International Journal of Exercise Science

http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/

List of Papers (Total 479)

The Effects of Overfeeding on Body Composition: The Role of Macronutrient Composition - A Narrative Review

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1275-1296, 2017. Compared to investigations on hypocaloric diets, the effects of chronic overfeeding have been less studied. It has been posited that consuming calories in excess of daily caloric requirements will result in a gain in body weight and in particular fat mass regardless of which macronutrient(s) are consumed. However...

Effects of Environmental Context on Physiological Response During Team Handball Small Sided Games

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1263-1274, 2017. This study examined the distance covered and physiological effects of altering the number of players during small-sided games (SSG) in team handball. Twelve professional female handball players [24.6±3.7 years, 172±6.2 cm, 68.2 ± 9.9kg, 22.7 ± 2 kg/m2] participated in this study. The SSG were played, first with...

The Body Mass Index of San Francisco Cold Water Swimmers - Comparisons to U.S. National and Local Populations, and Pool Swimmers

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1250-1262, 2017. To determine if cold-water swimmers have substantial differences in BMI, which might have a protective effect against heat loss during swims in cold water without wetsuits, and to determine if obesity is more or less prevalent in cold-water swimmers, we compared the body mass index (BMI) values of 103 recreational...

A Comparison of Body Composition Across Two Phases of the Menstrual Cycle Utilizing Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry, Air Displacement Plethysmography, and Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1235-1249, 2017. The purpose of this investigation was to utilize several different technologies to compare body composition results across two phases of the menstrual cycle, and to investigate whether being on hormonal birth control or not has any effect on results. The secondary purpose was to determine if body satisfaction or...

Achilles Tendon Cross Sectional Area Changes Over a Division 1 NCAA Cross Country Season

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1226-1234, 2017. Tracking Achilles tendon cross sectional area (CSA) changes may help clinicians understand exercise adaptations and Achilles tendon injury mechanisms. To track adaptations in the Achilles tendon in response to a cross country season. Design: Longitudinal study. Musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound images were obtained...

The Efficacy of Handheld Resistive Exercise Device (HRED) Training on Wellness Outcomes in Older Adults

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1208-1225, 2017. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of Handheld Resistive Exercise Device (HRED) training on wellness outcomes in older adults. A secondary purpose was to assess the utilization of an HRED in older adult fitness program. A group of healthy, active older adults (N=28, 76.6 ± 6.7 years old...

Comparison of Isokinetic Knee Flexion and Extension Strength between Trained Dancers and Traditional Sport Female Collegiate Athletes

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1196-1207, 2017. Traditional sport athletes and dancers experience various injuries while participating in their respective sport. Injury rates, especially to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), differ between these populations. Isometric and isokinetic strength and hamstring:quadriceps (H:Q) ratios may help to explain the...

Resistance Exercise Training on Disease Impact, Pain Catastrophizing and Autonomic Modulation in Women with Fibromyalgia

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1184-1195, 2017. Women with fibromyalgia (FM) often complain of whole-body pain, and muscle fatigue, which may be related to autonomic dysfunction. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of resistance exercise training (RET) on disease impact, pain catastrophizing, and autonomic modulation in...

The Effect of Task Complexity Influencing Bilateral Transfer.

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1174-1183, 2017. Bilateral transfer is a well-known phenomenon whereby training one limb results in improvement in the untrained homologous limb. However, despite evidence across a range of motor skill paradigms, the influence of motor skill complexity on the magnitude of bilateral transfer has not yet been fully explored. The aim...

Extreme Conditioning Program Induced Acute Hypotensive Effects are Independent of the Exercise Session Intensity

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1165-1173, 2017. The aim of the study was to determine the acute systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure, rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and heart rate (HR) responses following two intense training sessions (24 hours apart). Nine male extreme conditioning program (ECP) practitioners with more than 6 months of...

The Relative Age Effect in Soccer: an Analysis of the U20 Libertadores Cup

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1157-1164, 2017. The year of birth is used as a criterion for grouping the competitive categories in various sports. Young players that were born in the early months of the calendar can have a benefit during their formative process, since they have higher chronological age and, consequently, are more likely to be in more advanced...

Effect of Seat Tube Angle and Exercise Intensity on Muscle Activity Patterns in Cyclists

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1145-1156, 2017. Previous studies have reported improved efficiency at steeper seat tube angle (STA) during ergometer cycling; however, neuromuscular mechanisms have yet to be fully determined. The current study investigated effects of STA on lower limb EMG activity at varying exercise intensities. Cyclists (n=11) were tested at 2...

Exertional Observation in Adults Performing Intermittent Treadmill Walking and Running

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1130-1144, 2017. The present investigation examined the Adult OMNI Walk-Run Scale for use by an independent observer to rate an individual’s perception of exertion during intermittent treadmill walking and running. Forty (22.4 ± 2.9 yrs) recreationally active males (n = 18) and females (n = 22) completed three 5-min intermittent...

An Assessment of Sedentary Time Among Undergraduate Students at a Canadian University

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1116-1129, 2017. The purpose of this study was to calculate a total daily sedentary time for the undergraduate population at a large urban Canadian University and investigate student perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to engaging in a less sedentary lifestyle. A sample of 335 participants responded to an online...

The Effect of Biofeedback Training on One Repetition Maximum Chest Press Performance

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1105-1115, 2017. Biofeedback is a method of controlling normally automatic bodily functions by monitoring and training to acquire voluntary control over them (13). The purpose of this study was to determine if a heart-rate variability training program utilizing the emWave biofeedback device could increase performance on a simple...

The Role of Social Physique Anxiety, Social Support, and Perceived Benefits and Barriers To Exercise in an All-Female Fitness Camp Intervention

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(8): 1094-1104, 2017. Only 20.3% of American adults meet the Center for Disease Control’s minimum recommended volume of exercise for anaerobic and aerobic physical activities (11). This small proportion representing those who reach the suggested physical activity levels is an issue of concern for researchers and practitioners in health...