Some important spacetimes are conformally flat; examples are the Robertson–Walker cosmological metric, the Einstein–de Sitter spacetime, and the Levi-Civita–Bertotti–Robinson and Mannheim metrics. In this paper we construct generic thin shells in conformally flat spacetime supported by a perfect fluid with a linear equation of state, i.e., \(p=\omega \sigma .\) It is shown that, ...

We present covariant quantization rules for nonsingular finite-dimensional classical theories with flat and curved configuration spaces. In the beginning, we construct a family of covariant quantizations in flat spaces and Cartesian coordinates. This family is parametrized by a function \(\omega (\theta )\), \(\theta \in (1,0)\), which describes an ambiguity of the quantization. We ...

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is an option for a future \({\mathrm{e}^{+}}{\mathrm{e}^{-}} \) collider operating at centre-of-mass energies up to \(3\,\text {TeV} \), providing sensitivity to a wide range of new physics phenomena and precision physics measurements at the energy frontier. This paper is the first comprehensive presentation of the Higgs physics reach of CLIC ...

Measurements of the electroweak production of a W boson in association with two jets at high dijet invariant mass are performed using \(\sqrt{s} =\) 7 and 8 \(\text {TeV}\) proton–proton collision data produced by the Large Hadron Collider, corresponding respectively to 4.7 and 20.2 fb\(^{-1}\) of integrated luminosity collected by the ATLAS detector. The measurements are sensitive ...

The electromagnetic field correlators are evaluated around a cosmic string in background of \((D+1)\)-dimensional dS spacetime assuming that the field is prepared in the Bunch–Davies vacuum state. The correlators are presented in the decomposed form where the string-induced topological parts are explicitly extracted. With this decomposition, the renormalization of the local vacuum ...

Starting with conformally covariant correlation functions, a sequence of functional representations of the conformal algebra is constructed. A key step is the introduction of representations which involve an auxiliary functional. It is observed that these functionals are not arbitrary but rather must satisfy a pair of consistency equations corresponding to dilatation and special ...

Both scalar fields and (generalized) Chaplygin gases have been widely used separately to characterize the dark sector of the universe. Here we investigate the cosmological background dynamics for a mixture of both these components and quantify the fractional abundances that are admitted by observational data from supernovae of type Ia and from the evolution of the Hubble rate. ...

f(R, T) gravity is an extended theory of gravity in which the gravitational action contains general terms of both the Ricci scalar R and the trace of the energy-momentum tensor T. In this way, f(R, T) models are capable of describing a non-minimal coupling between geometry (through terms in R) and matter (through terms in T). In this article we construct a cosmological model from ...

The production of pairs of Higgs bosons at hadron colliders provides unique information on the Higgs sector and on the mechanism underlying electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). Most studies have concentrated on the gluon-fusion production mode which has the largest cross section. However, despite its small production rate, the vector-boson fusion channel can also be relevant since ...

We investigate the spin interaction and the gravitational radiation thermally allowed in a head-on collision of two rotating Hayward black holes. The Hayward black hole is a regular black hole in a modified Einstein equation, and hence it can be an appropriate model to describe the extent to which the regularity effect in the near-horizon region affects the interaction and the ...

A refined equation for channeling particle diffusion in transverse energy taking into consideration large-angle scattering by nuclei is suggested. This equation is reduced to the Sturm–Liouville problem, allowing one to reveal both the origin and the limitations of the dechanneling length notion. The values of the latter are evaluated for both positively and negatively charged ...

We analyze the dynamics of a Bianchi I cosmology in the presence of a viscous fluid, causally regularized according to the Lichnerowicz approach. We show how the effect induced by shear viscosity is still able to produce a matter creation phenomenon, meaning that also in the regularized theory we address, the Universe is emerging from a singularity with a vanishing energy density ...

