Insights into Imaging

http://link.springer.com/journal/13244

List of Papers (Total 561)

Incidence of numerical variants and transitional lumbosacral vertebrae on whole-spine MRI

Objectives This study sets out to prospectively investigate the incidence of transitional vertebrae and numerical variants of the spine. Materials and methods Over a period of 28 months, MRIs of the whole spine were prospectively evaluated for the presence of transitional lumbosacral vertebrae and numerical variants of the spine. Results MRI of the whole spine was evaluated in 420 ...

MR-arthrography and CT-arthrography in sports-related glenolabral injuries: a matched descriptive illustration

The combination of a large range of motion and insufficient bony stabilization makes the glenohumeral joint susceptible to injuries including dislocation in young athletes. Magnetic resonance arthrography (MR-arthrography) and computed tomography arthrography (CT-arthrography) play an important role in the preoperative workup of labroligametous injuries. This paper illustrates ...

MRI for the preoperative evaluation of femoroacetabular impingement

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) refers to a condition characterized by impingement of the femoral head–neck junction against the acetabular rim, often due to underlying osseous and/or soft tissue morphological abnormalities. It is a common cause of hip pain and limited range of motion in young and middle-aged adults. Hip preservation surgery aims to correct the morphological ...

Early X-ray workers: an effort to assess their numbers, risk, and most common (skin) affliction

Objective To assess quantitatively the number of early X-ray workers, their risk of becoming a radiation victim, and their most common radiation-induced (skin) disease. Methods Information on professional life and occupational disease was retrieved from the Ehrenbuch, a book of honour containing biographies of 404 radiation victims, as well as member and congress lists of the ...

Interventricular membranous septal aneurysm: CT and MR manifestations

Advanced cardiac imaging is a valuable method to investigate cardiac malformations. The detection of the interventricular membranous septum has clinical significance due to thrombogenic and arrythmogenic predisposition, as well as a role in obstructing the pulmonary flow. This review describes six clinical presentations in which advanced cardiac imaging has been the tool for ...

MR imaging of ovarian masses: classification and differential diagnosis

Objective We propose a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) guided approach to differential diagnosis of ovarian tumours based on morphological appearance. Background Characterization of ovarian lesions is of great importance in order to plan adequate therapeutic procedures, and may influence patient’s management. Optimal assessment of adnexal masses requires a multidisciplinary ...

Imaging the postoperative patient: long-term complications of gastrointestinal surgery

Objectives The objectives of this review are (1) to become acquainted with the long-term complications of surgery of the gastrointestinal tract, and (2) to appreciate the appropriate use of imaging in the assessment of long-term complications. Background Gastrointestinal tract surgery comprises a group of procedures performed for a variety of both benign and malignant diseases. In ...

Assessment of radiation protection awareness and knowledge about radiological examination doses among Italian radiographers

Objectives To evaluate radiation protection basic knowledge and dose assessment for radiological procedures among Italian radiographers Methods A validated questionnaire was distributed to 780 participants with balanced demographic characteristics and geographic distribution. Results Only 12.1 % of participants attended radiation protection courses on a regular basis. Despite 90 % ...

Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: role of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and CT-guided transthoracic core lung biopsy

Objectives Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) with variable clinical and radiological features. Diagnosis is based on histology obtained by surgical lung biopsy, which is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This study aims to briefly review PPFE and discuss the role of CT-guided transthoracic core lung biopsy ...

Paediatric imaging radiation dose awareness and use of referral guidelines amongst radiology practitioners and radiographers

Objectives The objectives are to investigate radiology practitioners’ and radiographers’ radiation dose awareness and use of referral guidelines for paediatric imaging examinations. Methods A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst radiology practitioners and radiographers working at a primary paediatric referral centre in Malta. Part of the survey asked ...

Orbital tumours and tumour-like lesions: exploring the armamentarium of multiparametric imaging

Although the orbit is a small anatomical space, the wide range of structures present within it are often the site of origin of various tumours and tumour-like conditions, both in adults and children. Cross-sectional imaging is mandatory for the detection, characterization, and mapping of these lesions. This review focuses on multiparametric imaging of orbital tumours. Each tumour ...

Postoperative radiograph of the hip arthroplasty: what the radiologist should know

This pictorial review aims to provide the radiologist with simple and systematic guidelines for the radiographic evaluation of a hip prosthesis. Currently, there is a plethora of commercially available arthroplasties, making postoperative analysis not always straightforward. Knowledge of the different types of hip arthroplasty and fixating techniques is a prerequisite for correct ...