Child's Nervous System

http://link.springer.com/journal/381

List of Papers (Total 394)

The oscillatory flow of the cerebrospinal fluid in the Sylvian aqueduct and the prepontine cistern measured with phase contrast MRI in children with hydrocephalus—a preliminary report

Introduction Recognizing patients with ventriculomegaly who are at risk of developing acute hydrocephalus presents a challenge for the clinician. The association between disturbed cerebrospinal fluid flow (CSF) and impaired brain compliance may play a role in the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. Phase contrast MRI is a noninvasive technique which can be used to assess CSF parameters. ...

Intracranial Ewing sarcoma: four pediatric examples

Background Ewing sarcoma typically arises in bone and is unrelated to intraparenchymal small blue cell embryonal central nervous system (CNS) tumors previously designated primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs). When the CNS is impacted, it is usually secondary to local extension from either the epidural space, skull, or intracranial or spinal metastases. Primary examples within ...

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in children with a fiber optic neuroendoscopy

Objective Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) provides a shunt-free treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus children. With rapidly evolving technology, the semi-rigid fiber optic neuroendoscopy shows a potential application in ETV by blunt fenestration. A retrospective analysis of our experience is reviewed. Methods The authors review infants and children who underwent ETV using ...

How much do plastic surgeons add to the closure of myelomeningoceles?

Purpose This study reviews the outcomes of children undergoing myelomeningocele (MMC) repair in the paediatric neurosurgical department in Cardiff. These procedures are historically performed by paediatric neurosurgeons with occasional support from plastic surgeons for the larger lesions. We reviewed the postoperative outcomes over a 9-year period to assess the efficacy of having a ...

PRES in the course of hemato-oncological treatment in children

Introduction Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical syndrome of varying aetiologies, characterised by acute neurological symptoms of brain dysfunction with MRI abnormalities in posterior cerebral white and grey matter. In most cases, symptoms resolve without neurological consequences. Aim The aim of this paper is the analysis of predisposing factors, ...

Correction to: Sphenoid dysplasia in neurofibromatosis type 1: a new technique for repair

The published version of this article unfortunately contained an error. All names of the authors have been published incorrectly. Given in this article are the corrected author names.

Correction to: Challenges in minor TBI and indications for head CT in pediatric TBI—an update

The published version of this article unfortunately contained an error. An error in the Abstract was introduced during corrections stage when a “Conclusion” section appended is from a different article and was not provided from authors.

Cyclical vomiting syndrome secondary to a Chiari I malformation—a case report

Background Cyclical vomiting syndrome is a disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of profuse vomiting. There are no cases in the literature on the management of children with presenting with cyclical vomiting syndrome and a Chiari malformation type I. Discussion We report the case of a 12-year-old child diagnosed with cyclical vomiting syndrome and a Chiari malformation type ...

Analgosedation in paediatric severe traumatic brain injury (TBI): practice, pitfalls and possibilities

Analgosedation is a fundamental part of traumatic brain injury (TBI) treatment guidelines, encompassing both first and second tier supportive strategies. Worldwide analgosedation practices continue to be heterogeneous due to the low level of evidence in treatment guidelines (level III) and the choice of analgosedative drugs is made by the treating clinician. Current practice is ...

Decompressive craniectomy for traumatic intracranial hypertension: application in children

Traumatic brain injury remains prevalent in children, particularly within the adolescent age group. In severe injury, the priority of treatment is to stabilise the patient initially and prevent the evolution of brain swelling and secondary ischaemia using tiers of medical therapy. The final stage of intervention for such patients is a decompressive craniectomy. Here in, we identify ...

The history of optic chiasm from antiquity to the twentieth century

Purpose The optic chiasm is an essential structure located at the skull base that stirred over time the curiosity of anatomists, who became more and more interested in its structure and function. Through centuries, the optic chiasm was viewed as a vessel crossing, a way of transporting tears secreted by the brain to the eye, integrating images, or responsible for coordinated eye ...