The European Physical Journal C

http://link.springer.com/journal/10052

List of Papers (Total 3,079)

Effective action for reggeized gluons, classical gluon field of relativistic color charge and color glass condensate approach

We discuss application of formalism of small-x effective action for reggeized gluons (Gribov, Sov. Phys. JETP 26:414, 1968; Lipatov, Nucl. Phys. B 452:369, 1995; Lipatov, Phys. Rep. 286:131, 1997; Lipatov, Subnucl. Ser. 49:131, 2013; Lipatov, Int. J. Mod. Phys. Conf. Ser. 39:1560082, 2015; Lipatov, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 31(28/29):1645011, 2016; Lipatov, EPJ Web Conf. 125:01010, ...

Covariant generalized holographic dark energy and accelerating universe

We propose the generalized holographic dark energy model where the infrared cutoff is identified with the combination of the FRW universe parameters: the Hubble rate, particle and future horizons, cosmological constant, the universe lifetime (if finite) and their derivatives. It is demonstrated that with the corresponding choice of the cutoff one can map such holographic dark ...

Quintessence background for 5D Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet black holes

As we know that the Lovelock theory is an extension of the general relativity to the higher-dimensions, in this theory the first- and the second-order terms correspond to general relativity and the Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity, respectively. We obtain a 5D black hole solution in Einstein–Gauss–Bonnet gravity surrounded by the quintessence matter, and we also analyze their ...

S-matrix formulation of thermodynamics with N-body scatterings

We apply a phase space expansion scheme to incorporate the N-body scattering processes in the S-matrix formulation of statistical mechanics. A generalized phase shift function suitable for studying the thermal contribution of \(N \rightarrow N\) processes is motivated and examined in various models. Using the expansion scheme, we revisit how the hadron resonance gas model emerges ...

An alternative perspective to observe the critical phenomena of dilaton black holes

The critical phenomena of dilaton black holes are probed from a totally different perspective other than the P–v criticality and the q–U criticality discussed in former literature. We investigate not only the two point correlation function but also the entanglement entropy of dilaton black holes. For both the two point correlation function and the entanglement entropy we consider ...

CUORE sensitivity to \(0\nu \beta \beta \) decay

We report a study of the CUORE sensitivity to neutrinoless double beta (\(0\nu \beta \beta \)) decay. We used a Bayesian analysis based on a toy Monte Carlo (MC) approach to extract the exclusion sensitivity to the \(0\nu \beta \beta \) decay half-life (\(T_{1/2}^{\,0\nu }\)) at \(90\%\) credibility interval (CI) – i.e. the interval containing the true value of \(T_{1/2}^{\,0\nu ...

Fiducial, total and differential cross-section measurements of t-channel single top-quark production in pp collisions at 8 TeV using data collected by the ATLAS detector

Detailed measurements of t-channel single top-quark production are presented. They use 20.2 fb\(^{-1}\) of data collected by the ATLAS experiment in proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the LHC. Total, fiducial and differential cross-sections are measured for both top-quark and top-antiquark production. The fiducial cross-section is measured with a ...

Effective horizons, junction conditions and large-scale magnetism

The quantum mechanical generation of hypermagnetic and hyperlectric fields in four-dimensional conformally flat background geometries rests on the simultaneous continuity of the effective horizon and of the extrinsic curvature across the inflationary boundary. The junction conditions for the gauge fields are derived in general terms and corroborated by explicit examples with ...

The next 16 higher spin currents and three-point functions in the large \(\mathcal{N}=4\) holography

By using the known operator product expansions (OPEs) between the lowest 16 higher spin currents of spins \((1, \frac{3}{2}, \frac{3}{2}, \frac{3}{2}, \frac{3}{2}, 2,2,2,2,2,2, \frac{5}{2}, \frac{5}{2}, \frac{5}{2}, \frac{5}{2}, 3)\) in an extension of the large \(\mathcal{N}=4\) linear superconformal algebra, one determines the OPEs between the lowest 16 higher spin currents in an ...

Perturbative evolution: a different approach at small x

We propose an approach to DGLAP evolution at small x that circumvents the usual problem that a perturbation expansion is not valid there. The data for the charm structure function are important to motivate the method, and it describes them much more successfully than the conventional approach.

A determination of the fragmentation functions of pions, kaons, and protons with faithful uncertainties

We present NNFF1.0, a new determination of the fragmentation functions (FFs) of charged pions, charged kaons, and protons/antiprotons from an analysis of single-inclusive hadron production data in electron–positron annihilation. This determination, performed at leading, next-to-leading, and next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative QCD, is based on the NNPDF methodology, a ...

Einstein–Maxwell-axion theory: dyon solution with regular electric field

In the framework of the Einstein–Maxwell-axion theory we consider static spherically symmetric solutions which describe a magnetic monopole in the axionic environment. These solutions are interpreted as the solutions for an axionic dyon, the electric charge of which is composite, i.e. in addition to the standard central electric charge it includes an effective electric charge ...

