JOM

http://link.springer.com/journal/11837

List of Papers (Total 765)

Swelling Behavior of High-Chromium, Vanadium-Bearing Titanomagnetite Pellets in H2-CO-CO2 Gas Mixtures

In this study, the effects of temperature, gas composition and reduction degree on the reduction swelling index (RSI) of high-chromium vanadium-bearing titanomagnetite (HCVT) pellets during reduction with H2-CO-CO2 gas mixtures are investigated. The results show that the formation of massive wüstite causes most of the volume expansion of the pellets. The swelling of HCVT pellets is ...

Numerical Investigation of Nanostructured Silica PCFs for Sensing Applications

Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) developed using nanostructured composite materials provide special optical properties. PCF light propagation and modal characteristics can be tailored by modifying their structural and material parameters. Structuring and infusion of liquid crystal materials enhances the capabilities of all silica PCFs, facilitating their operation in different ...

Pyrolysis Gas as a Renewable Reducing Agent for the Recycling of Zinc- and Lead-Bearing Residues: A Status Report

The topic “Zero Waste” has been in existence for several years in the industry, and the metallurgical industry has also made efforts to reduce the amounts of residues occurring and have started several investigations to cut down on metallurgical by-products which have to be landfilled. Especially, the additional costs for CO2 emissions in different metallurgical steps have led to ...

Melt Conditioning of Light Metals by Application of High Shear for Improved Microstructure and Defect Control

Casting is the first step toward the production of majority of metal products whether the final processing step is casting or other thermomechanical processes such as extrusion or forging. The high shear melt conditioning provides an easily adopted pathway to producing castings with a more uniform fine-grained microstructure along with a more uniform distribution of the chemical ...

Coupled Crystal Plasticity–Phase Field Fracture Simulation Study on Damage Evolution Around a Void: Pore Shape Versus Crystallographic Orientation

Various mechanisms such as anisotropic plastic flow, damage nucleation, and crack propagation govern the overall mechanical response of structural materials. Understanding how these mechanisms interact, i.e. if they amplify mutually or compete with each other, is an essential prerequisite for the design of improved alloys. This study shows—by using the free and open source software ...

Identifying Structure–Property Relationships Through DREAM.3D Representative Volume Elements and DAMASK Crystal Plasticity Simulations: An Integrated Computational Materials Engineering Approach

Predicting, understanding, and controlling the mechanical behavior is the most important task when designing structural materials. Modern alloy systems—in which multiple deformation mechanisms, phases, and defects are introduced to overcome the inverse strength–ductility relationship—give raise to multiple possibilities for modifying the deformation behavior, rendering traditional, ...

Intergranular Strain Evolution During Biaxial Loading: A Multiscale FE-FFT Approach

Predicting the macroscopic and microscopic mechanical response of metals and alloys subjected to complex loading conditions necessarily requires a synergistic combination of multiscale material models and characterization techniques. This article focuses on the use of a multiscale approach to study the difference between intergranular lattice strain evolution for various grain ...

Evaluation of Shearing Time Sufficient for Effective Liquid Metal Processing

Melt shearing has been suggested to be an efficient means of structure refinement through oxide dispersion and fragmentation. One of the process parameters that needs to be optimized is the shearing time. In this paper, the effect of shearing time on alumina powder refinement was studied in a model system with water as a working fluid. The established time was taken as a first ...

Effects of H2 Atmospheres on Sintering of Low Alloy Steels Containing Oxygen-Sensitive Masteralloys

Processing of novel sintered steels with compositions including oxygen-sensitive elements requires deep understanding of the chemistry of sintering. The use of H2 atmospheres alleviates the oxygen transference from the base powder to the oxygen-sensitive particles. However, in H2, methane formation at 700–1200°C causes dramatic homogeneous decarburization of the part that affects ...