China Foundry

http://link.springer.com/journal/41230

List of Papers (Total 90)

Tensile behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy fabricated by selective laser melting: effects of microstructures and as-built surface quality

Selective laser melting (SLM) is a powerful additive manufacturing (AM) technology, of which the most prominent advantage is the ability to produce components with a complex geometry. The service performances of the SLM-processed components depend on the microstructure and surface quality. In this work, the microstructures, mechanical properties, and fracture behaviors of SLM...

Effects of hot top pulsed magneto-oscillation on solidification structure of steel ingot

Achieving a uniform structure with few defects in heavy steel ingot is of high commercial importance. In this present work, in order to verify the potential of pulsed magneto-oscillation (PMO) applied in the production of heavy ingot, an induction coil was located at the hot top of the steel ingot to develop a novel technique, named hot top pulsed magneto oscillation (HPMO). The...

Synergistic effects of composition and heat treatment on microstructure and properties of vacuum die cast Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloys

The purpose of this study was to prepare high-quality Al-Si-Mg-Mn alloy with a good combination of strength and ductility employing the vacuum-assisted high-pressure die cast process. An orthogonal study of heat treatments was conducted to design an optimized T6 heat treatment process for both AI-10%Si-0.3%Mg-Mn and AI-11%Si-0.6%Mg-Mn alloys. The results demonstrate that no...

Microstructure evolution and liquid phase separation in Ta-O hypermonotectic melts during laser-cladding

A three-layer Ta2O5-containing coating was successfully fabricated by laser cladding on a pure Ta substrate. The maximum thickness of such a coating is about 1.6 mm. The microstructure, phase constitution and elemental distribution in the coating were investigated. Results show that the coating has been metallurgically bonded to the Ta substrate and the microstructure exhibits a...

Development of a new instrument for measurement of high temperature mechanical properties of resin-bonded sand

The mechanical properties of resin-bonded sand mixtures at high temperatures significantly affect the quality of casting. However, the existing instruments for high-temperature performances testing mainly focus on inorganic binder-bonded sands no matter the test items or the atmospheric protection, while the instrumentss specially designed for resin-bonded sand are not yet...

Effect of Nd content on microstructure and mechanical properties of as-cast Mg-12Li-3Al alloy

In order to improve the mechanical properties of Mg-Li alloy with single β phase structure, Mg-12Li-3Al-xNd (x=0.3, 0.7, 1.1, 2.0wt.%) alloy was prepared. Subsequently, the as-cast microstructure and mechanical properties were observed and tested. The results showed that the structure of Mg-12Li-3Al-xNd (x=0.3, 0.7, 1.1, 2.0wt.%) as-cast alloy was composed of β phase matrix and...

Influence of AlTi3C0.15 modification treatment on damping properties of ZnAl10 alloy

Zn-Al alloys constitute an interesting group of foundry alloys. Due to a relatively low melting temperature, they allow a decrease in energy-consumption of the melting process and alloy preparation. The vibration damping ability is one of the most interesting properties of the Zn-Al alloys. Zn-Al alloys are divided into two groups: the low-aluminium and high-aluminium alloys. The...

Microstructure of shear-induced thixoformed Al-4.5Cu-1.5Mg alloy via RAP and SSTT processes

In this research, the effect of the thixoforming temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties was investigated in the thixoforming of the feedstock produced by the RAP (recrystallization and partial melting) and SSTT (semi-solid thermal transformation) processes for Al-4.5Cu-1.5Mg alloy. In the RAP process, the percentage reduction in area was approximately 35...

Effect of Fe2B boride orientation on abrasion wear resistance of Fe-B cast alloy

The microstructures and abrasion wear resistance of directional solidification Fe-B alloy have been investigated using optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and laser scanning microscopy. The results show that the microstructure of as-cast Fe-B alloy consists of ferrite, pearlite and eutectic boride. After heat treatment, the microstructure is...

Solidification microstructure of centrifugally cast Inconel 625

Centrifugal casting is a foundry process allowing the production of near net-shaped axially symmetrical components. The present study focuses on the microstructural characterization of centrifugally cast alloys featuring different chemical compositions for the construction of spheres applied in valves made of alloy IN625 for operation at high pressure. Control of the...

Influence of thermal exposure on microstructure and stress rupture properties of a new Re-containing single crystal Ni-based superalloy

In this study, the long-term thermal microstructural stability and related stress rupture lives of a new Re-containing Ni-based single-crystal superalloy, DD11, were investigated after high-temperature exposure for different lengths of time. The results show that the γ′ precipitates retained a cuboidal morphology and the γ′ size increased after short thermal exposure for 50 h at...

Microstructure and properties of TP2 copper tube with La microalloying by horizontal continuous casting

The TP2 copper tube was prepared with La microalloying by horizontal continuous casting (HCC). The absorptivity of La and its effects on microstructure, tensile and corrosion properties of HCC TP2 copper tube were studied by means of the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES), optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and...

