Insights into Imaging

http://link.springer.com/journal/13244

List of Papers (Total 603)

Mechanical birth-related trauma to the neonate: An imaging perspective

Mechanical birth-related injuries to the neonate are declining in incidence with advances in prenatal diagnosis and care. These injuries, however, continue to represent an important source of morbidity and mortality in the affected patient population. In the United States, these injuries are estimated to occur among 2.6% of births. Although more usual in context of existing feto...

CT imaging of primary pancreatic lymphoma: experience from three referral centres for pancreatic diseases

Purpose To describe CT characteristics of primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL), a rare disease with features in common with adenocarcinoma. Materials and methods Fourteen patients were enrolled. CT: unenhanced scan, contrast-enhanced pancreatic and venous phases. Image analysis: tumour location; peri-pancreatic vessel encasement; necrosis; enlarged lymph nodes; fat stranding...

Cone beam CT of the musculoskeletal system: clinical applications

Objectives The aim of this pictorial review is to illustrate the use of CBCT in a broad spectrum of musculoskeletal disorders and to compare its diagnostic merit with other imaging modalities, such as conventional radiography (CR), Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Background Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) has been widely used for...

Infection prevention and control in ultrasound - best practice recommendations from the European Society of Radiology Ultrasound Working Group

Objectives The objective of these recommendations is to highlight the importance of infection prevention and control in ultrasound (US), including diagnostic and interventional settings. Methods Review of available publications and discussion within a multidisciplinary group consistent of radiologists and microbiologists, in consultation with European patient and industry...

An update of pitfalls in prostate mpMRI: a practical approach through the lens of PI-RADS v. 2 guidelines

Objectives The aim of the current report is to provide an update in the imaging interpretation of prostate cancer on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), with a special focus on how to discriminate pathological tissue from the most common pitfalls that may be encountered during daily clinical practice using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS...

Body composition determinants of radiation dose during abdominopelvic CT

Objectives We designed a prospective study to investigate the in-vivo relationship between abdominal body composition and radiation exposure to determine the strongest body composition predictor of dose length product (DLP) at CT. Methods Following institutional review board approval, quantitative analysis was performed prospectively on 239 consecutive patients who underwent...

Detector-based spectral CT with a novel dual-layer technology: principles and applications

Detector-based spectral computed tomography is a novel dual-energy CT technology that employs two layers of detectors to simultaneously collect low- and high-energy data in all patients using standard CT protocols. In addition to the conventional polyenergetic images created for each patient, projection-space decomposition is used to generate spectral basis images (photoelectric...

Breast cancer mammographic diagnosis performance in a public health institution: a retrospective cohort study

Objectives To evaluate the quality assurance of mammography results at a reference institution for the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in southern Brazil, based on the BIRADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System) 5th edition recommendations for auditing purposes. Materials and methods Retrospective cohort and cross-sectional study with 4502 patients (9668...

Awareness and knowledge of radiation dose and associated risks among final year medical students in Norway

ObjectivesThe objective was to assess the knowledge of radiation dose and of the associated risks with ionising imaging examinations of medical students in their final year of training prior to graduating.MethodsAn online questionnaire was sent to all final year medical students from two universities. The questionnaire consisted of radiation dose and risk related questions, with...

Benchmarking adult CT-dose levels to regional and national references using a dose-tracking software: a multicentre experience

Objectives To benchmark CT-dose data for standard adult CT studies to regional and national reference levels using a dose-tracking system. Methods Data from five CT systems from three hospitals were collected over a 1- to 2.5-year period (2012–2014), using the same type of dose management system. Inclusion criteria were adult patients and standard CT-head, CT-abdomen-pelvis, CT...

ESR concept paper on value-based radiology

The European Society of Radiology (ESR) established a Working Group on Value-Based Imaging (VBI WG) in August 2016 in response to developments in European healthcare systems in general, and the trend within radiology to move from volume- to value-based practice in particular. The value-based healthcare (VBH) concept defines “value” as health outcomes achieved for patients...

Plain radiography in patients treated with intrathecal drug delivery using an implantable pump device

Objectives Intrathecal drug administration using an implanted pump system is well established in intractable spasticity and pain. However, despite continuous advancements in manufacturing technology, adverse events related to the pump and catheter still occur. Most of them, such as migration, damage, disconnection and occlusion, are related to the spinal catheter. The aim of this...

The value of advanced MRI techniques in the assessment of cervical cancer: a review

ObjectivesTo assess the value of new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques in cervical cancer.MethodsWe searched PubMed and MEDLINE and reviewed articles published from 1990 to 2016 to identify studies that used MRI techniques, such as diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) MRI, to assess parametric...

A critical appraisal of the quality of adult musculoskeletal ultrasound guidelines using the AGREE II tool: an EuroAIM initiative

Objectives Our aim was to evaluate the quality of published guidelines on musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US) for adults. Methods Between June and July 2016, we conducted an online search for MSK-US guidelines, which were evaluated by four independent readers blinded to each other using the AGREE II tool. A fifth independent reviewer calculated scores per each domain and...

Breast magnetic resonance imaging: tips for the diagnosis of silicone-induced granuloma of a breast implant capsule (SIGBIC)

Complications resulting from the placement of silicone breast implants are becoming more frequent in our clinical practice. This is due to the increase in breast aesthetic surgeries at the beginning of the century, where breast augmentation using silicone implants was the main intervention performed. Generally, studies that discuss the complications of breast implants are...

Imaging-guided chest biopsies: techniques and clinical results

Background This article aims to comprehensively describe indications, contraindications, technical aspects, diagnostic accuracy and complications of percutaneous lung biopsy. Methods Imaging-guided biopsy currently represents one of the predominant methods for obtaining tissue specimens in patients with lung nodules; in many cases treatment protocols are based on histological...

Ergonomic strategies to improve radiographers’ posture during mammography activities

Objectives To identify alternatives for radiographers’ postures while performing mammography that can contribute to reduce the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). Methods Radiographers’ postures to positioning craniocaudal (CC) and mediolateral oblique (MLO) views were simulated without any intervention for three scenarios: radiographer/patient with similar...