Child's Nervous System

http://link.springer.com/journal/381

List of Papers (Total 385)

How much do plastic surgeons add to the closure of myelomeningoceles?

Purpose This study reviews the outcomes of children undergoing myelomeningocele (MMC) repair in the paediatric neurosurgical department in Cardiff. These procedures are historically performed by paediatric neurosurgeons with occasional support from plastic surgeons for the larger lesions. We reviewed the postoperative outcomes over a 9-year period to assess the efficacy of having a ...

PRES in the course of hemato-oncological treatment in children

Introduction Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical syndrome of varying aetiologies, characterised by acute neurological symptoms of brain dysfunction with MRI abnormalities in posterior cerebral white and grey matter. In most cases, symptoms resolve without neurological consequences. Aim The aim of this paper is the analysis of predisposing factors, ...

Correction to: Challenges in minor TBI and indications for head CT in pediatric TBI—an update

The published version of this article unfortunately contained an error. An error in the Abstract was introduced during corrections stage when a “Conclusion” section appended is from a different article and was not provided from authors.

Cyclical vomiting syndrome secondary to a Chiari I malformation—a case report

Background Cyclical vomiting syndrome is a disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of profuse vomiting. There are no cases in the literature on the management of children with presenting with cyclical vomiting syndrome and a Chiari malformation type I. Discussion We report the case of a 12-year-old child diagnosed with cyclical vomiting syndrome and a Chiari malformation type ...

Analgosedation in paediatric severe traumatic brain injury (TBI): practice, pitfalls and possibilities

Analgosedation is a fundamental part of traumatic brain injury (TBI) treatment guidelines, encompassing both first and second tier supportive strategies. Worldwide analgosedation practices continue to be heterogeneous due to the low level of evidence in treatment guidelines (level III) and the choice of analgosedative drugs is made by the treating clinician. Current practice is ...

Decompressive craniectomy for traumatic intracranial hypertension: application in children

Traumatic brain injury remains prevalent in children, particularly within the adolescent age group. In severe injury, the priority of treatment is to stabilise the patient initially and prevent the evolution of brain swelling and secondary ischaemia using tiers of medical therapy. The final stage of intervention for such patients is a decompressive craniectomy. Here in, we identify ...

The history of optic chiasm from antiquity to the twentieth century

Purpose The optic chiasm is an essential structure located at the skull base that stirred over time the curiosity of anatomists, who became more and more interested in its structure and function. Through centuries, the optic chiasm was viewed as a vessel crossing, a way of transporting tears secreted by the brain to the eye, integrating images, or responsible for coordinated eye ...

Long-term evaluation of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring-assisted tethered cord surgery

Purpose Patients with tethered spinal cord have been investigated for short-term effects after tethered spinal cord surgery in the past. However, little is known about the long-term effects in this patient group. In this retrospective, longitudinal, observational study, a patient sample of a previous report of 65 patients was reassessed to observe the long-term effects of ...

The significance of polymorphisms in genes encoding Il-1β, Il-6, TNFα, and Il-1RN in the pathogenesis of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants

Introduction Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a significant morbidity seen in very low birth weight infants. Genes related to inflammation may be risk factors for IVH. Material and methods We examined five polymorphisms for an association with IVH in 100 preterm infants born from singleton pregnancy, before 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, exposed to antenatal steroid therapy, and ...

Delayed diffuse cerebellar swelling after resection of medulloblastoma: case report and review of literature

Introduction Delayed diffuse cerebellar swelling is a rare life-threatening complication following medulloblastoma resection. Presentation We present our experience of managing a 4-year-old who developed diffuse cerebellar swelling with upward herniation 41 days after resection of a large cell anaplastic medulloblastoma. Conclusion Emergency chemotherapy alone was sufficient in ...