Chemistry Central Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/13065

List of Papers (Total 1,111)

Citric acid: emerging applications of key biotechnology industrial product

Owing to new biotechnological production units mostly located in China, global supply of citric acid in the course of the last two decades rose from less than 0.5 to more than 2 million tonnes becoming the single largest chemical obtained via biomass fermentation and the most widely employed organic acid. Critically reviewing selected research achievements and production trends...

Modeling and optimization of nanoemulsion containing Sorafenib for cancer treatment by response surface methodology

The aim of this study is the development of nanoemulsions for intravenous administration of Sorafenib, which is a poorly soluble drug with no parenteral treatment. The formulation was prepared by a high energy emulsification method and optimized by response surface methodology. The effects of overhead stirring time, high shear rate, high shear time, and cycles of high-pressure...

Synthesis and protective effect of new ligustrazine-vanillic acid derivatives against CoCl2-induced neurotoxicity in differentiated PC12 cells

Ligustrazine-vanillic acid derivatives had been reported to exhibit promising neuroprotective activities. In our continuous effort to develop new ligustrazine derivatives with neuroprotective effects, we attempted the synthesis of several ligustrazine-vanillic acid amide derivatives and screened their protective effect on the injured PC12 cells damaged by CoCl2. The results...

Identification of the aroma compounds in Vitex doniana sweet: free and bound odorants

BackgroundMost often, the glycosidically-bound aroma compounds are released during industrial processing or pre-treatment of fruits. This usually introduces modification to the aroma notes of such fruits. Therefore, there is the need to understand the contribution of these bound aroma compounds to the overall aroma of a given fruit. In recent years research studies have reported...

A brief review of recent developments in the designs that prevent bio-fouling on silicon and silicon-based materials

Silicon and silicon-based materials are essential to our daily life. They are widely used in healthcare and manufacturing. However, silicon and silicon-based materials are susceptible to bio-fouling, which is of great concern in numerous applications. To date, interdisciplinary research in surface science, polymer science, biology, and engineering has led to the implementation of...

Purification, characterization and procoagulant activity of polysaccharides from Angelica dahurice roots

Five polysaccharides, namely ADPs-1a, ADPs-1b, ADPs-2, ADPs-3a and ADPs-3b, were extracted from Angelicae dahuricae Radix, purified, and identified by high performance gel permeation chromatography (HPSEC), gas chromatography (GC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (NMR), including the determination of procoagulant activity in...

Design, synthesis and biological potentials of novel tetrahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidine derivatives

Background A novel series of 5-(substituted aldehyde)-7-methyl-3-oxo-N-phenyl-2-((3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxytetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)methylene)-1,2,3,5-tetrahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidine-6-carboxamide analogues (1–24) was synthesized using the Biginelli condensation. Results and discussion The synthesized compounds were screened for their in vitro antimicrobial potential against Gram...

Characterization of major metabolites of polymethoxylated flavonoids in Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae using liver microsomes immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles coupled with UPLC/MS–MS

The peels of citrus fruits (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, PCR) have long been used in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) were found to be the main components present in PCR extracts, but their metabolism remains unclear which restrain the utilization of this TCM. In the present work, rat liver microsomes were immobilized on magnetic...

The effect of carbamic acid, (1,2,3-thiadiazole-4-ylcarbonyl)-hexyl ester on Peronophythora litchii infection, quality and physiology of postharvest litchi fruits

Background Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) is a subtropical fruit with attractive characteristic of white to creamy semitranslucent flesh and red color in pericap, but it was easily subjected to the infection of Peronophythora litchii and lost its market values. Experiments were conducted to understand the effect of [Carbamic acid, (1,2,3-thiadiazole-4-ylcarbonyl)-hexyl ester...

2-Benzyl-benzofurans from the tubers of Ophiopogon japonicus

BackgroundThe overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) is known to involve in various inflammatory processes. A methanol extract of the tubers of Ophiopogon japonicus was found to strongly inhibit NO production. The present paper deals with the isolation, structural identification and NO inhibitory effect of five compounds isolated from the MeOH extract of O. japonicus tubers...

Synthesis and biological evaluation of the new 1,3-dimethylxanthine derivatives with thiazolidine-4-one scaffold

Background The xanthine structure has proved to be an important scaffold in the process of developing a wide variety of biologically active molecules such as bronchodilator, hypoglycemiant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory agents. It is known that hyperglycemia generates reactive oxygen species which are involved in the progression of diabetes mellitus and its complications...

Cheminformatics studies to analyze the therapeutic potential of phytochemicals from Rhazya stricta

Rhazya stricta is a unique medicinal plant source for many indole alkaloids, non-alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenes and other unknown molecules with tremendous potential for therapeutic applications against many diseases. In the present article, we generated computational data on predictive properties and activity across two key therapeutic areas of cancer and obesity, and...

A conceptual DFT study of the molecular properties of glycating carbonyl compounds

Several glycating carbonyl compounds have been studied by resorting to the latest Minnesota family of density functional with the objective of determinating their molecular properties. In particular, the chemical reactivity descriptors that arise from conceptual density functional theory and chemical reactivity theory have been calculated through a \(\Delta\)SCF protocol. The...

