BMC Medical Education

http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920

List of Papers (Total 1,691)

Perceptions of mistreatment among trainees vary at different stages of clinical training

Background Mistreatment of trainees remains a frequently reported phenomenon in medical education. One barrier to creating an educational culture of respect and professionalism may be a lack of alignment in the perceptions of mistreatment among different learners. Through the use of clinical vignettes, our aim was to assess the perceptions of trainees toward themes of potential...

Social pediatrics: weaving horizontal and vertical threads through pediatric residency

Background Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients’ social, environmental and political contexts. It’s an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize...

Validity evidence for two objective structured clinical examination stations to evaluate core skills of the shoulder and knee assessment

Background We developed two objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) to educate and evaluate trainees in the evaluation and management of shoulder and knee pain. Our objective was to examine the evidence for validity of these OSCEs. Methods A multidisciplinary team of content experts developed checklists of exam maneuvers and criteria to guide rater observations...

Student and faculty perceptions on the rapid scale-up of medical students in Ethiopia

Background Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a “flood and retain” initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of...

The impact of students and curriculum on self-study during clinical training in medical school: a multilevel approach

Background In higher education, the focus has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to learning objectives and skills. This means that, the majority of student learning time is spent independently working outside the classroom. Students take an active role in setting goals, deciding how to achieve them, and planning individual study time. Although extensive research has...

Learning global health: a pilot study of an online collaborative intercultural peer group activity involving medical students in Australia and Indonesia

Background There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in ‘international classrooms’ may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and...

Reasons for faculty departures from an academic medical center: a survey and comparison across faculty lines

Background Faculty departure can present significant intellectual costs to an institution. The authors sought to identify the reasons for clinical and non-clinical faculty departures at one academic medical center (AMC). Method In May and June 2010, the authors surveyed 137 faculty members who left a west coast School of Medicine (SOM) between 1999 and 2009. In May and June 2015...

Impact of medical student origins on the likelihood of ultimately practicing in areas of low vs high socio-economic status

Introduction Medical schools are in general over-represented by students from high socio-economic status backgrounds. The University of Western Australia Medical School has been progressively widening the participation of students from a broader spectrum of the community both through expanded selection criteria and quota-based approaches for students of rural, indigenous and...

Goals of care conversation teaching in residency – a cross-sectional survey of postgraduate program directors

Background Residents are commonly involved in establishing goals of care for hospitalized patients. While education can improve the quality of these conversations, whether and how postgraduate training programs integrate such teaching into their curricula is not well established. The objective of this study was to characterize perceptions of current teaching and assessment of...

Voluntary attendance of small-group brainstorming tutoring courses intensify new clerk’s “excellence in clinical care”: a pilot study

Background Clerkship provides a unique way of transferring the knowledge and skills gathered during medical school’s curriculum into real-ward clinical care environment. The annual program evaluation has indicated that the training of clerks in diagnostic and clinical reasoning skills needed to be enhanced. Recently, “clinical excellence” program have been promoted in our...

Educating for interprofessional practice: moving from knowing to being, is it the final piece of the puzzle?

Background Professional socialisation and identity arise from interactions occurring within university-based interprofessional education, and workplace-based interprofessional practice experience. However, it is unclear how closely language and concepts of academic learning situations align with workplace contexts for interprofessional learning. This paper reports on a study that...

An investigation of professionalism reflected by student comments on formative virtual patient encounters

Background This study explored the use of virtual patient generated data by investigating the association between students’ unprofessional patient summary statements, which they entered during an on-line virtual patient case, and detection of their future unprofessional behavior. Method At the USUHS, students complete a number of virtual patient encounters, including a patient...

WhatsApp messenger as a tool to supplement medical education for medical students on clinical attachment

Background Instant messaging applications have the potential to improve and facilitate communication between hospital doctors and students, hence generating and improving learning opportunities. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of instant messaging communication to supplement medical education for medical students whilst on clinical attachment...

Coping with stress in medical students: results of a randomized controlled trial using a mindfulness-based stress prevention training (MediMind) in Germany

Background High prevalence rates of psychological distress in medical training and later professional life indicate a need for prevention. Different types of intervention were shown to have good effects, but little is known about the relative efficacy of different types of stress management interventions, and methodological limitations have been reported. In order to overcome...

High school versus graduate entry in a Saudi medical school – is there any difference in academic performance and professionalism lapses?

Background King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) was the first university in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia offering both high school entry and graduate entry (GE) students into medical school. We compared the academic performance and professionalism lapses of high school entry and GE students who undertook the same curriculum and examinations in the...

Pelvic and breast examination skills curricula in United States medical schools: a survey of obstetrics and gynecology clerkship directors

Background Learning to perform pelvic and breast examinations produces anxiety for many medical students. Clerkship directors have long sought strategies to help students become comfortable with the sensitive nature of these examinations. Incorporating standardized patients, simulation and gynecologic teaching associates (GTAs) are approaches gaining widespread use. However...

Medical students’ feedback regarding their clinical learning environment in primary healthcare: a qualitative study

Background An increasing part of medical students’ learning takes place in primary healthcare (PHC) but little is known about how the students perceive PHC as a clinical learning environment. This study aimed to explore medical students’ perceptions of the clinical learning environment in PHC and how these vary with stage of education. Methods Free-text course evaluation comments...

(How) do medical students regulate their emotions?

Background Medical training can be a challenging and emotionally intense period for medical students. However the emotions experienced by medical students in the face of challenging situations and the emotion regulation strategies they use remains relatively unexplored. The aim of the present study was to explore the emotions elicited by memorable incidents reported by medical...

Learning pathology using collaborative vs. individual annotation of whole slide images: a mixed methods trial

Background Students in biomedical disciplines require understanding of normal and abnormal microscopic appearances of human tissues (histology and histopathology). For this purpose, practical classes in these disciplines typically use virtual microscopy, viewing digitised whole slide images in web browsers. To enhance engagement, tools have been developed to enable individual or...

What do beginning students, in a rurally focused medical course, think about rural practice?

Background Medical schools may select students for their attitudes towards rural medical practice, yet the rural–urban disparity in availability of medical practitioners and services has not diminished in recent times despite government initiatives and increasing numbers being trained for a career in medicine. One medical school, with a focus on rural and remote medicine, aims to...

A randomised controlled trial of sensory awareness training and additional motor practice for learning scalpel skills in podiatry students

Background The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of...

Adaptation and validation of the instrument Clinical Learning Environment and Supervision for medical students in primary health care

Background Clinical learning takes place in complex socio-cultural environments that are workplaces for the staff and learning places for the students. In the clinical context, the students learn by active participation and in interaction with the rest of the community at the workplace. Clinical learning occurs outside the university, therefore is it important for both the...

Implementing an electronic learning management system for an Ophthalmology residency program

Background Medical educators, residents and administrators have increasing access to a large quantity of electronic resources. This content can augment and improve our teaching methods but can be difficult to consolidate and present. A multitude of electronic learning management systems are available to help organize and serve this content though never with small residency...

Learning to care: medical students’ reported value and evaluation of palliative care teaching involving meeting patients and reflective writing

Background Over recent years there has been an increase in teaching of both palliative care and reflective practice in UK medical schools. The palliative care teaching at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine is multi-faceted and involves students writing reflective essays after individually meeting patients approaching the end of life during their final year...

Anatomy meets dentistry! Linking anatomy and clinical practice in the preclinical dental curriculum

Background Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year...