European Transport Research Review

http://link.springer.com/journal/12544

List of Papers (Total 285)

A proposal for an operating cycle description format for road transport missions

PurposeThis article presents a proposal for an operating cycle format for describing transport missions of road vehicles, for example a logging truck fetching its cargo. The primary application is in dynamic simulation models for evaluation of energy consumption and other costs of transportation. When applied to product development, the objective is an ensemble of components and...

Experiences of rail intermodal freight transport for low-density high value (LDHV) goods in Europe

ObjectivePrevious studies have suggested an upward growth trend in low density, high value (LDHV) goods in Europe. Such goods require time sensitive, reliable services and currently, most LDHV goods are transported by road. The paper presents the findings of four case studies which detail the barriers and enablers to intermodal rail services for transporting LDHV goods...

Characteristics of variable speed limit systems

The control algorithm used for deciding on the speed limit in variable speed limit systems is crucial for the performance of the systems. The algorithm is designed to fulfil the purpose of the variable speed limit system, which can be one or several of the following aspects: increasing safety, increasing efficiency and decreasing environmental impacts. Today, many of the control...

The use of neuropsychological tests to study the effects of aging on driving performance in the UK

Research was conducted to identify a series of neuropsychological tests to assess the ability to drive. Driving performance of young and old UK drivers was modeled through multiple linear regression and univariate logistic regression tools. The UFOV3 test (i.e. the third subtest of the UFOV test) had comparatively high discriminating ability in separating poor-drivers from not...

SEM application to the household travel survey on weekends versus weekdays: the case of Seoul, South Korea

Purpose This study analyzes the relationship that land use has with weekend travel in comparison to weekday travel. Unlike previous studies, it uses the same sample for two models that are specified to test the relationship separately for weekday and weekend travel. Methods Structural equation modeling is employed to test the land use–travel relationship. A comparison is made...

City-hubs for smarter cities. The case of Lille “EuraFlandres” interchange

Introduction The importance of the transport infrastructure role is often described in the attempt to describe the characteristics of a “smart city”. Good planning and organization of communication networks contributes to the development of cities that are more fluid and user-friendly and sustainable, concepts underlying “smart cities”. The paper focuses on the impact on social...

An analytical model for vehicle miles traveled and carbon emissions for goods delivery scenarios

Introduction This paper presents an analytical model to contrast the carbon emissions from a number of goods delivery methods. This includes individuals travelling to the store by car, and delivery trucks delivering to homes. While the impact of growing home delivery services has been studied with combinatorial approaches, those approaches do not allow for systematic conclusions...

Investigation and sensitivity analysis of air pollution caused by road transportation at signalized intersections using IVE model in Iran

IntroductionThe development of urbanization has had many negative outcomes in different societies. Population growth and the increase in the transportation are the consequences of urban growth which has resulted into problems. Vehicles are responsible for 90% of air pollution in Iran and it is essential to use authentic models of traffic emissions in accordance with the current...

Assessment of existing and future rail freight services and Technologies for low Density High Value Goods in Europe

IntroductionIn recent years there have been major changes in the composition of cargo to the point where, in Europe, semi-finished products (e.g. car parts) and finished goods represent the greatest transport demand. This type of cargo is typically of lower density and higher value (LDHV) than previous goods and requires faster and more reliable transportation. Currently, LDHV...

The role of fines and rewards in the self-regulation of young drivers

Purpose The current study examined the relations between objective and subjective measures of driving patterns, focusing on traffic violations. In addition, the study explored the potential use of rewards in order to modify driving behaviors and examined the relationship between attitudinal and demographic variables and the frequency of speeding. Method We acquired subjective and...

Restrained mobility in a high-accessible and migrant-rich area in downtown Beijing

Purpose Immigrant travel has become an emerging research field in transportation planning. A handful of scholars have studied the travel behavior of residents in immigrant enclaves in North America. However, thus far, there has been no analysis of the travel behavior of residents living in migrant-rich neighborhoods in China. Additionally, previous studies rarely explored whether...

Integrated American-European protocol for safety interventions on existing two-lane rural roads

Purpose The main purpose was to integrate two strategies for road safety analyses (qualitative: audits, inspections; and quantitative: accident predictions) and develop a possible protocol for the safety interventions on existing two-lane rural road segments. Those road sections do not typically belong to the TEN-network, to which the 2008/96/EC Directive is mainly oriented...

Headway distribution models of two-lane roads under mixed traffic conditions: a case study from India

Introduction The time headway of vehicles is of fundamental importance in traffic engineering applications like capacity, level-of-service and safety studies. Further, the performance of traffic simulation depends on inputs into the simulation process and ‘accurate vehicle generation’ is critical in this context. Thus, it is important to define headway distribution pattern for...

Simulation of B2C e-commerce distribution in Antwerp using cargo bikes and delivery points

Purpose The growth of e-commerce is accompanied by an increasing distribution of parcels in cities resulting in externalities like traffic congestion or emissions. As a consequence, different delivery concepts like bike deliveries or delivery points have been suggested. Naturally, companies will only accept these changes, if they do not result in higher costs. However, it is...

Exploring the relationship between urban freight demand and the purchasing behaviour of a University

Introduction This research was focused on the ‘receiver’ end of the supply chain that has, in recent years, emerged as a novel area of investigation by European urban freight researchers. The paper explores the importance of procurement policy and mechanisms in a higher education establishment in order to drive a sustainable approach to inbound logistics. There is little known of...

Towards a decision-support procedure to foster stakeholder involvement and acceptability of urban freight transport policies

Purpose This paper addresses the complex problem of multi-stakeholder decisions in urban freight transport policy-making from a public authority perspective, by proposing a procedure based on a modelling approach to support stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process. The paper analyses the existing methods that can be used for participatory decision-support, with the...

Equity in transport: Learning from the policy domains of housing, health care and education

Introduction The aim of this paper is to explore the equity principles in three main domains of government intervention (health, education and especially housing) and to draw lessons for the domain of transport. In line with the burgeoning literature, we consider equity in transport to be primarily – albeit not only – concerned with the level of accessibility conferred by the...

Planning transport infrastructures in an uncertain context. Analysis and limits to contemporary planning in France

Introduction The planning of transport infrastructures in France has been marked by three major developments: the European reform concerning the opening of rail transport to competition, the privatisation of semi-public motorway concession-holding companies, and the use of public-private partnership contracts. This article proposes examining the following research question: how...

Plan for sustainable urban logistics – comparing between Scandinavian and UK practices

Introduction Common practices in current urban logistics planning in Scandinavia and the UK, and the degree to which SUTP (Sustainable Urban Transport Plan), SUMP (Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans) and SULP (Sustainable Urban Logistics Plans) guidelines are used, are examined in this paper. Methods A systematic literature review identifies relevant studies based on predefined...

Data stories from urban loading bays

Purpose Freight vehicle parking facilities at large urban freight traffic generators, such as urban retail malls, are often characterized by a high volume of vehicle arrivals and a poor parking supply infrastructure. Recurrent congestion of freight parking facilities generates environmental (e.g. pollution), economic (e.g. delays in deliveries) and social (e.g. traffic) negative...

Fundamental diagrams of pedestrian flow characteristics: A review

Introduction The dimensionality of pedestrian infrastructure facilities have a great influence on pedestrian movements and a considerable impact on natural environment of the facility. Understanding the pedestrian movements are crucial to estimate the capacity of the system accurately, especially in the transportation terminals such as railway stations, bus terminals, airports...