Insulation effect of air cavity in sand mold using 3D printing technology

The insulation effect of the air cavity surrounding the riser in a 3D printed sand mold was studied. The influence of the air cavity on heat flux was theoretically analyzed. The results demonstrated that the heat flux of the air cavity in the 3D printed sand mold was significantly less than that of resin-bonded sand. The insulation effect of the air cavity in sand molds for a...

Phase-field numerical simulation of three-dimensional competitive growth of dendrites in a binary alloy

The normal vector of migration direction in the solid-liquid interface of dendrites was used to describe the phase-field governing equation. By using the three angles formed by the normal vector for the migration direction of the dendritic growth interface and the coordinate axes of the simulation region, the authors expressed the interfacial anisotropy equation, and built a...

Effect of Cr on microstructure and oxidation behavior of TiAl-based alloy with high Nb

Three novel multi-microalloying TiAl-based alloys containing high Nb were designed and fabricated. Thermogravimetric method was applied to investigate the influence of Cr on the oxidation behavior of high Nb-TiAl alloy at 1,073 K for 200 h in laboratory air. The 2at.% and 4at.% Cr were added into the alloy, (respectively named 2Cr and 4Cr compared to the Cr-free ternary alloy...

Effect of reinforcement amount, mold temperature, superheat, and mold thickness on fluidity of in-situ Al-Mg2Si composites

In the present study, the effects of mold temperature, superheat, mold thickness, and Mg2Si amount on the fluidity of the Al-Mg2Si as-cast in-situ composites were investigated using the mathematical models. Composites with different amounts of Mg2Si were fabricated, and the fluidity and microstructure of each were then analyzed. For this purpose, the experiments were designed...

A new fast heat treatment process for cast A356 alloy motorcycle wheel hubs

The normal T6 heat treatment process for cast A356 alloy generally requires about 15 h. This long-period procedure increases greatly the manufacturing cost and decreases the productivity in practical production. In this study, a new short-time heat treatment process with only 30 min solution time at 540 °C was developed for the production of motorcycle wheel hubs in order to...

Research progress on refractory composition and deformability of shell molds for TiAl alloy castings

At present, most TiAl components are produced by an investment casting process. Environmental and economic pressures have, however, resulted in a need for the industry to improve the current casting quality, reduce manufacturing costs and explore new markets for the process. Currently, the main problems for investment casting of TiAl alloys are cracks, porosities, and surface...

Preparation of submicrocrystal Al-Ti-B master alloy and its influence on microstructure and properties of AZ91D

To improve the mechanical properties of AZ91D magnesium alloy, the submicrocrystal Al-Ti-B master alloy was prepared with copper mold inject casting method, and the influence of submicrocrystal Al-Ti-B master alloy on the microstructure and mechanical properties of AZ91D was investigated. Results show that, the distribution of TiB2 phase in submicrocrystal Al-Ti-B alloy is even...

Microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of rheo-squeeze casting AZ91-Ca alloy during heat treatment

The rheo-squeeze casting (RSC) process is a newly-developed casting process for high-performance components. In order to further improve the mechanical properties of magnesium alloys, AZ91-2wt.%Ca (AZX912) alloy was prepared by the RSC process and then subjected to heat treatment. The microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of AZX912 alloy during heat treatment were...

Optimization of investment casting process parameters to reduce warpage of turbine blade platform in DD6 alloy

The large warping deformation at platform of turbine blade directly affects the forming precision. In the present research, equivalent warping deformation was firstly presented to describe the extent of deformation at platform. To optimize the process parameters during investment casting to minimize the warping deformation of the platform, based on simulation with ProCAST, the...

Numerical simulation of microstructure evolution on near eutectic spheroidal graphite cast iron

A multiphase cellular automaton model was developed to simulate microstructure evolution of near eutectic spheroidal graphite cast iron (SGI) during its solidification process, and both dendritic austenite and spheroidal graphite growth models were adopted. To deduce the mesh anisotropy of cellular automaton method, the composition averaging and geometrical parameter were...

Temperature field simulations during selective laser melting process based on fully threaded tree

Selective laser melting (SLM) is a promising technique for additive manufacturing. During SLM of metallic powder, the temperature field and thermal history are important to understand physical phenomena involved. The purpose of this study is to simulate the temperature field during the SLM process of a hollow cylinder shape part based on a fully threaded tree (FTT) technique, and...

Solidification path calculations of Al-Zn-Mg alloys in Al-rich corner

The solidification paths of Al-Zn-Mg alloys in the Al-rich corner were investigated. The thermodynamic data for the calculation are obtained by direct coupling with the CALPHAD software Thermo-Calc via its TQ6-interface and the COST2 database. The influences of the initial compositions and the extent of solid back diffusion on the solidification path were numerically investigated...

Phase field study on crystal orientation effects in eutectoid phase transformation

In this present work, a multi-phase field model was used to simulate the eutectoid transformation process, and on the basis of the nucleation model that was previously proposed by our research team, anisotropic and orientation relationship models were introduced to study the growth mechanism of the pearlite lamellae with anisotropy. It was found that the growth direction of the...