Osteoporosis International

http://link.springer.com/journal/198

List of Papers (Total 492)

Low physical activity is related to clustering of risk factors for fracture—a 2-year prospective study in children

Summary The study investigates the effect of physical activity (PA) on a composite score for fracture risk in pre-pubertal children. Low PA in children is related to the composite score for fracture risk and the pre-pubertal years seem to be a period when PA positively affects the score. Introduction This study evaluates if PA in children is related to clustering of risk factors ...

Sedentary behaviour and bone health in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review–supplementary presentation

Background: Sedentary behaviour (SB) is a potential risk factor for suboptimal bone deposition in youth. Results: Total SB was negatively associated with lower extremity bone outcomes, while no association was observed with total body bone outcomes. Insufficient evidence was found for an association between total SB and lumbar spine bone outcomes. Conclusion: This review highlights ...

Increased levels of sodium chloride directly increase osteoclastic differentiation and resorption in mice and men

Summary To better understand the association between high salt intake and osteoporosis, we investigated the effect of sodium chloride (NaCl) on mice and human osteoclastogenesis. The results suggest a direct, activating role of NaCl supplementation on bone resorption. Introduction High NaCl intake is associated with increased urinary calcium elimination and parathyroid hormone ...

Value and potential limitations of vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) compared to conventional spine radiography: experience from a fracture liaison service (FLS) and a meta-analysis

Summary We evaluated the value of VFA in the identification of vertebral fractures using a retrospective study and a meta-analysis. Performance of VFA was adequate in the meta-analysis although this was not demonstrated in our centre. We recommend checking the performance of VFA tools before exclusively relying on this tool. Introduction Vertebral fractures are traditionally ...

Effect of vitamin D3 on bone turnover markers in critical illness: post hoc analysis from the VITdAL-ICU study

Summary In this post hoc analysis of the VITdAL-ICU study, an RCT in critically ill adults with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels ≤20 ng/ml, vitamin D3 did not have a significant effect on β-Crosslaps and osteocalcin. Introduction Observational studies have shown accelerated bone loss in ICU survivors. A reversible contributor is vitamin D deficiency. In a post hoc analysis of the ...

PLS3 sequencing in childhood-onset primary osteoporosis identifies two novel disease-causing variants

Summary Altogether 95 children with primary bone fragility were screened for variants in PLS3, the gene underlying X-linked osteoporosis. Two children with multiple peripheral and spinal fractures and low BMD had novel disease-causing PLS3 variants. Children with milder phenotypes had no pathogenic variants. PLS3 screening is indicated in childhood-onset primary osteoporosis. ...

Effect of implementation of guidelines on assessment and diagnosis of vertebral fractures in patients older than 50 years with a recent non-vertebral fracture

Summary We evaluated the impact of a new Dutch guideline on systematic implementation of densitometric Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA) in patients with a recent non-vertebral fracture. Systematic implementation resulted in a significant increase of VFA, diagnosis of vertebral fractures (VFs), and percentage of patients eligible for treatment. Introduction VFs are underdiagnosed ...

Diversity in fall characteristics hampers effective prevention: the precipitants, the environment, the fall and the injury

Summary Falls among the elderly are common and characteristics may differ between injurious and non-injurious falls. Among 887 older Australian women followed for 1.6 years, 32% fell annually. Only 8.5% resulted in fracture and/or hospital admission. The characteristics of those falls are indistinguishable from those not coming to medical attention. Introduction The precipitants ...

Marginal structural model to evaluate the association between cumulative osteoporosis medication and infection using claims data

Summary Due to the suboptimal persistence to osteoporosis (OP) treatment, factors triggering treatment discontinuation/switching may be causing time-varying confounding. BP treatment was associated with the risk of overall infection in opposite directions in the unweighted Cox model versus the weighted MSM. The discrepancy of effect estimates for overall infection in the MSM ...

Association of gastrointestinal events with quality of life and treatment satisfaction in osteoporosis patients: results from the Medication Use Patterns, Treatment Satisfaction, and Inadequate Control of Osteoporosis Study (MUSIC OS)

Summary The purpose of this study was to assess the association of GI events with HRQoL and treatment satisfaction. The effect of baseline GI events persisted through 1 year of follow-up, as indicated by lower EQ-5D, OPAQ-SV, and treatment satisfaction scores among patients with vs without baseline GI events. The presence of GI events is an independent predictor of decreased HRQoL ...

Use of systemic glucocorticoids and the risk of major osteoporotic fractures in patients with sarcoidosis

Summary This study revealed the risk of major osteoporotic fracture in patients with sarcoidosis exposed to glucocorticoids. Current use of glucocorticoids was associated with a risk of fracture, with no difference between patients with and without sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis per se was not associated with an increased fracture risk. Introduction Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ, chronic ...

Bone density and body composition in newly licenced professional jockeys

Summary The primary objective is the description of bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition in newly licensed jockeys. One in three male, flat jockeys has a very low bone mineral density. Further research is needed to assess the short-term risk of fractures and long-term health implications of these findings. Introduction Describe bone mineral density (BMD) and body ...

Predictors of near-term fracture in osteoporotic women aged ≥65 years, based on data from the study of osteoporotic fractures

Summary Using data from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF), several clinical characteristics predictive of near-term (1-year) risk of hip and non-vertebral fracture among elderly osteoporotic women were identified, and a subset of those for hip fracture was incorporated into a risk assessment tool. Additional research is needed to validate study findings. Introduction While ...

The effects of person-centered or other supportive interventions in older women with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures—a systematic review of the literature

Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is a common fragility fracture and the starting point of a lasting, painful, disabling condition. The aim was to summarize evidence of person-centered/non-medical interventions supporting women with VCF. Results show small numbers of studies with only probable effect on function, pain, QoL, fear of falling, and psychological symptoms. The ...

Sedentary behaviour and bone health in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review

Sedentary behaviour (SB) is increasing in Western societies and some studies suggest a deleterious effect of SB on bone. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the association between SB and bone health in children, adolescents and young adults. Electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Science Citation Index) were searched for relevant articles up to January 9, ...

Examining the treatment gap and risk of subsequent fractures among females with a fragility fracture in the US Medicare population

Summary Our aim was to evaluate the gap in osteoporosis treatment and the impact of osteoporosis treatment on subsequent fragility fractures. We found osteoporosis medication use lowered risk of subsequent fractures by 21% and that black race, higher CCI scores, dementia, and kidney diseases reduced the likelihood of osteoporosis medication use. Introduction The goal of this study ...