Forward two-photon exchange in elastic lepton–proton scattering and hyperfine-splitting correction

We relate the forward two-photon exchange (TPE) amplitudes to integrals of the inclusive lepton–proton scattering cross sections. These relations yield an alternative way for the evaluation of the TPE correction to hyperfine-splitting (HFS) in the hydrogen-like atoms with an equivalent to the standard approach (Iddings, Drell and Sullivan) result implying the Burkhardt–Cottingham ...

CP violation induced by the double resonance for pure annihilation decay process in perturbative QCD

In a perturbative QCD approach we study the direct CP violation in the pure annihilation decay process of \(\bar{B}^0_{s}\rightarrow \pi ^+\pi ^-\pi ^+\pi ^-\) induced by the \(\rho \) and \(\omega \) double resonance effect. Generally, the CP violation is small in the pure annihilation type decay process. However, we find that the CP violation can be enhanced by double \(\rho ...

On the choice of beam polarization in \(e^+e^-\rightarrow ZZ/Z\gamma \) and anomalous triple gauge-boson couplings

The anomalous trilinear gauge couplings of Z and \(\gamma \) are studied in \(e^+e^-\rightarrow ZZ/Z\gamma \) with longitudinal beam polarizations using a complete set of polarization asymmetries for the Z boson. We quantify the goodness of the beam polarization in terms of the likelihood and find the best choice of \(e^-\) and \(e^+\) polarizations to be (\(+0.16\), \(-0.16\)), ...

On new bulk singularity structures, RR couplings in the asymmetric picture and their all order \(\alpha '\) corrections

We have analyzed in detail four and five point functions of the string theory amplitudes, including a closed string Ramond–Ramond (RR) in an asymmetric picture and either two or three transverse scalar fields in both IIA and IIB. The complete forms of these S-matrices are derived and these asymmetric S-matrices are also compared with their own symmetric results. This leads us to ...

Studying the intervention of an unusual term in f(T) gravity via the Noether symmetry approach

As has been done before, we study an unknown coupling function, i.e. \(F(\varphi )\), together with a function of torsion and also curvature, i.e. f(T) and f(R), generally depending upon a scalar field. In the f(R) case, it comes from quantum correlations and other sources. Now, what if beside this term in f(T) gravity context, we enhance the action through another term which ...

Axial gravity, massless fermions and trace anomalies

This article deals with two main topics. One is odd parity trace anomalies in Weyl fermion theories in a 4d curved background, the second is the introduction of axial gravity. The motivation for reconsidering the former is to clarify the theoretical background underlying the approach and complete the calculation of the anomaly. The reference is in particular to the difference ...

Quark matter and quark stars at finite temperature in Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model

We extend the SU(3) Nambu–Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model to include two types of vector interaction. Using these two types of vector interaction in NJL model, we study the quark symmetry free energy in asymmetric quark matter, the constituent quark mass, the quark fraction, the equation of state (EOS) for \(\beta \)-equilibrium quark matter, the maximum mass of QSs at finite temperature, ...

The Maxwell–Chern–Simons gravity, and its cosmological implications

We consider the cosmological implications of a gravitational theory containing two vector fields coupled via a generalized Chern–Simons term. One of the vector fields is the usual Maxwell field, while the other is a constrained vector field with constant norm included in the action via a Lagrange multiplier. The theory admits a de Sitter type solution, with healthy cosmological ...

LHC phenomenology of composite 2-Higgs doublet models

We investigate the phenomenology of Composite 2-Higgs doublet models (C2HDMs) of various Yukawa types based on the global symmetry breaking \(SO(6)\rightarrow SO(4)\times SO(2)\). The kinetic part and the Yukawa Lagrangian are constructed in terms of the pseudo Nambu–Goldstone Boson (pNGB) matrix and a 6-plet of fermions under SO(6). The scalar potential is assumed to be the same ...

Accreting fluids onto regular black holes via Hamiltonian approach

We investigate the accretion of test fluids onto regular black holes such as Kehagias–Sfetsos black holes and regular black holes with Dagum distribution function. We analyze the accretion process when different test fluids are falling onto these regular black holes. The accreting fluid is being classified through the equation of state according to the features of regular black ...

The \(\nu \) -cleus experiment: a gram-scale fiducial-volume cryogenic detector for the first detection of coherent neutrino–nucleus scattering

We discuss a small-scale experiment, called \(\nu \)-cleus, for the first detection of coherent neutrino–nucleus scattering by probing nuclear-recoil energies down to the 10 eV regime. The detector consists of low-threshold CaWO\(_4\) and Al\(_2\)O\(_3\) calorimeter arrays with a total mass of about 10 g and several cryogenic veto detectors operated at millikelvin temperatures. ...

Extended chiral Khuri–Treiman formalism for \(\eta \rightarrow 3\pi \) and the role of the \(a_0(980)\) , \(f_0(980)\) resonances

Recent experiments on \(\eta \rightarrow 3\pi \) decays have provided an extremely precise knowledge of the amplitudes across the Dalitz region which represent stringent constraints on theoretical descriptions. We reconsider an approach in which the low-energy chiral expansion is assumed to be optimally convergent in an unphysical region surrounding the Adler zero, and the ...