International Journal of Dharma Studies

http://link.springer.com/journal/40613

List of Papers (Total 62)

The people and the Wayang by Franz Magnis Suseno: translation and introduction by Verena H. Meyer

This is a review of the much awaited “Kita dan Wayang” (Jakarta: Lembaga Penunjang Pembangunan Nasional, 1982, ISBN 9795113062; ASIN: B0000D7HUU), an interpretation of the Indonesian puppet theatre texts, written by Franz Magnis Suseno, a scholar-priest and activist settled in Indonesia, and its English version, translated with an introduction by Verena Meyer, a research scholar in ...

Tenzin Chodron: a scholar nun of post-Soviet Buryatia

Tenzin Chodron (b. 1951) is a scholar nun who has opened up new pathways for Buddhist women in the Republic of Buryatia. The paper describes how, at a critical juncture in the political and religious transition from Soviet rule to greater openness as a member state of the Russian Federation, she has endeavored to bring together scholarship, social activism, and religious life. An ...

Questioning the Western idea of reason through Hindu philosophy: An analysis of The Circle of Reason by Amitav Ghosh

The Western idea of reason and science has always been one of the most important tools used by Europeans in the colonial project to define the differentiation between native and European and the hierarchy between these two groups. In the context of Indian civilization, Europeans built their own stereotype through the emphasis on the supposed superiority of analytical reason and of ...

Royal religious beneficence in pre-modern India: social and political implications

The aim of the paper is to understand the role of royal charitable gifts or dāna in the background of Hindu religious ideology of dharma, temple urbanism and political power in pre-modern South India. It examines the phenomena of large royal charities between the 14th and 16th centuries ACE under the Vijayanagar kings in the capital city of Vijayanagar (modern Hampi). The temple ...

Buddhist women masters of Kinnaur: Why don’t nuns sing about nuns?

In Kinnaur—a Himalayan tribal district of Himachal Pradesh, India, on the Sutlej River and at the Tibet border—Buddhism has been practiced, along with indigenous local Hinduism, for at least a thousand years. From ancient times too, Kinnauras have loved to sing and dance. In Kinnauri villages, jomos (celibate Buddhist nuns) and lamas (who in Kinnaur are male religious specialists ...

Who’s Zoomin’ Who? Bhagavadgītā Recensions in India and Germany

This article discusses the political and theological ends to which the thesis of different “recensions” of the Bhagavadgītā were put in light of recent work on the search for an “original” Gītā (Adluri, Vishwa and Joydeep Bagchee, 2014, The Nay Science: A History of German Indology; Adluri, Vishwa and Joydeep Bagchee, 2016a, Paradigm Lost: The Application of the Historical-Critical ...

The People and the Wayang by Franz Magnis Suseno: Translation and Introduction

This article comprises a translation of the Indonesian original of Franz Magnis Suseno's discussion of the philosophical significance of the Javanese wayang theater and an introduction to the author and the Javanese art form itself. Magnis Suseno is a well-known philosopher and public figure in his adopted homeland Indonesia, and this piece is an example of his commitment to making ...

Bhakti and Tantra intertwined: the explorations of the Tamil Poetess Kāraikkāl Ammaiyār

Towards contributing to historical understanding and theorizing of the relationships between bhakti and Tantra, this article analyzes their intersection in the poetry of the Tamil Śaiva saint, Kāraikkāl Ammaiyār. This poet-saint is dated by scholars to 550 CE and is understood by Tamil Śiva-bhakti tradition to have been the earliest bhakti devotee to Śiva in a group that includes ...

Going with the flow and yet controlling the Flow: the Early Life, Education, and Scholarship of Takatsukasa Seigyoku, Current Abbess of Zenkōji’s Daihongan Convent

Takatsukasa Seigyoku (b. 1929) is the current abbess of Daihongan convent, which is one of the two administrative heads of the popular Japanese pilgrimage temple Zenkōji. In this paper, I analyze Takatsukasa’s autobiographical materials about her early life, her monastic education, and her scholarly works. Her early life, here defined as the time from her birth until 1979, ...

