Paddy and Water Environment

http://link.springer.com/journal/10333

List of Papers (Total 30)

Importance of basic cultivation techniques to increase irrigated rice yields in Tanzania

The productivity of irrigated rice is low in Tanzania. We hypothesized that this is caused by the absence of a packaged application of basic cultivation techniques. A baseline survey of 31 rice irrigation schemes across the country revealed that a large proportion of fields were cultivated without a technical package. Thus, a package was introduced to each of the 31 schemes through ...

Intermittent drainage in paddy soil: ecosystem carbon budget and global warming potential

Intermittent drainage of rice fields alters soil redox potential and contributes to the reduction of CH4 emission and thus may reduce net global warming potential (GWP) during rice cultivation. Incorporation of green biomass helps maintaining soil organic matter, but may increase CH4 emission. We investigated net ecosystem carbon budget (NECB) and net GWP under two water management ...

Technological spillover in Japanese rice productivity under long-term climate change: evidence from the spatial econometric model

Rice productivity will be affected by climate conditions not only in own region but also in neighboring regions through technological spillover. Measuring such direct and indirect influence of future climate change is important for policy making. This study analyzes socio-economic and climate factors in rice total factor productivity (TFP) and evaluates technological spillover ...

Sodium carbonate pretreatment: an approach towards desilication of paddy straw and enhancement in biogas production

Lignocellulosic biomass is a useful but an inconvenient form of energy, and paddy straw (PS) is one of the most abundant lignocellulosic wastes on the earth. Lignocellulosics generally have a high content of cellulose having combustion energy of 15 kJ/g which, when converted to methane, have a combustible energy of 50 kJ/g. But lignin and silica are the main deterrents for the ...

Effects of straw retention and phosphorous fertilizer application on available phosphorus content in the soil solution during rice growth

Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient for proper rice growth, and available P in the soil solution is a direct source of P for rice uptake. In this study, a field experiment (experiment A: straw retention (SRT) treatment versus straw removal (SRM) treatment) exposed to 3 years of continuous SRT and a pot experiment (experiment B: five P levels; SRT and SRM treatments) with ...

Field level damage of deepwater rice by the 2011 Southeast Asian Flood in a flood plain of Tonle Sap Lake, Northwest Cambodia

The 2011 flood damaged about 11 % of planting area in Cambodia, but the damaged proportion reached 30 % in Sangke district, Battambang province, located in the flood plains of Tonle Sap Lake. The aim of this study was to characterize completely damaged deepwater rice production due to the flood along the transect from the town-side shallower fields to the lake-side deeper fields. ...

Is the source–sink relationship in transplanted rice receiving deep-placed urea supergranules dependent upon the geometry of transplanting?

Deep placement of urea supergranules in wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) or correct urea band application enables to protect nitrogen (N) from various loss mechanisms, but recovering of fertilizer N by plants depends upon geometric and agronomic factors. The objective of this study was to characterize the diffusion of ammoniacal N from the two urea sources, point or line application, ...

Analysis of runoff in the Han River basin by SSARR model considering agricultural water

This study begins to address the need for a runoff model that is able to simulate runoffs at control points in a dam’s upper and lower stream during the seasons of high and low water levels. We need to establish a synthetic management plan on water resources considering the runoff at the upper and lower streams to effectively manage the limited water resources in Korea. For this ...

Evaluation of agricultural ecosystem services in fallowing land based on farmers’ participation and model simulation

Fallowing with green fertilizer can benefit agricultural ecosystem services (AES). Farmers in Taiwan do not implement fallow practices and plant green fertilizer because the current subsidy level (46,000 NT$ per ha) is too low to manage fallowing. This paper defines the objective of government agriculture policy or the farmer’s objective as maximization of farm productivity, ...

Performance diagnosis of Mae Lao irrigation scheme in Thailand (II). Application of the UIWDC model for water distribution system analysis

The Unsteady Irrigation Water Distribution and Consumption (UIWDC) model is applied to analyze causes of uneven water distribution between the upstream and downstream beneficial areas of the Mae Lao Irrigation Scheme (MLIS). The uneven water distribution may be caused by inadequate water distribution facilities or improper operation rule; therefore, its causes are examined ...

A decision support system for agricultural drought management using risk assessment

Since predicted changes in climate will modify temperature and rainfall patterns, there are concerns about the potential impacts of these changes on agricultural drought and agricultural water resources management. An agricultural drought is influenced by several factors such as rainfall, soil characteristics, crops, and reservoir water supply and may be defined as the imbalance of ...

Economic and environmental effects of rice-straw bioethanol production in Vietnam

Bioethanol production from rice-straw is carbon neutral and less competitive with food supplies, so it provides great possibilities for resolving global issues. This study aims to conduct economic and environmental evaluations on rice-straw bioethanol production in Vietnam, where huge amounts of unused rice-straw are available, by a top–down life-cycle assessment by means of an ...

A hydro-environmental watershed model improved in canal-aquifer water exchange process

Long-term simulation using the distributed hydro-environmental watershed model is efficacious for assessing irrigation impacts on hydrological cycle in detail and for implementing watershed management successfully. In this article, the previously developed hydro-environmental watershed model (HEWM-1) is improved in the water exchange process caused by surface water-groundwater ...

Runoff simulation considering the effects of hydraulic structures on agricultural water uses

For the efficient management of water resources in the target basin, this study proposed a method to improve the reliability of a long-term hydrological simulation model by applying to the model agricultural water more approximate to actual water uses (than planned water demands) through their adjustment based on the effects of small-scale hydraulic structures. To verify ...

Terraced paddy field rainfall-runoff mechanism and simulation using a revised tank model

Terraced paddy fields play important roles in water and soil conservation because their water storage effect reduces and delays flood peaks. This study applies the terraced paddy field rainfall-runoff mechanism to the tank model. Though the traditional four-section tank model can easily simulate rainfall-runoff in a terraced paddy field, it has many parameters that are difficult to ...