Chemistry Central Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/13065

List of Papers (Total 1,146)

Stereoselective synthesis, X-ray analysis, computational studies and biological evaluation of new thiazole derivatives as potential anticancer agents

BackgroundThe synthesis of new thiazole derivatives is very important because of their diverse biological activities. Also , many drugs containing thiazole ring in their skeletons are available in the market such as Abafungin, Acotiamide, Alagebrium, Amiphenazole, Brecanavir, Carumonam, Cefepime, and Cefmatilen.ResultsEthyl cyanoacetate reacted with phenylisothiocyanate...

Dihydroisocoumarins from Radix Glycyrrhizae

BackgroundRadix Glycyrrhizae is the rhizome of Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat., Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L. The present paper describes the isolation and the structural elucidation of three new dihydroisocoumarins obtained from the 70% EtOH extract of Radix Glycyrrhizae. And the cytotoxic activities of these new compounds were also evaluated using four cell...

New fluorescence spectroscopic method for the simultaneous determination of alkaloids in aqueous extract of green coffee beans

BackgroundThere is no fluorescence spectroscopic method for the determination of trigonelline and theobromine in green coffee beans. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop a new fluorescence spectroscopic method to determine the alkaloids simultaneously in the aqueous extract of green coffee beans.ResultsThe calibration curves were linear in the range 2–6, 1–6, 1–5...

Chemical variability in the essential oil of leaves of Araçá (Psidium guineense Sw.), with occurrence in the Amazon

BackgroundPsidium guineense, known as Araçá, is a Brazilian botanical resource with commercial application perspectives, based on the functional elements of its fruits and due to the use of its leaves as an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agent. The essential oils of leaves of twelve specimens of Araçá were analyzed by GC and GC-MS to identify their volatile constituents and...

In vitro and in silico studies of terpenes, terpenoids and related compounds with larvicidal and pupaecidal activity against Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)

BackgroundIn order to develop new larvicidal agents derived from phytochemicals, the larvicidal activity of fifty molecules that are constituent of essential oils was evaluated against Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Terpenes, terpenoids and phenylpropanoids molecules were included in the in vitro evaluation, and QSAR models using genetic algorithms were built to identify molecular...

Validation of analytical method for rhynchophorol quantification and stability in inorganic matrix for the controlled release of this pheromone

A fast method for the identification and stability evaluation of the aggregation pheromone rhynchophorol, which is the main substance used for chemical communication by the beetle Rhynchophorus palmarum L., was validated. In addition, the technique was applied to the evaluation of two inorganic matrices, with the objective of using them as controlled-release devices. The...

Microwave assisted synthesis of some new thiazolopyrimidine and pyrimidothiazolopyrimidopyrimidine derivatives with potential antimicrobial activity

Background and objectiveA series of thiazolopyrimidine derivatives have been synthesized via multicomponent reaction and tested for biological activities. This research aims to develop a new synthetic method of poly fused pyrimidines under microwave irradiation. 6-Amino-4-aryl-2-thioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carbonitriles reacted with bromomalono-nitrile to give 3,7...

Palladium(0) catalyzed Suzuki cross-coupling reaction of 2,5-dibromo-3-methylthiophene: selectivity, characterization, DFT studies and their biological evaluations

Thiophene derivatives have shown versatile pharmacological activities. The Suzuki reaction proved a convenient method for C–C bond formations in organic molecules. In the present research work novel derivatives of 2,5-dibromo-3-methylthiophene (3a–k and 3l–p) has been synthesized, via Suzuki coupling reaction in low to moderate yields. A wide range of functional groups were well...

Study on the interaction between active components from traditional Chinese medicine and plasma proteins

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as a unique form of natural medicine, has been used in Chinese traditional therapeutic systems over two thousand years. Active components in Chinese herbal medicine are the material basis for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Research on drug-protein binding is one of the important contents in the study of early stage clinical...

Development and validation of an HPLC–MS/MS method for the determination of arginine-vasopressin receptor blocker conivaptan in human plasma and rat liver microsomes: application to a metabolic stability study

PurposeTo develop and validate a bio-analytical HPLC–MS/MS method for the determination of conivaptan (CVA) an arginine-vasopressin receptor blocker in human plasma and in rat liver microsomes (RLMs).MethodsAnalytes were separated on a reversed phase C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm). The mobile phase was a mixture of acetonitrile and 10 mM ammonium formate (40:60 v/v, pH 4.0...

Preparation and application of melamine cross-linked poly ammonium as shale inhibitor

In this paper, a series of poly ammonium shale inhibitors were prepared from diethylamine, epichlorohydrin, and melamine (DEM) and their inhibition to shale were evaluated by bentonite linear expansion test, anti-swelling experiments, and mud ball experiments. Additionally, other properties of drilling fluid treated by poly ammonium were evaluated. Anti-swelling results showed...

The determination of Ochratoxin A based on the electrochemical aptasensor by carbon aerogels and methylene blue assisted signal amplification

In this work, a novel aptamer-based electrochemical biosensor was developed for the determination of Ochratoxin A (OTA) by using carbon aerogels (CAs) and methylene blue (MB) as signal amplification strategy. CAs was used as carrier to load the abundant of complementary DNA (cDNA), which could enhance the hybridization between CAs-cDNA and aptamer immobilized on the electrode...

Identification of characteristic aroma compounds in raw and thermally processed African giant snail (Achatina fulica)

BackgroundFood flavor appreciation is one of the first signals along with food appearance and texture encountered by consumers during eating of food. Also, it is well known that flavor can strongly influence consumer’s acceptability judgment. The increase in the consumption of snail meat across the world calls for the need to research into the aroma compounds responsible for the...

Exploration of Phyllanthus acidus mediated silver nanoparticles and its activity against infectious bacterial pathogen

In our present investigation, synthesis of nontoxic, eco friendly and cost effective silver nanoparticles, Phyllanthus acidus (P. acidus) was used as starting material. The influence of phyto-constituents present in aqueous extracts of Phyllanthus acidus was found to be effective in reduction of silver nitrate to free silver nanoparticles (PA-AgNPs). HPTLC finger print analysis...

Simultaneous identification and determination of flavonoids in Dendrobium officinale

BackgroundThe quality of material medicine resources has had a considerable impact on the development of the health industry, which has created a bottleneck for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Dendrobium officinale, which has been widely used for health prevention in TCM, has become a high-nutritive health food that is strongly recommended by many white-collar workers and...

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) levels in honey and other food products: effects on bees and human health

An organic compound known as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed from reducing sugars in honey and various processed foods in acidic environments when they are heated through the Maillard reaction. In addition to processing, storage conditions affect the formation HMF, and HMF has become a suitable indicator of honey quality. HMF is easily absorbed from food through the...

Eugenol derivatives: synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities

Eugenol is the major component of clove essential oil and has demonstrated relevant biological potential with well-known antimicrobial and antioxidant action. Therefore, this work carried out the synthesis, purification, characterization, and evaluation of the antioxidant and antibacterial potential of 19 eugenol derivatives. The derivatives were produced by esterification...

QSAR study and rustic ligand-based virtual screening in a search for aminooxadiazole derivatives as PIM1 inhibitors

BackgroundQuantitative structure–activity relationship (QSAR) was carried out to study a series of aminooxadiazoles as PIM1 inhibitors having pki ranging from 5.59 to 9.62 (k i in nM). The present study was performed using Genetic Algorithm method of variable selection (GFA), multiple linear regression analysis (MLR) and non-linear multiple regression analysis (MNLR) to build...