World Journal of Surgery

http://link.springer.com/journal/268

List of Papers (Total 683)

Development of a Unifying Target and Consensus Indicators for Global Surgical Systems Strengthening: Proposed by the Global Alliance for Surgery, Obstetric, Trauma, and Anaesthesia Care (The G4 Alliance)

After decades on the margins of primary health care, surgical and anaesthesia care is gaining increasing priority within the global development arena. The 2015 publications of the Disease Control Priorities third edition on Essential Surgery and the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery created a compelling evidenced-based argument for the fundamental role of surgery and anaesthesia ...

Rives Technique for the Primary Larger Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Prospective Study of 1000 Repairs

Objective We report a prospective study of repairs using the Rives technique of the more difficult primary inguinal hernias, focusing on the immediate post-operative period, clinical recurrence, testicular atrophy, and chronic pain. A mesh placed in the preperitoneal space can reduce recurrences and chronic pain. Methods For the larger primary inguinal hernias (Types 3, 4, 6, and ...

Entry-Level Forward Surgical Team Training in 5th Grade Students of Second Military Medical University of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army

Background Forward surgical team (FST) is a highly mobile team for surgical missions in battlefield. FST training has been well held in many western countries. However, such training in Chinese army is far from satisfaction. Methods and Results Relying on Second Military Medical University and its affiliated hospitals, we are launching an entry-level training program for 5th grade ...

Nomenclature in Abdominal Wall Hernias: Is It Time for Consensus?

Abdominal wall reconstruction is a rapidly evolving area of surgical interest. Due to the increase in prevalence and size of ventral hernias and the high recurrence rates, the academic community has become motivated to find the best reconstruction techniques. Whilst interrogating the abdominal wall reconstruction literature, we discovered an inconsistency in hernia nomenclature ...

Effectiveness of Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Non-emergency Cholecystectomy Using Data from a Population-Based Cohort Study

Background There is a variation in the administration of antibiotics prophylaxis to reduce the perceived risk of SSI in patients undergoing non-emergency cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis following non-emergency cholecystectomy to prevent 30-day superficial surgical site infections (SSIs) using non-selected, ...

The Effectiveness of Prophylactic Modified Neck Dissection for Reducing the Development of Lymph Node Recurrence of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

Aim The most frequent recurrence site of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the cervical lymph nodes. The introduction of an electric linear probe for use with ultrasonography in 1996 improved preoperative lateral neck evaluations. Before 2006, however, our hospital routinely performed prophylactic modified neck dissection (p-MND) for N0 or N1a PTCs >1 cm to prevent node ...

Radiologically Determined Sarcopenia Predicts Morbidity and Mortality Following Abdominal Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Background Individualised risk prediction is crucial if targeted pre-operative risk reduction strategies are to be deployed effectively. Radiologically determined sarcopenia has been shown to predict outcomes across a range of intra-abdominal pathologies. Access to pre-operative cross-sectional imaging has resulted in a number of studies investigating the predictive value of ...

Cost-Effectiveness of Two Government District Hospitals in Sub-Saharan Africa

Background District hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa are in need of investment if countries are going to progress towards universal health coverage, and meet the sustainable development goals and the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery time-bound targets for 2030. Previous studies have suggested that government hospitals are likely to be highly cost-effective and therefore worthy of ...

The Effect of Parathyroidectomy on Risk of Hip Fracture in Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

Background Secondary hyperparathyroidism increases the risk for fractures. Despite improvement in medical therapy, surgical parathyroidectomy (PTX) often becomes necessary, but its effect on risk of fractures is not clear. Our aim was to study the effect of parathyroidectomy on the risk of hip fractures in patients on dialysis or with a functioning renal graft at time of ...

Long-Term Results Following Antibiotic Treatment of Acute Appendicitis in Adults

Background Antibiotic treatment of acute appendicitis has gained interest and inquiries. Reports have demonstrated both safety and high resolution of symptoms and inflammation following antibiotic treatment of appendicitis, but information on long-term results is required. Our present aim was therefore to evaluate long-term recurrence rate of initial antibiotics-alone treatment for ...

The Influence of Clinical and Patient-Reported Outcomes on Post-surgery Satisfaction in Cholecystectomy Patients

Background Patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) and post-operative satisfaction have become a growing focus of surgical outcome evaluation and are considered key components of the movement towards patient-centred care. The aim was to compare the association of traditional clinical outcome measures and PROMs with post-surgery satisfaction in cholecystectomy patients. Methods Patients ...

The Effect of Three-Dimensional Preoperative Simulation on Liver Surgery

Background In the past decade, three-dimensional (3D) simulation has been commonly used for liver surgery. However, few studies have analyzed the usefulness of this 3D simulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 3D simulation on the outcome of liver surgery. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 240 consecutive patients who underwent liver resection. The patients ...

Impact of Comorbidity and Prescription Drugs on Haemorrhage in Cholecystectomy

Background The purpose of the present study was to analyse the impact of patient-related risk factors and medication drugs on haemorrhagic complications following cholecystectomy. Methods All cholecystectomies registered in the Swedish population-based Register for Gallstone Surgery and ERCP (GallRiks) were identified. Risk factors for bleeding were assessed by linking data in the ...

Does Beta-Blockade Reduce the Risk of Depression in Patients with Isolated Severe Extracranial Injuries?

Background Approximately half of trauma patients develop post-traumatic depression. It is suggested that beta-blockade impairs trauma memory recollection, reducing depressive symptoms. This study investigates the effect of early beta-blockade on depression following severe traumatic injuries in patients without significant brain injury. Methods Patients were identified by ...