represents ...

Solar system tests for realistic f(T) models with non-minimal torsion–matter coupling

In the previous paper, we have constructed two f(T) models with non-minimal torsion–matter coupling extension, which are successful in describing the evolution history of the Universe including the radiation-dominated era, the matter-dominated era, and the present accelerating expansion. Meantime, the significant advantage of these models is that they could avoid the cosmological ...

Bose–Einstein condensation and symmetry breaking of a complex charged scalar field

In this work the Klein–Gordon equation for a complex scalar field with U(1) symmetry endowed in a mexican-hat scalar field potential with thermal and electromagnetic contributions is written as a Gross–Pitaevskii (GP)-like equation. This equation is interpreted as a charged generalization of the GP equation at finite temperatures found in previous works. Its hydrodynamical ...

An analytic analysis of the pion decay constant in three-flavoured chiral perturbation theory

A representation of the two-loop contribution to the pion decay constant in SU(3) chiral perturbation theory is presented. The result is analytic up to the contribution of the three (different) mass sunset integrals, for which an expansion in their external momentum has been taken. We also give an analytic expression for the two-loop contribution to the pion mass based on a ...

Off-shell gluon production in interaction of a projectile with 2 or 3 targets

Within the effective QCD action for the Regge kinematics, the amplitudes for virtual gluon emission are studied in collision of a projectile with two and three targets. It is demonstrated that all non-Feynman singularities cancel between induced vertices and rescattering contributions. Formulas simplify considerably in a special gauge, which is a straightforward generalization of ...

Gluino reach and mass extraction at the LHC in radiatively-driven natural SUSY

Radiatively-driven natural SUSY (RNS) models enjoy electroweak naturalness at the 10% level while respecting LHC sparticle and Higgs mass constraints. Gluino and top-squark masses can range up to several TeV (with other squarks even heavier) but a set of light Higgsinos are required with mass not too far above \(m_h\sim 125\) GeV. Within the RNS framework, gluinos dominantly decay ...

A parametric reconstruction of the deceleration parameter

The present work is based on a parametric reconstruction of the deceleration parameter q(z) in a model for the spatially flat FRW universe filled with dark energy and non-relativistic matter. In cosmology, the parametric reconstruction technique deals with an attempt to build up a model by choosing some specific evolution scenario for a cosmological parameter and then estimate the ...

Scale-dependent three-dimensional charged black holes in linear and non-linear electrodynamics

In the present work we study the scale dependence at the level of the effective action of charged black holes in Einstein–Maxwell as well as in Einstein–power-Maxwell theories in \((2+1)\)-dimensional spacetimes without a cosmological constant. We allow for scale dependence of the gravitational and electromagnetic couplings, and we solve the corresponding generalized field ...

f(R) global monopole revisited

In this paper the f(R) global monopole is reexamined. We provide an exact solution for the modified field equations in the presence of a global monopole for regions outside its core, generalizing previous results. Additionally, we discuss some particular cases obtained from this solution. We consider a setup consisting of a possible Schwarzschild black hole that absorbs the ...

Automation of NLO QCD and EW corrections with Sherpa and Recola

This publication presents the combination of the one-loop matrix-element generator Recola with the multipurpose Monte Carlo program Sherpa. Since both programs are highly automated, the resulting Sherpa +Recola framework allows for the computation of – in principle – any Standard Model process at both NLO QCD and EW accuracy. To illustrate this, three representative LHC processes ...

Impact of topology in foliated quantum Einstein gravity

We use a functional renormalization group equation tailored to the Arnowitt–Deser–Misner formulation of gravity to study the scale dependence of Newton’s coupling and the cosmological constant on a background spacetime with topology \(S^1 \times S^d\). The resulting beta functions possess a non-trivial renormalization group fixed point, which may provide the high-energy completion ...

Topological cell clustering in the ATLAS calorimeters and its performance in LHC Run 1

The reconstruction of the signal from hadrons and jets emerging from the proton–proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and entering the ATLAS calorimeters is based on a three-dimensional topological clustering of individual calorimeter cell signals. The cluster formation follows cell signal-significance patterns generated by electromagnetic and hadronic showers. In ...