Wetlands Ecology and Management

http://link.springer.com/journal/11273

List of Papers (Total 40)

The belowground intersection of nutrients and buoyancy in a freshwater marsh

An oligotrophic coastal freshwater marsh converted to open water within months after receiving partially-treated sewage water in fall 2006. Rafts of the upper 60 cm of marsh soil were found throughout the area within two years, as parts of the 1100 year-old marsh were re-distributed in the open water. We examined the marsh soils from 2009 to 2012 to determine some of the ...

Delineating landscape-scale processes of hydrology and plant dispersal for species-rich fen conservation: the Operational Landscape Unit approach

Restoration and conservation of species-rich nature reserves requires inclusion of landscape-scale connections and transport processes such as hydrologic flows and species dispersal. These are important because they provide suitable habitat conditions and an adequate species pool. This study aimed at identifying the key hydrologic flows and plant dispersal processes affecting a ...

Variations in groundwater chemistry and hydrology at Wicken Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK

This paper presents the results of a project in which the seasonal changes in the chemistry of groundwater in dipwells at Wicken Fen National Nature Reserve were investigated for the first time. Thirteen dipwells arranged in two roughly perpendicular transects across Wicken Fen were sampled for groundwater on a monthly basis between April 2010 and April 2011. Surface water from a ...

An experimental study on the response of blanket bog vegetation and water tables to ditch blocking

We studied the effect of ditch blocking on vegetation composition and water-table depths in a blanket peatland. Measurements were made for a period of four years (water tables) and five years (vegetation) in the inter-ditch areas of three experimental treatments: (i) open ditches, (ii) ditches blocked with closely-spaced dams and (iii) ditches partially infilled with peat and ...

Towards sustainable management of Indonesian tropical peatlands

Large areas of Indonesian peatlands have been converted for agricultural and plantation forest purposes. This requires draining with associated CO2 emissions and fire risks. In order to identify alternative management regimes for peatlands, it is important to understand the sustainability of different peatland uses as well as the economic benefits peatlands supply under different ...

Too wet and too dry? Uncertainty of DEM as a potential source of significant errors in a model-based water level assessment in riparian and mire ecosystems

Modelling groundwater depths in floodplains and peatlands remains a basic approach to assessing hydrological conditions of habitats. Groundwater flow models used to compute groundwater heads are known for their uncertainties, and the calibration of these models and the uncertainty assessments of parameters remain fundamental steps in providing reliable data. However, the elevation ...

Impacts of rewetting on peat, hydrology and water chemical composition over 15 years in two finished peat extraction areas in Sweden

Restoration of wetlands is a high priority world-wide. Peat extraction areas can be restored by rewetting, however affecting the environment. It could be expected to turn the drained peat-cutover area from a source to a sink of most elements. This study examined effects of such rewetting on peat, hydrology and water chemistry over 15 years at two sites in Sweden; the nutrient-poor ...

Can we effectively stop the expansion of trees on wetlands? Results of a birch removal experiment

The main aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of removing invasive downy birch in non-forest peatland applying a single cut. We tested whether the removal of birch was positively related to the height of cutting, season of the year and age of the trees. Our study showed that birch trees cut at the higher tested height exhibited a lower survival rate than those cut ...

Patterns and drivers for wetland connections in the Prairie Pothole Region, United States

Ecosystem function in rivers, lakes and coastal waters depends on the functioning of upstream aquatic ecosystems, necessitating an improved understanding of watershed-scale interactions including variable surface-water flows between wetlands and streams. As surface water in the Prairie Pothole Region expands in wet years, surface-water connections occur between many depressional ...

Evaluation of a wetland classification system devised for management in a region with a high cover of peatlands: an example from the Cook Inlet Basin, Alaska

Several wetland classification schemes are now commonly used to describe wetlands in the contiguous United States to meet local, regional, and national regulatory requirements. However, these established systems have proven to be insufficient to meet the needs of land managers in Alaska. The wetlands of this northern region are predominantly peatlands, which are not adequately ...

Efficiency of three halophyte species in removing nutrients from saline water: a pilot study

Saline wetlands may be well suited for purifying contaminated water from saline agriculture and aquaculture or from freshwater-based agriculture in areas subject to increased salinity. However, case studies on the nutrient removal efficiency of halophyte species are scarce, especially for temperate regions. Here we tested the nutrient removal efficiency and ability to store ...

The effects of N, P and crude oil on the decomposition of Spartina alterniflora belowground biomass

We conducted a laboratory experiment to examine how the decomposition of particulate belowground organic matter from a salt marsh is enhanced, or not, by different mixtures of crude oil, nitrogen (N), or phosphorus (P) acting individually or synergistically. The experiment was conducted in 3.8 L sampling chambers producing varying quantities of gas whose volume was used as a ...

Prioritising wetlands subject to secondary salinisation for ongoing management using aquatic invertebrate assemblages: a case study from the Wheatbelt Region of Western Australia

Secondary salinisation is recognised worldwide as a threat to aquatic biodiversity. Wetlands in the Wheatbelt Region of Western Australia are particularly affected as a result of clearing of deep-rooted native vegetation for agriculture. Between 1996 and 2001, the Western Australian government nominated six natural diversity recovery catchments (NDRCs), being catchments with high ...

Editorial

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The influence of the aeration status (ODR, Eh) of peat soils on their ability to produce methane

Methane is a greenhouse gas having well-known impacts on global radiative forcing. However, understanding the dynamics and thresholds of methane formation in peatlands, which undergo cyclic aeration and anoxia, is currently limited even though it is crucial for reliable estimation of methane emission to the atmosphere. The purpose of this study was to estimate the optimal range and ...

Seasonal variation in phytoplankton and aquatic plants in floodplain lakes (lower Vistula River, Poland)

The study focused on three oxbow lakes which have been isolated from the water of the Vistula River for several years. The diversity of phytoplankton communities was observed biweekly in the growing season (April–October), both in the three floodplain lakes along the lower Vistula River (northern Poland) and in the main current of the river. The water level in the Vistula River ...

Vulnerability assessment of mangroves to climate change and sea-level rise impacts

Climate change, particularly its associated sea level rise, is major threat to mangrove coastal areas, and it is essential to develop ways to reduce vulnerability through strategic management planning. Vulnerability has three dimensions of exposure to stresses, associated sensitivity, and related adaptive capacity, and ways to measure components of each were trialled at sites in ...

Editorial

Editorial