The European Physical Journal A

http://link.springer.com/journal/10050

List of Papers (Total 356)

Evaluation of cross sections for neutron interactions with 238U in the energy region between 5 keV and 150 keV

Cross sections for neutron interactions with 238U in the energy region from 5keV to 150keV have been evaluated. Average total and capture cross sections have been derived from a least squares analysis using experimental data reported in the literature. The resulting cross sections have been parameterised in terms of average resonance parameters maintaining full consistency with ...

General operator form of the non-local three-nucleon force

This paper describes a procedure to obtain the general form of the three-nucleon force. The result is an operator form where the momentum space matrix element of the three-nucleon potential is written as a linear combination of 320 isospin-spin-momentum operators and scalar functions of momenta. Any spatial and isospin rotation invariant three-nucleon force can be written in this ...

A neutron source for IGISOL-JYFLTRAP: Design and characterisation

A white neutron source based on the Be(p, nx) reaction for fission studies at the IGISOL-JYFLTRAP facility has been designed and tested. 30MeV protons impinge on a 5mm thick water-cooled beryllium disc. The source was designed to produce at least 1012 fast neutrons/s on a secondary fission target, in order to reach competitive production rates of fission products far from the ...

Analysis of the exclusive final state npe+e- in the quasi-free np reaction

We report on the investigation of dielectron production in tagged quasi-free neutron-proton collisions by using a deuteron beam of kinetic energy 1.25GeV/u impinging on a liquid hydrogen target. Our measurements with HADES confirm a significant excess of \(e^{+}e^{-}\) pairs above the \(\pi^{0}\) mass in the exclusive channel \(dp \rightarrow npe^{+}e^{-}(p_{spect})\) as compared ...

Ranking and validation of spallation models for isotopic production cross sections of heavy residua

The production cross sections of isotopically identified residual nuclei of spallation reactions induced by 136Xe projectiles at 500AMeV on hydrogen target were analyzed in a two-step model. The first stage of the reaction was described by the INCL4.6 model of an intranuclear cascade of nucleon-nucleon and pion-nucleon collisions whereas the second stage was analyzed by means of ...

Prolate over oblate dominance in deformed nuclei as a consequence of the SU(3) symmetry and the Pauli principle

We show that the dominance of prolate over oblate shapes in even-even deformed nuclei can be derived from the SU(3) symmetry and the Pauli principle.

PANDORA, a new facility for interdisciplinary in-plasma physics

PANDORA, Plasmas for Astrophysics, Nuclear Decays Observation and Radiation for Archaeometry, is planned as a new facility based on a state-of-the-art plasma trap confining energetic plasma for performing interdisciplinary research in the fields of Nuclear Astrophysics, Astrophysics, Plasma Physics and Applications in Material Science and Archaeometry: the plasmas become the ...

The electromagnetic Sigma-to-Lambda hyperon transition form factors at low energies

Using dispersion theory the low-energy electromagnetic form factors for the transition of a Sigma to a Lambda hyperon are related to the pion vector form factor. The additionally required input, i.e. the two-pion-Sigma-Lambda amplitudes are determined from relativistic next-to-leading-order (NLO) baryon chiral perturbation theory including the baryons from the octet and optionally ...

The legacy of the experimental hadron physics programme at COSY

The experimental hadronic physics programme at the COoler SYnchrotron of the Forschungszentrum Jülich terminated at the end of 2014. After describing the accelerator and the associated facilities, a review is presented of the major achievements in the field realized over the twenty years of intense research activity.

Feasibility study of internal conversion electron spectroscopy of 229mTh

With an expected energy of 7.8(5) eV, the isomeric first excited state in 229Th exhibits the lowest excitation energy of all known nuclei. Until today, a value for the excitation energy has been inferred only by indirect measurements. In this paper we propose an experimental method that is potentially capable of measuring the ground-state transition energy via the detection of the ...

