In this paper, the unsteady laminar three-dimensional flow of an incompressible viscous fluid in the neighbourhood of a stagnation point is studied. The magnetic field is applied normal to the surface and the effects of viscous dissipation and Ohmic heating are taken into account. The unsteadiness in the flow is caused by the external free stream varying arbitrarily with time...

We present a local convergence analysis for eighth-order variants of Newton’s method in order to approximate a solution of a nonlinear equation. We use hypotheses up to the first derivative in contrast to earlier studies such as Amat et al. (Appl Math Comput 206(1):164–174, 2008), Amat et al. (Aequationes Math 69:212–213, 2005), Chun et al. (Appl Math Comput. 227:567–592, 2014...

This paper considers the estimation problem for Burr type-X model, when the lifetimes are collected under type-II progressive censoring with random removals, where the number of units removed at each failure time follows a binomial distribution. The methods of maximum likelihood as well as the Bayes procedure to derive both point and interval estimates of the parameters are used...

We tackle the problem of finding a suitable categorical framework for generalized functions used in mathematical physics for linear and non-linear PDEs. We are looking for a Cartesian closed category which contains both Schwartz distributions and Colombeau generalized functions as natural objects. We study Frölicher spaces, diffeological spaces and functionally generated spaces...

In this paper, we introduce a new class of convex functions which is called \({h_{\varphi}}\)-preinvex functions. We prove several Hermite–Hadamard inequalities for \({h_{\varphi}}\)-preinvex functions. Some special cases are also discussed. Results proved in this paper continue to hold for these special cases. Our results may stimulate further investigation regarding variant...

The aim of this paper is to define the concept of fuzzy k 0-preproximity and show how a fuzzy closure space is induced by a fuzzy k 0-preproximity and vice versa. Also, we introduce the notion of fuzzy k 0-preproximal neighborhood system.

In this paper, we investigate the set of solutions for nonlinear Volterra type integral equations in Banach spaces in the weak sense and under Henstock–Kurzweil–Pettis integrability. Moreover, a fixed point result is presented for weakly sequentially continuous mappings defined on the function space C(K, X), where K is compact Hausdorff and X is a Banach space. The main condition...

In this paper, we obtain the solution of a new generalized reciprocal type functional equation in two variables and investigate its generalized Hyers–Ulam stability in non-Archimedean fields. We also present the pertinent stability results of Hyers–Ulam–Rassias stability, Ulam–Gavruta–Rassias stability and J. M. Rassias stability controlled by the mixed product-sum of powers of...

In this paper, we consider the regularity criterion for the 3D MHD equations and prove that if the gradient of the pressure belongs to \({L^\frac{2}{2-r}(0,T;\dot X_r(\mathbb{R}^{3}))}\) with \({0\leq r\leq 1}\) , then the solution is smooth. Notice that we extend the result given by Gala (Appl Anal 92:96–103, 2013).

The purpose of this work is to compare the stochastic and deterministic versions of an SIRS epidemic model. The SIRS models studied here include constant inflows of new susceptibles, infectives and removeds. These models also incorporate saturation incidence rate and disease-related death. First, we study the global stability of deterministic model with and without the presence...

The aim of these notes is to indicate, using very simple examples, that not all results in ring theory can be derived from monoids and that there are results that deeply depend on the interplay between “ + ” and “·”.

We discuss general concept of Markov statistical dynamics in the continuum. For a class of spatial birth-and-death models, we develop a perturbative technique for the construction of statistical dynamics. Particular examples of such systems are considered. For the case of Glauber type dynamics in the continuum we describe a Markov chain approximation approach that gives more...

Ultrafunctions are a particular class of functions defined on a non-Archimedean field \({\mathbb{R}^{\ast } \supset \mathbb{R}}\). They have been introduced and studied in some previous works (Benci, Adv Nonlinear Stud 13:461–486, 2013; Benci and Luperi Baglini, EJDE, Conf 21:11–21, 2014; Benci, Basic Properties of ultrafunctions, to appear in the WNDE2012 Conference Proceedings...

We give necessary and sufficient conditions for the power series ring \({R{[[x_1,\ldots,x_n]]}}\) to be a Jaffard domain, where R is an almost pseudo-valuation domain.

We study the existence of weak solutions for a p(x)-Kirchhoff problem. The main tool used is the variational method, more precisely, the Mountain Pass Theorem.

The purpose of the paper is to study the uniqueness of meromorphic functions sharing a small function with weight. The results of the paper improve and extend some recent results due to Banerjee and Sahoo (Sarajevo J Math 20:69–89, 2012), which in turn radically improve, extend and supplement some results of Dyavanal (J Math Anal Appl 372(1):252–261, 2010; 374(1):334, 2011; 374(1...

We study a system of particles in the interval [ 0 , ϵ - 1 ] ∩ Z , ϵ - 1 a positive integer. The particles move as symmetric independent random walks (with reflections at the endpoints); simultaneously new particles are injected at site 0 at rate j ϵ (j > 0) and removed at same rate from the rightmost occupied site. The removal mechanism is, therefore, of topological rather than...

We give a simple criterion so that a countable infinite direct sum of trace (evaluation) maps is a trace map. An application to the theory of self-adjoint extensions of direct sums of symmetric operators is provided; this gives an alternative approach to results recently obtained by Malamud–Neidhardt and Kostenko–Malamud using regularized direct sums of boundary triplets.

We survey some known results about operator semigroup generated by operator matrices with diagonal or coupled domain. These abstract results are applied to the characterization of well-/ill-posedness for a class of evolution equations with dynamic boundary conditions on domains or metric graphs. In particular, our results on the heat equation with general Wentzell-type boundary...

Let f be an analytic function on the unit disc \({\mathbb{D}}\) and F(a, b; c; z) be the Gaussian hypergeometric function. We consider the operator Ta,b,c on H(p, q, α) defined as Ta, b, cf(z) = f(z) * F(a, b; c; z), where * denotes the usual Hadamard/convolution product. We prove that the Taylor coefficients of F(a, b; c; z) are a multiplier from H(p, q, α) to H(p, q, α + a + b...

We define coring objects in the category of algebras over a perfect field of characteristic p (with connected underlying Hopf algebra) and the corresponding notion for Dieudonné modules, and prove the equivalence of the two resulting categories, extending thus the methods of Dieudonné theory for Hopf rings from Ravenel (Reunión Sobre Teoría de Homotopía, volume 1 of Serie notas...

We show that the set of all separable Banach spaces that have the π-property is a Borel subset of the set of all closed subspaces of C(Δ), where Δ is the Cantor set, equipped with the standard Effros-Borel structure. We show that if α < ω 1, the set of spaces with Szlenk index at most α which have a shrinking FDD is Borel.

We consider the problem to control a vibrating string to rest in a given finite time. The string is fixed at one end and controlled by Neumann boundary control at the other end. We give an explicit representation of the L 2-norm minimal control in terms of the given initial state. We show that if the initial state is sufficiently regular, the same control is also L p -norm...