Thermal degradation of aqueous 2-aminoethylethanolamine in CO2 capture; identification of degradation products, reaction mechanisms and computational studies

Amine degradation is the main significant problems in amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture, causes foaming, increase in viscosity, corrosion, fouling as well as environmental issues. Therefore it is very important to develop the most efficient solvent with high thermal and chemical stability. This study investigated thermal degradation of aqueous 30% 2-aminoethylethanolamine...

Green solvents and technologies for oil extraction from oilseeds

Oilseeds are crucial for the nutritional security of the global population. The conventional technology used for oil extraction from oilseeds is by solvent extraction. In solvent extraction, n-hexane is used as a solvent for its attributes such as simple recovery, non-polar nature, low latent heat of vaporization (330 kJ/kg) and high selectivity to solvents. However, usage of...

Enhanced antibacterial activity of TiO2 nanoparticle surface modified with Garcinia zeylanica extract

Background The antibacterial activity of 21 nm TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and particles modified with Garcinia zeylanica (G. zeylanica) against Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was investigated in the presence and absence of light. Results Surface modification of TiO2 NPs with the adsorption of G. zeylanica extract, causes to shift the absorption edge of TiO2 NPs to...

Synthesis, spectroscopic, dielectric, molecular docking and DFT studies of (3E)-3-(4-methylbenzylidene)-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-2-one: an anticancer agent

BackgroundCoumarin (2H-chromen-2-one) and its derivatives have a wide range of biological and pharmaceutical activities. They possess antitumor, anti-HIV, anticoagulant, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. Synthesis and isolation of coumarins from different species have attracted the attention of medicinal chemists. Herein, we report the synthesis...

Using flow technologies to direct the synthesis and assembly of materials in solution

In the pursuit of materials with structure-related function, directing the assembly of materials is paramount. The resultant structure can be controlled by ordering of reactants, spatial confinement and control over the reaction/crystallisation times and stoichiometries. These conditions can be administered through the use of flow technologies as evidenced by the growing...

Optimization of microwave-assisted extraction of zerumbone from Zingiber zerumbet L. rhizome and evaluation of antiproliferative activity of optimized extracts

Background The extraction of bioactive compounds from herbal materials requires optimization in order to recover the highest active dose. Response surface methodology was used to optimize variables affecting the microwave extraction of zerumbone from Zingiber zerumbet using the Box–Behnken design. The influence of variables, such as ethanol concentration (X1), microwave power (X2...

A traditional poly herbal medicine “Le Pana Guliya” induces apoptosis in HepG2 and HeLa cells but not in CC1 cells: an in vitro assessment

“Le Pana Guliya” (LPG) is a polyherbal formulation which is used to treat different types of cancers in traditional medicine. In this study we describe in vitro efficacy and mechanism of action of LPG on two cancer cell lines (HepG2 and HeLa) compared with a normal cell line CC1. The MTT, LDH assays and protein synthesis were used to study antiproliferative activity of LPG while...

Silica-titania xerogel doped with Mo,P-heteropoly compounds for solid phase spectrophotometric determination of ascorbic acid in fruit juices, pharmaceuticals, and synthetic urine

Background Ascorbic acid is one of the most important vitamins to monitor in dietary sources (juices and vitamins) and biological liquids. Results Silica and silica-titania xerogels doped with Mo,P-heteropoly compounds (HPC) have been synthesized varying titanium(IV) and HPC content in sol. Their surface area and porosity have been studied with nitrogen adsorption and scanning...

Simultaneous determination of newly developed antiviral agents in pharmaceutical formulations by HPLC-DAD

Background Ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir/dasabuvir (Viekira Pak®) are the newest medicines approved for use in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and are available in tablet form as an oral combination. Specifically, these agents are indicated in the treatment of HCV in patients with genotype 1 infection. Due to the therapeutic importance and increased use of Viekira...

In vitro drug release characteristic and cytotoxic activity of silibinin-loaded single walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with biocompatible polymers

In this paper, we demonstrate the preparation of silibinin-loaded carbon nanotubes (SWSB) with surface coating agents via non-covalent approach as an effective drug delivery system. The resulting surface-coated SWSB nanocomposites are extensively characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies, ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectrometry and field...

HPLC estimation of iothalamate to measure glomerular filtration rate in humans

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is usually determined by estimation of iothalamate (IOT) clearance. We have developed and validated an accurate and robust method for the analysis of IOT in human plasma and urine. The mobile phase consisted of methanol and 50 mM sodium phosphate (10:90; v/v). Flow rate was 1.2 mL/min on a C18 reverse phase column, Synergi-hydro (250 × 4.6 mm) 4...

Application of dosimetry tools for the assessment of e-cigarette aerosol and cigarette smoke generated on two different in vitro exposure systems

The diluted aerosols from a cigarette (3R4F) and an e-cigarette (Vype ePen) were compared in two commercially available in vitro exposure systems: the Borgwaldt RM20S and Vitrocell VC10. Dosimetry was assessed by measuring deposited aerosol mass in the exposure chambers via quartz crystal microbalances, followed by quantification of deposited nicotine on their surface. The two...