Two-step nuclear reactions: The Surrogate Method, the Trojan Horse Method and their common foundations

In this Letter I argue that the Surrogate Method, used to extract the fast neutron capture cross section on actinide target nuclei, which has important practical application for the next generation of breeder reactors, and the Trojan Horse Method employed to extract reactions of importance to nuclear astrophysics, have a common foundation, the Inclusive Non-Elastic Breakup (INEB) ...

Heavy-flavor production and medium properties in high-energy nuclear collisions --What next?

Open and hidden heavy-flavor physics in high-energy nuclear collisions are entering a new and exciting stage towards reaching a clearer understanding of the new experimental results with the possibility to link them directly to the advancement in lattice Quantum Chromo-Dynamics (QCD). Recent results from experiments and theoretical developments regarding open and hidden ...

SU(4) flavor symmetry breaking in D-meson couplings to light hadrons

The validity of SU(4)-flavor symmetry relations of couplings of charmed D-mesons to light mesons and baryons is examined with the use of 3 P 0 quark-pair creation model and nonrelativistic quark-model wave functions. We focus on the three-meson couplings \(\pi\pi\rho\), \(KK\rho\) and \(DD\rho\) and baryon-baryon-meson couplings \(NN\pi\), \(N\Lambda K\) and \(N\Lambda_{c} D\). It ...

Prospects for direct neutron capture measurements on s-process branching point isotopes

The neutron capture cross sections of several unstable key isotopes acting as branching points in the s -process are crucial for stellar nucleosynthesis studies, but they are very challenging to measure directly due to the difficult production of sufficient sample material, the high activity of the resulting samples, and the actual \(({\rm n},\gamma )\) measurement, where high ...

Fission fragment distributions within dynamical approach

The review covers recent developments and achievements in the dynamical description of fission process at high excitation energy. It is shown that the dynamical approach based on multidimensional Langevin equations combined with the statistical description of nuclear decay by particles evaporation is capable of fairly well describing the formation of fission fragment mass-energy, ...

On possible shape isomers in the Pt-Ra region of nuclei

A certain number of yet unknown super- and hyper-deformed shape isomeric states are predicted in even-even nuclei of the region between Pt and Ra, using the macroscopic-microscopic model based on the Lublin Strasbourg Drop for the macroscopic energy and shell plus pairing corrections evaluated through the Yukawa-folded mean-field potential for the microscopic part. A new, rapidly ...

Elastic scattering phenomenology

We argue that, in many situations, fits to elastic scattering data that were historically, and frequently still are, considered “good”, are not justifiably so describable. Information about the dynamics of nucleon-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus scattering is lost when elastic scattering phenomenology is insufficiently ambitious. It is argued that in many situations, an alternative ...

Mass distribution of fission fragments within the Born-Oppenheimer approximation

The fission fragments mass-yield of 236 U is obtained by an approximate solution of the eigenvalue problem of the collective Hamiltonian that describes the dynamics of the fission process whose degrees of freedom are: the fission (elongation), the neck and mass-asymmetry modes. The macroscopic-microscopic method is used to evaluate the potential energy surface. The macroscopic ...

Shell evolution of stable N = 50-56 Zr and Mo nuclei with respect to low-lying octupole excitations

For the N = 50-56 zirconium (Z = 40) and molybdenum (Z = 42) isotopes, the evolution of subshells is evaluated by extracting the effective single-particle energies from available particle-transfer data. The extracted systematic evolution of neutron subshells and the systematics of the excitation energy of the octupole phonons provide evidence for type-II shape coexistence in the Zr ...

Nuclear and quark matter at high temperature

We review important ideas on nuclear and quark matter description on the basis of high-temperature field theory concepts, like resummation, dimensional reduction, interaction scale separation and spectral function modification in media. Statistical and thermodynamical concepts are spotted in the light of these methods concentrating on the --partially still open-- problems of the ...