Return to the womb: feminine creative imagery of arghya in a Tantric ritual

This paper examines the Tantric ritual of the pouring of water from an arghyapatra from cultural, philosophical, and religious perspectives. The authors argue that the range of symbolic meanings within this ritual for multiple reasons goes far beyond its purely physical representation. On the part of the sadhaka there is indeed fertile ground for creatively perceiving the key ...

Review of “the goddess pose: the audacious life of indra Devi” by Michelle Goldberg

The Goddess Pose: The Audacious Life of Indra Devi, the Woman Who Helped Bring Yoga to the West. By Michelle Goldberg. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2015. 336 pages. ISBN-10: 0307593517; ISBN-13: 978–0307593511.

Chinese Bhiksunis in contemporary China: beliefs and practices on Three-Plus-One Project

The purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth study of Pushou Temple to examine the achievements of bhiksunis in terms of Dharma practice, education, and charitable work in contemporary China. Although it presents a case study on just one order of bhiksunis, the author hopes to demonstrate that the practices of this order is significant for bhiksunis throughout contemporary ...

Review of Gandhi’s Ascetic Activism: Renunciation and Social Action by Veena R. Howard

Veena R. Howard. Gandhi’s Ascetic Activism: Renunciation and Social Action. State University of New York Press, 2013. 314 pages. ISBN 978–1438445564.

On the naturalization of karma and rebirth

Although Buddhism has become increasingly popular in the West, some vital concepts remain abstruse. Naturalistic Buddhism has arisen mainly as an attempt to demystify certain aspects of Buddhist philosophy, with the idea of rebirth being a particular case in point. In this paper we discuss the difficulties of the naturalization of karma, and show that an understanding of karma with ...

Conceptualizing a value-based communication system: Towards a synergy between Hindu and Islamic perspectives

Communication forms the back-bone of the modern day information revolution. However, with the present age of information revolution being plagued by issues of materialism, consumerism and power struggles, human race finds itself in a helpless situation where it can neither do away with technological innovations nor control its adverse effects. Under such circumstances, the ...

Guru Bhakti and Panca Parmeṣṭhīs, in the thought of Srimad Rajacandra (1867–1901 A.D)

Srimad Rajacandra who lived only for thirty-three years attained spiritual heights even while performing the duties of a householder. He gave importance to the inner spiritual development and stressed the need of spiritual teacher (sadguru) and the path of devotion (Bhakti) for such inner spiritual development. Srimad laid very much importance on Sadguru. According to him the ...

Śraddhā in the Bhagavad Gītā: an investigation on the primeval expressions of the contemporary paradigm on heart-philosophy

Background The Gītā, as it is well known, is an episode in the Mahābhārata when the climactic battle is about to begin. Kṛṣṇa argues in the Gītā that Arjuna should cultivate the necessary śraddhā (faith-in-oneself; mind’s serene asceticism toward the heart) in order to overcome his state of doubts and distress. Discussion This essay discusses in what manner the contemporary forms ...

Review of “Seven Quartets of Becoming: A Transformative Yoga Philosophy Based on the Diaries of Sri Aurobindo” by Banerji, D.

Banerji, D. Seven Quartets of Becoming: A Transformative Yoga Philosophy Based on the Diaries of Sri Aurobindo Los Angeles, CA: Nalanda International, 2012, Pages: 441, ISBN: 978-8124606260

The conflicting themes of nonviolence and violence in ancient Indian asceticism as evident in the practice of fasting

In many ancient Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist texts, the path of the ascetic lifestyle involves an injunction to practice nonviolence, a requirement that conflicts with the violence that the ascetic inflicts upon him/herself by going naked, clothed in coarse garments made of discarded cloth, tree bark, or grass, excessive limits on food in-take, self-mutilation, sleep deprivation, and ...