Pharmaceutical Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/11095

List of Papers (Total 355)

Matrix Metalloproteinase Gene Delivery for Liver Fibrosis

The resolution of advanced liver fibrosis has been recently recognized to be possible, if the causative stimuli are successfully removed. However, whether complete resolution from cirrhosis, the end stage of liver fibrosis, can be achieved is still questionable. Delivery of interstitial collagenases, such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, in the liver could be an attractive...

Pharmacokinetic–Pharmacodynamic Modeling of the Effectiveness and Safety of Buprenorphine and Fentanyl in Rats

Objective Respiratory depression is a serious and potentially life-threatening side-effect of opioid therapy. The objective of this investigation was to characterize the relationship between buprenorphine or fentanyl exposure and the effectiveness and safety outcome in rats. Methods Data on the time course of the antinociceptive and respiratory depressant effect were analyzed on...

RNAi for Treating Hepatitis B Viral Infection

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the leading causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Current treatment strategies of HBV infection including the use of interferon (IFN)-α and nucleotide analogues such as lamivudine and adefovir have met with only partial success. Therefore, it is necessary to develop more effective antiviral therapies that...

In Vivo Methods for the Assessment of Topical Drug Bioavailability

This paper reviews some current methods for the in vivo assessment of local cutaneous bioavailability in humans after topical drug application. After an introduction discussing the importance of local drug bioavailability assessment and the limitations of model-based predictions, the focus turns to the relevance of experimental studies. The available techniques are then reviewed...

Sheddable Coatings for Long-Circulating Nanoparticles

Nanoparticles, such as liposomes, polymeric micelles, lipoplexes and polyplexes are frequently studied as targeted drug carrier systems. The ability of these particles to circulate in the bloodstream for a prolonged period of time is often a prerequisite for successful targeted delivery. To achieve this, hydrophilic ‘stealth’ polymers, such as poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), are...

Preclinical and Clinical In Vitro In Vivo Correlation of an hGH Dextran Microsphere Formulation

Purpose To investigate the in vitro in vivo correlation of a sustained release formulation for human growth hormone (hGH) based on hydroxyethyl methacrylated dextran (dex-HEMA) microspheres in Pit-1 deficient Snell dwarf mice and in healthy human volunteers. Materials and Methods A hGH-loaded microsphere formulation was developed and tested in Snell dwarf mice (pharmacodynamic...

Effect of Liposome Characteristics and Dose on the Pharmacokinetics of Liposomes Coated with Poly(amino acid)s

Long-circulating liposomes, such as PEG-liposomes, are frequently studied for drug delivery and diagnostic purposes. In our group, poly(amino acid) (PAA)-based coatings for long-circulating liposomes have been developed. These coatings provide liposomes with similar circulation times as compared to PEG-liposomes, but have the advantage of being enzymatically degradable. For PEG...

Pharmaceutical Particle Engineering via Spray Drying

This review covers recent developments in the area of particle engineering via spray drying. The last decade has seen a shift from empirical formulation efforts to an engineering approach based on a better understanding of particle formation in the spray drying process. Microparticles with nanoscale substructures can now be designed and their functionality has contributed...

Allometric Scaling of Pharmacodynamic Responses: Application to 5-Ht1A Receptor Mediated Responses from Rat to Man

Purpose The aim of the present study was to assess whether two widely used biomarkers for 5-HT1A-receptor mediated responses in the rat (hypothermia and corticosterone increase) could be scaled to man using allometric principles. Materials and Methods Mechanism-based pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic (PK–PD) models were developed and characterized in rats for the standard 5-HT1A...

Granule Characterization During Fluid Bed Drying by Development of a Near Infrared Method to Determine Water Content and Median Granule Size

Purpose Water content and granule size are recognized as critical process and product quality parameters during drying. The purpose of this study was to enlighten the granule behavior during fluid bed drying by monitoring the major events i.e. changes in water content and granule size. Methods NIR spectra collected during drying and water content of sampled granules were...

Pharmacokinetic Modeling of Non-Linear Brain Distribution of Fluvoxamine in the Rat

Introduction A pharmacokinetic (PK) model is proposed for estimation of total and free brain concentrations of fluvoxamine. Materials and methods Rats with arterial and venous cannulas and a microdialysis probe in the frontal cortex received intravenous infusions of 1, 3.7 or 7.3 mg.kg−1 of fluvoxamine. Analysis With increasing dose a disproportional increase in brain...

Biodegradable Poly(2-Dimethylamino Ethylamino)Phosphazene for In Vivo Gene Delivery to Tumor Cells. Effect of Polymer Molecular Weight

Purpose Previously, we have shown that complexes of plasmid DNA with the biodegradable polymer poly(2-dimethylamino ethylamino)phosphazene (p(DMAEA)-ppz) mediated tumor selective gene expression after intravenous administration in mice. In this study, we investigated the effect of p(DMAEA)-ppz molecular weight on both in vitro and in vivo tumor transfection, as well as on complex...

Cellular Uptake of Cationic Polymer-DNA Complexes Via Caveolae Plays a Pivotal Role in Gene Transfection in COS-7 Cells

Purpose Knowledge about the uptake mechanism and subsequent intracellular routing of non-viral gene delivery systems is important for the development of more efficient carriers. In this study we compared two established cationic polymers pDMAEMA and PEI with regard to their transfection efficiency and mechanism of cellular uptake. Materials and Methods The effects of several...

Cytosolic Delivery of Liposomally Targeted Proteins Induced by Photochemical Internalization

PurposeThe application of therapeutic proteins is often hampered by limited cell entrance and lysosomal degradation, as intracellular targets are not reached. By encapsulation of proteins into targeted liposomes, cellular uptake via endocytosis can be enhanced. To prevent subsequent lysosomal degradation and promote endosomal escape, photochemical internalization (PCI) was...

Targeting 15d-Prostaglandin J2 to Hepatic Stellate Cells: Two Options Evaluated

Purpose Delivery of apoptosis-inducing compounds to hepatic stellate cells (HSC) may be an effective strategy to reverse liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the selective targeting of the apoptosis-inducing drug 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15dPGJ2) with two different HSC-carriers: human serum albumin modified with the sugar mannose-6-phosphate...

Assessment of Performance of Manufacturing Procedures in a Unit for Production of Investigational Anticancer Agents, Using a Mixed Effects Analysis

Purpose To identify the magnitude and sources of variability of a generic, aseptic manufacturing process for experimental anticancer agents employed at our facility, and to estimate the effects on product quality. Materials and Methods In-process and quality control data of all products manufactured according to this generic process (composed of weighing, dissolution, filtration...

Recent Advances in Vaccine Adjuvants

New generation vaccines, particularly those based on recombinant proteins and DNA, are likely to be less reactogenic than traditional vaccines but are also less immunogenic. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of new and improved vaccine adjuvants. Adjuvants can be broadly separated into two classes based on their principal mechanisms of action: vaccine...

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