Thermal corrections in classically conformal models typically induce a strong first-order electroweak phase transition, thereby resulting in a stochastic gravitational background that could be detectable at gravitational wave observatories. After reviewing the basics of classically conformal scenarios, in this paper we investigate the phase transition dynamics in a thermal ...

It is shown that the Nachtmann boosting method of introducing coordinates on de Sitter manifolds can be completed with suitable gauge transformations able to keep under control the transformation under isometries of the conserved quantities. With this method, the rest local charts (or natural frames) are defined pointing out the role of the conserved quantities in investigating the ...

We provide a comprehensive comparison of \(W^\pm / Z\) vector boson production data in pPb and PbPb collisions at the LHC with predictions obtained using the nCTEQ15 PDFs. We identify the measurements which have the largest potential impact on the PDFs, and estimate the effect of including these data using a Bayesian reweighting method. We find this data set can provide information ...

We present a dispersive analysis of the decay amplitude for \(\eta '\rightarrow \eta \pi \pi \) that is based on the fundamental principles of analyticity and unitarity. In this framework, final-state interactions are fully taken into account. Our dispersive representation relies only on input for the \({\pi \pi }\) and \({\pi }\eta \) scattering phase shifts. Isospin symmetry ...

A systematic study of the spinor representation by means of the fermionic physical space is accomplished and implemented. The spinor representation space is shown to be constrained by the Fierz–Pauli–Kofink identities among the spinor bilinear covariants. A robust geometric and topological structure can be manifested from the spinor space, wherein the first and second homotopy ...

This paper describes the implementation and performance of a particle flow algorithm applied to 20.2 fb\(^{-1}\) of ATLAS data from 8 TeV proton–proton collisions in Run 1 of the LHC. The algorithm removes calorimeter energy deposits due to charged hadrons from consideration during jet reconstruction, instead using measurements of their momenta from the inner tracker. This improves ...

In this paper, we study Jackiw–Rebbi model, in which a massless fermion is coupled to the kink of \(\lambda \phi ^4\) theory through a Yukawa interaction. In the original Jackiw–Rebbi model, the soliton is prescribed. However, we are interested in the back-reaction of the fermion on the soliton besides the effect of the soliton on the fermion. Also, as a particular example, we ...

We study the dark matter phenomenology of non-minimal composite Higgs models with SO(7) broken to the exceptional group \(G_2\). In addition to the Higgs, three pseudo-Nambu–Goldstone bosons arise, one of which is electrically neutral. A parity symmetry is enough to ensure this resonance is stable. In fact, if the breaking of the Goldstone symmetry is driven by the fermion sector, ...

Quantum field theories at finite matter densities generically possess a partition function that is exponentially suppressed with the volume compared to that of the phase quenched analog. The smallness arises from an almost uniform distribution for the phase of the fermion determinant. Large cancellations upon integration is the origin of a poor signal to noise ratio. We study three ...

The first measurement of the jet mass \(m_{\text {jet}}\) of top quark jets produced in \({\mathrm{t}}\overline{\mathrm{t}} \) events from pp collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=8\) \(\,\text {TeV}\) is reported for the jet with the largest transverse momentum \(p_{\mathrm{T}}\) in highly boosted hadronic top quark decays. The data sample, collected with the CMS detector, corresponds to an ...

We give an introduction to several regularization schemes that deal with ultraviolet and infrared singularities appearing in higher-order computations in quantum field theories. Comparing the computation of simple quantities in the various schemes, we point out similarities and differences between them.

In this work, we have developed an elegant algorithm to study the cosmological consequences from a huge class of quantum field theories (i.e. superstring theory, supergravity, extra dimensional theory, modified gravity, etc.), which are equivalently described by soft attractors in the effective field theory framework. In this description we have restricted our analysis for two ...

This study is conducted to examine the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSLT) in flat FRW for modified teleparallel gravity involving coupling between a scalar field with the torsion scalar T and the boundary term \(B=2\nabla _{\mu }T^{\mu }\). This theory is very useful, since it can reproduce other important well-known scalar field theories in suitable ...